The Arab Kingdom of Syria was a self-proclaimed, unrecognized state that began as a "fully and independent... Arab constitutional government" announced on 5 October 1918 with the permission of the British military, gained de facto independence as an "Emirate" after the withdrawal of the British forces from OETA East on 26 November 1919, was proclaimed as a Kingdom on 8 March 1920; as a "Kingdom" it existed only a little over four months, from 8 March to 25 July 1920. During its brief existence, the kingdom was led by Sharif Hussein bin Ali's son Faisal bin Hussein. Despite its claims to the territory of Greater Syria, Faisal's government controlled a limited area and was dependent on Britain which, along with France opposed the idea of a Greater Syria and refused to recognize the kingdom; the kingdom surrendered to French forces on 25 July 1920. The Arab Revolt and the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence are crucial factors in the foundations of the Arab Kingdom of Syria. In the McMahon–Hussein Correspondence the promises of an Arab Kingdom were made by the British in return for an Arab uprising against the Ottomans.
As the promises of independence were being made by the British, separate agreements were being made including the Sykes–Picot Agreement with the French. The implementation of the Sykes–Picot Agreement would lead to the undermining and destruction of the Arab Kingdom of Syria. Despite the significance of the Arab Revolt to modern Arab countries formed in its wake, at the time there was significant distrust and opposition to the idea of an Arab Kingdom or series of Arab Kingdoms; this is due in part to the heavy influence of the French and the British in compelling the revolt and establishment of what is considered to be by modern standards puppet states. Critics claim that this involvement of foreign powers in handing out large sums of money and military support to establish an empire that would be led by imperial aspirants, rather than legitimate Arab nationalists, is the primary cause for the lack of duration of the majority of the early Hashemite Kingdoms. Critics go on further to claim it was anathema to many Arabs that the family of the Sharif of Mecca, the Hashemites, could wrest control from the Ottoman Sultan, with whom their loyalty had rested for centuries.
Near the end of World War I, the British Egyptian Expeditionary Force under command of Edmund Allenby captured Damascus on 30 September 1918. Shortly thereafter, on 3 October, Faisal entered the city; the jubilation would be short lived, as Faisal would soon be made aware of the Sykes–Picot agreement. Faisal had come to expect an independent Arab kingdom in the name of his father but was soon told of the division of territory and how Syria fell under French protective power. Faisal did not appreciate this betrayal by the British but found reassurance in the knowledge that the actual settlement would be worked out at a date when the war had ended, he was hoping that by the British would have changed their support for French pretensions in Syria. On 5 October, with the permission of General Allenby, Faisal announced the establishment of a and independent Arab constitutional government. Faisal announced it would be an Arab government based on justice and equality for all Arabs regardless of religion.
Much to the chagrin of French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, the establishment of a semi-independent Arab state without international recognition and under the auspices of the British was disconcerting. Reassurances by Allenby that all actions taken were provisional did not ease the looming tensions between the British, the French and the Arabs. For Arab nationalists, many of the Arabs who fought in the Arab Revolt, this was the realization of a long hard-fought goal. After the war, at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, Faisal pushed for Arab independence. At the Conference, the victorious Allies decided what was to become of the defeated nations of the Central Powers, to control their territories, such as the Ottoman Empire's Middle East possessions; the status of the Arab lands in the Middle East was the subject of intense negotiations between the French and British. In May 1919, the French and British Prime Ministers met in Quai d’Orsay to decide between them their respective claims to territories or spheres of influence in the Middle East.
The meeting decided that in return for a British guarantee of French control in Syria, the British would be given a mandate over Mosul and Palestine. At about the same time, an American compromise resulted in an agreement to set up a commission to determine the wishes of the inhabitants. Though they supported the idea and France backed out leaving the King–Crane Commission of 1919 American; the findings of the commission, not published until 1922 after the vote on the mandates in the League of Nations, indicated strong Arab support for an independent Arab state and opposition to a French presence. These events in Europe led Syrian nationalist societies like al-Fatat to make preparations for a national congress; these Syrian nationalist societies advocated complete independence for an Arab Kingdom that united Arabs under Faisal. The King–Crane Commission encouraged efforts to unify and hasty elections were called including representatives from all over the Arab lands, including Palestine and Lebanon, although French officials prevented many of their representatives from arriving.
The first official session of the Syrian Congress was held on 3 June 1919 and al-Fatat member Hashim al-Atassi was elected its president. When the King–Crane Commission arrived in Damascus on 25 June 1919, it was m
Kempinski Hotel Corvinus, a member of the Kempinski group, is a five star hotel in Budapest, Hungary. Forbes gives it a four-star rating, it is located in the city centre of Pest in the district of Erzsébetváros, next to Erzsébet Square, near the Danube, Dohány Street Synagogue, St. Stephen's Basilica, Andrássy Avenue, Hungarian State Opera House, Budapest British Embassy; the C-shape building was designed by Hungarian architect József Finta and as hotel opened in 1992 with 335 rooms, 31 suites, bar and meeting facilities. The hotel is named after King Matthias Corvinus. Media related to Kempinski Hotel Corvinus Budapest at Wikimedia Commons Official website of Kempinski Hotel Corvinus, Budapest
Accused is a 1958 dramatized court show consisting of filmed reenactments of actual court cases. The show was cancelled at the end of its first season. In the summer of 1957, local television station KABC-TV began broadcasting Traffic Court, presenting re-enactments of traffic court cases and arraignments; the format proved popular and the show moved to ABC's national daytime schedule. It was soon followed by Day in Court. In December 1958, Accused debuted as the prime time version of Day in Court. Similar to other courtroom dramas of the time, the defendants and witnesses were actors. However, the defense and prosecution attorneys were real-life lawyers; the court was presided over by Edgar Allan Jones, Jr. Jones had a law degree from the University of Virginia, was a member of the UCLA law faculty and a labor arbitrator. Edgar Allan Jones, Jr. as the Judge William Gwinn as the Substitute Judge Jim Hodson as the Clerk Tim Farrell as the Bailiff Violet Gillmore as the Court Reporter The show was produced by Selig J. Seligman, a former U.