Angels Flight is a landmark 2 ft 6 in narrow gauge funicular railway in the Bunker Hill district of Downtown Los Angeles, California. It has two funicular cars and Sinai, running in opposite directions on a shared cable, on the 298 feet long inclined railway; the funicular has operated on two different sites. The original Angels Flight location, with tracks connecting Hill Street and Olive Street, operated from 1901 until it was closed in 1969, when its site was cleared for redevelopment; the second Angels Flight location opened one half block south of the original location in 1996, with tracks connecting Hill Street and California Plaza. It was shut down in 2001, following a fatal accident, took nine years to commence operations again; the railroad restarted operations on March 15, 2010. It was closed again from June 10, 2011 to July 5, 2011, again after a minor derailment incident on September 5, 2013; the investigation of this 2013 incident led to the discovery of serious safety problems in both the design and the operation of the funicular.
Before the 2013 service suspension, the cost of a one-way ride was 50 cents. Although it was marketed as a tourist novelty, it was used by local workers to travel between the Downtown Historic Core and Bunker Hill. In 2015, the executive director of the nearby REDCAT arts center described the railroad as an important "economic link", there was pressure for the city to fund and re-open the railroad. After safety enhancements were completed, Angels Flight reopened for public service on August 31, 2017, now charging $1 for a one-way ride. Built in 1901 with financing from Colonel J. W. Eddy, as the "Los Angeles Incline Railway", Angels Flight began at the west corner of Hill Street at Third and ran for two blocks uphill to its Olive Street terminus. Angels Flight consisted of two vermillion "boarding stations" and two cars, named Sinai and Olivet, pulled up the steep incline by metal cables powered by engines at the upper Olive Street station; as one car ascended, the other descended, carried down by gravity.
An archway labeled "Angels Flight" greeted passengers on the Hill Street entrance, this name became the official name of the railway in 1912 when the Funding Company of California purchased the railway from its founders. The original Angels Flight was a conventional funicular, with both cars connected to the same haulage cable. Unlike more modern funiculars it did not have track brakes for use in the event of cable breakage, but it did have a separate safety cable which would come into play in case of breakage of the main cable, it operated for 68 years with a good safety record. During operation in its original location, the railroad was owned and operated by six additional companies following Colonel Eddy. In 1912 Eddy sold the railroad to Funding Company of Los Angeles who in turn sold it to Continental Securities Company in 1914. Robert W. Moore, an engineer for Continental Securities, purchased Angels Flight in 1946. In 1952 Lester B. Moreland and Byron Linville, a prominent banker at Security First National Bank, purchased it from Moore and the following year Lester B.
Moreland's family purchased Byron Linville's interest in the Railway. In 1962 the city forced Moreland to sell though condemnation and the city's redevelopment agency hired Oliver & Williams Elevator Company to run it until it was shut down on May 18, 1969; the following day the dismantling began and the cars were hauled away to be stored in a warehouse. The railroad's arch, station house, drinking fountain, other artifacts were taken to an outdoor storage yard in Gardena, California; the only fatality that involved the original Angels Flight occurred in the autumn of 1943, when a sailor attempting to walk up the track itself was crushed beneath one of the cars. In November 1952, the Beverly Hills Parlor of the Native Daughters of the Golden West erected a plaque to commemorate fifty years of service by the railway; the plaque reads: Built in 1901 by Colonel J. W. Eddy, lawyer and friend of President Abraham Lincoln, Angels Flight is said to be the world's shortest incorporated railway; the counterbalanced cars, controlled by cables, travel a 33 percent grade for 315 feet.
It is estimated that Angels Flight has carried more passengers per mile than any other railway in the world, over a hundred million in its first fifty years. This incline railway is a public utility operating under a franchise granted by the City of Los Angeles. In 1962, at its first meeting, the city's new Cultural Heritage Board designated Angels Flight a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument, along with four other locations. Los Angeles was early in enacting preservation laws, the first sites chosen each were "considered threatened to some extent," according to the history of the board, now the Cultural Heritage Commission; the railway was closed on May 18, 1969 when the Bunker Hill area underwent a controversial total redevelopment which destroyed and displaced a community of 22,000 working-class families renting rooms in architecturally significant but run-down buildings, to a modern mixed-use district of high-rise commercial buildings and modern apartment and condominium complexes. Both of the Angels Flight cars and Olivet, were placed in storage at 1200 S. Olive Street, Los Angeles.
This was the location of Linda Kastner's United Business Interiors. At this location the Kastners maintained "The Bandstand," a private museum; the Bandstand featured antique coin-operated musical instruments where one of the cars was on display in the museum. Olivet was stored in the garage of the building, they were stored at this location
Star Wars Republic Commando: Triple Zero, by Karen Traviss, is the second novel in the Star Wars Republic Commando series. The title comes from the galactic coordinates of the planet Coruscant. Following the eruption of the bloody Clone Wars at the battle of Geonosis, both sides remain deadlocked in a stalemate that can be broken only by elite warrior teams like Omega Squad, clone commandos with terrifying combat skills and a lethal arsenal. Deployed deep behind enemy lines, Omega Squad engage in sabotage, espionage and assassination, but when the Squad is rushed to Coruscant, the war's most dangerous new hotspot, the commandos discover that they are not the only ones penetrating the heart of the enemy. A surge in Separatist attacks has been traced to a network of terrorist cells in the Republic's capital, masterminded by a mole in Command Headquarters. To identify and destroy a Separatist spy and terror network in a city full of civilians will require special talents and skills. Not the leadership of the Jedi generals, along with the assistance of Delta Squad and a notorious ARC trooper, can the odds against the Republic Commandos.
And while success may not bring victory in the Clone Wars, failure means certain defeat. Sergeant Kal Skirata, Mercenary Sergeant Walon Vau, Mercenary Null ARC Trooper Captain N-11 Ordo Null ARC Trooper Lieutenant N-7 Mereel RC-1309 Niner, Republic Commando, Omega Squad RC-1136 Darman, Republic Commando, Omega Squad RC-8015 Fi, Republic Commando, Omega Squad RC-3222 Atin, Republic Commando, Omega Squad RC-1138 Boss, Republic Commando, Delta Squad RC-1262 Scorch, Republic Commando, Delta Squad RC-1140 Fixer, Republic Commando, Delta Squad RC-1207 Sev, Republic Commando, Delta Squad Clone Trooper CT-5108/8843 Corr General Bardan Jusik, Jedi Knight Captain Jaller Obrim, Senate Guard, seconded to Coruscant Security Force Anti-Terrorism Unit General Etain Tur-Mukan, Jedi Knight Enacca, Associate of Kal Skirata|Skirata Qibbu, entrepreneur Laseema, employee of Qibbu Besany Wennen, a GAR logistics employee Alpha-26, Captain Maze: ARC Trooper of the 501st Commander Gett: Leader of Improcco Company Star Wars Republic Commando series Star Wars: Republic Commando Star Wars Republic Commando: Hard Contact Star Wars Republic Commando: True Colors Star Wars Republic Commando: Order 66 Amazon.com Listing Official CargoBay Listing
Anacaona is the name of an all-female orchestra, founded Havana in the early 1930s by Concepción "Cuchito" Castro Zaldarriaga and her sisters. All 11 sisters joined the band; the band was formed during the Machado era when the political situation led to university closings, forcing Cuchito Castro to abandon her studies and her plan to start a dental practice. Instead, she chose a different career in 1932 by proposing a female septet to challenge the male-dominated son music. At the time, it was believed; the band enjoyed close musical ties with well-known Cuban performers, in particular with Ignacio Piñeiro and Lázaro Herrera of the Septeto Nacional. Graciela, whose brother Machito laid the foundations of Latin Jazz, was Anacaona's lead singer for a decade. Cuchito's sisters and friends came together as a group; the septet made its first official appearance at the Payret Theater in Havana. Performing on the radio and nightly in the aires libres, open-air cafes, they soon found an enthusiastic audience.
The members of the original 1932 septet were Isabel Álvarez, Berta Cabrera, Elia O'Reilly and the four Castro sisters–Ada, Olga "Bola", Cuchito and Ondina. On Caridad “Cachita”, Flora, Argimira “Millo”, Xiomara and Yolanda joined the jazz band. Anacaona toured Cuba, Puerto Rico, Panama and Venezuela. In 1937 the septet published three records with RCA-Victor the worldwide leading music label. In the winter of the same year the Anacaona septet was the top act at a newly inaugurated night club on Broadway called „Havana Madrid“; the band was invited to perform at NBC's New York radio station, at the Hotel Commodore, Hotel Pierre, the Waldorf Astoria where a show was held for Franklin D. Roosevelt’s birthday; the band travelled on to Paris in 1938 with Alberto Socarrás, known as the “Magician on the Flute”. Anacaona was a smash as a jazz band in Les Ambassadeurs on the Champs-Elysées. In the evening the Anacaona son septet alternated with Django Reinhardt and his Quintett du Hot Club de France at the Chez Florence in Montmartre.
Shortly before World War II the band returned to Cuba. With concerts in New York and Paris, Anacaona rose to international fame.1947 Anacaona starred for two seasons in the musical show of the Casino Nacional of Havana under the direction of Cuban composer Ernesto Lecuona. The band made its screen debut in the film A La Habana me Voy, they appeared in several other films in Mexico together with film star and rumba dancer Ninón Sevilla. Popular female singers such as Celia Cruz, Omara Portuondo, Haydée Portuondo, Moraima Secada and Dominica Verges joined Anacaona during the forties and fifties. Performing as a show band that played Mambo, Cha-cha-chá and Latin Jazz, Anacaona toured through South America in 1958 and appeared on radio and television as well as in theaters in Brazil, Uruguay and Chile. Meanwhile, the revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro were on the move and had taken over when the band returned to Cuba. In 1962 Anacaona joined Cuba's National Council of Culture and became part of the Ignacio Piñeiro state enterprise for traditional music.
Although internationally the band faded from view, it remained popular in Cuba and the original line-up continued to play until 1989. The band was reorganized in 1989; the remaining five Castro sisters chose to leave the band, still active under the lead of Georgia and Dora Aguirre, the band's bassists. Since 1991 Anacaona has recorded several CDs and performed in more than 20 countries, including the United States and China. On the occasion of the band's 85th anniversary it toured Cuba in 2017. Alicia Castro's Queens of Havana: The Amazing Adventures of the Legendary Anacaona, Cuba's First All-Girl Dance Band is a history of the band which concentrates on the band's early period; the British edition is titled Anacaona: The Adventures of Cuba's Most Famous All-Girl Orchestra. A musical inspired by the sisters life and set at the time of the revolution in 1958 was produced by Youth Music Theatre UK in 2012. Anacaona in its original line-up Maleficio, Bésame aquí, Algo Bueno, Oh, Marambé Maramba, Amor Inviolado, Después que sufras Septeto Anacaona & Ciro Rimac, 1936-1937 Anacaona: The Buena Vista Sisters’ Club.
The Amazing Story of Cuba’s Forgotten Girl Band ASIN: B00131TDNK Anacaona - Ten Sisters of Rhythm. Termidor Musikverlag/Pimienta Records, 2002. DVD ASIN: B01GWC2D2C Buena Vista Sisters’ Club. DVD ASIN: B00131TDNA Anacaona today ¡Ay! Como un milagro Lo que tú esperabas... Cuba le canta a Serrat vol. II No lo puedo evitar Times Online: "Listen to Anacaona". Anacaona at AllMusic Queens of Havana on Amazon.com