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Apple Park

Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc. located at One Apple Park Way in Cupertino, United States. It was opened to employees in April 2017, its research and development facilities are occupied by more than 2,000 people. It superseded the original headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop, which opened in 1993, its circular design, courtesy of Norman Foster, extreme scale have earned the structure a media nickname “the spaceship". Located on a suburban site totaling 175 acres, it houses more than 12,000 employees in one central four-story circular building of 2,800,000 square feet. Steve Jobs wanted the whole campus to look more like a nature refuge. Eighty percent of the site consists of green space planted with drought-resistant trees and plants indigenous to the Cupertino area, the center courtyard of the main building features an artificial pond. In April 2006, Apple's former CEO Steve Jobs announced to the city council of Cupertino that Apple had acquired nine contiguous properties to build a second campus, the Apple Campus 2.

The idea for a new headquarters was conceived by Apple's former chief designer Jony Ive. Ive was Apple's immediate choice to design the project, going on to work closely together with Norman Foster across five years, designing every detail, from the glass panels to the elevator buttons. Purchases of the needed properties were made through the company Hines Interests, which in at least some cases did not disclose the fact that Apple was the ultimate buyer. Among the sellers of the properties were SummerHill Homes and Hewlett-Packard; until April 2008, Apple had not sought the necessary permits to begin construction, so it was estimated that the project would not be ready in 2010 as proposed. In November 2010 the San Jose Mercury News revealed that Apple had bought an additional 98 acres no longer used by HP Inc. just north across Pruneridge Ave. This space had been the HP campus in Cupertino. On June 7, 2011, Steve Jobs presented to Cupertino City Council details of the architectural design of the new buildings and their surroundings.

He did not live to see construction begin. On October 15, 2013, Cupertino City Council unanimously approved Apple's plans for the new campus after a six-hour debate. Shortly thereafter, demolition work began to prepare the site for construction. On February 22, 2017, Apple announced the official name of the campus to be "Apple Park", the auditorium to be named "Steve Jobs Theater". Expected to break ground in 2013 and open in 2015, the project experienced delays and started in 2014; the campus opened for workers despite continued construction work. This was followed by the first event in the Steve Jobs Theater, which took place on September 12, 2017. Apple Park Visitor Center opened on September 17, 2017; as a consequence of the presence of Apple Park in the area, surrounding streets have met with both increased tourism, along with rising real estate values of local housing drawing in Apple employees wanting to live near the workplace. Apple Park is located one mile east of the original Apple Campus.

Apple has had a presence in Cupertino since 1977, why the company decided to build in the area rather than move to a cheaper, distant location. The campus is next to a contaminated site under Superfund legislation with a groundwater plume. Steve Jobs, in his final public appearance before his death in October 2011 was quoted as saying: It's got a gorgeous courtyard in the middle, a lot more. It's a circle, so it's curved all the way round; this is not the cheapest way to build something. Every pane of glass in the main building will be curved. We have a shot at building the best office building in the world. I do think that architecture students will come here to see it; the ring-shaped building, advertised as "a perfect circle," was not planned as such. The inner rim and outer rim on each floor are left open as walkways. There are eight buildings, separated by nine mini-atria; the campus is one mile in circumference, with a diameter of 1,512 feet. The one circular building houses most employees, it is four stories above three stories underground.

Apple created life-size mock-ups of all parts of the building to analyze any design issues. The design hides the roads and parking spaces underground; the campus uses only glass for its walls and views of the inner courtyard as well as of the landscape facing the exterior of the building. Around 83,000 square feet of space is for meetings and breakout spaces in the building; the inner part of the circular building contains a 30-acre park featuring a pond, with fruit trees and winding pathways inspired by California fruit orchards. Steve Jobs wanted no gap, or paintbrush stroke visible for a clean fit and finish. All interior wood used for furniture was harvested from a certain species of maple, with Apple working with construction companies from 19 countries for designs and materials. A breathing, hollow concrete slab acts as floor, HVAC system. A total of 4,300 such slabs were used; some of the slabs weigh 60,000 pounds. During construction

Eastern lowland gorilla

The eastern lowland gorilla or Grauer's gorilla, is a subspecies of eastern gorilla endemic to the mountainous forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Important populations of this gorilla live in the Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks and their adjacent forests, the Tayna Gorilla Reserve, the Usala forest and on the Itombwe Massif, it is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. It has a jet black coat like the mountain gorilla, although the hair is shorter on the head and body; the male's coat, like that of other gorillas, greys as the animal matures, resulting in the designation "silverback". There are far fewer eastern lowland gorillas compared to western lowland gorillas. According to a 2004 report there were only about 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas in the wild, down to fewer than 3,800 in 2016, compared to over 100,000 western lowland gorillas. Outside their native range, only one female eastern lowland gorilla lives in captivity, at the Antwerp Zoo in Belgium. Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest subspecies of the largest living primates.

Males have an average weight of females of 100 kilograms. The maximum standing height for males is 1.85 metres. An older weight calculated based on eight wild adult males is 169 kg. Gorillas spend long hours feeding on plant matter every day. Gorillas are stable apes as they stay together for months and years at a time, much like the structure of a family. Groups of eastern lowland gorillas are larger than those of western gorillas; the eastern lowland gorilla has the widest altitudinal range of any of the gorilla subspecies, being found in mountainous and lowland tropical forests. One of the most studied eastern lowland gorilla population lives in the highlands of Kahuzi-Biega, where habitats vary between dense primary forests to moderately moist woodland, to Cyperus swamp and peat bog. Gorillas do not eat banana fruits; the eastern lowland gorilla shows a preference for regenerating vegetation associated with abandoned villages and fields. Farmers who have come in contact with gorillas in their plantations have killed the gorilla and obtained a double benefit, protecting their crop and using the meat of the gorilla to sell at the market.

Eastern lowland gorilla has a varied plants diet including fruits, leaves and bark as well as small insects such as ants and termites. Although they eat ants, insects form only a minor part of their diet. In comparison to western lowland gorillas, found in low altitude tropical forests. Eastern lowland gorillas are sociable and peaceful, living in groups of two to over 30. A group consists of one silverback, several females and their offspring. Silverbacks are strong and each group has one dominant leader; these males protect their group from danger. Young silverback males will begin to leave their natal group when they reach maturity, will attempt to attract females to form their own group. Little is known about the social behaviour and ecology of eastern lowland gorillas because of civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, some aspects of social behaviour have been studied. For example, gorillas form harems. One third of gorilla groups in East Africa have two grown males in their group.

Most primates are bonded together by the relationship between females, a pattern seen in many human families. Once they reach maturity, both females and males leave the group. Females join another group or a lone silverback adult male, whereas males may stay together temporarily, until they attract females and establish their own groups, it is believed that the structure of the gorilla group is to prevent predation. A female will give birth to a single infant after a gestation period of about 8½ months, they breastfeed for about three years. The baby can walk at about 35 weeks old. Infant gorillas stay with their mother for three to four years and mature at around 8 years old and 12 years old. Threats to the eastern lowland gorilla's survival include poaching, civil unrest, the destruction of gorilla habitat through logging and agriculture; the primary cause of the decline in eastern lowland gorilla populations is poaching for meat, known as bushmeat. It is eaten by displaced peoples residing in the region affected by the civil war, militias groups and loggers and miners.

Surveys have shown that great apes and bonobos comprise 0.5-2% of the meat found in bushmeats markets. Some researchers have found; this has a detrimental effect on the eastern lowland gorilla populations because of their slow rate of reproduction and their struggling population. Although gorilla bushmeat only constitutes a small proportion of the bushmeat sold, it continues to encourage a decline in the gorilla populations being subjected to hunting. Endangered Species International stated that 300 gorillas are killed each year to supply the bushmeat markets in the Congo. Conservation groups negotiated with rebels who control the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to re-arm the park guards. After the war began, government funding of the park was stopped. Conservation groups WWF, International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit have funded the guards for the past several years. Civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo has resulted in a decline in eastern lowland gorillas.


The Brothers Jones

"The Brothers Jones" is the fifteenth episode of the fifth season of the American fantasy drama series Once Upon a Time, which aired on March 27, 2016. In this episode, Emma is suspicious of Liam. In flashbacks, Hades makes a deal with Liam; the Jewel of the Realm ship appears in the red-tinted forest. The Enchanted Forest events from take place after the first flashback scene of "Swan Song" and before "Good Form"; the Underworld events take place after "Devil's Due". In the early years of the Enchanted Forest and Killian are miserable and under servitude after their father sold them into slavery. Liam is hoping. Killian becomes drunk and gambles away their prospects. Although Liam is still able to join, he vows to not leave without his brother; some time their ship crosses paths with a hurricane en route to a sought-after treasure described as "The Eye of the Storm." Knowing the dangers of venturing into the hurricane, Liam holds a successful mutiny against the crew's Captain Silver. Soon after the mutiny, Hades appears in the Captain's quarters and makes a deal with Liam: Hades will to take the souls of the men on the ship besides those of Liam and his brother in return for the Eye of the Storm.

Liam sails into the hurricane that kills the crew but spares the Jones brothers. Liam gives the treasure to the Royal Navy and he and Killian are declared heroes, receive positions in the Navy, given a ship: The Jewel of the Realm, which would be known as the Jolly Roger. In the Underworld and Henry are searching for the Author's quill, they split up and Henry notices a glimmering light, which leads him to the now-deceased Apprentice. The Apprentice explains that Henry is his unfinished business, that he won't be able to move on until he knows that Henry will make the right decision. At Henry's behest, the Apprentice tells him that the quill is located in the Sorcerer's mansion, but warns Henry against using its power to resurrect Cruella. Meanwhile, Emma uses her magic to heal Hook, but when she tried to kiss him Hook turns away, blaming himself for becoming dark; the two are interrupted by Killian's dead brother Liam. Liam explains rumors of a book with the power to defeat Hades. Emma assumes it to be the Underworld equivalent of the "Once Upon a Time" book.

Everyone come up empty. Concerned that Emma is not good enough for his brother, Liam tells Emma that Hook and her should break up. Moments Henry returns and suggests they look for the book in the Sorcerer’s mansion. However, the key is located in the Sheriff's office, occupied by James. After they leave, Hades reveals that he knows of their plans. Hades blackmails Liam to destroy the Storybook pages concerning him, threatening to reveal to Liam's unfinished business to his brother. At the Sheriff's office and David find the key, only to encounter Cruella. While Mary Margaret hides, David pretends to be his brother James. At the mansion, Regina and Liam look for the storybook while Henry searches for the quill. Unknown to everyone, Liam rips out the pages about Hades. At the same time, Henry rediscovers the quill. Meanwhile, David turns down Cruella's advances and learns that James has resented his brother for staying with their mother during their separate childhoods while James lived with his new father, the king.

The others notice its missing pages. While they keep looking, Liam tosses the pages outside the Mansion. Emma suspects Liam of lying and tells Hook, who refuses to believe her, suggests that they break up after escaping the Underworld. After Emma storms off, Hook notices that Liam has ink on his fingers, Captain Silver and the deceased crew appear, they reveal that Liam sold their lives for the Eye of the Storm. Liam and Killian are taken to the edge of the Underworld where they would be sent to an worse afterlife. However, Hades appears, blows Captain Silver into the Phlegethon, the River of Fire, offers Liam a chance to escape, pleased that he destroyed the pages. However, Liam refuses to go with Hades. Hook is unable to. Liam falls into the fiery abyss. Despite this, a boat appears with Liam, ready to enter a better afterlife. Seeing this, Hades disappears; the deceased crew is able to leave. Liam tells Hook he was wrong about Emma. Hook explains what has happened, revealing he now wants to return with her.

Henry tells David that he has found the quill, but admits that he plans to use the quill only in a positive way, starting with re-writing the missing Hades story that Liam ripped out. Meanwhile, Hades retrieves the missing pages from the Cocytus River; the pages show. Emilie de Ravin, Rebecca Mader, Sean Maguire, Robert Carlyle are not featured in this episode; the episode was met with mixed reviews. In a review from, Nick Roman said, "“The Brothers Jones” is a strong episode for characterization on Once Upon A Time, since it illustrates how several characters have both matured and acquired a much-needed sense of self-awareness. I’ve liked other episodes better this season, but I would argue this was one of the best when it comes to pure character study."Andrea Towers of Entertainment Weekly gave it a good review, noting t

Cecil Dawkins

Cecil Dawkins was an American author who wrote fiction. Dawkins was born October 2, 1927, in Birmingham, where she grew to adulthood. After graduating from the University of Alabama with a B. A. in English in 1950, she studied at Stanford University, where she earned her M. A. degree in English Literature in 1953. Her second year at Stanford she was awarded the Stanford University Creative Writing Fellowship, 1952–1953, she has held the following academic positions: Writer in Residence, Stephens College, 1973–1979. Guest faculty, Sarah Lawrence College, 1979–1981. Distinguished Visiting Writer, University of Hawaii, 1991. Calloway/O'Connor Chair Professor, Georgia College, Milledgeville, GA, 1996–1997; the Quiet Enemy, a collection of Dawkins' short stories, was published by Athenaeum in 1963 and was concurrently published by Andre Deutsch in London. One story in that collection appeared in a Martha Foley Best American Short Stories of 1963 collection and won an award in Southwest Review and the John H. McGinnis Award for the Best Story in Two Years.

Individual stories from this collection had first appeared in the Paris Review, the Georgia Review, the Sewanee Review. The Quiet Enemy was reissued in the Penguin Contemporary American Fiction series, again, in 1996, by the Georgia University Press. During 1966–67, a play in two acts by Dawkins, The Displaced Person, based on the stories of Flannery O'Connor "with her knowledge and input," was produced in New York City by the American Place Theater. Dawkins corresponded with O'Connor. A large number of O'Connor's letters to Dawkins are published in Letters of Flannery O'Connor: The Habit of Being, edited by Sally Fitzgerald. In 1971, Harper and Row published Dawkins' first novel, The Live Goat, winner of the Harper-Saxton Fellowship, her second novel, published by Viking in 1985, was reissued by Penguin in 1986 and again by Allison in 1989. Dawkins wrote a series of mystery novels set in New Mexico, published by Fawcett: The Santa Fe Rembrandt, 1993. In 2002 Dawkins compiled a biography of Frances Martin, aka Frances Minerva Nunnery, from Martin's tape-recorded reminiscences, called A Woman of the Century, Frances Minerva Nunnery: Her Story in Her Own Memorable Voice as Told to Cecil Dawkins, with a Foreword by Max Evans and a Preface and an Afterword by Dawkins.

Dawkins has additionally been awarded the following: Guggenheim Fellowship, 1966, with an extension for 1967. National Endowment for the Arts Grant, 1976–1977. Cecil Dawkins died in Northern New Mexico on May 11, 2019, at age 91, she will be missed by her family and everyone whose life she touched. Born and educated in Alabama, Cecil earned. After falling in love with Taos during a Wurlitzer Foundation residency in the 1960s, she lived in the adobe house she built herself, downtown, but taught at Stephens College, Sarah Lawrence, the University of Hawaii, Georgia College. Cecil's publications, which include a collection of The Quiet Enemy, she had an ear for dialogue. Time Magazine: “Cecil Dawkins’ stories have the special power of haunting the mind.”<,57105ref></ref>

Lake Manpo and Lake Bonpo Important Bird Area

The Lake Manpo and Lake Bonpo Important Bird Area lies within the Rason Special Economic Zone on the coast of north-eastern North Korea, close to its borders with both China and Russia. The 5880 ha site comprises the freshwater lakes, which lie about 3 km apart, encompasses the 3200 ha Lake Manpo and Lake Bonpo Protected Area, it has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because it supports populations of various water- and wetland birds including swan geese, greater white-fronted geese, whooper swans, Oriental storks, white-naped cranes and red-crowned cranes. It is threatened by planned aquacultural development

Benson Wairegi

Dr. Benson I Wairegi is an accountant and business executive in Kenya, he is the current Group Managing Director of Britam Holdings Plc, a financial services conglomerate headquartered in Nairobi, the Kenyan capital, with subsidiaries in Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania and Mozambique. In Britam, he presided over the transformation of the company from a small home service insurance company, into a diversified financial services group operating in seven countries, Uganda, Rwanda, South Sudan and Malawi with interests in life insurance, general insurance, health insurance, retirement planning and property. In 1977, at the age of 24, Benson Wairegi joined PriceWaterHouseCoopers as an audit trainee. In 1980, he went to join British-American as the Chief Accountant. In 1984, Kenyan regulators ordered all foreign-owned insurance companies to sell at least 33.3% shareholding to Kenyan nationals. Wairegi bought a 3.3 % stake in Britam. He encouraged other Kenyans to do the same; that same year, he was appointed Chief Executive Officer at the company.

Over the years, his investment in Britam has grown to KSh1.7 billion, as at February 2014. Equity Group Holdings Limited Housing Finance Company of Kenya