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Antwerp is a city in Belgium, is the capital of Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium, with a metropolitan area housing around 1,200,000 people, it's the second largest metropolitan region after Brussels in Belgium. Antwerp is on the River Scheldt, linked to the North Sea by the river's Westerschelde estuary, it is about 40 kilometres north of Brussels, about 15 kilometres south of the Dutch border. The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe and within the top 20 globally; the city is known for its diamond industry and trade. Both economically and culturally, Antwerp is and has long been an important city in the Low Countries before and during the Spanish Fury and throughout and after the subsequent Dutch Revolt. Antwerp was the place of the world's oldest stock exchange building built in 1531 and re-built in 1872; the inhabitants of Antwerp are nicknamed Sinjoren, after the Spanish honorific señor or French seigneur, "lord", referring to the Spanish noblemen who ruled the city in the 17th century.

The city hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics. According to folklore, notably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hall, the city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river, he extracted a toll from passing boatmen, for those who refused, he severed one of their hands and threw it into the river. The giant was killed by a young hero named Silvius Brabo, who cut off the giant's own hand and flung it into the river. Hence the name Antwerpen, from Dutch hand werpen, akin to Old English hand and wearpan, which has evolved to today's warp. A longstanding theory is that the name originated in the Gallo-Roman period and comes from the Latin antverpia. Antverpia would come from Ante Verpia, indicating land that forms by deposition in the inside curve of a river. Note that the river Scheldt, before a transition period between 600 and 750, followed a different track; this must have coincided with the current ringway south of the city, situating the city within a former curve of the river.

However, many historians think it unlikely that there was a large settlement which would be named'Antverpia', but more something like an outpost with a river crossing. However, John Lothrop Motley argues, so do a lot of historians and Dutch etymologists, that Antwerp's name derives from "anda" and "werpum" to give an't werf. Aan't werp is possible; this "warp" is a man-made hill or a river deposit, high enough to remain dry at high tide, whereupon a construction could be built that would remain dry. Another word for werp is pol hence polders. Alfred Michiels has suggested that derivations based on hand werpen, Antverpia, "on the wharf", or "at the warp" lack historical backing in the form of recorded past spellings of the placename, he points instead to Dado's Life of St. Eligius from the 7th century, which records the form Andoverpis, he sees in it a Celtic origin indicating "those who live on both banks". Historical Antwerp had its origins in a Gallo-Roman vicus. Excavations carried out in the oldest section near the Scheldt, 1952–1961, produced pottery shards and fragments of glass from mid-2nd century to the end of the 3rd century.

The earliest mention of Antwerp dates from the 4th century. In the 4th century, Antwerp was first named; the Merovingian Antwerp was evangelized by Saint Amand in the 7th century. At the end of the 10th century, the Scheldt became the boundary of the Holy Roman Empire. Antwerp became a margraviate in 980, by the German emperor Otto II, a border province facing the County of Flanders. In the 11th century, the best-known leader of the First Crusade, Godfrey of Bouillon, was Margrave of Antwerp, from 1076 until his death in 1100, though he was also Duke of Lower Lorraine and Defender of the Holy Sepulchre. In the 12th century, Norbert of Xanten established a community of his Premonstratensian canons at St. Michael's Abbey at Caloes. Antwerp was the headquarters of Edward III during his early negotiations with Jacob van Artevelde, his son Lionel, the Duke of Clarence, was born there in 1338. After the silting-up of the Zwin and the consequent decline of Bruges, the city of Antwerp part of the Duchy of Brabant, grew in importance.

At the end of the 15th century the foreign trading houses were transferred from Bruges to Antwerp, the building assigned to the English nation is mentioned in 1510. Antwerp became the sugar capital of Europe, importing the raw commodity from Portuguese and Spanish plantations; the city attracted Italian and German sugar refiners by 1550, shipped their refined product to Germany Cologne. Moneylenders and financiers developed a large business lending money all over Europe including the English government in 1544–1574. London bankers were too small to operate on that scale, Antwerp had a efficient bourse that itself attracted rich bankers from around Europe. After the 1570s, the city's banking business declined: England ended its borrowing in Antwerp in 1574. Fernand Braudel states that Antwerp became "the centre of the entire international economy, something Bruges had never been at its height

The Evangelist (Robert Forster album)

The Evangelist is the fifth solo album by Australian singer-songwriter Robert Forster, released by YepRoc in 2008. Following the 1989 break-up of the Go-Betweens, the band he had formed at college in 1978 with his friend Grant McLennan, Robert Forster embarked on a solo career, releasing four albums under his own name between 1990 and 1996. In 2000, the Go-Betweens reunited and went on to record the albums The Friends of Rachel Worth, Bright Yellow Bright Orange and Oceans Apart. After winning Best Adult Contemporary Album at the 2005 ARIA Music Awards for Oceans Apart, Forster and McLennan began working on the tenth Go-Betweens album and had started writing eight songs together. McLennan died of a heart attack in May 2006, Forster began work on completing three of the songs they had started writing together; the first new song that Forster wrote for the Evangelist was its title track, written in one day in August 2006. Forster and his former bandmates, bass player Adele Pickvance and drummer Glenn Thompson, travelled to London to record the album with producers Mark Wallis and Dave Ruffy in the same studio they used to record Oceans Apart.

In the studio, the band set McLennan's amplifier up while they were recording. The band used a string quartet that featured three musicians, including Audrey Riley, that had played on the Go-Betweens' 1986 album Liberty Belle and the Black Diamond Express; the Evangelist was released on 4 April 2008 in mainland Europe, 21 April in the United Kingdom, 26 April in Australia and 29 April the United States. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, The Evangelist received an average score of 81, based on 11 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim". In his review for AllMusic, critic Thom Jurek said that the album contained "an abundance of brilliant communicable and translatable, adult pop music", Forster's "most realized and masterfully articulated solo record yet." Slant Magazine's Jonathan Keefe stated that The Evangelist "impresses as much for its craft as for the way it allows Forster to honor McLennan's passing as it advances own work."

In a less favourable review, Jude Rogers of The Guardian praised the opening tracks on the album but found that the other songs were "lacking in subtlety" and offered "too many bursts of light when you feel like more shade." Uncut reviewer Alastair McKay found it to be "more cohesive than any of Forster's other solo albums, more moving." Joshua Klein of Pitchfork Media called it Forster's "warmest and most welcoming solo album" but said that it "feels a little incomplete." Mojo's Andy Fyfe called it "beautiful and heartfelt" while praising Forster for creating "some of the most direct songs he's written". All songs written except where noted. "If It Rains" – 3:47 "Demon Days" – 3:40 "Pandanus" – 3:59 "Did She Overtake You" – 3:24 "The Evangelist" – 4:30 "Let Your Light In, Babe" – 4:44 "A Place to Hide Away" – 2:33 "Don't Touch Anything" – 4:09 "It Ain't Easy" – 3:29 "From Ghost Town" – 5:42 Adele Pickvance – electric bass, contra bass, found sounds, mini moog, vocals Glenn Thompson – drums and electric guitar, vocals Robert Forster – vocals, acoustic and electric guitar, casio, harmonica Seamus Beaghen – celeste, Hammond organ, Fender Rhodes Gill Morley – violin Audrey Riley – cello Sue Dench – violin Chris Tombling – violin Greg Warren Wilson – violin The Evangelist at Discogs

Visual communication

Visual communication is the conveyance of ideas and information in forms that can be seen. Visual communication in part or whole relies on eyesight. Visual communication is a broad spectrum that includes signs, drawing, graphic design, industrial design, animation and electronic resources; the debate about the nature of visual communication dates back thousands of years. Visual communication relies on a collection of activities, communicating ideas and values via visual resources, i.e. text, graphics, or video. The evaluation of a good visual communication design is based on measuring comprehension by the audience, not on personal aesthetic and/or artistic preference as there are no universally agreed-upon principles of aesthetics. Besides two dimensional images, there are other ways to express information visually - gestures and body language and film. Visual communication by e-mail, a textual medium, is expressed with ASCII art and embedded digital images. Visual communication has become one of the most important approaches using which people communicate and share information.

The term'visual presentation' is used to refer to the actual presentation of information through a visible medium such as text or images. Recent research in the field has focused on graphically-oriented usability. Visual communication on the World Wide Web is the most important form of communication that takes place while users are surfing the Internet; when experiencing the web, one uses the eyes as the primary sense, therefore the visual presentation of a website is important for users to understand the message or of the communication taking place.. The Eye of Horus is referred to as the symbol of visual communication, it is said to be a representation of an eclipse, to symbolize Horus' right eye, torn out and that the myth refers to a solar eclipse in which the sun is momentarily blotted from the sky. Aldous Huxley is regarded as one of the most prominent explorers of visual communication and sight-related theories. Becoming near-blind in his teen years as the result of an illness set the stage for what would make him one of the most intellectual people to have explored visual communication.

His work includes important novels on the dehumanizing aspects of scientific progress, most famously Brave New World and The Art of Seeing. He described "seeing" as being the sum of sensing and perceiving. One of his most famous quotes is "The more you see, the more you know." Max Wertheimer is said to be the father of Gestalt psychology. Gestalt means form or shape in German, the study of Gestalt psychology show emphasis in simplicity, as its properties group visuals by similarity in shape or colour and proximity. Additional laws include closure and figure-ground principles in studied images is intensively taught. Students studying visual communication are taught the basic physics of light and physiology of the eye and perception theories, colour theories, Gestalt psychology, natural reading patterns, design principles, persuasion, camera/filming actions and image-types, so forth. Colleges for visual communications differ in their approach, but most combine theory and practice in some form. Visual communication takes place through pictures and charts, as well as through signs and symbols.

It may be used either independently or as an adjunct to the other methods of communication. Visual aids are used to help audiences of informative and persuasive speeches understand the topic being presented. Visual aids can play a large role in how the audience understands and takes in information, presented. There are many different types of visual aids; the type of visual aid a speaker uses depends on their preference and the information they are trying to present. Visual communication plays an important role in our daily life. Advertisements and learning, speeches and presentations, so on all involve visual communication to some extent; each type of visual aid has pros and cons that must be evaluated to ensure it will be beneficial to the overall presentation. Before incorporating visual aids into speeches, the speaker should understand that if used incorrectly, the visual will not be an aid, but a distraction. Planning ahead is important, it is necessary to choose a visual aid, appropriate for the material and audience.

Visual aids can be a powerful tool to enhance the impact of presentations. The purpose of the visual aid is to enhance the presentation. Visual aids are not notes. Instead, they should add impact and emphasis to messages, thus increasing what listeners remember and how long they retain it. Chalkboard or whiteboard Chalkboards and whiteboards are useful visual aids when more advanced types of media are unavailable, they are cheap and allow for much flexibility. The use of chalkboards or whiteboards is convenient. Using this medium as an aid can create confusion or boredom. If a student, not familiar with how to properly use visual aids attempts to draw on a board while they are speaking, they detract time and attention from their actual speech. Poster board A poster is a simple and easy visual aid. Posters can display charts, pictures, or illustrations; the biggest drawback of using a poster as a visual aid is that a poster can appear unprofessional. Since a poster board paper is flimsy the paper will bend or fall over.

The best way to present a poster tape it to a wall. Handouts Handouts can di

Punishment (TV series)

Punishment is an Australian television soap opera made by the Reg Grundy Organisation for the Ten Network in 1981. Set in a fictional men's prison, the series attempted to present a male version of the internationally successful cult soap Prisoner, set in a woman's prison. Attempts by the show's makers to differentiate the series from Prisoner saw Punishment imbued with greater realism. Network Ten deemed the new series a failure after only three episodes had gone to air, it was removed from the schedules; the remainder of the 26 episodes produced were shown out-of-ratings that year. Unusually for a soap opera, the series was taped using the single camera technique. Grundy produced Punishment to complement Prisoner in international sales, to a point that the pilot was telecast in the United States before debuting in Australia. KTLA, the Los Angeles television station that helped launched Prisoner in the United States expressed interest in doing the same with Punishment; the programme created by Reg Watson was directed by Alan Coleman.

The regular cast featured many notable Australian actors. Mel Gibson played a prisoner in the first two episodes. Kris McQuade played the girlfriend of Gibson's character and was phased out of the series after the first few episodes due to Gibson's departure. Mel Gibson - Rick Munro Ken Wayne - Jack Hudson Brian Wenzel - Wally Webb Ross Thompson - Mike Rogers Barry Crocker - Governor Alan Smith Ralph Cotterill - Russell Davis Michael Preston - Larry Morrison Brian Harrison - Sam Wells Michael Smith - Paul Wells George Spartels - David Roberts Julie McGregor - Julie Smith Kris McQuade - Kate Randall Cornelia Frances - Cathy Wells Arthur Sherman - Andy Epstein Anne Haddy - Alice Wells Penne Hackforth-Jones - Heather Rogers Lisa Peers - Roslyn Rowney Punishment on IMDb Aussie Soap Archive: Punishment Punishment at the National film and Sound Archive

Aristide and the Endless Revolution

Aristide and the Endless Revolution is a 2005 feature documentary directed and produced by Nicolas Rossier about former Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide and the coup d'etat that ousted him from the country in 2004. Rossier was the first media professional to get exclusive access to Aristide while in exile and the resultant interview is featured in the film, as well as interviews with many experts on Haiti, including U. S. Representative Maxine Waters, noted economist Jeffrey Sachs and Aristide's lawyer Ira J. Kurzban. Jean-Bertrand Aristide won Haiti's first democratic presidential election in 1990 but was overthrown and exiled the following year, he was restored to his presidency in 1994 and won the next election in 2000 but 2004 brought another coup which removed Aristide from power once again. Although he was and remains popular with Haitian citizens, many critics and opponents of the man contend that his government was rife with corruption and ineffective at addressing the country's severe economic woes.

The role of the U. S. government in the 2004 ouster remains contentious. The film delves into the build-up of that event, as well as the history of Haitian independence and the rise of Aristide from poverty to presidency. Rossier speaks with many prominent figures in and outside of Haiti, including American author and academic Noam Chomsky and activist Danny Glover and the Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs under President George W. Bush, Roger Noriega; the film was released in 2005 and screened at many festivals worldwide, including Vancouver, São Paulo, BAFICI, Cuba, IDFA in Amsterdam and RIDM in Montreal. It won "Best Feature Documentary" and the audience award for best documentary at the Los Angeles Pan-African Film Festival, it opened on televisions in Canada CBC Radio Canada, France Public Senat and on selective PBS stations and Link TV in the USA and received critical praise throughout its theatrical and broadcast runs. The film was reviewed and garnered positive write-ups in many publications including The New York Times and Variety.

Haitian activist Nadine Dominique - daughter of slain journalist Jean Dominique - declared that "the film deserves to be seen by Haitians... seems to be what we need today". Paul Farmer, founder of Partners in Health and featured in the documentary, wrote that, "I saw it twice and showed it to friends in Haiti... a great tool." The film was nominated at IDFA in Amsterdam for the Amnesty International Doen Award. Aristide and the Endless Revolution on IMDb "Aristide and the Endless Revolution", KQED World, August 8, 2012 Official website Baraka Productions website Aristide and the Endless Revolution at the Internet Movie Database Partners in Health website Link TV page

1969 Soviet Cup

The 1969 Soviet Cup was an association football cup competition of the Soviet Union. The winner of the competition, Karpaty Lvov qualified for the continental tournament. ALGA Frunze w/o Lokomotiv Tbilisi AVTOMOBILIST Zhitomir 2-0 SKA Lvov Dinamo Batumi 0-1 SPARTAK Brest DINAMO Khmelnitskiy 3-2 Desna Chernigov DINAMO Leningrad 1-0 Avtomobilist Nalchik Dinamo Makhachkala 1-2 ROSTSELMASH Rostov-na-Donu DINAMO Stavropol 1-0 Metallurg Lipetsk ENERGETIK Dushanbe 2-0 Neman Grodno IRTYSH Omsk 2-1 Lokomotiv Chelyabinsk Kuban Krasnodar 0-1 TRUD Voronezh Lokomotiv Kherson 0-1 SKA Kiev LUCH Vladivostok 1-0 SKA Khabarovsk PAMIR Leninabad 2-1 Zarafshan Navoi Polad Sumgait 0-0 Vostok Ust-Kamenogorsk RASSVET Krasnoyarsk 2-1 Aeroflot Irkutsk RUBIN Kazan 2-0 Zenit Izhevsk Shakhtyor Kadiyevka 0-1 AZOVETS Zhdanov SHAKHTYOR Karaganda w/o Metallurg Chimkent SHIRAK Leninakan w/o Meshakhte Tkibuli SKA Chita 1-1 Selenga Ulan-Ude SOKOL Saratov 1-0 Volgar Astrakhan SPARTAK Orjonikidze 2-1 Metallurg Tula STROITEL Ashkhabad 1-0 Neftyanik Fergana Stroitel Ufa 0-0 Zvezda Perm TEMP Barnaul w/o Kalininets Sverdlovsk TEXTILSHCHIK Ivanovo 1-0 Volga Gorkiy TOMLES Tomsk 2-0 Kuzbass Kemerovo Traktor Volgograd 1-2 SPARTAK Yoshkar-Ola VOLGA Ulyanovsk 1-0 Metallurg Kuibyshev ŽALGIRIS Vilnius 2-0 Moldova Kishinev KRIVBASS Krivoi Rog 1-0 Metallist Kharkov Lokomotiv Vinnitsa 0-2 METALLURG Zaporozhye SKA Odessa 2-0 Zvezda Kirovograd SUDOSTROITEL Nikolayev 1-0 Stroitel Poltava TAVRIA Simferopol 3-1 Bukovina Chernovtsy DNEPR Dnepropetrovsk 1-0 Avangard Ternopol Polad Sumgait 3-3 Vostok Ust-Kamenogorsk SKA Chita 2-1 Selenga Ulan-Ude Stroitel Ufa 0-3 ZVEZDA Perm Polad Sumgait 1-1 VOSTOK Ust-Kamenogorsk ALGA Frunze 2-0 Energetik Dushanbe DAUGAVA Riga w/o Dinamo Kirovabad IRTYSH Omsk 2-0 Temp Barnaul LOKOMOTIV Kaluga 3-2 Terek Grozny LUCH Vladivostok 1-0 SKA Chita Pamir Leninabad 0-1 POLITOTDEL Tashkent Region RASSVET Krasnoyarsk 2-0 TomLes Tomsk RUBIN Kazan 2-1 Zvezda Perm SHAKHTYOR Karaganda 1-0 Shirak Leninakan SHINNIK Yaroslavl 2-1 Dinamo Leningrad SOKOL Saratov 2-1 Textilshchik Ivanovo SPARTAK Belgorod 3-0 Dinamo Stavropol SPARTAK Yoshkar-Ola 2-1 Volga Ulyanovsk TORPEDO Taganrog 4-1 Volga Kalinin TRUD Voronezh 2-0 Spartak Orjonikidze ŽALGIRIS Vilnius 1-0 Vostok Ust-Kamenogorsk Stroitel Ashkhabad 0-1 SPARTAK Brest Azovets Zhdanov 0-0 Karpaty Lvov Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 0-1 AVTOMOBILIST Zhitomir KRIVBASS Krivoi Rog 2-0 Khimik Severodonetsk SKA Odessa 1-0 Dinamo Khmelnitskiy METALLURG Zaporozhye 3-1 Tavria Simferopol SKA Kiev 0-1 SUDOSTROITEL Nikolayev ROSTSELMASH Rostov-na-Donu 1-0 Mashuk Pyatigorsk Azovets Zhdanov 1-2 KARPATY Lvov LUCH Vladivostok w/o Rassvet Krasnoyarsk RUBIN Kazan 3-0 Irtysh Omsk SHAKHTYOR Karaganda 1-0 Politotdel Tashkent Region SHINNIK Yaroslavl 1-0 Spartak Belgorod Spartak Yoshkar-Ola 0-0 Sokol Saratov TORPEDO Taganrog 2-1 Lokomotiv Kaluga Žalgiris Vilnius 0-0 Daugava Riga Alga Frunze 2-2 Spartak Brest AVTOMOBILIST Zhitomir 2-0 Krivbass Krivoi Rog KARPATY Lvov 1-0 SKA Odessa SUDOSTROITEL Nikolayev 2-1 Metallurg Zaporozhye TRUD Voronezh 1-0 RostSelMash Rostov-na-Donu Spartak Yoshkar-Ola 2-3 SOKOL Saratov ŽALGIRIS Vilnius 2-0 Daugava Riga Alga Frunze 0-1 SPARTAK Brest AVTOMOBILIST Zhitomir 1-0 Shakhtyor Donetsk DINAMO Moskva 2-0 Neftchi Baku SHAKHTYOR Karaganda 2-1 Dinamo Minsk TORPEDO Taganrog 2-0 Zarya Lugansk CHERNOMORETS Odessa 3-2 Dinamo Tbilisi SUDOSTROITEL Nikolayev 2-1 Torpedo Kutaisi KARPATY Lvov 2-1 Ararat Yerevan [Gennadiy Li