The Hereford is a British breed of beef cattle that originated in the county of Herefordshire, in the West Midlands of England. It has been exported to many countries, there are more than five million purebred Hereford cattle in over fifty nations worldwide; the Hereford cattle export trade began from United Kingdom in 1817, starting in Kentucky, United States, spreading across the United States and Canada through Mexico to the great beef-raising countries of South America. Today, Hereford cattle dominate the world scene from Australasia to the Russian steppes, they can be found in Israel and throughout continental Europe and Scandinavia, in the temperate parts of Australia, the United States and Russia, in the centre and east of Argentina, in Uruguay, in Chile and New Zealand, where they make up the largest proportion of registered cattle. They are found all around Brazil and they are found in some Southern African countries, they found great popularity among ranchers of the American Southwest, testament to the hardiness of the breed.
The World Hereford Council is based in the United Kingdom. There are 17 member countries with 20 Hereford societies and 10 nonmember countries, with a total of eight societies. In the United States, the official Hereford organization, breed registry, is the American Hereford Association, it is the second-largest society of its kind in the country. Until the 18th century, the cattle of the Herefordshire area were similar to other cattle of southern England, being wholly red with a white switch, similar to the modern North Devon and Sussex breeds. During the 18th and early 19th centuries, other cattle were used to create a new type of draught and beef cattle which at first varied in colour, different herds ranging from yellow to grey and light brown, with varying amounts of white. However, by the end of the 18th century the white face characteristic of the modern breed was well established, the modern colour was established during the 19th century; the Hereford is still seen in the Herefordshire countryside today and featured prominently at agricultural shows.
The first imports of Herefords to the United States were around 1817 by the politician Henry Clay, with larger importation of the breed beginning in the 1840s. The Polled Hereford is a hornless variant of the Hereford with the polled gene, a natural genetic mutation, selected into a separate breed beginning in 1889. Iowa cattle rancher Warren Gammon capitalised on the idea of breeding Polled Herefords and started the Polled Hereford registry with 11 polled cattle; the American Polled Hereford Association was formed in 1910. The American Polled Hereford and American Hereford breeds have been combined since 1995, under the same American Hereford Association name. Many strains of Hereford have used other cattle breeds to import desired characteristics, this has led to changes in the breed as a whole. However, some strains have been kept separate, these have retained characteristics of the earlier breed, such as hardiness and thriftiness; the Traditional Hereford is now treated as a minority breed of value for genetic conservation.
Eye cancer occurs in Herefords in particular in countries with continued bright sunlight and those that prefer traits of low levels of red pigmentation around the eye. Studies have been made into eye cancer in Hereford cattle in the US and Canada, lid and corneoscleral pigment were found to be heritable and to decrease the risk of cancer. Vaginal prolapse is considered a heritable problem in Hereford cattle, but it may be influenced by nutrition. Another problem is exposed skin on the udder being of light pigmentation and therefore vulnerable to sun burn. Dwarfism is known to be prevalent in Hereford cattle and has been determined to be caused by an autosomal recessive gene. Due to equal occurrence in heifers and bulls, dwarfism is not considered a sex-linked characteristic. Black Hereford Hereford pig List of cattle breeds World Hereford Council American Hereford Association Australian Hereford Society Canadian Hereford Association Irish Hereford Breed Society New Zealand Hereford Association List of US State/National Hereford Associations List of Other International Hereford Associations Polled Hereford Breed Information - Cattle.com The Origin and Growth of Polled Herefords - Oklahoma State University Romanian Hereford cattle Society
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family. The earliest origins of the game date back to the Middle Ages in Pakistan; the game can be played on grass, water turf, artificial turf or synthetic field as well as an indoor board surface. Each team plays with eleven players, including the goalie. Players use sticks made out of wood, carbon fibre, fibre glass or a combination of carbon fibre and fibre glass in different quantities to hit a round, plastic ball; the length of the stick depends on the player's individual height. Only one face of the stick is allowed to be used. Goalies have a different kind of stick, however they can use an ordinary field hockey stick; the specific goal-keeping sticks have another curve at the end of the stick, this is to give them more surface area to save the ball. The uniform consists of shin guards, shorts, a mouth guard and a jersey. Today, the game is played globally in parts of Western Europe, South Asia, Southern Africa, New Zealand and parts of the United States.
Known as "hockey" in many territories, the term "field hockey" is used in Canada and the United States where ice hockey is more popular. In Sweden, the term "landhockey" is used and to some degree in Norway where it is governed by Norway's Bandy Association. During play, goal keepers are the only players who are allowed to touch the ball with any part of their body, while field players play the ball with the flat side of their stick. If the ball is touched with the rounded part of the stick, it will result in a penalty. Goal keepers cannot play the ball with the back of their stick. Whoever scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is tied at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout, depending on the competition's format. There are many variations to overtime play that depend on the tournament play. In college play, a seven-aside overtime period consists of a 10-minute golden goal period with seven players for each team.
If a tie still remains, the game enters a one-on-one competition where each team chooses 5 players to dribble from the 25-yard line down to the circle against the opposing goalie. The player has 8 seconds to score on the goalie keeping it in bounds; the play ends after a goal is scored, the ball goes out of bounds, a foul is committed or time expires. If the tie still persists extra rounds thereafter until one team has scored; the governing body of field hockey is the International Hockey Federation, with men and women being represented internationally in competitions including the Olympic Games, World Cup, World League, Champions Trophy and Junior World Cup, with many countries running extensive junior and masters club competitions. The FIH is responsible for organizing the Hockey Rules Board and developing the rules for the game. A popular variant of field hockey is indoor field hockey, which differs in a number of respects while embodying the primary principles of hockey. Indoor hockey is a 5-a-side variant, with a field, reduced to 40 m × 20 m.
With many of the rules remaining the same, including obstruction and feet, there are several key variations: Players may not raise the ball unless shooting on goal, players may not hit the ball, the sidelines are replaced with solid barriers which the ball will rebound off. In addition, the regulation guidelines for the indoor field hockey stick require a thinner, lighter stick than an outdoor stick. There is a depiction of a field hockey-like game in Ancient Greece, dating to c. 510 BC, when the game may have been called Κερητίζειν because it was played with a horn and a ball. Researchers disagree over, it could have been one-on-one activity. Billiards historians Stein and Rubino believe it was among the games ancestral to lawn-and-field games like hockey and ground billiards, near-identical depictions appear both in the Beni Hasan tomb of Ancient Egyptian administrator Khety of the 11th Dynasty, in European illuminated manuscripts and other works of the 14th through 17th centuries, showing contemporary courtly and clerical life.
In East Asia, a similar game was entertained, using a carved wooden stick and ball prior, to 300 BC. In Inner Mongolia, the Daur people have for about 1,000 years been playing beikou, a game with some similarities to field hockey. A similar field hockey or ground billiards variant, called suigan, was played in China during the Ming dynasty. A game similar to field hockey was played in the 17th century in Punjab state in India under name khido khundi. In South America, most in Chile, the local natives of the 16th century used to play a game called chueca, which shares common elements with hockey. In Northern Europe, the games of hurling and Knattleikr, both team balls games involving sticks to drive a ball to the opponents' goal, date at least as far back as the Early Middle Ages. By the 12th century, a team ball game called la soule or choule, akin to a chaotic and sometimes long-distance version
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Argentina women's national field hockey team
The Argentina women's national field hockey team is governed by the Argentine Hockey Confederation. The current coach is Carlos Retegui, appointed after Agustín Corradini; the team is fourth in the FIH World Rankings since August 2018 after their 6th place at the 2018 Hockey World Cup. Las Leonas have appeared in five Hockey World Cup finals, including the first final in 1974, which they lost 1–0 to the Netherlands. Argentina had to settle with second place in two more finals before winning the tournament for the first time in 2002, beating the Netherlands 4–3 in the final on penalty strokes after a 1–1 draw. Argentina, led by eight-time FIH Player of the Year Luciana Aymar won again in 2010, a 3–1 victory over the Netherlands. Argentina's World Cup winning coaches are Sergio Vigil in 2002, Carlos Retegui in 2010. Argentina has been successful at the Summer Olympics, winning four consecutive medals since the 2000 edition, when they became the first women's team in any sport to win an Olympic medal for their country.
Luciana Aymar is the only player that won those four medals. After their first title in 2001 at a Champions Trophy, they have won the tournament six more times. In front of a home crowd they won the 2014–15 World League as the first international title after Aymar's retirement from the national team the previous year. At a continental level, Argentina has dominated and won every tournament they played, including the Pan American Cup and the Pan American Games leaving the United States with second place on most events until they lost the 2011 Pan American Games final for the first time. In July 2003, after the implementation of an official World Ranking System, Argentina reached the top of the FIH World Rankings for the first time, reaching it again in 2010 after obtaining the World Cup title and once more in late 2013. Hockey was introduced in Argentina by English immigrants in the beginning of the 20th century, the first women's teams were formed in 1909. In 1997, Sergio Vigil, a former player for the men's national team, was appointed coach.
Under his leadership, Las Leonas achieved their first World Hockey Cup title, their first Olympic medals, their first Champions Trophy medals, many other achievements. The team went from having a rather limited audience to becoming a national sensation, with some of the players appearing as models in advertising campaigns. Throughout its history, the team has developed a reputation for being tenacious when a match appears to be lost. For this reason, a lioness was chosen as their symbol when the team qualified for the 2000 Summer Olympics. During the second round of games, Argentina played against the powerful Dutch team, they chose this occasion to place the image of a lioness on their shirts for the first time; the image was designed by then-player Inés Arrondo together with Vigil's sister-in-law. Argentina won that match, went on to win the silver medal, Las Leonas were born. Subsequently, the junior team is called Las Leoncitas; the lioness logo was redesigned in 2006 by the team kit supplier, along with Confederación Argentina de Hockey and some of the most representative players.
This is different from the original, showing the lioness' tail pretending to be a hockey stick while holding a ball. The nickname falls in line with an unwritten Argentine tradition of naming national teams after big cats: the men's field hockey team is called Los Leones, the men's rugby union team is called Los Pumas, the women's volleyball team is known as Las Panteras. Since its breakthrough in the 2000 Summer Olympics, Argentina has won more than 20 official titles, which are detailed below: Summer Olympics: Silver medal: Sydney 2000, London 2012 Bronze medal: Athens 2004, Beijing 2008 World Cup: 2002, 2010 FIH Hockey World League: 2014–15 Champions Trophy: 2001, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016 Pan American Cup: 2001, 2004, 2009, 2013, 2017 Pan American Games: 1987, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007 South American Championship: 2003, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2013, 2014 The following players were called to compete on April 13 against New Zealand for the FIH Pro League in Rosario, Argentina. Head coach: Carlos Retegui These players were called-up in the last 12 months.
When Luciana Aymar, retired from the national team in 2014 after 376 international matches played, some of Aymar's teammates asked the Confederation for the retirement of her iconic number 8 worn by her during 17 years with the national team. The number is not retired by the CAH, although it has not been assigned to other players since. Head Coach: Hernán Zago Argentina men's national field hockey team The team alternates between light blue and black skirt/socks when using their main kit during the same tournament arbitrarily. For example, during the 2010 World Cup, see photos from Day 1, Day 3 and Day 6. Official website FIH profile
Argentine cuisine is described as a cultural blending of Mediterranean influences with and small inflows, within the wide scope of agricultural products that are abundant in the country. Argentine annual consumption of beef has averaged 100 kg per capita, approaching 180 kg per capita during the 19th century. Beyond asado, no other dish more genuinely matches the national identity; the country's vast area, its cultural diversity, have led to a local cuisine of various dishes. The great immigratory waves imprinted a large influence in the Argentine cuisine, after all Argentina was the second country in the world with the most immigrants with 6.6 million, only second to the United States with 27 million, ahead of other immigratory receptor countries such as Canada, Australia, etc. Argentine people have a reputation for their love of eating. Social gatherings are centered on sharing a meal. Invitations to have dinner at home is viewed as a symbol of friendship and integration. Sunday family lunch is considered the most significant meal of the week, whose highlights include asado or pasta.
Another feature of Argentine cuisine is the preparation of homemade food such as french fries and pasta to celebrate a special occasion, to meet friends, or to honor someone. The tradition of locally preparing food is passed down from generation to generation. Homemade food is seen as a way to show affection. Argentine restaurants include a great variety of cuisines and flavors. Large cities tend to host everything from high-end international cuisine, to bodegones, less stylish restaurants, bars and canteens offering a range of dishes at affordable prices. Native Americans lived in Argentina thousands of years. Members of an Indian tribe in the southern part of Argentina were farmers who grew squash and sweet potatoes. Spanish settlers came to Argentina in 1536. Between 1853 and 1955, 6.6 million immigrants came to live in Argentina from diverse sources such as Europe, the Near and Middle East and Japan, contributing to the development of Argentine cuisine and making Argentina the second country with most immigrants only second to the United States.
Most of the immigrants were from Spain. The Italians introduced pizza, as well as a variety of pasta dishes, including spaghetti and lasagna. British, German and other immigrants settled in Argentina, all bringing their styles of cooking and favorite foods with them; the British brought tea. All of these cultures influenced the dishes of Argentina. Most regions of Argentina are known for their beef-oriented diet. Grilled meat from the asado is a staple, with steak and beef ribs common; the term asado. Popular items such as Chorizo, chinchulines and other parts of the animal are enjoyed. In Patagonia, however and chivito are eaten more than beef. Whole lambs and goats are traditionally cooked over an open fire in a technique known as asado a la estaca; the most common condiment for asado is Chimichurri, a sauce of herbs and vinegar. Unlike other preparations, Argentines do not include chili in their version of chimichurri. Breaded and fried meats — milanesas — are used as snacks, in sandwiches, or eaten warm with mashed potatoes — purée.
Empanadas — small pastries of meat, sweet corn, a hundred other fillings — are a common sight at parties and picnics, or as starters to a meal. A variation, the "empanada gallega", is a big, round meat pie made most with tuna and mackerel. Vegetables and salads are eaten by Argentines. Italian staples, such as pizza and pasta, are eaten as as beef. Fideos, tallarines, ñoquis and canelones can be bought freshly made in many establishments in the larger cities. Italian-style ice cream is served in large parlours and drive-through businesses. In Chubut, the Welsh community is known for its teahouses, offering scones and torta galesa, rather like torta negra. Sandwiches de miga are delicate sandwiches made with crustless buttered white bread thinly sliced cured meat and lettuce, they are purchased from entrepreneurial home cooks and may be eaten for a light evening meal. A sweet paste, dulce de leche is another treasured national food, used to fill cakes and pancakes, spread over toasted bread for breakfast, or served with ice cream.
Alfajores are shortbread cookies sandwiched together with chocolate and dulce de leche or a fruit paste. The "policeman's" or "truck driver's" sweet is cheese with dulce de membrillo. Dulce de batata is made of sweet potato/yam: this with cheese is the Martín Fierro's sweet. Apples, peaches, kiwifruits and plums are major exports. A traditional drink of Argentina is an infusion called mate; the name comes from the hollow gourd. The mate or other small cup is filled about three-quarters full with yerba mate, the dried leaves and twigs of the Ilex paraguariensis; the drink, rather bitter, is sipped through a metal or cane straw called a bombilla. M
Asado are the techniques and the social event of having or attending a barbecue in various South American countries, where it is a traditional event. An asado consists of beef, chicken and morcilla which are cooked on a grill, called a parrilla, or an open fire; the meats are accompanied by red wine and salads. This meat is prepared by a person, the assigned asador or parrillero. Huge herds of wild cattle roamed much of the pampa region of Argentina until the mid-nineteenth century. Inhabitants of the Río de la Plata the equestrian gaucho, developed a fondness for beef asado, roasted beef; the meat a side of ribs, is skewered on a metal frame called an asador and is roasted by placing it next to a slow-burning fire. Gauchos favored cooking asado with the wood of the quebracho tree because it smokes little. Asado, accompanied by maté tea, formed the basis of the gaucho diet; the asador begins by igniting the charcoal, made of native trees, avoiding pines and eucalyptus as they have strong-smelling resins.
In more sophisticated asados the charcoal is of a specific tree or made on the coal of burned wood, commonplace when having an asado in a campfire. In Uruguay, charcoal is not instead direct embers or hot coals. Cooking can be done al asador or a la parrilla. In the first case a fire is made on the ground or in a fire pit and surrounded by metal crosses that hold the entire carcass of an animal splayed open to receive the heat from the fire. In the second case a fire is made and after the charcoal has formed, a grill with the meat is placed over it. In many asados, morcillas, chinchulines and other organs accompanied by provoleta, would be served first while the cuts that require longer preparations are still on the grill. Sometimes these are served on a charcoal brasero. Chorizos may be served with pan felipe or baguette bread called choripán. After appetizers, costillas or asado de tira can be served. Next comes vacío, matambre and chicken and chivito. Dishes such as pamplona and Patagonian lamb are becoming more frequent in restaurants.
An asado includes bread, a simple mixed salad of, for instance, lettuce and onions, or it could be accompanied with verdurajo, a mixture made of potatoes, corn and eggplant cooked on the grill and seasoned with olive oil and salt. Beer, soft drink, other beverages are common. Dessert is fresh fruit. Another traditional form to roast the meat, used in Patagonia, is with the whole animal in a wood stick nailed in the ground and exposed to the heat of live coals, called asado al palo; the meat for an asado is not marinated, the only preparation being the application of salt before or during the cooking period. The heat and distance from the coals are controlled to provide a slow cooking. Further, grease from the meat is not encouraged to fall on the coals and create smoke which would adversely flavour the meat. In some asados the area directly under the meat is kept clear of coals; the asado is placed in a tray to be served, but it can be placed on a brasero right on the table to keep the meat warm.
Chimichurri, a sauce of chopped parsley, dried oregano, salt, black pepper and paprika with olive oil, or salsa criolla, a sauce of tomato and onion in vinegar, are common accompaniments to an asado, where they are traditionally used on the offal, but not the steaks. Food is accompanied by salads, which in asado gatherings are traditionally made by women on site or brought to the asado from their homes while the men focus on the meats. Salad Olivier is one of the most common salads served at asados. In Paraguay Chipa Guasu, sopa paraguaya and boiled manioc as a side dish is served. In Chile, the normal version cordero al palo is accompanied with pebre, a local condiment made from pureed herbs and hot peppers; the dish is served hot accompanied by salads. A whole lamb is tied to a spit and is roasted perpendicular on a wood fire; the preparation lasts. In Brazil, asado is called churrasco, although the cooking is faster. Grilled and salted meat in Brazil is called "carne assada" and is cut into small strips and served on a plate or cutting board in the middle of the table for all to partake.
Various grilled meats, pork and chicken are passed around from table to table on a spit and a slice is offered to each person. This is called "rodizio" because each person partakes in turn. Charcoal is predominantly used instead of embers of wood, Brazilians tend to cook the meat on skewers or grills. In some places, the meat is seasoned with a little sugar. In Mexico, there is similar tradition of as parrilladas or carne asadas, which incorporates various marinated cuts of meat, including steaks and sausages; these are all grilled over wood charcoal. Vegetables are placed over the grill green onions and corn. Again, in Argentina and Paraguay, some alternatives are the asado al disco and asado al horno de barro in the countryside; the recipe doesn't change, only the way of cooking. In the asado al disco the worn-out disc of a plough is used. Being meta