A tajine or tagine is a Maghrebi dish, named after the earthenware pot in which it is cooked. It is called maraq or marqa. Moroccan Arabic طجين ṭažin is derived from Arabic طاجن ṭājun "shallow earthen pot", from Ancient Greek τάγηνον tágēnon "frying-pan, saucepan"; the tagine dates back to Harun al-Rashid, a ruler of the Early Muslim conquests. The earliest writings about the concept of cooking in a tajine appear in the famous One Thousand and One Nights, an Arabic-language story collection from the ninth century, it is mentioned during the Abbasid Caliphate. The dish would have been famous amongst the nomadic Bedouin people of the Arabian Peninsula, who added dried fruits such as dates and plums to give it its unique taste. Tagine is now eaten with french fries, either on the top or on the side. Today, the cooking-pot and its traditional broth are prepared in the Middle East and North Africa. In North Africa, it is called a tajine, while in the Middle East it is called a qidra. There are different ways to prepare the tajine.
In the original qidra style, saman is used to lubricate the surface and a puree of chopped onion is added for flavour and aroma. For muqawlli-style cooking, the ingredients are placed in olive oil to enrich the flavours. There are many descriptions of. A famous description is the one from ibn al-Adim: Boil the meat and fry with fresh coriander and hot spices and a little garlic. Pick out the fennel hearts and cut in half. Put over the meat. Put back some of the broth on it along with sheep's tail. Boil until cooked and the broth has been absorbed. Remove; the traditional tajine pottery, sometimes painted or glazed, consists of two parts: a circular base unit, flat with low sides and a large cone- or dome-shaped cover that sits on the base during cooking. The cover is designed to return all condensation to the bottom; that process can be improved by adding cold water into the specially designed well at the top of the lid. Tajine is traditionally cooked over hot charcoal leaving an adequate space between the coals and the tajine pot to avoid having the temperature rise too quickly.
Large bricks of charcoal are used for their ability to stay hot for hours. Other methods are to use a tajine in a slow oven or on a gas or electric stove top, on the lowest heat necessary to keep the stew simmering gently. A diffuser, a circular utensil placed between the tajine and the flame, is used to evenly distribute the stove's heat. European manufacturers have created tajines with heavy cast-iron bottoms that can be heated on a cooking stove to a high temperature, which permits the browning of meat and vegetables before cooking. Tajine cooking may be replicated by using a slow cooker or similar item, but the result will be different. Many ceramic tajines are decorative items as well as functional cooking vessels; some tajines, are intended only to be used as decorative serving dishes. Moroccan and Algerian tajine dishes are slow-cooked savory stews made with sliced meat, poultry or fish together with vegetables or fruit. Spices and dried fruits are used. Common spices include ginger, turmeric and saffron.
Paprika and chili are used in vegetable tajines. The sweet and sour combination is common in tajine dishes like lamb with spices. Tajines are served with bread; because the domed or cone-shaped lid of the tajine pot traps steam and returns the condensed liquid to the pot, a minimal amount of water is needed to cook meats and vegetables. This method of cooking is important in areas where water supplies are limited or where public water is not yet available. What Tunisians refer to as a "tajine" is different from the Moroccan dish. Tunisian tajine is more like an eggah. First, a simple ragout is prepared, of meat cut into small pieces, cooked with onions and spices, such as a blend of dried rosebuds and ground cinnamon known as baharat or a robust combination of ground coriander and caraway seeds. Something starchy is added to thicken the juices. Common thickeners include cannellini beans, breadcrumbs or cubed potatoes; when the meat is tender, it is combined with the ingredients which have been chosen to be the dominant flavouring.
Examples include fresh parsley, dried mint, sun-dried tomatoes, cooked vegetables and stewed calves' brains. Next, the stew is enriched with cheese and eggs; this egg and stew are baked in a deep pie dish, either on the stove or in the oven until top and bottom are crisply cooked and the eggs are just set. When the tajine is ready, it is turned out onto a plate and sliced into squares, accompanied by wedges of lemon. Tunisian tajines can be made with seafood or as a vegetarian dish. In rural parts of Tunisia, home cooks place a shallow earthenware dish over olive-wood coals, fill it, cover it with a flat earthenware pan, pile hot coals on top; the resulting tajine is crusty on top and bottom, moist within and is infused with a subtle smoky fragrance. Sephardi and Maghrebi Jews eat and prepare tagine, owing to their presence in North Africa going back several thousand years. Tagine is a important dish in Sephardi cuisine, is eaten and prepared by Morrocan Jews, Algerian Jews, Tunisian Jews, Libyan Jews, Djerban Jews, by French Jews, Jewish American, Israelis, due to the large popul
Quarterflash is an American rock group formed in 1980 in Portland, Oregon. The band was made up of the two current members, Orinda Sue "Rindy" Ross and her husband Marv Ross, along with Jack Charles, Rick DiGiallonardo, Rich Gooch, Brian David Willis. Having a lead singer who played the saxophone made Quarterflash notable. In a 1982 interview, Rindy Ross said that she viewed the saxophone as an extension of her voice, enabling her to express things she could not express with her voice alone; the group was formed by merging Seafood Mama and Pilot. Continuing under the name Seafood Mama, the band released the picture-sleeved single "Harden My Heart" on a local private label, Whitefire Records, in the spring of 1980. "Harden My Heart" was a big hit on Portland radio stations and got the band a one-hour TV special, Seafood Mama In Concert, on KOIN on June 5, 1980. "Harden My Heart" would be rerecorded by the band after they renamed themselves Quarterflash. The name came from an Australian slang description of new immigrants as "a quarter flash, three quarters foolish", which the Rosses found in a book at producer John Boylan's house.
Quarterflash signed to Geffen Records and released their self-titled debut album Quarterflash in September 1981. It reached No. 8 on Billboard's Top LPs & Tapes chart, sold over a million copies, earning RIAA platinum status on June 30, 1982. The album contained the new version of "Harden My Heart", which became their biggest single, reaching No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100. The follow-up single from the album, "Find Another Fool", reached No. 16. A second one-hour Portland television special, Quarterflash In Concert, was broadcast on KOIN on October 22, 1981, simulcast on KGON; this concert was taped at the Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall on October 15, 1981. In between albums, the band appeared on soundtracks of two of 1982's biggest films, charting the theme to Ron Howard's Night Shift up to #60 on the Billboard Hot 100, landing one of their B-sides, "Don't Be Lonely", in Fast Times at Ridgemont High. Quarterflash released their second album, Take Another Picture, in 1983, it reached No. 34 in Billboard, scored the single "Take Me to Heart", which reached No. 14.
The group released their final album, Back Into Blue, in 1985. It peaked at No. 150 in Billboard. The group disbanded after getting dropped from Geffen Records. In 1990, Quarterflash reunited, hiring session musicians, including bassist–vocalist Sandin Wilson, drummer Greg Williams, guitarist Doug Fraser, Mel Kubik on saxophone and keyboards; the group released Girl in the Wind on Epic Records. In 1991, Rindy and Marv Ross founded the historic music ensemble The Trail Band, formed at the request of the Oregon Trail Advisory Council to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Oregon Trail. In June 2008, Marv and Rindy Ross released a new Quarterflash album, Goodbye Uncle Buzz, but it did not chart. In September 2013, the band released a new album, Love Is a Road. On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Quarterflash among hundreds of artists who lost material in the 2008 Universal fire; the Best of Quarterflash: The Millennium Collection Harden My Heart: The Best of Quarterflash Quarterflash Quarterflash at AllMusic Ross Productions, Marv Ross' official website Bangor Daily News, Dave Cheever, special to the News, Band is all flash, no part foolish, Sat.-Sun.
February 20–21, 1982, page ME 9, includes black-and-white photo of band Flashbacks to Happiness, Eighties Music Revisited, Randolph Michaels, Nebraska: iUniverse Books, 2005, "From the Desk of Marv Ross, Guitarist for Quarterflash," pages 152-155. On page 153, Marv states that "Take Another Picture" is his favorite Quarterflash song, released as a single
Count Anatoly Pavlovich Demidov, 4th Prince of San Donato of the Demidov industrial family, was the last Prince and member of his house. He succeeded his elder half-brother Elim Pavlovich Demidov, 3rd Prince of San Donato in 1943 but died in exile in the same year without male issue. Anatoly Demidov was the son of Princess Elena Petrovna Trubetskaya and Pavel Pavlovich Demidov, 2nd Prince of San Donato, his father died. In Saint Petersburg on 1 February 1894 he married Evgenia Klimentievna Podmener, by whom he had three daughters: Princess and Countess Elena Anatolyevna Demidova, married in Nice on 29 July 1926 Paul René Geoffroy Princess and Countess Evgenia Anatolyevna Demidova, married in Nice on 29 September 1927 Jean Gerber Princess and Countess Aurora Anatolyevna Demidova, married in Marseille on 29 July 1933 Jean Giraud Princely House Demidov de San Donato
Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Claus was a German zoologist. He was an opponent of the ideas of Ernst Haeckel. Claus studied at the University of Gießen with Rudolf Leuckart, he worked at the university of Würzburg. In 1863, he became professor of zoölogy in 1870 at Göttingen and in 1873 at Vienna, he was head of the oceanographic research station in Trieste and was specialized on marine zoology and there his interest was focused on crustaceans. During his research on cell biology he coined the word phagocyte, he is known for the fact that Sigmund Freud started his studies on the yet unsolved eel life history. Of his numerous works, the following are important: Die freilebenden Copepoden.
Aïn Taya is a suburb of Algiers, Algeria. It is located in the administrative constituency of Dar El Beïda in the Governorate of Greater Algiers, its postal code is 16019 and its municipal code is 1638. Prior to its being part of the Governorate of Greater Algiers, it was part of Boumerdès Province with postal code 35310; the current president of the People's Municipal Assembly' is Abdelkader Rakkas. Aïn Taya has a budget of 46 million DZD. Aïn Taya had a population of 34,501 at the 2008 census. An important part of the population is of Kabyle origin. Historical populations include: 78 families 1,666, of whom 549 were French 5,674, of whom 3,500 muslims 6,100 13,700 29,515 The area of the municipality is 955 hectares, or 9,5 km2 of which 60% is used for agriculture, it has 8 km of coastline located a few kilometers east of the easternmost point of the gulf of Algiers, on the Mediterranean Sea. In 1914, it was connected to Algiers by 1055 mm gauge local railway Chemins de Fer sur Routes d´Algerie.
The trains departed from Algiers at 6.09, 13.29, 17.40 arriving in Aïn-Taya at 8.21, 15.37 and 19.57. The return workings departed from Aïn-Taya at 5.37, 12.53 and 17.13 arriving in Algiers at 7.45, 15.05 and 19.25. The rail distance was 32 km; this service was hauled by a Decauville built narrow gauge steam locomotives. The C. F. R. A; also operated lines from Algiers to Rovigo and via Gyotville to Kolea and Casiglione. This is a list of Aïn Taya's mayors during French colonial times. Joseph Guyot 1870-1878 Jean Dabadie 1879-1884 Casimir Fabre 1884-1891 Paul Oudaille 1891-1895 Désiré Dulin 1896-1898 Joseph Chabert 1898-1904 Paul Fabre 1904-1910 Charles Pellegrin 1910-1919 Michel Sinters 1920-1935 Auguste Allier 1935-1945 Emile Bertoni 1945-1948 Hector Buchardt 1948-1949? Gadrel 1949-1962