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Anti-Masonic Party

The Anti-Masonic Party known as the Anti-Masonic Movement, was the first third party in the United States. It opposed Freemasonry as a single-issue party and aspired to become a major party by expanding its platform to take positions on other issues. After emerging as a political force in the late 1820s, most of the Anti-Masonic Party's members joined the Whig Party in the 1830s and the party disappeared after 1838; the party was founded in the aftermath of the disappearance of William Morgan, a former Mason who had become a prominent critic of the Masonic organization. Many believed that the Masons had murdered Morgan for speaking out against Masonry and subsequently many churches and other groups condemned Masonry; as many Masons were prominent businessmen and politicians, the backlash against the Masons was a form of anti-elitism. Mass opposition to Masonry coalesced into a political party. Before and during the presidency of John Quincy Adams, there was a period of political realignment; the Anti-Masons emerged as an important third-party alternative to Andrew Jackson's Democrats and Adams's National Republicans.

In New York, the Anti-Masons supplanted the National Republicans as the primary opposition to the Democrats. After experiencing unexpected success in the 1828 elections, the Anti-Masons began to adopt positions on other issues, most notably support for internal improvements and a protective tariff. Several Anti-Masons, including William A. Palmer and Joseph Ritner, won election to prominent positions. In states such as Pennsylvania and Rhode Island, the party controlled the balance of power in the state legislature and provided crucial support to candidates for the Senate. In 1831, the party held the first presidential nominating convention, a practice, subsequently adopted by all major parties; the convention chose former attorney general William Wirt as the party's standard bearer in the 1832 presidential election and Wirt won 7.8% of the popular vote and carried Vermont. As the 1830s progressed, many of the Anti-Masonic Party's supporters joined the Whig Party, which sought to unite those opposed to the policies of President Jackson.

The anti-Masons brought With them an intense distrust of politicians and a rejection of unthinking party loyalty, together with new campaign techniques to whip up excitement among the voters. The Anti-Masonic Party held a national convention in 1835, nominating William Henry Harrison, but a second convention announced that the party would not support a candidate. Harrison campaigned as a Whig in the 1836 presidential election and his relative success in the election encouraged further migration of Anti-Masons to the Whig Party. By 1840, the party had ceased to function as a national organization. In subsequent decades, former Anti-Masonic candidates and supporters such as Millard Fillmore, William H. Seward, Thurlow Weed and Thaddeus Stevens would become well-known members of the Whig Party; the opponents of Freemasonry formed a political movement after the Morgan affair convinced them the Masons were murdering men who spoke out against them. This key episode was the mysterious 1826 disappearance of William Morgan, a Freemason in upstate New York who had turned against the Masons.

Morgan claimed to have been made a member of the Masons while living in Canada and he appears to have attended a lodge in Rochester. In 1825, Morgan received the Royal Arch degree at Le Roy's Western Star Chapter #33, having declared under oath that he had received the six degrees which preceded it. Whether he received these degrees and if so from where has not been determined for certain. Morgan attempted unsuccessfully to help establish or visit lodges and chapters in Batavia, but was denied participation in Batavia's Masonic activities by members who were uncertain about Morgan's character and claims to Masonic membership. Angered by the rejection, Morgan announced that he was going to publish an exposé titled Illustrations of Masonry, critical of the Freemasons and describing their secret degree ceremonies in detail; when his intentions became known to the Batavia lodge, an attempt was made to burn down the business of the printer who planned to publish Morgan's book. In September 1826, Morgan was arrested on flimsy allegations of failing to repay a loan and theft of a shirt and tie in an effort to prevent publication of his book by keeping him in jail.

The individual who intended to publish Morgan's book paid his bail and he was released from custody. Shortly afterwards, Morgan disappeared; some skeptics argued that Morgan had left the Batavia area on his own, either because he had been paid not to publish his book, or to escape Masonic retaliation for attempting to publish the book, or to generate publicity that would boost the book's sales. The believed version of events was that Masons killed Morgan by drowning him in the Niagara River. Whether he fled or was murdered, Morgan's disappearance led many to believe that Freemasonry was in conflict with good citizenship; because judges, businessmen and politicians were Masons, ordinary citizens began to think of it as an elitist group. Moreover, many claimed that the lodges' secret oaths bound Masons to favor each other against outsiders in the courts and elsewhere; because some trials of alleged Morgan conspirators were mishandled and the Masons resisted further inquiries, many New Yorkers concluded that Masons controlled key offices and used their official authority to promote the goals of the fraternity by ensuring that Morgan's supposed killers escaped punishment.

When a member sought to reveal its secrets, so ran the conclusion, the Freemasons had done away with him. Because they controlled the courts and other offices, they were considered capable of obstructing the investigation. True

The Eighth Day (novel)

The Eighth Day is a 1967 novel by Thornton Wilder. Set in a mining town in southern Illinois, the plot revolves around John Barrington Ashley, accused of murdering his neighbor Breckenridge Lansing; the novel was written over the course of twenty months while Wilder was living alone in Douglas, Arizona. The Eighth Day was the 1968 winner of the National Book Award. During a weekend gathering of the Ashley and Lansing families, Breckenridge Lansing is shot while the men are practicing shooting. Townsfolk suspect that Eustacia Lansing, Breckenridge's wife, John Ashley were having an affair. Ashley is tried and sentenced to execution. Miraculously, days before the scheduled execution, he is rescued by mysterious masked men, he escapes to Chile, where he assumes the identity of a Canadian named James Tolland and finds work in the copper mining industry. While Ashley escapes to Chile, his family—left destitute without his income—turns to running a boarding house to make ends meet, his son, assumes a fake name and moves to Chicago.

After working a series of odd jobs, Roger makes a name for himself as a writer for a newspaper. Ashley's daughter, Lily assumes a fake name and becomes a famous singer in Chicago moving to New York. In the end of the book, it is revealed that a group of Native Americans, one of whom was friends with Roger, is responsible for helping Ashley escape his execution; the group did this because, after a flood wiped out their local church, Ashley loaned them money to rebuild it. It is revealed that Ashely did not kill Lansing. George feared for his mother's safety, killed his father and ran away to San Francisco, Russia, to work as an actor. Though there is a murder mystery in the novel, the main focus of the work is the history of the Breckenridge and Lansing families. Wilder muses on the nature of written history throughout the book. Towards the end, he writes: "There is only one history, it began with the creation of man and will come to an end when the last human consciousness is extinguished. All other beginnings and endings are arbitrary conventions — makeshifts parading as self-sufficient entireties… The cumbrous shears of the historian cut out a few figures and a brief passage of time from that enormous tapestry.

Above and below the laceration, to the right and left of it, the severed threads protest against the injustice, against the imposture."The book concludes with a number of flash-forwards describing the rest of the lives of the characters. Ashley's wife, moves to Los Angeles and starts a boarding house there. Roger marries one of Lansing's daughters. Ashley's daughter Sophia suffers from dementia and moves into a sanitarium. Ashely's daughter Constance becomes a political activist and moves to Japan; the Eighth Day received the National Book Award in 1968. The New York Times called the book "suspenseful and moving". Goodreads says the book "has been hailed as a great American epic"

Howel–Evans syndrome

Howel–Evans syndrome is an rare condition involving thickening of the skin in the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. This familial disease is associated with a high lifetime risk of esophageal cancer. For this reason, it is sometimes known as tylosis with oesophageal cancer; the condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, it has been linked to a mutation in the RHBDF2 gene. It was first described in 1958; this condition is inherited as an autosomal dominant syndrome and characterized by palmoplantar keratoderma, oral precursor lesions on the gums and a high lifetime risk of esophageal cancer. Relapsing cutaneous horns of the lips has been reported in this condition. There are several types of this condition have been described -- non-epidermolytic. Another classification divides these into an early onset type which occurs in the first year of life and is benign and a type A tylosis which occurs between the ages of 5 and 15 years and is associated with esophageal cancer. Cytoglobin gene expression in oesphageal biopsies is reduced in this condition.

The mechanism of this change is not known. The gene responsible is RHBDF2, located on the long arm of chromosome 17; the mutation responsible for the disease was detected in Finnish, UK and US families. The RHBDF2 protein is a member of the intramembranous serine proteases, it is thought to play an important role in the epithelial response to injury in the esophagus and skin. RHBDF2 is involved in the regulation of the secretion of several ligands of the epidermal growth factor receptor; the rhomboid proteases – the first known intramembranous serine proteases – were discovered in 1988. The first rhomboid protease was cloned in 1990 Rhomboid proteases have a core of six transmembrane helices with the active site residues lying in a hydrophilic cavity. Rhomboid family members are conserved and found in all three kingdoms of life. RHBDF2 associates with the rhomboid inhibits its activity. Mutations in RHBDF2 inhibit tumour necrosis factor alpha. RHBDL2 acts on Epidermal growth factor and EphrinB3. Thrombomodulin – a membrane glycoprotein – is upregulated in neoepidermis during cutaneous wound healing.

RHBDL2 cleaves thrombomodulin at the transmembrane domain and causes the release of soluble thrombomodulin. RHBDF2 may play a role in ovarian epithelial cancer. Possible associations with gastric cancer and lung cancer have been suggested. Other possible associations include corneal defects, congenital pulmonary stenosis, total anomalous pulmonary venous connection deafness and optic atrophy. A related gene – Rhomboid domain containing 2 – appears to be important in breast cancer. A second related gene -- rhomboid family 1 -- appears to be important in neck cancer. A third member of this family – RHBDD1 – cleaves Bcl-2-interacting killer – a proapoptotic member of the B cell lymphoma 2 family; these proteins may have a role in diabetes. The differential diagnosis is quite extensive and includes Systemic retinoids are the drugs used for tylosis; the condition is referred to by several other names, including "familial keratoderma with carcinoma of the esophagus," "focal non-epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma with carcinoma of the esophagus," "Palmoplantar ectodermal dysplasia type III," "palmoplantar keratoderma associated with esophageal cancer," "tylosis" and "tylosis–esophageal cancer" Palmoplantar keratoderma List of cutaneous conditions


Regular-Irregular is the first studio album by South Korean boy band NCT 127, the second sub-unit of the South Korean boy group NCT. Described as a multi-genre concept album with a total of eleven tracks, the album was released by SM Entertainment on October 12, 2018 and distributed by IRIVER; this marks NCT 127's first Korean major release in a year and four months since their previous EP, Cherry Bomb, released in June 2017. It is their first release as a ten-member group since the addition of Jungwoo in September 2018. Upon its release, Regular-Irregular attained commercial success in both South Korea and other countries; the album debuted atop the Gaon Album Chart and became one of the few releases to stay longer than a single week at No. 1 in 2018. Additionally, it debuted at No. 86 on the US Billboard 200 in the week of October 27, 2018, thus becoming NCT 127's first entry on the chart. It is the group's highest charting release on the UK and France's download albums charts and first entry on the Australian Digital Albums chart.

The album's repackage, was released on November 23, 2018, along with its lead single, "Simon Says". On September 17, a teaser video was released on the group's Twitter account which shows flashes of the words "regular" and "irregular", as well as a new NCT 127 logo; that day, SM Entertainment announced the addition of Jungwoo to the group and that NCT 127 would release its first full-length album Regular-Irregular on October 12. Following the announcement, NCT 127 entered the Billboard's Social 50 at number five for the week of September 29. Photo and video teasers were released from September 18 up to October 11. On October 8, NCT 127 released the music video of the English version of their new single "Regular", which marks the group's first English-language song; the music video for the Korean version of "Regular" was released on October 11, 2018. The album was released on October 12, 2018. On November 13, 2018, NCT 127 announced the release of the album's repackage, Regulate with teasers of the members.

The album and its lead single, "Simon Says", released on November 23, 2018. The album's theme dreams; the album incorporates several genres. Billboard noted that unlike many Korean songs re-released by K-pop bands in other languages, the English version of "Regular" differentiates itself from the Korean version through the content of their lyrics; the Korean one addresses their current state as a group trying to make its way in the world, in contrast to the hopeful, goal-oriented swagger expressed in the English alternative. While both versions focus on money, the Korean addresses the reality of their world versus the luxurious lifestyle expressed in the English; the sixth track, "Interlude: Regular to Irregular" contains the music used in the video "NCT 2018 Yearbook #1" as well as a rearranged version of a future bass composition by Korean electronica musician Hitchhiker, performed by the sub-unit in the 2017 Mnet Asian Music Awards. The track contains narrations done in Korean and Mandarin, as well as a verse from the American author Edgar Allan Poe's 1849 poem "A Dream Within a Dream" narrated by member Johnny.

The eighth track, "Come Back", is a Korean version of the released Japanese track off their debut Japanese EP Chain. The bonus track, "Run Back 2 U", is the complete version of the demo song the sub-unit has performed when majority of the members were still part of the SM Rookies project in 2015. NCT 127 kick-started promotions for the album in the U. S. with television promotions and a partnership with Apple Music. They performed their new single "Regular" as well as "Cherry Bomb" on the Jimmy Kimmel Live! Outdoor concert series stage on October 8, marking their U. S. television debut. They performed at ABC's Mickey's 90th Spectacular TV special on November 4. NCT 127 was announced as Apple Music's'Up Next' Artist. On November 22, it was announced that member Winwin would not participate in promotions for Regulate as he was preparing for the group's Chinese activities. NCT 127 performed on Music Bank for "Simon Says" on November 23, 2018. NCT 127 had their comeback stage for the album during MBC Music's Show Champion, & on December 5, 2018, where they performed "Simon Says", & "Chain".

In a positive review, Billboard praised the album for showcasing both the group's artistry and skill through its diversity of sounds and experimental approach towards an album concept, helping to solidify their style. On December 10, it was announced that "Simon Says" had become the group's first song to chart at number one on the US Digital Song Sales chart. Notes "Replay" is performed by Taeil, Yuta, Jaehyun, Winwin and Haechan "No Longer" is performed by Taeil, Jaehyun and Haechan "My Van" is performed by Taeyong, Jaehyun and Mark "Interlude: Regular to Irregular" is performed by Johnny, Yuta and Jungwoo

Heart South

Heart South is a regional radio station owned and operated by Global as part of the Heart network. It broadcasts south east of England from studios in Fareham, Hampshire; the station launched on 3 June 2019 as a result of a merger between four sister stations in Hampshire and Dorset, Kent and Surrey and the Thames Valley. Under relaxed OFCOM requirements for local content on commercial radio, Heart South is permitted to share all programmes between seven licences located in the ITV Meridian broadcast region; these licences broadcast as separate stations: Radio 210 began broadcasting from Reading in March 1976, serving Berkshire and north Hampshire. 2CR - Two Counties Radio began broadcasting from Bournemouth in September 1980, serving east Dorset and west Hampshire. Southern Sound began broadcasting from Portslade, near Brighton, in August 1983, serving East Sussex and parts of West Sussex. Invicta Radio began broadcasting to Kent in October 1984 from studios in Canterbury and Maidstone, before moving to Whitstable in 1991.

Over the years, the station provided opt-out programming for the East and West of the county - at one point, extending to separate breakfast shows for Ashford and Thanet. Radio Mercury began broadcasting from Crawley in October 1984, serving north Sussex. Ocean Sound began broadcasting to south Hampshire, West Sussex and the Isle of Wight in October 1986, after taking over the licence held by Radio Victory. Providing separate programming for the East and West of the area, it ran a split service for the Winchester area called The Light FM. Fox FM began broadcasting to Oxfordshire in September 1989. Ocean Sound's West service was split off into Power FM in December 1988 - with the parent service known was Ocean FM continuing for the East and North areas. In 1992, Ocean merged with Southern Sound to form the Southern Radio Group with the two stations sharing output; the company went onto purchase Invicta Radio in 1992, before being brought by Capital Radio plc in 1994. By 2005, all seven stations entered common ownership when GWR Group merged with Capital to form GCap Media, which in turn was taken over by Global in 2008.

In 2009, six of the stations were rebranded as part of a rollout of the Heart network across 29 local radio stations owned by Global. Fox FM and 2-Ten FM relaunched in March, followed by 2CR, Ocean FM, Southern FM. By this point, local programming had been reduced to ten hours on weekdays and four hours at weekends. During the summer of 2010, Global merged six of the stations into three - with Mercury FM joining the Heart network as a result: Heart Solent - formed from the Dorset and Hampshire stations, broadcasting from Fareham Heart Sussex and Surrey - formed from Mercury FM and Heart's Sussex station, broadcasting from Portslade Heart Thames Valley - formed from the Berkshire and Oxfordshire stations, broadcasting from ReadingHeart Kent retained its local programming - but across all stations, local output was further cut to seven hours on weekdays. Localised news bulletins, traffic updates and advertising continued to air as opt-outs. On 26 February 2019, following OFCOM's decision to relax local content obligations from commercial radio, Global announced it would merge the four stations in the South and South East into one.

As of 3 June 2019, regional programming consists of three hours on weekdays, alongside localised news bulletins, traffic updates and advertising. Local breakfast and weekend shows were replaced with network programming from London. Global's studio centres in Portslade and Whitstable were closed, although local newsgathering and sales staff were retained. Across the four stations, fourteen local presenters left the Heart network. All networked programming originates from Global's London headquarters, including Heart Breakfast, presented each weekday by Jamie Theakston and Amanda Holden. Regional programming is produced and broadcast from Global's Fareham studios from 4-7pm on weekdays, presented by Rich Clarke. Heart South broadcasts hourly local news bulletins from 6am-7pm on weekdays and 6am-12pm at weekends. Separate bulletins are produced for the licence areas served by Heart's stations in Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Surrey. National news updates air hourly from Global's London headquarters at all other times.


Trevor Potter

Trevor Potter is a lawyer, former commissioner and chairman of the United States Federal Election Commission. He is the Founder and President of the Campaign Legal Center, a nonprofit organization which works in the areas of campaign finance and elections, political communication and government ethics. A Republican, he was the General Counsel to John McCain's two presidential campaigns. Potter is a vocal critic of unlimited corporate spending and dark money in politics allowed by the Citizens United v. FEC ruling, his government experience includes service as assistant general counsel of the United States Federal Communications Commission and attorney with the United States Department of Justice. Potter served as General Counsel to the 2000 and 2008 Presidential campaigns of John McCain and Deputy General Counsel to the George H. W. Bush 1988 campaign. In 2002, he was elected to serve on the Common Cause National Governing Board, he is an attorney at Drysdale, where he leads the firm's Political Law practice.

Potter appeared on the television program The Colbert Report, where he discussed political action committees, the founding and progress of the satirical Colbert Super PAC. Potter explained to Colbert's audience the Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission decision made by the United States Supreme Court that allowed the creation of "Super PACs", was the lawyer behind the creation and functioning of Stephen Colbert's PAC, "Americans for a Better Tomorrow, Tomorrow". Colbert, together with Potter acting as his attorney, demonstrated how easy it was to circumvent the laws governing Super PACs. Speaking in 2014, Trevor Potter said: was able to show America the loopholes in the laws designed to regulate coordination between candidates and "independent" groups. By having his own Super PAC and 501, Stephen could evolve right alongside the campaigns—or be a step ahead of them, his understanding of the possibilities inherent in the legal confusion was keen enough to discover and exploit absurd legalities before it became clear that actual candidates and political activists were doing the same thing.

The Colbert Report's segments on "Super PACs" were recognized in 2011 with a Peabody Award for parody reporting as an "innovative means of teaching American viewers about the landmark court decision". Reflecting on the experience in 2015, Potter said, "I was his lawyer for the venture, which meant I did everything from drafting a Federal Election Commission Advisory Opinion Request to accompanying Colbert to hearings. I figured out how to make the money "disappear" from public view when the PAC was closing.... The final takeaway from my work with Colbert was a sense of the enormous and detrimental impact Citizens United has had on our campaigns and elections."Potter was elected to the American Law Institute in 2013 and serves as an Adviser on ALI's Principles of Election Law: Resolution of Election Disputes project. He serves as the Senior Advisor to Issue One. Potter attended Brooks School in North Andover, MA, he earned his A. B. from Harvard University in 1978, his Juris Doctor from University of Virginia School of Law in 1982.

He has been described by the American Bar Association Journal as "hands-down one of the top lawyers in the country on the delicate intersection of politics and money". Anthony Corrado, Thomas E. Mann, Daniel R. Ortiz, Trevor Potter, Frank J. Sorauf, Campaign Finance Reform: A Sourcebook, Brookings Institution Press, ISBN 978-0815715818 Anthony Corrado, Thomas E. Mann, Trevor Potter, Inside the Campaign Finance Battle: Court Testimony on the New Reforms, Brookings Institution Press, ISBN 978-0815715832 Anthony Corrado, Thomas E. Mann, Daniel R. Ortiz, Trevor Potter, The New Campaign Finance Sourcebook, Brookings Institution Press, ISBN 978-0815700050 Trevor Potter, Political Activity, Lobbying Laws and Gift Rules Guide, Thomson West, ISBN 978-0314979483 Joseph Birkenstock, Trevor Potter, Political Activity, Lobbying Laws and Gift Rules Guide, 2009-2010 ed. LegalWorks, ISBN 978-0314988300 Joseph Birkenstock, Trevor Potter, Political Activity, Lobbying Laws and Gift Rules Guide, 2010-2011 ed. LegalWorks, ISBN 978-0314999054 Joseph Birkenstock, Trevor Potter, Political Activity, Lobbying Laws and Gift Rules Guide, 3d, 2011-2012 ed. LegalWorks, ISBN 978-0314925923 Federal Election Commission Dark Money Member profile at Caplin & Drysdale Nonresident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution Appearances on C-SPAN Appearances on Moyers & Company Appearances and news articles on The Colbert Report Trevor Potter on IMDb Works by or about Trevor Potter in libraries