Ancient Greek coinage

The history of ancient Greek coinage can be divided into four periods, the Archaic, the Classical, the Hellenistic and the Roman. The Archaic period extends from the introduction of coinage to the Greek world during the 7th century BC until the Persian Wars in about 480 BC; the Classical period began, lasted until the conquests of Alexander the Great in about 330 BC, which began the Hellenistic period, extending until the Roman absorption of the Greek world in the 1st century BC. The Greek cities continued to produce their own coins for several more centuries under Roman rule; the coins produced during this period are called Greek Imperial Coins. The three most important standards of the ancient Greek monetary system were the Attic standard, based on the Athenian drachma of 4.3 grams of silver, the Corinthian standard based on the stater of 8.6 grams of silver, subdivided into three silver drachmas of 2.9 grams, the Aeginetan stater or didrachm of 12.2 grams, based on a drachma of 6.1 grams.

The word drachm means "a handful" "a grasp". Drachmae were divided into six obols, six spits made a "handful"; this suggests that before coinage came to be used in Greece, spits in prehistoric times were used as measures in daily transactions. In archaic/pre-numismatic times iron was valued for making durable tools and weapons, its casting in spit form may have represented a form of transportable bullion, which became bulky and inconvenient after the adoption of precious metals; because of this aspect, Spartan legislation famously forbade issuance of Spartan coin, enforced the use of iron ingots, called pelanoi in order to discourage avarice and the hoarding of wealth. In addition to its original meaning, the word obol was retained as a Greek word for coins of small value, still used as such in Modern Greek slang; the obol was further subdivided into tetartemorioi which represented 1⁄24 drachm. This coin is mentioned by Aristotle as the smallest silver coin. Various multiples of this denomination were struck, including the trihemitetartemorion valued at ​3⁄8 of an obol.

The earliest known electrum coins and East Greek coins found under the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, are dated to the last quarter of the 7th century BC. These coins were issued either by the non-Greek Lydians for their own use or because Greek mercenaries wanted to be paid in precious metal at the conclusion of their time of service, wanted to have their payments marked in a way that would authenticate them; these coins were made of electrum, an alloy of gold and silver, prized and abundant in that area. In the middle of the 6th century BC, King Croesus replaced the electrum coins with coins of pure gold and pure silver, called Croeseids; the credit for inventing pure gold and silver coinage is attributed by Herodotus to the Lydians: "So far as we have any knowledge, they were the first people to introduce the use of gold and silver coins, the first who sold goods by retail" The Greek world was divided into more than two thousand self-governing city-states, more than half of them issued their own coins.

Some coins circulated beyond their polis, indicating that they were being used in inter-city trade. As such coins circulated more other cities began to mint coins to this "Aeginetan" weight standard of, other cities included their own symbols on the coins. Athenian coins, were struck on the "Attic" standard, with a drachm equaling 4.3 grams of silver. Over time, Athens' plentiful supply of silver from the mines at Laurion and its increasing dominance in trade made this the pre-eminent standard; these coins, known as "owls" because of their central design feature, were minted to an tight standard of purity and weight. This contributed to their success as the premier trade coin of their era. Tetradrachms on this weight standard continued to be a used coin through the classical period. By the time of Alexander the Great and his Hellenistic successors, this large denomination was being used to make large payments, or was saved for hoarding. International circulationArchaic Greek coinage seems to have had a wide circulation in the Achaemenid Empire.

Many of them were discovered in coin hoards throughout the Achaemenid Empire such as the Ghazzat hoard and the Apadana hoard, very far to the East, such as the Kabul hoard or the Pushkalavati hoard in Ancient India, following the Achaemenid conquest of the Indus Valley. Greek coins are comparatively numerous in the Achaemenid coin hoards discovered in the East of the Achaemenid Empire, much more numerous than Sigloi, suggesting that the circulation of Greek coinage was central in the monetary system of those part of the Empire; the Classical period saw Greek coinage reach a high level of aesthetic quality. Larger cities now produced a range of fine silver and gold coins, most bearing a portrait of their patron god or goddess or a legendary hero on one side, a symbol of the city on the other; some coins employed a visual pun: some coins from Rhodes featured a rose, sinc

Bhilwara railway station

Bhilwara Railway Station is the railway station in Bhilwara district, Rajasthan. Its code is BHL, it serves Bhilwara city. The station consists of two entrances; the platforms are well sheltered. It has basic amenities including Wifi in partnership with Google, it is in A category Railway StationThe station is connected to Ajmer, Jaipur, Indore, Delhi, Agra, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kolkata, Surat and Hyderabad all big cities. Some of the important trains that run from Bhilwara are: Ratlam-Bhilwara DMU Jammu Tawi - Udaipur SF Garib Rath Special Yesvantpur - Jaipur Suvidha Express Chetak Express Jaipur- Udaipur City Intercity Express Ananya Express Hyderabad - Ajmer Superfast Express Bandra Terminus - Jaipur SF Special Fare Special Udaipur - Jaipur SF Special Ajmer Bandra SF Express Ajmer Hyderabad Weekly Express Jaipur - Nagpur Weekly Express Jaipur-Bhopal Express Santragachi - Ajmer Weekly Express Ajmer - Hyderabad SpecialFare Urs Special Sare Jahan Se Achchha Express Udaipur City - New Jalpaiguri Weekly Express Ongole - Ajmer SpecialFare Urs Special Bhagalpur-Ajmer Express Ratlam-Ajmer Express Hazur Sahib Nanded - Ajmer SpecialFare Special Udaipur City - Khajuraho Express Indore - Jaipur Express Via.

Ajmer Kolkata Ajmer Express Kacheguda - Ajmer SpecialFare Urs Special Ajmer - Machilipatnam SpecialFare Urs Link Special Udaipur Ajmer Passenger

Stay a Little While, Child

"Stay A Little While, Child" is the tenth single by English R&B band Loose Ends from their third studio album and was released in June 1986 by Virgin Records. The song reached number 52 in the UK Charts. 7” Single: VS819 "Stay A Little While, Child" 4.09 "Gonna Make You Mine" 4.29 **12” Single: VS819-12 "Stay A Little While, Child" 8.11 * "Gonna Make You Mine" 4.29 ** "Stay A Little While, Child" 7.56 **2nd 12” Single: VS819-13 "Stay A Little While, Child" 8.11 * "Gonna Make You Mine" ** "Tell Me What You Want" - Edited version of the mix featured on the U. S. version of the CD album'A Little Spice'3rd 12” Single: VS819-14 "Stay A Little While, Child" 8.11 * "Gonna Make You Mine" 5.43 + "Gonna Make You Mine"U. S. only release - 12" Single MCA-23635 "Stay A Little While, Child" 8.11 * "Stay A Little While, Child" 5:55 "Stay A Little While, Child" 7:56 ** "Stay A Little While, Child" 5:55 "Stay A Little While, Child" 5:42* The Extended Version of'Stay A Little While, Child' was released on the U.

S. version of the CD album'Zagora' instead of the Album Version. **'Gonna Make You Mine' and Stay A Little While, Child were released as extra tracks on the CD album'Zagora' +'Gonna Make You Mine' was released on CD in 1992 on the'Tighten Up Volume 1' remix project. It was remixed by Dancin' Danny D & Godwin Logie