Apollo University Lodge

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Logo of the Apollo University Lodge, Oxford, depicting the classical god Apollo.

Apollo University Lodge No 357 is a Masonic Lodge based at the University of Oxford aimed at past and present members of the university.[1] It was consecrated in 1819, and its members have met continuously since then.

University of Oxford[edit]

Membership of the lodge is restricted to those who have matriculated as members of the University of Oxford; the Lodge's historic records, from its foundation until 2005, are housed in the university's Bodleian Library.[2] The lodge is primarily a part of university social life, but is also involved in other areas of university life through projects such as the Apollo Bursary, administered by the university, through which lodge members provide financial support to certain students.[3]

Due to its association with the university it has had famous members such as Cecil Rhodes, Oscar Wilde, and Albert Edward, Prince of Wales.[4]

To celebrate the bicentenary of the Lodge in 2019, a comprehensive history book was written,[5] it was published in February 2019 by the Bodleian Library, Oxford.[6] Entitled "Oxford Freemasons: A Social History of the Apollo University Lodge", the book is co-authored by Professor J. Mordaunt Crook, an architectural historian, former Slade Professor and Waynflete Lecturer at the University of Oxford, and former Public Orator and Professor of Architectural History at the University of London (who is not a Freemason), and Dr James Daniel, a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, who has been a member of the Lodge for over fifty years, and is also a former Grand Secretary (chief executive) of the United Grand Lodge of England.

Character[edit]

The Lodge (together with the parallel Isaac Newton University Lodge in Cambridge University) has traditionally enjoyed certain privileges, including the right to initiate matriculated members of the University regardless of their age (other Lodges in England and Wales are restricted to candidates aged 21 or older, except by special permission), and the right to initiate candidates in large groups (other lodges are restricted to a maximum of two candidates at a time, except by special permission). In 2005 the Universities Scheme was established, inspired by the long success of Apollo University Lodge and Isaac Newton University Lodge,[7] and now brings similar privileges to more than seventy university masonic lodges in universities across England and Wales.

Other lodges[edit]

Apollo University Lodge is the principal masonic lodge for members of the University of Oxford. Other University lodges include Churchill Lodge No 478 (consecrated 1841) for senior members of the university, St Mary Magdalen Lodge No 1523 (consecrated 1875) for members of Magdalen College, Oxford,[8] and Aedes Christi Lodge No 9304 (consecrated 1989) for members of Christ Church, Oxford;[9] the Oxford and Cambridge Lodge No 1118 (consecrated 1866) is a London-based lodge for members of both universities.[10]

Notable members[edit]

King Edward VII
Cecil Rhodes
Bishop Watkin Williams
Oscar Wilde


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.apollo357.com/
  2. ^ Catalogue of Apollo papers at Boolean Library website.
  3. ^ Apollo Bursary at the University of Oxford funding webpages.
  4. ^ http://www.apollo357.com/index.php/history/1870-1914
  5. ^ Crook, Joe Mordaunt; Daniel, James W. (2019). Oxford Freemasons: A Social History of the Apollo University Lodge (First ed.). Oxford: Bodleian Library. ISBN 9781851244676.
  6. ^ "Oxford Freemasons". Bodleian Libraries Shop. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  7. ^ See "About the Scheme" at the Universities Scheme official website Archived 2016-01-13 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Lodge details at Lane's Masonic Records.
  9. ^ See the Lodge's official website.
  10. ^ See lodge entry in the Universities Scheme Archived 2016-01-28 at the Wayback Machine.