Amoraim refers to Jewish scholars of the period from about 200 to 500 CE, who "said" or "told over" the teachings of the Oral Torah. They were located in Babylonia and the Land of Israel, their legal discussions and debates were codified in the Gemara. The Amoraim followed the Tannaim in the sequence of ancient Jewish scholars; the Tannaim were direct transmitters of uncodified oral tradition. The first Babylonian Amoraim were Abba Arika, respectfully referred to as Rav, his contemporary and frequent debate partner, Shmuel. Among the earliest Amoraim in Israel were Johanan bar Shimon ben Lakish. Traditionally, the Amoraic period is reckoned as eight generations; the last Amoraim are considered to be Ravina I and Rav Ashi, Ravina II, nephew of Ravina I, who codified the Babylonian Talmud around 500 CE. In total, 761 amoraim are mentioned by name in the Babylonian Talmuds. 367 of them were active in the land of Israel from around 200-350 CE, while the other 394 lived in Babylonia during 200-500 CE.

In the Talmud itself, the singular amora refers to a lecturer's assistant. The following is an abbreviated listing of the most prominent of the Amoraim mentioned in the Talmud. More complete listings may be provided by some of the external links below. See List of rabbis. Abba Arika, known as Rav, last Tanna, first Amora. Disciple of Judah haNasi. Moved from Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia. Founder and Dean of the Yeshiva at Sura. Shmuel, disciple of Judah haNasi's students and others. Dean of the Yeshiva at Nehardea. Joshua ben Levi, headed the school of Lod. Bar Kappara Rav Huna, disciple of Rav and Shmuel. Dean of the Yeshiva at Sura. Rav Yehudah, disciple of Rav and Shmuel. Dean of the Yeshiva at Pumbedita. Adda bar Ahavah, disciple of Rav. Hillel, son of Gamaliel III, disciple and grandson of Judah haNasi, younger brother of Judah II. Judah II, disciple and grandson of Judah haNasi, son and successor of Gamaliel III as Nasi. Sometimes called Rabbi Judah Nesi'ah, Rebbi like his grandfather. Resh Lakish, Student of Rabbi Yochanan of Galilee, Rabbi Yannai and others, colleague of Rabbi Yochanan.

Yochanan bar Nafcha, disciple of Judah haNasi and Rabbi Yannai. Dean of the Yeshiva at Tiberias. Primary author of the Jerusalem Talmud. Samuel ben Nahman Shila of Kefar Tamarta Isaac Nappaha Anani ben Sason Rabbah, disciple of Rav Huna and Rav Yehudah. Dean of the Yeshiva at Pumbedita. Rav Yosef, disciple of Rav Huna and Rav Yehudah. Dean of the Yeshiva at Pumbedita. Rav Zeira Rav Chisda, disciple of Rav and Rav Huna. Dean of the Yeshiva at Sura. Shimon ben Pazi Rav Sheshet Rav Nachman, disciple of Rav and Rabbah bar Avuha. Did not head his own yeshiva, but was a regular participant in the discussions at the Yeshivot of Sura and Mahuza. Rabbi Abbahu, disciple of Rabbi Yochanan. Dean of the Yeshiva in Caesarea. Hamnuna — Several rabbis in the Talmud bore this name, the most well-known being a disciple of Shmuel. Judah III, disciple of Rabbi Johanan bar Nappaha. Son and successor of Gamaliel IV as NASI, grandson of Judah II. Rabbi Ammi Rabbi Assi Hanina ben Pappa Raba bar Rav Huna Rami bar Hama Rav Shmuel bar Yehudah Abaye, disciple of Rabbah, Rav Yosef, Rav Nachman.

Dean of the Yeshiva in Pumbedita. Rava, disciple of Rabbah, Rav Yosef, Rav Nachman, Rabbi Yochanan. Dean of the Yeshiva at Mahuza. Hillel II. Creator of the present-day Hebrew calendar. Son and successor as Nasi of Judah Nesiah, grandson of Gamaliel IV. Abba the Surgeon Bebai ben Abaye Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak, disciple of Abaye and Rava. Dean of the Yeshiva at Pumbedita. Rav Papa, disciple of Abaye and Rava. Dean of the Yeshiva at Naresh. Rav Kahana, teacher of Rav Ashi Rav Hama Rav Huna berai d'Rav Yehoshua Rav Ashi, disciple of Rav Kahana. Dean of the Yeshiva in Mata Mehasia. Primary redactor of the Babylonian Talmud. Ravina I, disciple of Abaye and Rava. Colleague of Rav Ashi in the Yeshiva at Mata Mehasia, where he assisted in the redaction of the Babylonian Talmud. Mar bar Rav Ashi. Ravina II, disciple of Ravina I and Rav Ashi. Dean of the Yeshiva at Sura. Completed the redaction of the Babylonian Talmud; the "Stammaim" is a term used by some modern scholars, such as David Weiss Halivni, for the rabbis who composed the anonymous statements and arguments in the Talmud, some of whom may have worked during the period of the Amoraim, but who made their contributions after the amoraic period.

See Savoraim. Gemara in the Talmud Map – University of Calgary Jewish Encyclopedia article for Amora

Sue Helm

Susan C. Helm is a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 104th District and was elected in 2006. Helm earned an associate degree from the Harrisburg Area Community College, she worked as a Word Processing Manager for Capital Blue Cross from 1961 though 1986. Helm owned her own real estate broker agency, "Sue At The Helm Real Estate," a franchise of Century 21 Real Estate, from 1986 through 2006, she was a candidate for Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district in 2004, losing the Republican nomination to Scott Paterno. She served as a member of the Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania from 1994 through 2004, she was a delegate to the 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000 Republican National Convention Pennsylvania House of Representatives - Sue Helm official PA House website Pennsylvania House Republican Caucus - Representative Sue Helm official Party website Sue Helm for State House official campaign websiteProfile at Vote Smart

Paddy Tipping

Simon Patrick Tipping is a British Labour Party politician, the current Nottinghamshire Police and Crime Commissioner. He was the Member of Parliament for the Sherwood constituency from 1992 until 2010. Tipping was born in Halifax, he went to Hipperholme Grammar School in Hipperholme. At the University of Nottingham, he gained a BA in Philosophy in 1972 and an MA in Social Sciences in 1978, he was a social worker in Nottingham and Nottinghamshire from 1972 until 1979. Between 1979 and 1983 he was a Project Leader for the Children's Society in Nottingham. From 1981 to 1993 he was a Councillor on Nottinghamshire County Council. Tipping contested Rushcliffe in 1987, he took Sherwood from the Conservatives in 1992. Tipping served in a number of junior government positions, becoming Parliamentary Private Secretary to Home Secretary Jack Straw in 1997. In 1999 he was promoted to Deputy Leader of the House of Commons and appointed a Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Privy Council Office, where he was responsible for dealing with issues relating to the year 2000 computer date problem.

Following this, Tipping became Chairman of the sub-committee on Environment and Rural Affairs in 2001 and, after a period on the backbenches, in 2006 he again served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to Jack Straw. On 23 October 2009, Tipping announced his decision to stand down at the next general election, following a period of ill health. Tipping was elected as Nottinghamshire's Police and Crime Commissioner in the 2012 inaugural PCC election, he announced plans to pay a "pension" to cover medical bills etc. for retired police dogs, a move which dog handlers welcomed. Tipping was re-elected for a second-term on 6 May 2016, he is Vice-President of the Ramblers Association. He married Irene Margaret Quinn on 8 January 1970 in Nottingham, they have two daughters. He suffered a heart attack in June 2009. Official Website for Paddy's Police Commissioner Campaign Official Website on ePolitix Guardian Unlimited Politics — Ask Aristotle: Paddy Tipping MP — Paddy Tipping MP Paddy Tipping is my MP — Blog tracking the activities of Paddy Tipping, the MP for Sherwood.

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