Anise called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. Its flavor has similarities with some other spices, such as star anise and liquorice, it is cultivated and used to flavor food and alcoholic drinks around the Mediterranean. The name "anise" is derived via Old French from the Latin word, anisum, or Greek, referring to dill. Anise is an herbaceous annual plant growing to 3 ft or more tall; the leaves at the base of the plant are simple, 3⁄8–2 in long and shallowly lobed, while leaves higher on the stems are feathery pinnate, divided into numerous small leaflets. The flowers are either white or yellow 1⁄8 inch in diameter, produced in dense umbels; the fruit is an oblong dry schizocarp, 1⁄8–1⁄4 in long called "aniseed". Anise is a food plant for the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the lime-speck pug and wormwood pug. Anise was first cultivated in Egypt and the Middle East, was brought to Europe for its medicinal value.
It has been cultivated in Egypt for 4,000 years. Anise plants grow best in light, well-drained soil; the seeds should be planted as soon. Because the plants have a taproot, they do not transplant well after being established, so they should either be started in their final location or be transplanted while the seedlings are still small. Western cuisines have long used anise to flavor dishes and candies; the word is used for both the species of its licorice-like flavor. The most powerful flavor component of the essential oil of anise, anethole, is found in both anise and an unrelated spice indigenous to northern China called star anise used in South Asian, Southeast Asian, East Asian dishes. Star anise is less expensive to produce, has displaced P. anisum in Western markets. While produced in larger quantities, by 1999 world production of the essential oil of anise was only 8 tons, compared to 400 tons of star anise; as with all spices, the composition of anise varies with origin and cultivation method.
These are typical values for the main constituents. Moisture: 9–13% Protein: 18% Fatty oil: 8–23% Essential oil: 2–7% Starch: 5% N-free extract: 22–28% Crude fibre: 12–25%In particular, the anise seeds products should contain more than 0.2 milliliter volatile oil per 100 grams of spice. Anise essential oil can be obtained from the fruits by either steam distillation or extraction using supercritical carbon dioxide; the yield of essential oil is influenced by the growing conditions and extraction process, with supercritical extraction being more efficient. Regardless of the method of isolation the main component of the oil is anethole, with minor components including 4-anisaldehyde and pseudoisoeugenyl-2-methylbutyrates, amongst others. Anethole is responsible for anise's characteristic flavor. Anise is sweet and aromatic, distinguished by its characteristic flavour; the seeds, whole or ground, are used for preparation of teas and tisanes, as well as in a wide variety of regional and ethnic confectioneries, including black jelly beans, British aniseed balls and "troach" drops, Australian humbugs, New Zealand aniseed wheels, Italian pizzelle, German Pfeffernüsse and Springerle, Austrian Anisbögen, Dutch muisjes, New Mexican bizcochitos, Peruvian picarones.
It is a key ingredient in Mexican atole de anís and champurrado, similar to hot chocolate, it is taken as a digestive after meals in Pakistan and India. The ancient Romans served spiced cakes with aniseed called mustaceoe at the end of feasts as a digestive; this tradition of serving cake at the end of festivities is the basis for the tradition of serving cake at weddings. Anise is used to flavor Greek ouzo. Outside the Mediterranean region, it is found in Mexican Xtabentún; these liquors are clear, but on addition of water become cloudy, a phenomenon known as the ouzo effect. Anise is used together with other herbs and spices in some root beers, such as Virgil's in the United States; the main use of anise in traditional European herbal medicine was for its carminative effect, as noted by John Gerard in his Great Herball, an early encyclopedia of herbal medicine: The seed wasteth and consumeth winde, is good against belchings and upbraidings of the stomacke, alaieth gripings of the belly, provoketh urine maketh abundance of milke, stirreth up bodily lust: it staieth the laske, the white flux in women.
According to Pliny the Elder, anise was used as a cure for sleeplessness, chewed with alexanders and a little honey in the morning to freshen the breath, when mixed with wine, as a remedy for asp bites. In 19th-century medicine, anise was prepared as aqua anisi in doses of an ounce or more and as spiritus anisi in doses of 5–20 minims. In Turkish folk medicine, its seeds have been used as an appetite stimulant, tranquilizer, or diuretic. Builders of steam locomotives in Britain incorporated capsules of aniseed oil into white metal plain bearings, so the distinctive smell would give warning in case of overheating. Anise is used for both drag hunting and fishing, it is put on fishing lures to attract
.club stylized as. CLUB and sometimes dot-club, is a top-level domain, it was proposed in ICANN's new generic top-level domain program, became available to the general public on May 7, 2014.. Club Domains, LLC is the domain name registry for the string. In June 2013. Club Domains, LLC acquired the.club gTLD through a private auction after raising $7 million from 27 individual investors. Colin Campbell, the company's chief executive officer, declined to reveal the final auction price, citing confidentiality agreements. Club was the first new gTLD acquired via private auction. Unsuccessful applicants competing for the gTLD were Donuts and the Merchant Law Group LLP. According to The Domains, "Those now using a web address ending in.club include brands, sports figures, innovative entrepreneurs and startups and clubs around the globe... tens of thousands of clubs and individuals are using a.club address for their web presence, from Rotary Clubs, to school clubs, to passionate bloggers." Prominent individuals using the extension include rapper 50 Cent, professional basketball player Tyler Johnson, Indian cricket star Virat Kohli.
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This is a list of CMT Music Awards ceremonies and the winners in each ceremony. The show began as the Music City News Awards in 1967; the award show partnered with The Nashville Network in 1990 to become the TNN Music City News Country Awards. After Music City News ceased publication in 1999, Country Weekly assumed the role of presenting sponsor of the awards show in 2000. In 2001, the show began airing on CMT, where it was retooled and renamed to the CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards in 2002; the name of the show was changed to CMT Music Awards in 2005. Below is a list of ceremonies, the years the ceremonies were held, their hosts, the television networks that aired them, their locations: Below is a list of winners in the major categories by year. 2019 CMT Music Awards 2018 CMT Music Awards 2017 CMT Music Awards 2016 CMT Music Awards In 2016, Collaborative Video of the Year did not nominated.2015 CMT Music Awards 2014 CMT Music Awards 2013 CMT Music Awards 2012 CMT Music Awards 2011 CMT Music Awards 2010 CMT Music Awards 2009 CMT Music Awards 2008 CMT Music Awards 2007 CMT Music Awards 2006 CMT Music Awards 2005 CMT Music Awards 2004 CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards 2003 CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards 2002 CMT Flameworthy Video Music Awards 2001 TNN & CMT Country Weekly Music Awards 2000 Country Weekly Presents the TNN Music Awards 1999 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1998 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1997 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1996 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1995 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1994 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1993 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1992 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1991 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1990 TNN Music City News Country Awards 1989 Music City News Awards 1988 Music City News Awards 1987 Music City News Awards 1986 Music City News Awards 1985 Music City News Awards 1984 Music City News Awards 1983 Music City News Awards 1982 Music City News Awards 1981 Music City News Awards 1980 Music City News Awards 1979 Music City News Awards 1978 Music City News Awards 1977 Music City News Awards 1976 Music City News Awards 1975 Music City News Awards 1974 Music City News Awards 1973 Music City News Awards 1972 Music City News Awards 1971 Music City News Awards 1970 Music City News Awards 1969 Music City News Awards 1968 Music City News Awards 1967 Music City News Awards Official site of the CMT Music Awards