Alandroal is a municipality in the Portuguese district of Évora located on the eastern frontier with Spain along the right margin of the Guadiana River in the Central Alentejo region. It is located northeast of Évora and southeast of Estremoz; the population in 2011 was 5,843, in an area of 542.68 km². With the completion of the castle in 1298, by Lourenço Afonso, the noble fulfilled his obligation to King Denis of Portugal to expand the territory that would form Alandroal. By 1359, the church of Alandroal was incorporated under the commander of the Order of Avis, but it was only a century that John II would issue a foral for the town. Alandroal was elevated to town at this time, while only including the parish of Nossa Senhora da Conceição. A second foral was conceded in 1514 by Manuel I of Portugal. Alandroal's historic importance include the medieval structures during the early period of Christian conquest, including the Castle of Alandroal; the lands at the time, flowered with Nerium oleander shrubs and trees, whose wood was used by local artisans.
Its Portuguese toponomy oleandro gave rise to the name aloendros or alandros alandroal. The sanctuary of Nossa Senhora da Assunção da Boa Nova, apart from its religious importance, is of national importance. In 1340, the Moors had invaded from Andaluzia, resulting in an alliance between Alfonso XI of Castile and his father-in-law, Afonso IV of Portugal, that culminated in the Battle of Río Salado. In honor of their assistance during the Marinid invasion, Maria of Portugal, Queen of Castile ordered the construction of the Gothic church to commemorate their victory. In the 16th century the old Gothic church was substituted but the current parochial church in Alandroal. At the same time, the hermitage of Nossa Senhora das Neves, in the older lands of Mata known as Nossa Senhora das Hervas, received annual festivals on 5 August; the brotherhood of the Misercórdia was established this century, constructing the primitive temple for those religious services. On 14 January 1659, a gunpowder warehouse exploded, causing the deaths of various residents, but university students from Évora, who were dispatched to Alandroal while the main Portuguese army fought in the Battle of the Lines of Elvas.
The effects of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake resulted in destruction of various buildings. By the second half of the 18th century, a decision of the Council of State to King Joseph I permitted the construction of a new municipal building for Alandroal, for which were acquired furniture from local and awnings for the market. During the 19th Century territories of the older municipalities of Terena and Juromenha where annexed to Alandroal; the community of Villarreal, situated in the municipality of Olivença was once a part of the antique administration of Juromenha. The municipality is delimited in the north by Vila Viçosa, east by the Guadiana River and Spanish border, south by Mourão and Reguengos de Monsaraz, west by the municipality of Redondo. Alandroal is one of three towns defined within the municipality of the same name, includes the vilas of Terena and Juromenha; the morphology of Alandroal is marked by a rolling relief with a minimum of 500 metres altitude, with exceptions to this including Patinhas, 351 metres and Castelo mountain 638 metres.
The Alqueva Dam, along the Guadiana River, is located in this territory, with major confluences including the Ribeira de Alcalate and Ribeira do Alandroal just the principal water resources. The climate of Alandroal is a markedly Mediterranean temperament, characterized by a dry climate, accentuated in the summer. Precipitation in the region hovers between 500 millimetres between October and March, 170 millimetres, during the dry season, irregular; the municipality covers 544.86 square kilometres and has 6585 inhabitants. The municipality is subdivided into four civil parishes: Alandroal, São Brás dos Matos e Juromenha Capelins Santiago Maior Terena The city of Alandroal is one of three towns in the municipality, along with Terena and Juromenha; the municipality's economic activities are connected to the secondary sectors primarily. Agriculture continues to be important, with the cultivation of cereals and industrial plants, such as olive orchards dominating the rural landscape; the raising of livestock, namely poultry and cattle draws on local resources, while 36.3% of the territory is covered in forests, allowing a nascent saw-milling and carpentry industry.
Castro of Castelo Velho, a fortified settlement situated over the Rio Lucefecit associated with metallurgical activities during the Chalolithic era, that includes several structures and short wall. The site had human settlement since the Bronze Age until the Moorish occupation, but little information on events leading to its abandon. Fortified settlement/sanctuary of Endovélico Farmers Guild of Alandroal Fountain of Praça (Portuguese: Fonte das Bicas/Fon
At the 2009 National Games of China, the athletics events were held at the Jinan Olympic Sports Center in Jinan, People's Republic of China from 21–26 October, 2009. The National Games marathon event was held in conjunction with the Beijing Marathon on 18 October. * Host nation GeneralNational Games Athletics event results. Tilastopaja Oy. Retrieved on 2009-10-25. Jalava, Mirko. 19-year-old wins men’s 10,000m, as National Games open in China. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-24. Jalava, Mirko. Gong Lijiao puts 20.35m to highlight the first day of Chinese National Games. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-24. Jalava, Mirko. World leading 66.40m Discus heave by Li Yanfeng in Jinan – Chinese National Games, day 2. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-24. Jalava, Mirko. 16-year-old wins women’s long jump in Jinan – Chinese National Games, day 3. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-24. Jalava, Mirko. Liu Xiang begins campaign. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-26. Specific Athletics at official website