Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol Airport, is the main international airport of the Netherlands. It is located 9 kilometres southwest of Amsterdam, in the municipality of Haarlemmermeer in North Holland, it is the third-busiest airport in Europe in terms of passenger volume and the busiest in Europe in terms of aircraft movement. The airport is built as a single-terminal concept: one large terminal split into three large departure halls. Schiphol is the hub for KLM and its regional affiliate KLM Cityhopper as well as for Corendon Dutch Airlines, Transavia and TUI fly Netherlands; the airport serves as a base for EasyJet and LEVEL. Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase; the end of the First World War saw the beginning of civilian use of Schiphol Airport and the airport lost its military role completely. By 1940, Schiphol had four asphalt runways at 45-degree angles; the airport was renamed Fliegerhorst Schiphol. The airport was destroyed through bombing but at the end of the war, the airfield was soon rebuilt.
In 1949, it was decided. Schiphol Airport is an important European airport, ranking as Europe's third busiest and the world's eleventh busiest by total passenger traffic in 2017, it ranks as the world's fifth busiest by international passenger traffic and the world's sixteenth busiest for cargo tonnage. 63,625,664 passengers passed through the airport in 2016. Schiphol's main competitors in terms of passenger traffic and cargo throughput are London-Heathrow, Paris–Charles de Gaulle and Madrid–Barajas. In 2010, 65.9% of passengers using the airport flew to and from Europe, 11.7% to and from North America and 8.8% to and from Asia. In 2010, 106 carriers provided a total of 301 destinations on a regular basis. Passenger destinations were offered by 91 airlines. Direct destinations grew by nine to a total of 274. Regular destinations serviced by full freighters grew by eight to a total of twenty-seven; the airport is built as one large terminal, split into three large departure halls, which connect again once airside.
The most recent of these was completed in 1994 and expanded in 2007 with a new section, called Terminal 4, although it is not considered a separate building. A new pier is to be opened in 2019 with a terminal extension planned to be operational by 2023. Plans for further terminal and gate expansion exist, including the construction of a separate new terminal between the Zwanenburgbaan and Polderbaan runways that would end the one-terminal concept; because of intense traffic and high landing fees, some low-cost carriers decided to move their flights to smaller airports, such as Rotterdam The Hague Airport and Eindhoven Airport. Many low-cost carriers, such as EasyJet and Transavia, continue to operate at Schiphol, using the low-cost H pier. Lelystad Airport is being expanded aimed at accommodating some of the low-cost and leisure flights operating out of Schiphol taking up to 45,000 flights a year. Before 1852, the entire polder of Haarlemmermeer in which the airport lies was a large lake with some shallow areas.
There are multiple stories of. The most popular story is. Winds were strong in the Schiphol area since the prevailing wind direction is from the south-west, Schiphol lies in the north-eastern corner of the lake. In English, schiphol translates to'ships hell', a reference to many ships lost in the lake; when the lake was reclaimed, however, no shipwrecks were found. Another possible origin of the name is the word scheepshaal. A scheepshaal is a ditch or small canal. A third explanation would be; this is a low-lying area of land from. After the lake was dredged in the mid-1800s, a fortification named Fort Schiphol was built in the area, part of the Stelling van Amsterdam defence works. Schiphol opened on 16 September 1916 as a military airbase, with a few barracks and a field serving as platform and runways; when civil aircraft started to use the field, it was called Schiphol-les-bains. The Fokker aircraft manufacturer started a factory near Schiphol airport in 1919; the end of the First World War saw the beginning of civilian use of Schiphol Airport and the airport lost its military role completely.
By 1940, Schiphol had four asphalt runways at all 1,020 metres or less. One was extended to become today's runway 04/22; the airport was renamed Fliegerhorst Schiphol. A large number of anti-aircraft defences were installed in the vicinity of the airport and fake decoy airfields were constructed in the vicinity near Bennebroek and Vogelenzang to try to confuse allied bombers. A railway connection was built. Despite these defences, the airfield was still bombed intensively. After that, it served only as an emergency landing field, until the Germans thems
Edward Millspaugh Madden was an American merchant and politician from New York. Edward Millspaugh Madden was born on February 1, 1818 in Crawford, New York to Cornelius Madden and Susannah MillspaughAt age nine, he began to work in a cotton factory at Walden, he worked at a tin shop, in a hardware store, became a retail merchant, opened a saw factory in Middletown. In 1843, he married Eudocia M. Robinson, he entered politics as a Democrat, was a delegate to the 1852 Democratic state convention. He joined the Republican Party upon its foundation, he was a member of the New York State Senate in 1856 and 1857. He was again a member of the State Senate in 1872 and 1873. In 1874, Madden contested the election of Frank Abbott to the State Senate, was seated in the 97th New York State Legislature on February 5, sat in the State Senate in 1875, he was a delegate to the 1876 Republican National Convention. He was again a member of the State Senate in 1880 and 1881, he died on July 17, 1885 in his residence at Middletown, New York aged 67 years
Cortlandt Van Rensselaer was a Presbyterian clergyman from the United States. He was Cornelia Bell Paterson, his father's second wife, he graduated from Yale in 1827, studied at Union Theological Seminary, Prince Edward County, at Princeton Theological Seminary. He was a missionary to the slaves in Virginia 1833-1835, he was ordained in 1835, became pastor of the Presbyterian church in Burlington, New Jersey, in 1837, of the 2nd Presbyterian Church, Washington, D. C. in 1841, agent of Princeton Theological Seminary in 1844, raising $100,000 for its endowment. He was secretary of the Presbyterian board of education 1846-1860, founded and edited the Presbyterian Magazine and The Home, the School, the Church; the New York University gave him the degree of D. D. in 1845. Much of his large fortune was devoted to benevolent objects and to the religious enterprises of the Presbyterian church. After his death, selections from his published writings appeared under the title of Miscellaneous Sermons and Addresses, edited by his son, Cortlandt Van Rensselaer.
He was married to sister of Henry Ledyard. Together Cortlandt and Catherine had: Cortlandt Van Rensselaer, a Captain in the U. S. Army, who died in Nashville, Tennessee with the 13th United States Infantry, aged 27. Philip Ledyard Van Rensselaer, who died at Vevey, aged 34. Ledyard Van Rensselaer, who died unmarried Alice Cogswell Van Rensselaer, who married Edward Blanchard Hodge in 1868. Elizabeth Wadsworth Van Rensselaer Alexander Van Rensselaer, who married Sarah Rozet Drexel Fell, daughter of Anthony Joseph Drexel Van Rensselaer died on July 25, 1860 in Burlington, New Jersey; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Isa Carrington. "Van Rensselaer, Killian". In Wilson, J. G.. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton