Areni-1 cave

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Areni-1 cave
Արենի-1 քարանձավ
Areni-1 cave panorama.jpg
Panorama of the site along the Arpa River
Areni-1 cave is located in Armenia
Areni-1 cave
Shown within Armenia
LocationVayots Dzor Province, Armenia
RegionLesser Caucasus
Coordinates39°43′53″N 45°12′13″E / 39.73139°N 45.20361°E / 39.73139; 45.20361Coordinates: 39°43′53″N 45°12′13″E / 39.73139°N 45.20361°E / 39.73139; 45.20361
Length40 m (130 ft)[1]
PeriodsChalcolithic, Bronze Age

The Areni-1 cave complex (Armenian: Արենիի քարանձավ) is a multicomponent site[1], and late Chalcolithic/Early Bronze Age ritual site and settlement[2], located near the Areni village in southern Armenia along the Arpa River.


In 2010, archeologist discovered the earliest known shoe at the site.[3] In January 2011, the earliest known winery in the world was uncovered in the cave.[4] Later, in 2011, the discovery of a straw skirt dating to 3,900 years BCE was reported.[5] In 2009, the oldest humanoid brain was discovered in the cave.[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia". Google Books. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  2. ^ "Areni-1 Cave, Armenia: A Chalcolithic–Early Bronze Age settlement and ritual site in the southern Caucasus". Research Gate. March 1, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2017.
  3. ^ "The first leather shoe,". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
  4. ^ Owen, James. "Earliest Known Winery Found in Armenian Cave." National Geographic. January 10, 2011. Retrieved January 14, 2011.
  5. ^ "5,900-year-old women's skirt discovered in Armenian cave". News Armenia. September 13, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
  6. ^ Bower, Bruce (12 January 2009). "Armenian cave yields ancient human brain". ScienceNews.