Anthony Kiedis is an American musician, songwriter and actor. He is best known as a founding member and the lead vocalist of the Red Hot Chili Peppers and has appeared on every album released by the band. Kiedis and his fellow band members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012. Kiedis spent his youth in Grand Rapids, Michigan with his mother moved shortly before his twelfth birthday to live with his father in Hollywood. While attending Fairfax High School, Kiedis developed close friendships with fellow students Michael Balzary and Hillel Slovak, who at the time were members of a band called Anthym. After high school, Kiedis dropped out early in his sophomore year, he received an offer to be the opening act for a local band, enlisted Flea and drummer Jack Irons to assist. After a show under the name "Tony Flow and the Miraculously Majestic Masters of Mayhem", the band progressed and the line-up became the Red Hot Chili Peppers, he has recorded eleven studio albums with the Red Hot Chili Peppers.
Kiedis' lyrical style has evolved throughout his career. Additionally, his vocal style has shifted from rapping to more conventional singing, he struggled with addiction for the majority of his life up until the year 2000 and has since remained drug free. Kiedis was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan, to Margaret "Peggy" and actor John Michael Kiedis, known professionally as Blackie Dammett, his paternal grandfather's family emigrated from Lithuania in the early 1900s. In 1966, when he was three years old, his parents divorced and he was raised by his mother in Grand Rapids, his mother remarried and had two more children, Anthony's half sisters. Each summer, he would visit his father in Hollywood for two weeks, a time during which the two would bond, he idolized his father and recalled, "Those trips to California were the happiest, most carefree, the-world-is-a-beautiful-oyster times I'd experienced." In 1974, when Kiedis was twelve years old, he moved to Hollywood to live with his father full-time.
His father was a struggling actor who sold drugs, which had a significant impact on Kiedis, as the two would use marijuana and cocaine together. Kiedis accidentally tried heroin for the first time at age 14. Through his father Blackie, who worked under the stage name of Cole Dammett, landed his first acting role appearing as Sylvester Stallone's character's son in the 1978 film, F. I. S. T; that same year he would land two more acting jobs, one being on an ABC Afterschool Special and the other an appearance in the film, Jokes My Folks Never Told Me. Kiedis attended Fairfax High School in Los Angeles, where he struggled to find friends as he had transferred to a new school district. However, he soon met Flea, after a brief confrontation, the two became best friends and bonded while sitting next to each other in driver's ed class. Kiedis recalled, "We were drawn to each other by the forces of mischief and The Grateful Dead. We became inseparable. We were both social outcasts. We found each other and it turned out to be the longest-lasting friendship of my life."
Kiedis became a significant influence on Flea, exposing him to rock music punk rock. Kiedis and Flea began jumping into swimming pools from buildings as a hobby. At age 15, Kiedis broke his back attempting to jump into a swimming pool from a five-story building, missing the pool by a few inches, his back has since improved. At age 15, Kiedis met future bandmate Slovak after seeing him perform with his band Anthym. After the show, Slovak invited Kiedis to his house for a snack. Kiedis described the experience in his autobiography Scar Tissue: "Within a few minutes of hanging out with Hillel, I sensed that he was different from most of the people I'd spent time with... He understood a lot about music, he was a great visual artist, he had a sense of self and a calm about him that were just riveting." Slovak and Flea became best friends and used LSD, heroin and speed recreationally. Despite his frequent drug use, he excelled in school receiving straight A grades. In June 1980, Kiedis graduated with honors from high school.
That August, he enrolled at the University of California. After Kiedis began working with Flea and Jack Irons, he was described as a "manic master of ceremonies" before he began singing for the group. Irons and Hillel Slovak had begun playing together in high school while performing in a band called Chain Reaction; the group included bassist Tom Strasman and Chilean-born vocalist and guitarist Alain Johannes. With Strasman set on becoming a lawyer, he quit the band to focus on college. At this point, Flea was brought into the mix. Shortly after hanging out with the band, attending a few shows, Kiedis was offered a position in the band by Flea, he began as a "hype man", going out in front of the band blurting out jokes to the audience and getting them pumped up. " Kiedis and Flea began to create their own music after finding inspiration in a punk-funk fusion band called Defunkt. Kiedis rejected the violence and misogyny associated with the Los Angeles punk rock scene at the time, wished to create a more peaceful environment that would encourage women to come to concerts.
The three formed a band with former Anthym-drummer Jack Irons, called Tony Flow and the Mir
Harold Arthur Lee-Dillon, 17th Viscount Dillon CH FBA was an English antiquary and a leading authority on the history of arms and armour and medieval costume. The eldest son of Arthur Dillon, 16th Viscount Dillon, he was born in Victoria Square and educated at private school and at the University of Bonn, Germany, he purchased an Ensigncy in the Rifle Brigade in 1862 and a Lieutenancy in 1866. He served in India and Canada, but resigned his commission in 1874, he joined the Oxfordshire Militia as a Captain. He was promoted Major in 1885 and retired in 1891, he succeeded his father as 17th Viscount Dillon in 1892. After leaving the regular army he devoted himself to antiquarian study, writing over fifty books and articles, he was chairman of the trustees of the National Portrait Gallery from 1894 to 1928. In the first year his portrait was painted by Georgina Brackenbury, he bequeathed to the trustees various portraits from Ditchley Park, Charlbury including the portrait of his ancestor Sir Henry Lee by Antonio Moro.
He served as Curator of the Royal Armouries from 1892 to 1913. He was President of the Royal Archaeological Institute from 1892 to 1898 and President of the Society of Antiquaries of London from 1897 to 1904, he was the founding president of the Society for Army Historical Research holding the position until his death. He was elected a founding Fellow of the British Academy in 1902, he was appointed antiquary to the Royal Academy. He was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour in the 1921 Birthday Honours for his work with the National Portrait Gallery, his only son predeceased he was succeeded by his nephew, Arthur. Biography, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
The Royal Literary Fund is a benevolent fund set up to help published British writers in financial difficulties. It was founded in 1790 by Reverend David Williams, inspired to set up the Fund by the death in debtors' prison of a translator of Plato's dialogues, Floyer Sydenham. Since the charity has received bequests and donations, including royal patronage. In 1818 the Fund was granted a royal charter, was permitted to add "Royal" to its title in 1845; the Royal Literary Fund has given assistance to many distinguished writers over its history, including Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Samuel Rousseau, François-René de Chateaubriand, Thomas Love Peacock, Colin Mackenzie, James Hogg, Leigh Hunt, Thomas Hood, Richard Jefferies, Joseph Conrad, D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, Ivy Compton-Burnett, Richard Ryan, Regina Maria Roche and Mervyn Peake, it helped many more struggling authors like Anne Burke who found themselves in dire poverty and/or poor health in the period before social security, through small grants.
Throughout the nineteenth century and until 1939 much of the charity's money came from an annual fund-raising dinner at which major public and literary figures exhorted guests to make generous donations. Current funds include the income from these earlier investments and from royalties bequeathed by writers. Among the estates from which the Fund earns royalties are those of the First World War poet Rupert Brooke, the novelists Somerset Maugham and G. K. Chesterton and children's writers Arthur Ransome and A. A. Milne. Income from the A. A. Milne estate has enabled the RLF to establish a Fellowship Scheme to place professional writers in universities in the UK; the Fellowship Scheme was established in 1999 under the guidance of Hilary Spurling. It provides a stipend for established writers to work in universities and colleges to help students and staff to develop their writing skills, concentrating on academic writing. Writers employed include novelists, poets, writers of non-fiction and of children's books.
By the end of 2006, there were 77 Fellows in 47 institutions throughout the mainland UK. The Fellowship Scheme undertakes research into the state of writing among British students and school pupils and is proactive in promoting the development of writing skills. Between 2002 and 2005 a group of Project Fellowships existed to carry out research into how the work for the Fellowship could be furthered in the future. In 2001, the RLF sold the rights of the character Winnie the Pooh, others in the series, to Disney; the $350 million deal gave Disney full rights to the franchise until copyright expires in 2026. Winnie the Pooh author A. A. Milne had sold the rights to the RLF; the RLF gained about $132 million from the deal. Other beneficiaris of the sale were the Westminster School and the Garrick Club and Milne's grand daughter Clare. Disney first acquired the rights to the characters in the 1960s and paid twice-yearly royalties to the RLF and other beneficiaries. Royal Literary Fund website Current RLF Fellows UK universities with resident RLF Fellows The Royal Literary Fund: A Short History, Janet Adam Smith, president RLF 1976-1984