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Arkansas County, Arkansas

Arkansas County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,019. Located in the Arkansas Delta, the county has De Witt and Stuttgart; the first of the state's 75 present-day counties to be created, Arkansas County was formed on December 13, 1813, when this area was part of the Missouri Territory. The county was named after the Arkansas River; this was split off from Missouri Territory and admitted to the union as a state. The riverfront areas in the Arkansas Delta were developed for cotton plantations, based on the use of enslaved African Americans. Cotton was the major commodity crop after the Civil War. Other crops such as soybeans are cultivated now, in industrial-scale production. Arkansas County is one of seven present-day counties in the United States that have the same name as the state in which they are located; the county was created by the Missouri Territorial Legislature on December 31, 1813. It was called Arkansas after the Arkansas River, the Arkansas tribe of Native Americans.

It is one of seven current counties. Its original boundaries were New Madrid County to the north, Louisiana to the south, the Mississippi River to the east, the Indian Boundary Line south of Fort Clark to the west; the county seat was moved from Arkansas Post to DeWitt, a newly established town created at the request of the Arkansas County Quorum Court on February 19, 1853. County government held court for the first time in DeWitt in October 1855; this area was developed for cotton plantations through the antebellum period, based on the labor of enslaved African-American workers. Major planters earned considerable wealth with the commodity crop. Citizens of the county supported the Secession Convention to discuss secession from the Union in 1861 by an 80% to 20% margin; the anti-immediate secession delegates negotiated a compromise to put the question on the statewide ballot in August, but to remain in the Union. Following President Abraham Lincoln's request for troops following the Battle of Fort Sumter, citizens of several counties, including Arkansas County, formed a militia and stormed Little Rock to serve the Confederate government.

Arkansas County sent two companies of militia to Little Rock to serve in what would become the 1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment: Company H, known as "The Crockett Rifles", Company K, known as "The DeWitt Guards". A third company would join the 6th Arkansas Infantry Regiment as the "Dixie Grays". In the post-Reconstruction era, whites directed considerable violence against African Americans, in an effort to restore and maintain white supremacy after Democrats regained power. At the turn of the century, the state legislature passed measures that disenfranchised most blacks for decades; the Equal Justice Initiative reported in 2015 that the county had 18 lynchings of African Americans from 1877-1950, most in the decades near the turn of the 20th century. This was the highest of any county other than Phillips, where the Elaine Race Riot is believed to have resulted in more than 200 deaths of African Americans. To escape the violence and social oppression, thousands of African Americans left the state in the Great Migration to northern industrial cities.

They migrated beginning around World War I, increasing the number leaving during and after World War II, when rural jobs had been reduced. Arkansas County is located in the Arkansas Delta a subregion of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, a flat area consisting of rich, fertile sediment deposits from the Mississippi River between Louisiana and Illinois. Within the Delta, Arkansas County is entirely within the Grand Prairie subregion a flat grassland plain underlain by an impermeable clay layer. Prior to the 19th century, flatter areas with to slowly permeable soils supported Arkansas's largest prairie, covered in prairie grasses and forbs, with oaks covering the low hills and ridges, pockets of floodplains with bottomland hardwood forests; this region was a sharp contrast to the bottomland forests that once dominated other parts of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain. Cropland has now replaced the native vegetation. Distinctively, rice is the main crop; the rice fields provide many species of waterfowl.

Two different eco-regions border the Grand Prairie along the major rivers forming the county's east and southern boundaries: the Arkansas River Holocene Meander Belt and the Western Lowlands Holocene Meanders. These areas of flat floodplain contain the meander belts of the present and past watercourses, point bars, natural levees and abandoned river channels; some of the most extensive remaining tracts of native bottomland hardwood forest in the Mississippi Alluvial Plain remain along these rivers. Along the banks of the White River in Arkansas County, these forests are preserved in the White River National Wildlife Refuge. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,033.79 square miles, of which 988.49 square miles is land and 45.30 square miles is water. The county is located 55 miles east of Little Rock, 112 miles southwest of Memphis, 367 miles northeast of the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex in Texas. Arkansas County is surrounded by Prairie County to the n

J. Kim Sessums

Joey Kim Sessums is an American artist and physician, best known for his sculptures. Sessums resides in Mississippi. Sessums earned his medical degree at the University of Mississippi; the University installed his six-foot statue of University of Mississippi football coach Johnny Vaught on the campus. Andrew Wyeth offered to pose for Sessums; when the sculpture was finished, Wyeth remarked, We've done it. I think we've got something here; this is. The other works just didn't have the bite. Sessums' sculptures of Wyeth, Eudora Welty and Billy Graham were parts of those individuals' personal collections. Sessums was honored with a Mississippi Senate resolution in 2004 for his work on the recently dedicated African-American Monument in the Vicksburg National Military Park, commissioned by the National Park Service. Sessums sculpted the Cellular South Howell Trophy, given to the top four-year college men's basketball player in Mississippi, he sculptured the Cellular South Gillom Trophy, given to the top four-year college women's basketball player in Mississippi.

Sessums has four children with Kristy. His daughter named Joey Sessums, is a pediatric dentist. Though he is best known as an artist, he maintains his medical practice, his brother is writer Kevin Sessums. Official website


A diradical in organic chemistry is a molecular species with two electrons occupying degenerate molecular orbitals. The term "diradical" is used to describe organic compounds, where most diradical are reactive and in fact isolated. Diradicals are even-electron molecules but have one fewer bond than the number permitted by the octet rule. Diradicals are triplets; the phrases singlet and triplet are derived from the multiplicity of states of diradicals in electron spin resonance: a singlet diradical has one state and exhibits no signal in EPR and a triplet diradical has 3 states and shows in EPR 2 peaks. The triplet state is paramagnetic; the singlet state is diamagnetic. The degeneracy of each state can be found with Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity: 2S + 1. Stable, diradicals include singlet oxygen and triplet oxygen. Other important diradicals are certain nitrenes. Lesser known diradicals are nitrenium ions, carbon chains and organic so-called non-Kekulé molecules in which the electrons reside on different carbon atoms.

In inorganic chemistry, the concept of diradical is not applied although many metal complexes have triplet ground states. "Diradicals". Pedersen, S.. H.. "The Validity of the "Diradical" Hypothesis: Direct Femtoscond Studies of the Transition-State Structures". Science. 266: 1359–1364. Bibcode:1994Sci...266.1359P. Doi:10.1126/science.266.5189.1359. PMID 17772843. Zewail, A. H.. "Femtochemistry: Atomic-Scale Dynamics of the Chemical Bond Using Ultrafast Lasers". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 39: 2586–2631. Doi:10.1002/1521-377339:15<2586::AID-ANIE2586>3.0. CO. PMID 10934390

Michael Mongillo

Michael Mongillo is an American feature film director and producer. He is best known for the 2007 mockumentary Being Michael Madsen, selected for screenings at the Denver Film Festival and the Raindance Film Festival. Mongillo founded Mean Time Productions in 1997; the production company credits include the Shriekfest award-winning psychological thriller The Wind, the sci-fi dramedy Welcome to Earth, the mockumentary Being Michael Madsen, the supernatural whodunit Diane. His work has screened worldwide, including the Denver Film Festival, the Raindance Film Festival, San Francisco Independent, the New Filmmakers Series, receiving positive press from The New York Times, BoxOffice, Fangoria, LA Weekly, Time Out, Film Threat and others. Mongillo has directed several shorts, music videos, commercials. Mongillo co-founded the annual New Haven Underground Film Festival, launched with Todd Dzicek in 2004. In 2009, Mongillo spearheaded its rebranding as the Maverick Movie Awards and, with Dick Boland, engaged in forming a diverse network of entertainment industry professionals to participate in this international “filmmakers honoring filmmakers” cooperative.

Its exponential growth precipitated Maverick Awards for the films Sound City, The Imposter, The Maiden Danced to Death, more celebrated features and shorts. Mongillo departed the MMA in 2013 to devote more time to his pursuits as a filmmaker. In 1993, Mongillo wrote the comic book The Philistine and co-creator Michael Zittel illustrated the series; the super-spy-turned-superhero saga was distributed by One Shot Press, which went out of business after publishing only three of the six issues in the mini-series. The Philistine was revived a decade by United Comics and the original mini-series plus several subsequent stories were released as a graphic novel anthology in 2003. In 2012, Mongillo wrote the graphic novel The Lost Girl with artwork by Rob Ten Pas; this fantasy-horror romance was released by Arcana Studio and in 2015 it was republished in Heavy Metal and digital. Along with Chris Wiedemann, Bobby Judkins, John Thudium, Mongillo was a founding member of the Rock band, 50 Feet Tall, a mainstay of NYC's original music scene in the'90s.

Band highlights include a release on Deep Elm Records with positive reviews from Alternative Press, CMJ, Hits and more. Michael Mongillo on IMDb Home page of Mean Time Productions

Grand Trunk Pacific dock

The Grand Trunk Pacific dock was a shipping pier in Seattle, Washington. The original pier was built in 1910 and was destroyed in a fire in 1914; the pier was rebuilt and continued in existence until 1964, when it was dismantled. The area where the pier stood is now part of the Seattle terminal of the Washington State Ferry system; the Grand Trunk Pacific dock was located at the foot of Madison Street. The dock area had been used a wharf for the steamship Flyer; the Grand Trunk Pacific dock was located to the north of Colman Dock, with the small U-shaped dock for the West Seattle ferry in between. To the north of the Grand Trunk dock was used by the Seattle fire department's fireboat Duwamish; the next pier north of the Seattle fire boat dock was the still existing Pier 54 known as Pier 3 or the Galbraith dock. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway dock stood just north of Colman Dock at the foot of Marion Street; the original dock was built in 1910 as the largest wooden pier on the West Coast. Construction of the dock required 5,000 timber pilings and 3,700,000 board feet of lumber.

As built, the dock had a prominent tower on the water end, 130 ft high. The upper story of the dock was used for offices; the dock was built by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, a Canadian company that built the second Canadian transcontinental railway and that had interests in steamship lines. In 1910, the company had two new steamships built, the Prince Rupert and the Prince George, which used the Grand Trunk dock as their Seattle terminal; the Prince Rupert and the Prince George each could carry 1,500 day passengers, had 220 staterooms for longer runs. The Grand Trunk Railway employed them in competition with the steamships of the Canadian Pacific Railway on the "Triangle Route", which ran between Seattle and Vancouver, British Columbia; the Grand Trunk liners ran from the dock to the railway line's western terminus in Prince Rupert, British Columbia. The liners arrived in 1910 though the first train did not reach Prince Rupert until 1914. On July 30, 1914, the dock was destroyed by massive fire.

One source reports that the cause was a spark from a cigarette or cigar landing in a pile of sawdust. When the fire broke out, two vessels were moored alongside, the wooden inland steamboat Athlon and the coastal steamship Admiral Farragut. According to one source, Athlon's engineer first noticed the fire at about 3:00 pm, he alerted the Seattle Fire Department. Another source says that it was the wharfinger who noticed the fire at about 3:40 pm and raised the alarm. Although the fire spread through the dock, fueled by the creosote-saturated piers and timbers of the pier, both Athlon and Admiral Farragut were brought off the dock without damage. Engine Company No. 5 of the Seattle Fire Department responded to the alarm and drove out on the dock. According to the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, "'they said they were just standing there – and the air around them seemed to turn to flame; the fire engine's fuel tank, holding fifty gallons of gasoline, burning many of the firemen. Two firemen, Patrick Cooper and John Stokes, were trapped in the fire.

Badly burned, both had to jump into the water to safe themselves. Cooper died three days and Stokes was never able to return to full duty as a fireman. Fire companies responded from all around the city; the fireboats Duwamish and Snoqualmie fought the fire, with the aid of the revenue cutter Unalga they were able to keep the fire from destroying the adjacent Colman Dock, although that dock did sustain $10,000 in damages. Five people died and 29 more, including 10 firemen, were injured; the fire burned for two hours, attracted a large number of onlookers, including the mayor of Seattle. Some people took advantage of the fire to loot nearby businesses, including Ye Olde Curiosity Shop, a business still in existence as of 2014, located at Colman Dock. A replacement dock, without a watchtower, was promptly built, survived until 1964, when it was replaced by waiting area for automobiles boarding ferries at the new ferry terminal. In 1917, the new dock measured 605 by 116 feet, with 1,200 feet of berthing space, with a cargo storage capacity of 12,000 tons.

There was a storage room on the second floor of the warehouse, served by an elevator with a 400 ton capacity. The wharf as it existed in 1917 was said to have been "semi-fireproof." There were a depressed railway track for loading freight cars. There were waiting rooms on the street end. Like Colman Dock, the Grand Trunk dock had an overhead bridge to the Seattle business district. Depth of water alongside the dock was 55 feet. Heavy construction costs and economic dislocation during World War I caused the bankruptcy of the Grand Trunk Pacific in 1920; the line was taken over by the government of Canada and operated as a division of the Canadian National Railway. In 1927, the Kitsap County Transportation Company and Puget Sound Freight Lines formed a joint venture company called the Ferry Dock Company, which took out a long-term lease on the Grand Trunk Pacific dock, in a rundown condition; the dock for both lines. In 1929, the stockholders of KCTC and PSFL reached agreement with Wilbur B. Foshay to sell their companies, including the Ferry Dock Company, to Foshay, assembling a utility and transportation business empire.

Foshay however was financially ruined in the October 1929 stock market crash and the transaction never went through. In August 1930, the Canadian Pacific Railway began using the Grand Trunk Pacific dock as the Seattle terminal for their ships on the Seattle-Victoria-Vancouver, Br

Dale Murray (musician)

Dale Murray is a Canadian singer-songwriter and musician. He is a guitarist and vocalist for the indie rock band Cuff the Duke, releases solo material under his own name. Murray resides in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, is the nephew of Anne Murray. In the late 1990s, along with Ruth Minnikin and Matt Mays, Murray formed The Guthries, they released two albums, Off Windmill in 2000, the self-titled The Guthries in 2002. The band toured extensively throughout Canada and the UK. Following the release of their second album, the band members each began pursuing solo projects, have not released another Guthries album. Murray released his first solo album, Brighter Lives, Darker Side, in 2005. In 2005, Nathan Lawr, Ryan Bishops, Ruth Minnikin and Kate Maki participated in two national concert tours, A Midautumn Night's Dream and A Midwinter Night's Dream, which were inspired by Bob Dylan's Rolling Thunder Revue; the five musicians recorded limited edition albums for sale on each tour. In late 2005, Murray became a member of Cuff the Duke.

In 2008, Murray toured extensively with Cuff the Duke acting as Hayden's backing band. Murray has played on many records as guest artist; the following records are those on which he is credited as a contributing band member or composer. Yarn – Booming Airplanes Put Paul First – Paul Bellini Off Windmill – The Guthries The Guthries – The Guthries La Nouvelle Gauche – The Hylozoists Matt Mays – Matt Mays Talkin' Honky Blues – Buck 65 EP – Ruth Minnikin Marooned and Blue – Ruth Minnikin The Sun Will Find Us – Kate Maki Brighter Lives, Darker Side – Dale Murray Secret House Against the World – Buck 65 The Life and Hard Times of Guy Terrifico Matt Mays & El Torpedo – Matt Mays & El Torpedo Cuff the Duke – Cuff the Duke Secret Carpentry – Nathan Lawr La Fin du Monde – The Hylozoists When the Angels Make Contact – Matt Mays Sidelines of the City – Cuff the Duke Little JabsTwo Hours Traffic Orchestra for the Moon – Jenn Grant On High – Kate Maki In Field & Town – Hayden Terminal Romance – Matt Mays & El Torpedo The Heavy Blinkers – The Heavy Blinkers Better Weather – The Heavy Blinkers The Night and I Are Still So Young – The Heavy Blinkers Hopeful Monster – Hopeful Monster Can't Sleep This One Off – Adam Puddington For the Meantime – Adam Puddington Back in Town – Adam Puddington Nothing Is Where It Was – Norma MacDonald Country Soul – The Hurtin' Unit Bottom of a Heart – Sherry Ryan Lost Balloons – Caledonia Wandering Midnight – Gabe Minnikin Things Have ChangedDavid Myles Nothing Stays the Same – Jason Haywood Songs of Brendan Flynn – Brendan Flynn Emergence – Dave Carmichael Miss Canada – Little Miss Moffat You Ain't Getting My Country – The Divorcees Two Hearts – Christina Martin Cuff the Duke