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Apache County, Arizona

Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U. S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 71,518; the county seat is St. Johns. Part of the county is assigned to the Fort Apache Indian Reservation. Apache County was formed during the Tenth Territorial Legislation in 1879 out of the eastern section of Yavapai County. By 1895, Navajo County and parts of Graham and Gila Counties were formed from this land; the county seat was placed in the town of Snowflake, but was moved a year to St. Johns. From 1880 to 1882, the county seat was temporarily in Springerville before being returned to St. Johns. A history of the area, written in 1896, records the following about the county: Apache County was created in 1879 and lies in the northeastern corner of the Territory; until March, 1895, it embraced what is now Navajo County, but at that date the latter was set apart and established as a separate county. Apache County is justly noted for its great natural advantages, it is destined some day in the early future to have a large agricultural population.

Now, immense herds of cattle and flocks of sheep roam over its fertile valleys. The Navajo Indians occupy the northern part of the county-in fact, occupy much of the remainder of the county, as they refuse to remain on their reservation, preferring to drive their sheep and cattle on lands outside their reservation, where the grazing is better; the southern part is a fine grazing country, while the northern part is cut up into picturesque gorges and canons by the floods of past centuries. In the late 1880s, the county sheriff was an Old West gunfighter legend. At that time, the county covered more than 21,177 square miles in territory. In September 1887, near Holbrook in what is now Navajo County, Owens was involved in one of the Old West's most famous gunfights, when he killed three men and wounded a fourth while serving a warrant on outlaw Andy Blevins/Andy Cooper, an active participant in a raging range war dubbed the Pleasant Valley War. In 2015, Apache County had the highest rate of death due to motor vehicles in the United States, with 82.5 deaths per 100,000 people.

The Fort Apache Indian Reservation occupies part of the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 11,218 square miles, of which 11,198 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water; the county is the third-largest county by area in Arizona and the sixth-largest in the United States. Apache County contains parts of the Navajo Indian Reservation, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, Petrified Forest National Park. Canyon de Chelly National Monument is within the county. Apache County is one of two U. S. counties to border two counties of the same name, neither of, in the same state as the county itself. Apache County has the most land designated as Indian reservation of any county in the United States; the county has 68.34 percent of its total area. The reservations are, in descending order of area within the county, the Navajo Nation, the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, the Zuni Indian Reservation, all of which are located within the county. Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Canyon de Chelly National Monument Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Petrified Forest National Park As of the census of 2000, there were 69,423 people, 19,971 households, 15,257 families residing in the county.

The population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 31,621 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.88% Native American, 19.50% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.13% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, 1.43% from two or more races. 4.49 % of the population were Latino of any race. 58.39 % reported speaking Navajo at home, while 38.39 % speak 2.71 % Spanish. There were 19,971 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 21.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.60% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.41 and the average family size was 4.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 38.50% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $23,344, the median income for a family was $26,315. Males had a median income of $30,182 versus $22,312 for females; the per capita income for the county was $8,986. About 33.50% of families and 37.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.80% of those under age 18 and 36.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States. Apache County is one of only 38 county-level census divisions of the United States where the most spoken language is not English and one of only 3 where it is neither English nor Spanish. 58.32% of the population speak Navajo at home, followed by English at 38.34% and Spanish at 2.72%. In 2000, the largest denominational group was the Catho

Unio pictorum

Unio pictorum, the painter's mussel, is a species of medium-sized freshwater mussel, an aquatic bivalve mollusk in the family Unionidae, the river mussels. This species lives in Europe, it is called the "painter's mussel" because the shell was used as a conveniently sized and shaped receptacle for holding artist's paint. The native distribution of this species is Siberia. Croatia Czech Republic - in Bohemia, in Moravia, least concern. 395/1992 Sb. - Critically Threatened species. Slovakia - not in red lists Estonia – frequent. Germany endangered Listed as specially protected species in annex 1 in Bundesartenschutzverordnung. Netherlands - Common Russia Sweden - not so common, scattered occurrence British Isles - in EnglandBiotope: water bodies and slower streams. Media related to Unio pictorum at Wikimedia Commons biolib.cz clade.acnatsci.org

Yackety Yack

Yackety Yack is a 1974 Australian film about the making of a film directed by Dave Jones. It stars John Flaus. David Stratton called it "the Hellzapoppin' of poor cinema, a hilarious spoof on the low budget film... a sheer delight." Maurice is an aspiring film director who talks about movie making with his friends, Steve and Caroline. He edits out any statements that displease him, he asks opinion of a man on the street. Maurice wants to commit suicide and analyses three famous suicides, Mishima and Kirilov. Maurice starts murdering the crew on his film before forcing Zig to assist his suicide. Dave Jones as Maurice John Flaus as Steve/himself Peter Carmody as Zig Peggy Cole as Caroline John Cleary as building manager Jerry Toeplitz as man in the street Doug White as Socrates Rod Nicholls as Kiriolov Andy Miller as Mishima The film was influenced by the work of Jean-Luc Godard; the script was written by Dave Jones in Montreal in 1970. Jones was an American who had worked in Hollywood before coming to teach at the Media Centre of LaTrobe University in Australia in 1971.

The film was shot over five weeks in the evenings at the film studio at the university, using many staff and students of the film. It was finished at the end of 1972. Part of the budget came from the Experimental Television Fund; the film screened at the Melbourne Co-op Cinema in mid September 1974. Yackety Yack at IMDb Yackety Yack at National Film and Sound Archive Yackety Yack at Oz Movies

Cooks Mills, Welland

Cooks Mills is a small community in the easternmost part of the city of Welland in Ontario, Canada. It was established, is still centred, on a Welland River tributary called Lyons Creek, it is entirely a bedroom community, as there are few employers located in the area. The community predates the establishment of. In 1799, when present-day Welland was farmland, the Yokom family came from Pennsylvania and built a grist mill on Lyon's Creek. Just before the War of 1812, an Englishman called Calvin Cook purchased the mill and added a tannery, a sawmill and a distillery; the place known as Cook's Mills became a prominent community of the Crowland Township. Towards the end of the War of 1812, a fire fight occurred at Cooks Mills, involving an American contingent sent to destroy flour and grain that might benefit the British. Early on the morning of October 19, 1814, the American picket at Misener's Hollow, just east of the mills, was attacked by soldiers of the Glengarry Light Infantry; the British force was supported by Congreve rockets.

The Americans succeeded in driving off the British, threw the grain and flour into the mill pond. Lyon's Creek headwaters were in the Wainfleet Marsh. However, they were cut off by the construction of the Feeder Canal for the Welland Canal; the creek was carried under the canal through a stone culvert. Due to the construction, the water level in the marsh receded. All the while, the culvert was being clogged up by debris; the flow in Lyons Creek decreased to the extent when it was no longer able to turn the water wheels at Cook's Mills. The industries were abandoned. Thus, the canal, which contributed to development of Welland, became an indirect cause of an economic recession for Cook's Mills. On, Welland beat neighbouring communities in the running for the county seat. Cook's Mills became a farming area as opposed to Welland's industrial centre. Over time, the apostrophes indicating the possessive in Lyon's Creek and Cook's Mills were dropped following a trend in the region exemplified by St. Catharines and St. Johns.

On January 1, 1961, the Crowland Township, including Cooks Mills, was incorporated into the City of Welland. By the time of construction of the Welland By-Pass in 1967-1973, the original headwaters in the Wainfleet Marsh have all but disappeared, most of what flow there was in the creek was coming from an earlier tributary called Indian Creek by some maps; this made Lyons Creek somewhat U-shaped, as Indian Creek flowed west before joining the original Lyons Creek. During the By-Pass construction, the creek was cut into three parts, now what was once Indian Creek flows into the canal. A couple kilometres north, Lyons Creek is fed directly from the canal; the middle part of the creek dried up and much of its bed was torn up during the construction of approaches to the Townline Tunnel. In a recent development, a study on the pollutants in the Niagara River done in 2000 found the organic pollutants polychlorinated biphenyls to be present in the Lyons Creek; the Ontario Ministry of the Environment is investigating the source of PCBs and possible remedial actions to deal with contaminated sediment.

The Welland By-Pass channel separates Cooks Mills from the main urbanized area of City of Welland. The most direct ways of crossing the channel are the Main Townline Tunnels. Built-up areas in Cooks Mills are located close to the roads; the Niagara Road 27 known as Schisler Road, linking Welland and Niagara Falls, runs to the north of the centre of the community, Highway 140 runs to the west, while Montrose Road runs to the east, Netherby Road runs to the south. The main area of Welland is located to the west. To the east is Niagara Falls, to the north is Thorold, to the south is Port Colborne. Lewis, William H. Aqueduct Merrittsville and Welland: a history of the city of Welland: the beginning years, A. M. W Publications, 1997. ISBN 0-9682743-0-7. Cooks Mills in Google Satellite Maps. Lyons Creek is visible flowing from west to east just south of Lyons Creek Road Niagara Rails' Railway Maps has maps outlining the By-Pass project, including the Cooks Mills section The Ontario Ministry of the Environment study of Niagara River Cooks Mills at Geographical Names of Canada

Pennsylvania Dutch Country

Pennsylvania Dutch Country is an area of Southeastern and South Central Pennsylvania that by the American Revolution had a high percentage of Pennsylvania Dutch inhabitants. Religiously, there was a large portion of Lutherans. There were German Reformed, Amish, Schwarzenau Brethren and other German Christian sects; the term was used in the middle of the 20th century as a description of a region with a distinctive Pennsylvania Dutch culture, but in recent decades the composition of the population is changing and the phrase is used more now in a tourism context than any other. Greater Pennsylvania refers to this region as well as Pennsylvania Dutch-speaking areas of Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia. Geographically the area referred to as Amish/Dutch country centers on the cities of Allentown, Lancaster and York. Pennsylvania Dutch Country encompasses the counties of Lancaster, Adams, Dauphin, Lebanon, Northampton, Lehigh, Snyder, Juniata, Huntingdon and Centre. Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants would spread from this area outwards outside the Pennsylvania borders between the mountains along river valleys into neighboring Maryland, West Virginia, New Jersey and North Carolina.

The larger region has been referred to as Greater Pennsylvania. The historic Pennsylvania Dutch diaspora in Ontario, Canada has been referred to as Little Pennsylvania; the area lies in the Piedmont region of the Appalachian mountains. The landscape is marked by rolling, wooded hills, deep stream valleys, fertile soils; the Susquehanna River provides its drainage. Contrary to popular belief, the word "Dutch" in "Pennsylvania Dutch" not a mistranslation, but rather a corruption of the Pennsylvania German endonym Deitsch, which means "Pennsylvania Dutch / German" or "German"; the terms Deitsch, Dutch and Deutsch are all cognates of the Proto-Germanic word *þiudiskaz meaning "popular" or "of the people". The continued use of "Pennsylvania Dutch" was strengthend by the Pennsylvania Dutch in the 19th century as a way of distinguising themselves from waves of German immigrants to the United States, with the Pennsylvania Dutch referring to themselves as Deitsche and to Germans as Deitschlenner whom they saw as a related but distinct group.

The German-speaking settlers came from a variety of countries and religious backgrounds, but most became assimilated to Anglo-American language and culture beginning in the second half of the 19th century with English-language evangelism efforts and the outlawing of German-language schooling. The assimilation process continued soon after the turn of the 20th century with World War I, consolidated schools, the advent of mandatory public education until the age of 16, with added pressures from increased mobility, the influence of English-language media and urbanization. Many German-Americans hid their ethnicity with the spread of anti-German sentiment and propaganda; the economy of the region was entirely rural and agricultural, based on the immigrants' dream of bettering their lot through the ownership of their own farms. The small tradesmen indispensable to a rural economy, such as blacksmiths, wheelwrights and storekeepers, constituted the bulk of the non-farm economy. In the 19th century, a small educated class, comprising the Lutheran and Reformed ministers, began to emerge.

The Pennsylvania seminaries educated them in High German so that they could preach to their flocks in a scholarly way. The advent of the industrial revolution brought technologies based on coal, iron and railroads, but the Dutch, unversed in English, lacking connections to the English-speaking establishment, were unable to engage in entrepreneurship on a large scale; the large-scale enterprises which came to characterize the industrialized eastern half of the region, such as the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company, the Lehigh Valley Railroad, the Bethlehem Iron Company were founded by English speaking residents from the Philadelphia and New York areas. The English-speakers dominated the managerial and engineering positions of these companies, the Dutch supplied the blue collar and supervisory workforce; as technology advanced during the late 19th century, higher technology companies such as Mack Truck and New Jersey Zinc moved to the region as well. As the local industries expanded, immigrants from Middle Europe were recruited for the low-skilled positions, the more established Dutch retained the skilled blue collar and supervisory positions.

The Dutch influence on the shop floor was so great that some Slavic immigrants became bilingual in their native language and in Pennsylvania Dutch while they had not yet mastered English. In the 20th century, universal public education in English and easy access to higher education erased many of the elements that made the Pennsylvania Dutch Country a distinctive region of the United States; the information age and globalization reduced the dependence of the region on industrial jobs. The Eastern part of the region is now dominated by information-intensive white collar employment; the western counties of the region experienced industrialization as well, with Hershey Foods being the most notable example, but it was less inten

Camden Pulkinen

Camden Pulkinen is an American figure skater. He is the 2017 Junior Grand Prix Final silver medalist, two-time JGP Austria champion, 2018 U. S. national junior champion. He finished within the top six at the 2018 World Junior Championships, he is the former world record holder for the junior men's short program. Pulkinen was born on March 2000, in Scottsdale, Arizona, his elder sister, has competed in figure skating. He attended Hamilton High School in Arizona. Pulkinen began learning to skate in 2005, he competed on the juvenile level beginning in the 2010–2011 season. He moved up to the novice ranks the following season. Pulkinen moved up to the junior level in the 2015–2016 season, he was coached by Karen Gesell at the Coyotes Skating Club in Arizona. After winning the Golden West Championships, he was nominated to represent the United States at the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics in Hamar, Norway, he placed seventh at the competition, held in February 2016. Pulkinen relocated to Colorado Springs, Colorado in June 2016.

Tom Zakrajsek, Becky Calvin, Drew Meekins became his coaches. His ISU Junior Grand Prix came in October 2016 in Estonia. In January 2017, he won the junior silver medal at the 2017 U. S. Championships. Making his senior international debut, Pulkinen placed eleventh at the Philadelphia Summer International in early August 2017, he returned to the junior level, winning gold at a 2017 JGP competition in September in Salzburg, Austria. A month he took silver at a JGP event in Gdańsk, qualified to the JGP Final in Nagoya, Japan. In Nagoya, Japan, he won the silver medal at the JGP Final. After the final, he won gold at the 2018 U. S. national in Junior men. In March, he placed sixth. Pulkinen trained in Colorado Springs, under Tom Zakrajsek, got help from Tammy Gambill and Christy Krall, he worked with Tom Dickson and Drew Meekins on choreography, Becky Calvin on basics, Eddie Shipstead and Erick Schulz on jump and pole harness. Off ice, he worked with Anna Weslin on Brandon Siakel for strength training.

In early August 2018, Pulkinen placed fourth in the senior ranks at the Philadelphia Summer International. Competing in the 2018–2019 ISU Junior Grand Prix series, he won gold in Linz, Austria. At his second JGP event he won the silver medal in Ostrava, Czech Republic, setting a world junior record in the short program in the process, his placements in Linz and Ostrava qualified him to the 2018–19 Junior Grand Prix Final in Vancouver, Canada. Pulkinen next competed at the senior level at the 2018 CS Alpen Trophy, his debut on the Challenger series, he placed fourth in the short, sixth in the free, sixth overall. At the 2018–19 Junior Grand Prix Final, Pulkinen placed first in the short program, but placed sixth in the free skate, with three falls and other jump errors; as a result, he dropped to fifth place overall. Pulkinen commented afterward. In late January 2019, he finished twelfth at the U. S. national championships, placing eighth in the short fifteenth in the free skate. After attending the US junior camp, he was named to the US team for the 2019 World Junior Championships.

He placed first in the short program there, winning a gold small medal, but struggled once again in the free skate, where he placed ninth. He finished eighth overall. In May 2019, Pulkinen announced that he had left coach Tom Zakrajsek to train under Tammy Gambill and Damon Allen. Pulkinen began his first full senior season at the Philadelphia Summer International, where he placed fifth, he was fifth as well at the 2019 CS Autumn Classic International. Pulkinen made his senior Grand Prix debut at the 2019 Skate Canada International, where he placed second in the short program, landing a ratified quad toe loop, he dropped to fourth place following the free skate setting a new personal best in that segment and in total score. Pulkinen had less success at the 2019 Cup of China. Competing at the 2020 U. S. Championships, Pulkinen was seventh in the short program after errors on both his triple Axel and jump combination. Despite some difficult jump landings in the free skate, he remained in seventh overall.

Pulkinen was assigned to compete at the 2020 Four Continents Championships in Seoul. Pulkinen placed eleventh at Four Continents. Pulkinen has set two junior world record scores under the new +5 / -5 GOE system. GP: Grand Prix. Pewter medals awarded only at U. S. domestic events. Current ISU world bests highlighted in italic. Personal bests highlighted in bold. Small medals for short and free programs awarded only at ISU Championships. Pewter medals awarded only at U. S. domestic events. Current ISU world bests highlighted in italic. Personal bests highlighted in bold. Official website Camden Pulkinen at the International Skating Union Camden Pulkinen at IceNetwork.com