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Andaman Islands

The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India, to the west, Myanmar, to the north and east. Most are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands which are a Union Territory of India, while a small number in the north of the archipelago, including the Coco Islands, belong to Myanmar; the Andaman Islands are home to the Andamanese, a group of indigenous people that includes a number of tribes, including the Jarawa and Sentinelese tribes. While some of the islands can be visited with permits, entry to others, including North Sentinel Island, is banned by law; the Sentinelese are hostile to visitors and have had little contact with any other people. The government protects their right to privacy. According to the immigration officials at Port Blair airport, citizens of China and Afghanistan are not allowed into the Andaman Islands including USA passport holders who were born in those three countries. Dated Jan 15 2020; the origin of the name Andaman is not well known. In the 13th century, the name of Andaman appears in Chinese as Yen-to-man in the book Zhu Fan Zhi by Zhao Rugua.

In Chapter 38 of the book, Countries in the Sea, Zhao Rugua specifies that going from Lambri to Ceylon, it is an unfavourable wind which makes ships drift towards Andaman Islands. In the 15th century, Andaman was recorded as "An-de-man mountain" during the voyages of Zheng He in the Mao Kun map of the Wu Bei Zhi; the earliest archaeological evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years. The indigenous Andamanese people appear to have lived on the islands in substantial isolation from that time until the 18th century. Rajendra Chola I took over the Nicobar Islands. In 1789, the Bengal Presidency established a naval base and penal colony on Chatham Island in the southeast bay of Great Andaman; the settlement is now known as Port Blair. After two years, the colony was moved to the northeast part of Great Andaman and was named Port Cornwallis after Admiral William Cornwallis. However, there was much disease and death in the penal colony and the government ceased operating it in May 1796. In 1824, Port Cornwallis was the rendezvous of the fleet carrying the army to the First Burmese War.

In the 1830s and 1840s, shipwrecked crews who landed on the Andamans were attacked and killed by the natives and the islands had a reputation for cannibalism. The loss of the Runnymede and the Briton in 1844 during the same storm, while transporting goods and passengers between India and Australia, the continuous attacks launched by the natives, which the survivors fought off, alarmed the British government. In 1855, the government proposed another settlement on the islands, including a convict establishment, but the Indian Rebellion of 1857 forced a delay in its construction. However, because the rebellion gave the British so many prisoners, it made the new Andaman settlement and prison urgently necessary. Construction began in November 1857 at Port Blair using inmates' labour, avoiding the vicinity of a salt swamp that seemed to have been the source of many of the earlier problems at Port Cornwallis. 17 May 1859 was another major day for Andaman. The Battle of Aberdeen was fought between the British.

Today, a memorial stands in Andaman water sports complex as a tribute to the people who lost their lives. Fearing foreign invasion and with help from an escaped convict from Cellular Jail, the Great Andamanese stormed the British post, but they were outnumbered and soon suffered heavy loss of life, it was identified that an escaped convict named Doodnath had changed sides and informed the British about the tribe's plans. Today, the tribe has been reduced with less than 50 % of them adults; the government of the Andaman Islands is making efforts to increase the headcount of this tribe. In 1867, the ship Nineveh wrecked on the reef of North Sentinel Island; the 86 survivors reached the beach in the ship's boats. On the third day, they were attacked with iron-tipped spears by naked islanders. One person from the ship escaped in a boat and the others were rescued by a British Royal Navy ship. For some time and mortality were high, but swamp reclamation and extensive forest clearance continued; the Andaman colony became notorious with the murder of the Viceroy Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo, on a visit to the settlement, by a Muslim convict, a Pathan from Afghanistan, Sher Ali Afridi.

In the same year, the two island groups Andaman and Nicobar, were united under a chief commissioner residing at Port Blair. From the time of its development in 1858 under the direction of James Pattison Walker, in response to the mutiny and rebellion of the previous year, the settlement was first and foremost a repository for political prisoners; the Cellular Jail at Port Blair, when completed in 1910, included 698 cells designed for solitary confinement. A notable prisoner there was Vinayak Damodar Savarkar; the Indians imprisoned here referred to its prison as Kala Pani. The number of prisoners who died in this camp is estimated to be in the thousands. Many more died of working conditions in this camp; the Viper Chain Gang Jail on Viper Island was reserved for troublemakers, was the site of hangings. In the 20th century, it became a convenient place to house

Fran Bradač

Fran Bradač was a Slovene classical philologist and translator. Bradač was born in Jama pri Dvoru, he studied classical philology in Vienna from 1905 to 1910, continued his education in Zagreb, where he received his doctorate in 1920, followed by further study in Prague and Berlin. He taught classical philology at the University of Ljubljana's Faculty of Arts from 1923 until 1945, when he was forced to retire by the new communist regime. Together with Josip Osana, he published the only grammar of Greek in Slovene to date, he wrote a Greek textbook, compiled a dictionary of foreign vocabulary, authored several dictionaries of Czech and German. He translated a number of important Classical poems and comedies into Slovene, he translated material from modern languages, including Czech and German. Slovar tujk Slovensko-latinski slovar O goskici, ki se je učila peti, translation of a work by Karel Hroch Izbrane pesmi rimskih lirikov Katula, Tibula in Propercija: tekst in komentar Grave of Fran Bradač at Žale Cemetery

Refugees in Cameroon

In 2017, Cameroon hosted a total population of refugees and asylum seekers of 97,400. Of these, 49,300 were from the Central African Republic, 41,600 from Chad, 2,900 from Nigeria. Kidnappings of Cameroonian citizens by Central African bandits have increased since 2005. Between 2004 and 2013, 92,000 refugees from the Central African Republic fled to Cameroon "to escape rebel groups and bandits in the north of their country."In 2014, Cameroon had an estimated 44,000 refugees from Nigeria. Internal Cameroonian refugees began to leave areas bordering Nigeria to escape Boko Haram violence following the December 2014 Cameroon clashes. In January 2015, many schools in the Far North Region did not re-open after the Christmas vacation following the December 2014 Cameroon clashes, it was reported that "thousands of teachers and pupils have fled schools located along the border due to bloody confrontations between the Cameroon military and suspected Boko Haram militants." The Cameroonian military has deployed forces to ensure safety for students attending schools.

As of 30 October 2013, IRIN reports: "There are 8,128 Nigerian refugees in Cameroon's Far North Region, but only 5,289 are registered by UNHCR... Many of the Nigerians who have fled into Cameroon prefer to stay with friends and family near the border areas; the refugee population fleeing from Boko Haram are scattered in inaccessible localities in the north of Cameroon, many who refuse to be registered and stay in camps are still at the mercy of the sect, are seen as threat to local security," said UNHCR's Hamon. Authorities fear. Between May and July 2014, over 8,000 Nigerians from Adamawa and Borno States fled to Cameroon. "Food and shelter for those in need have been provided by local communities. However, their food stocks are running low." Malnutrition was estimated at 25 percent, the UN World Food Programme has begun distributing food, despite a "volatile" security situation near the Nigerian border. As of October 2014, "Cameroon...... Hosting some 44,000 Nigerian refugees," according to an UNHCR spokesperson.

As of 11 November 2014, it was reported that "some 13,000 Nigerian refugees crossed from Adamawa state after insurgents attacked and captured the town of Mubi in late October. The refugees fled to the towns of Guider and Gashiga in the North region of Cameroon and to Bourha and Boukoula in the Far North." However, the "vast majority" of these refugees returned to Nigeria, principally to the city of Yola. As of March,2017 the number of Nigerian refugees in Cameroon has grown to 85,000; as of 21 March 2017 UNHCR reported the forceful return of Nigerian Refugees in Cameroon.. In 2016, over 26,000 Nigerian refugees were forcefully returned by the Cameroonian government at different events; the action taking by the governments is in contrary to the obligations under international and regional refugee protection instruments As of 2012, refugees from the CAR were living in the cities of Yaounde and Douala. In the first months of 2014, thousands of refugees fleeing the violence in the Central African Republic arrived in Cameroon.

A report summarizing the refugee crisis in Cameroon by the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa was published in March 2014. As of 6 June 2014, funding available for refugee assistance has been described as "meagre"; the UN Refugees Agency says that only US$4.2 million of the $22.6 million it needs to assist those escaping violence in the Central African Republic has been received, just 12 percent of the $247 million requested by 15 aid groups to respond to the influx from CAR has been funded... "If we don’t tackle this in a urgent and coordinated way, I am afraid the crisis will be much bigger when we all know that the CAR crisis is not going to be fixed that soon," said Najat Rochdi, the UN resident coordinator for Cameroon. On June 4, 2014, AlertNet reported: Almost 90,000 people have fled to neighbouring Cameroon since December and up to 2,000 a week women and children, are still crossing the border, the United Nations said. "Women and children are arriving in Cameroon in a shocking state, after weeks, sometimes months, on the road, foraging for food," said Ertharin Cousin, executive director of the World Food Programme.

As of 26 May 2014, UNHCR stated the number of new refugees was 85,000, including 52,000 at borders. On 1 July 2014, the World Food Programme announced that "a series of unexpected, temporary ration reductions has affected camps in several countries since early 2013 and into 2014", including Cameroon. An assessment released 4 July 2014 indicated that "in Cameroon, up to 1 out of 3 refugee children from Central African Republic suffer from malnutrition... The risk of severe acute malnutrition, which can be deadly if left untreated, is high. In the inpatient center of Batouri close to the border, the mortality rate in May exceeded 24 per cent." A unit has been opened for treating malnutrition at Batouri Hospital in Batouri. As of May 23, 2014, 100 refugee children were being treated for severe malnutrition in Batouri Hospital's nutrition centre; the hospital treats people arriving with machete wounds. By 2014, refugee centers had opened in more rural areas: Borgop – 7,500 people, capacity of 10,000 Gado Badzere – 9,103 people, capacity of 10,000 Lolo – 10,040 people, capacity of 10,000 Mbilé – 4,150 people, capacity of 10,000 Timangolo – 0 people, capacity of 5,000 Yokadouma – 227 people, capacity of 2,000 Adamoua Region – 8,960 people Garoua-Boulaï –$4,390 people Gbiti – 21,451 peop

National Route 7 (South Korea)

National Route 7 is a national highway in South Korea. It connects Busan with Goseong in Gangwon Province. Before the division of the Korean Peninsula, the highway ran until Onsong, North Hamgyong Province, in present-day North Korea; this highway will be one of the Asia Highway Route 6 until all segments of Donghae Expressway opens to traffic. Its name in Pohang~Goseong is Donghae-daero. 31 November 1979: Samcheok~Pohang segment opens to traffic. 29 December 2010: All segment of Route 7 widen 4 lanes. In de jure, the highway passes through South & North Hamgyong Province, which are de facto controlled by North Korea. By this highway, it throughs Hwasong concentration camp; this fact can be proved via Google Maps. BusanJung District - Dong District - Busanjin District - Yeonje District - Dongnae District - Geumjeong DistrictSouth Gyeongsang ProvinceYangsanBusanGijang CountySouth Gyeongsang ProvinceYangsanUlsanUlju County - Nam District - Jung District - Buk DistrictNorth Gyeongsang ProvinceGyeongju - Pohang - Yeongdeok County - Uljin CountyGangwon ProvinceSamcheok - Donghae - Gangneung - Yangyang County - Sokcho - Goseong County Kangwon ProvinceKosong County - Tongchon CountySouth Hamgyong ProvinceWonsan - Kowon County - Kumya County - Hamhung - Hungnam - Pukchong County - TanchonNorth Hamgyong ProvinceKimchaek - Kilju County - Chongjin - Rason - Kyonghung County - Kyongwon County - Onsong County: MotorwayIS: Intersection, IC: Interchange Motorway section Uljin County Hujeong IS ~ Gopo Tunnel Motorway section Samcheok Wolcheon Tunnel ~ Obun IS


Justvik or Gjusvik is a village and district in the municipality of Kristiansand in Vest-Agder county, Norway. Its population is 2,770; the village of Justvik is located on the west shore of the Topdalsfjorden, just north of the lake Gillsvannet. Before the large municipal merger with Kristiansand in 1965, the Justvik area was part of the old municipality of Tveit, while the Justnes and Eidsbukta areas to the south belonged to Oddernes municipality. Justvik has both older housing and several housing estates which were built during the economic boom from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s. Within the village is Justvik Church, Justvik School, sports facilities, a grocery store. There are several neighborhoods within the district of Justvik: Bleget, Greppestølåsen, Justneshalvøya, Justvik, Jærnesheia, Kvernhusheia; the 10 largest political parties in Justvik as of the 2015 election

Nicolás Kingman Riofrío

Nicolás Kingman Riofrío was an Ecuadorian journalist and politician. His father, Edward Kingman, moved from Newton, Connecticut, in the United States to coastal Cantón Portovelo in El Oro Province, while working for the "South America Development Company". Edward Kingman worked in the mines of Zaruma and was the second person to have an automobile in Quito. Kingman was the younger brother of the renowned painter Eduardo Kingman. Kingman married Gloria Garcés. Kingman completed his secondary studies at the Colegio Vicente Rocafuerte of Guayaquil, he has served as a deputy in the Constituent Assembly of 1944, in the National Congress of 1948 and 1956 during the presidency of Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy. He was the General Inspectorate of Ecuador between 1961-1963, he was a founding member of Writers and Artists Union, member of the House of Ecuadorian Culture, a member of the editorial board of the Library of the Central Bank of Ecuador. As a teenager he started the first student strike at the Colegio Vicente Rocafuerte, at the same time began a close friendship with Pedro Jorge Vera and members of the Guayaquil Group, such as Joaquín Gallegos Lara, Demetrio Aguilera Malta, Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco, José de la Cuadra and Enrique Gil Gilbert.

Kingman is the author of the short story book Comida para locos, the novels Dioses, semidioses y astronautas and La escoba de la bruja. Kingman's works have not been translated into English yet. Kingman was awarded Ecuador's highest honor, The National Prize of Culture "Premio Eugenio Espejo", in 1997. Comida para locos Dioses, semidioses y astronautas La escoba de la bruja