Amstelveen is a municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918. It is a suburban part of the metropolitan area of Amsterdam; the municipality of Amstelveen consists of the historical villages of Bovenkerk and Nes aan de Amstel. In 2018 the St. Urbanus Church in Bovenkerk caught fire; the tower is still standing but the rest of the church suffered severe damage. In addition, the following neighbourhoods have been built, as was Downtown Amstelveen: Westwijk, Bankras-Kostverloren, Waardhuizen, Randwijk and Keizer Karelpark; the name Amstelveen comes from a local river and veen, meaning fen, peat, or moor. KLM, the Dutch national airline, has its headquarters office in Amstelveen. Nowadays Amstelveen is best known for its Museum of Modern Art. During the French occupation between 1810 and 1814, Amstelveen was the capital of a canton in the French department Zuyderzée, until 1964 the municipality of Amstelveen was called Nieuwer-Amstel, it is technically a large dorp.
The symbol adopted for Amstelveen was not based on the Amsterdam symbol of three crosses, with one additional cross for distinction, but rather Amsterdam has one cross fewer, to indicate Amstelveen's and Ouder-Amstel's seniority. The Thijssepark, was the first heempark in the Netherlands, is one of sixteen heemparks or heemgroen in Amstelveen. Designed by landscape architect C. P. Broerse, following the ideas of the great Dutch naturalist and conservationist Jac. P. Thijsse, it was developed between 1940 and 1972 and covers an area of 5 hectares, is situated just south of the Amsterdamse Bos. Amstelveen was chosen as an unlikely host of a match in the 1999 Cricket World Cup, for which the Netherlands had not qualified. South Africa played Kenya in the match. Former Dutch prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende started his political career as member of the council for Amstelveen; as a result of the vicinity of Schiphol, its links to Amsterdam, Amstelveen has grown and become a cosmopolitan mix of many cultures.
In the early 20th century Amstelveen was a small rural village. The turf industry had collapsed, so the village had lost its revenues from it; the village was somewhat isolated, because it had waterway. The main source of income was livestock farming, with some arable, but horticulture and floriculture were emerging. In 1852 the Haarlemmermeer polder was reclaimed and the "Fort at the Schiphol" was created as a defense for Amsterdam. Forts were in those days more named after rivers. "Fort at the Schiphol" was a ditch separating Aalsmeer and Amstelveen, named after a piece of land from Amstelveen. Fort Schiphol became a military airport in 1916. Four years Schiphol became a civilian airport. Schiphol Fort was demolished in 1934 to build a provincial road from Amstelveen to Schiphol, with a swing bridge over the circular canal of the Haarlemmermeer; the development of Schiphol Airport attracted many people. The headquarters of KLM was established there. Amstelveen once was the fastest growing city in the Netherlands and has now grown to 81,003 inhabitants.
After World War II Amstelveen caught a portion of Amsterdam's housing shortage, was a member of the municipality of Schiphol. Amsterdam's plan was to introduce Amstelveen as a metropolitan area, with green areas. Amstelveen remained an independent and self-conscious municipality and adopted a policy that reflected many attractive new residential areas. Amstelveen's landscaping and added art attracted much international attention. In 2003 Amstelveen was voted the most attractive city in the Netherlands in. Amstelveen is in the top three on the national list of best cities to live in. Amstelveen city center received the number one award for the Netherlands' best shopping center in 2013, 2014 and 2015; the city's close proximity to Schiphol Airport makes it a prime location for people working in the aviation industry. KLM Netherlands has its head office in Amstelveen. Air France-KLM is represented by the KLM head office. In addition Amstelveen has the international headquarters of KPMG auditing firm.
Large international corporations such as Canon and HP have corporate offices in Amstelveen. Metro line 51 once served Amstelveen, but the Amstelveen portion of that line closed so that it could be converted to a tram line. Line 51 was a light rail line that used to run via Amsterdam Zuid station to Westwijk, a district within Amstelveen. Tram line 5 runs via Amsterdam Zuid to Stadshart in Amstelveen. A new tram line 25 is under construction to replace metro line 51, is expected to open to Westwijk in early 2021 and to Uithoorn in 2024. Amstelveen has a point to point bus connection to other villages and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol as well as a local network. There is an extensive bus system. Shopping Amstelveen city centre; this has received the number one award for best shopping center in the Netherlands in 2013, 2014 and 2015 Aan de Poel. A fine-dining restaurant, awarded one Michelin star for the period 2009–2012. Since 2013 it carries two Michelin stars. Aan de Poel is located on the shore of lake De Poel.
Aubrey Elizabeth McCormick is an entrepreneur and former American professional golfer. McCormick began to play golf at the age of 17.. After graduating from Dr. Phillips High School in 2000, she received an invitation to try out for the women's golf team at Daytona State College's by women's golf coach and former LPGA Tour player, Laura Brown. Aubrey was offered a full scholarship. In 2003, after only one year at Daytona State, she was a contributing member of the 2003 NJCAA National Championship Team, was awarded Most Improved Player of the Year and earned an Associate of Arts degree. After two years, McCormick transferred to Missouri State University, she played at MSU for two years, competing in Missouri Valley Conference women's golf tournaments both years and playing a full tournament schedule. She graduated from MSU with a degree in interior design. McCormick played professionally for six years, she competed in the LPGA Futures Tour Qualifying School in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011. McCormick played on Moonlight Golf Tour and the Futures Tour.
She placed 12th at the Lincoln Women's Met Open Championship and regional qualifying during the 2009 U. S. Women's Open. Following her professional golf career, McCormick founded IMPACT360 Sports, a sustainability consulting firm that produced the first Corporate Social Responsibility Report in the history of golf for The Olympic Club, she was invited to the White House to speak at the Sports & Climate Change roundtable under the Obama Administration. She is an entrepreneur and sustainability professional advising companies and individuals in numerous industries. On March 12, 2012, the Golf Channel announced that McCormick would take part in Big Break Atlantis, season 17 of The Big Break; the reality series took place in Atlantis, Paradise Island, The Bahamas, featured a skills competition among the all-female cast for various prizes. McCormick placed 5th on the show and was featured on additional programs including the Big Break Academy with Michael Breed, Gone with the Winn, Morning Drive
Chief Shaumonekusse was a leader of the Otoe Native American tribe in the early 19th century. The Otoe was a Great Plains tribe related to the Ioway and Missouria. Shaumonekusse was described as a witty and sociable person, "a daring and successful warrior. We are not aware of his having any hereditary claims to the chieftainship of his tribe, to which he has risen by his own merits, he is a person of deep penetration, is capable of acting with much duplicity on any occasion when he may consider it politic to conceal his real views.""He recounted his deeds in 1819 during a dance performed before members of the Stephen Long Expedition to the Rocky Mountains. In life he killed his brother after a fight in which the latter bit off the end of his nose."Shaumonekusse traveled with an Indian delegation to Washington, DC in 1821 to meet with high-ranking officials, including President James Monroe. He had five wives, took Eagle of Delight with him to the capital, they both had their portraits painted in DC on that trip by Charles Bird King.