Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is part of the Western and the Mountain states, it is the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah and New Mexico. Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine's Day. Part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848; the southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase. Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, spruce trees. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Tucson. In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, one of the world's seven natural wonders, there are several national forests, national parks, national monuments.

About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations in the state from voting until the state Supreme Court ruled in favor of Native American plaintiffs in Trujillo v. Garley; the state's name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring", which applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like Arissona; the area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language. Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona, as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area. A native Mexican of Basque heritage established the ranchería of Arizona between 1734 and 1736 in the current Mexican state of Sonora, which became notable after a significant discovery of silver there, c.

1737. There is a misconception. For thousands of years before the modern era, Arizona was home to many Native American tribes. Hohokam and Ancestral Puebloan cultures were among those that flourished throughout the state. Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived and attract thousands of tourists each year. In 1539, Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, became the first European to contact Native Americans, he explored parts of the present state and made contact with native inhabitants the Sobaipuri. The expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado entered the area in 1540–1542 during its search for Cíbola. Few Spanish settlers migrated to Arizona. One of the first settlers in Arizona was José Romo de Vivar. Father Kino was the next European in the region. A member of the Society of Jesus, he led the development of a chain of missions in the region, he converted many of the Indians to Christianity in the Pimería Alta in the 1690s and early 18th century.

Spain founded presidios at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775. When Mexico achieved its independence from the Kingdom of Spain and its Spanish Empire in 1821, what is now Arizona became part of its Territory of Nueva California known as Alta California. Descendants of ethnic Spanish and mestizo settlers from the colonial years still lived in the area at the time of the arrival of European-American migrants from the United States. During the Mexican–American War, the U. S. Army occupied the national capital of Mexico City and pursued its claim to much of northern Mexico, including what became Arizona Territory in 1863 and the State of Arizona in 1912; the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified that, in addition to language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants of former Mexican citizens being considered as inviolable, the sum of $15 million in compensation be paid to the Republic of Mexico. In 1853, the U. S. acquired the land south below the Gila River from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase along the southern border area as encompassing the best future southern route for a transcontinental railway.

What is now known as the state of Arizona was administered by the United States government as part of the Territory of New Mexico until the southern part of that region seceded from the Union to form the Territory of Arizona. This newly established territory was formally organized by the Confederate States government on Saturday, January 18, 1862, when President Jefferson Davis approved and signed An Act to Organize the Territory of Arizona, marking the first official use of the name "Territory of Arizona"; the Southern territory supplied the Confederate government with men and equipment. Formed in 1862, Arizona scout compa

Marcel Vanthilt

Marcel Céline Gerard Edgard Vanthilt is a Belgian singer and television presenter. Marcel Vanthilt was born on 24 August 1957, in Belgium. After attending high school, Marcel studied at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and attained a bachelor's degree in political sciences, he came to Brussels. He didn't know at the time. In 1977, during his spell at the university, he discovered Punk. Marcel Vanthilt rose to fame with his group'Arbeid Adelt!', formed in 1981. He provided vocals and played keyboard for the group, singing in Dutch, they made 2 EPs and scored minor hits with'De Dag dat het zonlicht...' and'Lekker Westers'. Despite the initial success, the group decided to split. One year they reformed, only to split again after releasing one single; the reason behind this was the discontent of the group with their record label, differing opinions between the group members about the future of the band. Vanthilt noted the following comment: "They saw us as a kind of clowns, they refused to bring out the songs that were representative of what we were doing, released "Stroom" en "Witte kom hie".

Those were both good jokes, good for a laugh at the live gigs, but not good as a release two years after your last record."In 1991 the group got together again and got a deal from Virgin Records. This resulted in their first full CD,'Des Duivels Oorkussen'. However, they were not able to break through commercially. In 1996 he recorded the song "I Shoot Dikke Jo" with the Tuvan throat singing ensemble Huun-Huur-Tu. Vanthilt tried to gain musical fame with two other groups: "The Yéh-yéhs" and "Groep Z". Both stints were unsuccessful, he designed the album cover of Clouseau's record En Dans. In the early 1980s Vanthilt worked for VPRO on Dutch television. One of the projects he worked on was the presentation of Big Fun In The Big Town, a documentary about Hip hop music, credited for making the genre popular in the Netherlands, it became available on DVD in 2012. From 1987 to 1990, Vanthilt lived in London. There he became a VJ for the new music station MTV Europe, his most famous programme there was "Cokes & Vanthilt", which he presented in co-operation with Ray Cokes.

The two got together again on New Year's Eve 2008 for a one time show on Belgian network Canvas. From 1996 to 1998, Vanthilt moved in pursuit of his wife, he tried to launch an acting career, but was unsuccessful. He can be seen as a supporting actor in an episode of Friends. After he divorced his wife, he returned to Belgium, he wrote columns and was reporter for the magazine Panorama. He bundled his columns in a book, called Ha! Merika! and adapted it to a theatre show. From 1998 onwards, Vanthilt became involved with the media in Belgium on Flemish radiostation Studio Brussel and TV-station Eén. On TV, he hosted various shows, such as quizzes, his most famous quiz was perhaps'Tien voor Taal', a language-centered quiz, which he co-hosted with Dutch presenter Anita Witzier. He had a short stint with vtm, for which he hosted'Tilt', but soon returned to the VRT, he further hosted reality show "Wit in Vegas", in which he accompanied couples wanting to get married in Las Vegas. On 26 November 2005, Vanthilt co-hosted the Junior Eurovision Song Conteset with Maureen Louys.

In recent years, Vanthilt has appeared on screen as a talkshow host. From 2006 to 2009 he appeared as a weekly guest in late night talkshow "De laatste show", he continued on to host the summer talkshow Zomer 2007 and Zomer 2008, in alternation with Ben Crabbé. Since 2009 he has Villa Vanthilt; these shows are recorded in a makeshift studio in a Flemish city. In 2009, the cities chosen were Hasselt, he has since started the 2011-season of Villa Vanthilt, five weeks in Dendermonde and five weeks in Roeselare. His program is scheduled to run to the end of August. Since 2009, Vanthilt hosts Ook getest op mensen, a TV show focusing on health related consumer issues, his most important radio show was "Was het nu 70, 80 of 90", but he hosted the "Album 100"

Cherry blossom front

The cherry blossom front refers to the advance of the cherry blossoms across Japan. The Japan Meteorological Agency records the opening and full bloom of the blossoms from Kyūshū in late March to Hokkaidō in the middle of May; the advancing front is the subject of regular reports by the major news agencies. The cherry blossom is of great public interest in Japan thanks to its symbolism and the custom of flower viewing known as hanami. From 1951 the Japan Meteorological Agency produced forecasts for the Kantō region and from 1955 for the whole of Japan excepting Okinawa and the Amami Islands. From 2010, the Agency left forecasting to the private sector although it continues to observe and determine the impact of the climate upon the flowering of the cherry; the forecast is based on the Arrhenius equation, with the formula DTS = exp ⁡, where T is the mean day temperature in kelvins, DTS represents the number of days transformed to standard temperature. The day of opening is defined as the point at which at least five to six flowers have opened on the sample tree.

The day of full bloom is. The Yoshino cherry is observed since, from the late Edo period, it has been planted across the archipelago. Sample trees include the Higan cherry in the south and Prunus sargentii in the north. In 2006 it was reported that the cherry blossoms might overtake the plum blossoms before reaching Hokkaidō. There are fifty-nine sample trees at any one time. Successor junior trees are selected from among prospective candidates when an incumbent becomes too old or is otherwise incapacitated. For instance, the sample tree in Mito collapsed under the weight of snow in 2005, while that at the southern tip of Ishigaki Island was felled by a typhoon a year later; the fifty-nine sample trees are located across Japan, corresponding to the sites of the Agency's principal weather stations: Okinawa: Ishigaki, Miyako-jima, Minamidaitō Kyūshū/Yamaguchi: Fukuoka, Shimonoseki, Ōita, Saga, Miyazaki, Amami Shikoku: Takamatsu, Matsuyama, Kōchi Chūgoku: Hiroshima, Matsue, Tottori Kinki: Ōsaka, Hikone, Kyōto, Kobe, Wakayama Tōkai: Nagoya, Gifu, Tsu Kantō: Tōkyō, Utsunomiya, Kumagaya, Chōshi, Nagano, Kōfu Hokuriku: Niigata, Kanazawa, Fukui Tōhoku: Sendai, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima Hokkaidō: Sapporo, Asahikawa, Obihiro, Muroran, Hakodate.

Hanami Ueno Park 2012 day of opening 2012 day of full bloom 2011 day of opening 2011 day of full bloom JMA flowering data, 1953-2010