Arkansas Highway 16
Highway 16 is an east–west state highway in Arkansas. The route begins in Siloam Springs at US Highway 412 and Highway 59 and runs east through Fayetteville and the Ozark National Forest to US Highway 67 Business in Searcy. Highway 16 was created during the 1926 Arkansas state highway numbering, today serves as a narrow, winding, 2-lane road except for overlaps of 10 miles through Fayetteville. Much of the highway winds through the Ozarks, including the Ozark National Forest, where a portion of the highway is designated as an Arkansas Scenic Byway; the route has a short spur route in Siloam Springs designated as Highway 16 Spur. Highway 16 begins 3 miles from the Oklahoma border; the highway's western terminus is US 412/AR 59 in a commercial area. Highway 16 continues southeast, exiting the city and becoming a steep, winding road through the oak-hickory forest. Near the Washington County line, Highway 16 enters a small segment of the Ozark National Forest disconnected from the larger section of the forest north of Russellville.
At the county line, Highway 16 serves as the eastern terminus of Highway 244, runs east along the county line as a section line road. In Washington County, Highway 16 continues east in the National Forest, serving the Lake Wedington Recreation Area, which contains the Lake Wedington Historic District, crossing the Illinois River, the eastern boundary of the National Forest, near Savoy, it continues to wind through sparsely populated forested land, passing the unincorporated community of Wedington Woods before entering Fayetteville, the third-largest city in Arkansas and county seat of Washington County. In west Fayetteville, Highway 16 becomes a four-lane highway with paved median, used as a two-way left turn lane, known as Wedington Drive; the highway is a principal arterial in the City of Fayetteville's 2011 Master Street Plan. A focal point of growth in the developing Northwest Arkansas region, the Wedington Corridor has been subject to much planning and discussion in Fayetteville over the years, subject to biannual neighborhood planning charrettes by a broad group of Fayetteville stakeholders.
The area was annexed into Fayetteville in pieces beginning in 1967, with the combination of a variety of land uses and zonings resulting in rapid growth, heavy traffic congestion, limited pedestrian facilities. Highway 16 meets Interstate 49 and unsigned US 71/US 62, beginning a southbound concurrency until exit 62. Highway 16 continues along an unsigned concurrency via Highway 180 eastbound to Highway 112, where it turns southbound near the entrance to the University of Arkansas. Highway 16 and Highway 112 continue south past Baum Stadium to an intersection, where Highway 16 turns east onto Fifteenth Street; the highway has a junction with US 71 Business, shortly thereafter a signalized crossing of the Razorback Greenway near Walker Park before continuing east as a two-lane road. Highway 16 gives access to the Fayetteville Industrial Park before becoming Huntsville Road, serving as the southern terminus of Highway 265. In east Fayetteville, Highway 16 crosses Lake Sequoyah, begins paralleling the lake's source stream, the White River, for 35 miles to its headwaters near Pettigrew.
The route enters Elkins, serves as the terminus of Highway 74, continues south past Stokenbury Cemetery, Elkins High School, the Elkins Public Library, the Elkins School District Central Office before exiting the town heading southeast. Highway 16 passes through the unincorporated community of Durham before entering Madison County. In the sparsely populated county, Highway 16 winds eastward near Cannon Creek, where it passes a former alignment, including a former bridge listed on the National Register of Historic Places, before continuing through several unincorporated communities, intersecting segments of Highway 295 at Crosses and Combs before intersecting Highway 23 at Brashears; this junction is the northern terminus of the Pig Trail Scenic Byway along Highway 23, an Arkansas Scenic Byway. The two highways form a concurrency through St. Paul. Northeast of the town, Highway 16 breaks from Highway 23 to the east; the area is sparsely populated with little development. Highway 16 serves as the northern boundary for the White Rock Wildlife Management Area within the Ozark National Forest, with access to hunting, fishing and hiking from various county roads at Dutton, Pettigrew and Red Star.
Shortly after entering Newton County, Highway 16 intersects Highway 21 at Fallsville, the two routes begin a concurrency heading northeast. They pass the Glory Hole Trail, a popular waterfall at the end of a hiking trail along an old logging road, the southern edge of the Upper Buffalo Wilderness, which contains the famous Hawksbill Crag hiking trail; the overlap is designated as part of the Ozark Highlands Scenic Byway, a state scenic byway connecting the Ozark National Forest and the Buffalo National River. The concurrency ends at Edwards Junction, Highway 16 continues east through forested land as the northern boundary of the Piney Creeks Wildlife Management Area, owned by the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, passing through Deer before a junction with a third scenic byway. Highway 16 forms an overlap southward with Highway 7 to Lurton, where the routes begin an overlap with Highway 123 and enters Pope County near Sand Gap; the concurrency ends at Sand Gap, with Highway
Arkansas Highway 25
Arkansas Highway 25 is a northeast–southwouthwest state highway in north central Arkansas. The route runs 85.66 miles from US 64 in Conway to US 63/412 in Black Rock through Greers Ferry and the foothills of The Ozarks. AR 25 begins in Conway at US 64. Near Conway, it is a local route with no direct access to Interstate 40. A I-40 exit west of AR 25 is marked as AR 25 North, but the road serving it is called US 64 Spur. From Conway, the road runs north to Wooster; the route overlaps US 65 for several miles north of Greenbrier continues northeast, meeting AR 107 and AR 225 before entering Quitman. AR 25 continues diagonally northeast, meeting Little Rock Road near Heber Springs. A business loop and two spur routes both serve Heber Springs. AR 25 continues north with AR 5, a partnership named Heber Springs Road, until AR 5 departs at Wolf Bayou. AR 87 joins AR 25 in nearby Concord. Entering Independence County, AR 25 meets AR 14 in Locust Grove; the route meets US 167 just north of the Batesville Municipal Airport in south Batesville.
In central Batesville, AR 25 meets AR 69 before exiting town headed due east. AR 122 meets AR 25 near Cord. AR 25 runs north until AR 230 in Strawberry, followed by a meeting and concurrency with AR 361 from Lynn to Black Rock. In Black Rock, AR 25 ends at US 63 and US 412. Except where it coincides with U. S. 65 at Greenbrier and U. S. Highway 167 at Batesville, certain passing lanes, it is a two-lane highway; this hilly, curvy road is useful for those seeking the towns and recreational areas along it in the Greers Ferry Lake area. The segment between Conway and Wooster is a former route of U. S. 65. Before 1982 it included an east–west highway between U. S. Highway 63 2 miles southeast of Portia and the Missouri state line, where it continued into Missouri. In 1982 this road was redesignated as the anomalous U. S. Highway 412. Major towns along the road include Walnut Paragould; this section through the cotton country of eastern Arkansas was flat and straight, except where it passed through Crowley's Ridge west of Paragould.
Its eastern terminus was the Missouri state line at the St. Francis River, where it continued as Missouri Route 25 toward Kennett, Missouri; some sources continue to claim. Though this was the original west end of U. S. 412 when established in 1982 from Highway 25 east of Walnut Ridge, it was extended west across Arkansas along the former Black Rock-Walnut Ridge segment of Highway 25, thus truncating Highway 25 at Black Rock where it meets the present U. S. 63-412 concurrency. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 25 at Wikimedia Commons
Interstate 40 is a major east-west Interstate Highway running through the south-central portion of the United States north of I-10, I-20 and I-30 but south of I-70. The western end is at I-15 in California. S. Route 117 and North Carolina Highway 132 in Wilmington, North Carolina, it is the third-longest Interstate Highway in the United States, behind I-80 and I-90. Much of the western part of I-40, from Oklahoma City to Barstow parallels or overlays the historic US 66, east of Oklahoma City the route parallels US 64 and US 70. I-40 runs through many major cities including New Mexico. Though I-40 is a cross-country east-west interstate, it does not nearly touch both oceans or coasts like I-10, I-80 and I-90 does; the eastern terminus touches near the Atlantic Ocean, but the western terminus doesn't touch the Pacific Ocean. Interstate 40 is a major east–west route of the Interstate Highway System, its western end is in California. Known as the Needles Freeway, it heads east from Barstow across the Mojave Desert in San Bernardino County to Needles, before it crosses into Arizona southwest of Kingman.
I-40 covers 155 miles in California. A sign in California showing the distance to Wilmington, North Carolina has been stolen several times. Interstate 40 is a main route to the South Rim of the Grand Canyon, with the exits leading into Grand Canyon National Park in Williams and Flagstaff. I-40 covers 359 mi in Arizona. Just west of exit 190, west of Flagstaff, is its highest elevation along I-40 in the U. S. as the road crosses just over 7,320 ft. I-40 passes through the Navajo Nation, the largest Indian reservation in the U. S. I-40 covers 374 miles in New Mexico. Notable cities along I-40 include Gallup, Albuquerque, Santa Rosa, Tucumcari. I-40 travels through several different Indian reservations in the western half of the state, it reaches its highest point of 7,275 feet at the Continental Divide in western New Mexico between Gallup and Grants. Arizona, New Mexico, Texas are the only three states where I-40 has a speed limit of 75 mph instead of 70 mph which happens in California, Arkansas and North Carolina.
In the west Texas panhandle area, there are several ranch roads connected directly to the interstate. One of the marked at-grade crossings is shown to the right; the only major city in Texas, directly served by I-40 is Amarillo, which connects with Interstate 27 that runs south toward Lubbock. I-40 has only one welcome center in the state, located in Amarillo at the exit for Rick Husband Amarillo International Airport, serving both sides of the interstate. Interstate 40 goes through the heart of the state, passing through many Oklahoma cities and towns, including Erick, Elk City, Weatherford, El Reno, Oklahoma City, Del City, Midwest City, Okemah, Checotah and Roland. I-40 covers 331 miles in Oklahoma. In Downtown Oklahoma City, Interstate 40 was rerouted a mile south of its former alignment and a 10–lane facility replaced the former I-40 Crosstown Bridge. Interstate 40 runs for 284 miles in Arkansas; the route passes through Van Buren, where it intersects the southbound Interstate 540/US 71 to Fort Smith.
The route continues east to Alma to intersect Interstate 49 north to Arkansas. Running through the Ozark Mountains, I-40 serves Ozark, Russellville and Conway; the route turns south after Conway and enters North Little Rock, which brings high volume interchanges with Interstate 430, I-30/US 65/US 67/US 167, I-440/AR 440. The interstate continues east through Lonoke and West Memphis on the eastern side. Interstate 40 overlaps Interstate 55 in West Memphis before it crosses the Mississippi River on the Hernando de Soto Bridge and enters Memphis, Tennessee. More of Interstate 40 passes through 455 miles, than any other state; the interstate goes through all of the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee and its three largest cities, Memphis and Knoxville. Jackson, Cookeville and Newport are other notable cities and/or towns through which I-40 passes. Before leaving the state, I-40 enters the Great Smoky Mountains towards North Carolina; the section of Interstate 40 which runs between Memphis and Nashville is referred to as the Music Highway.
During reconstruction, a long section of I-40 through downtown Knoxville near the central Malfunction Junction was closed to traffic from May 1, 2008 and not reopened until June 12, 2009 with all traffic redirected via Interstate 640, the northern bypass route. The redesigned section now has additional lanes in each direction, is less congested, has fewer accidents. In North Carolina, I-40 travels 421 miles, it enters the state as a winding mountain freeway through the Great Smoky Mountains which closes due to landslides and weather conditions. It enters the state on a north-south alignment, turning to a more east-west alignment upon merging with U. S. Route 74 at the eastern terminus of the Great Smoky Mountains Expressway. From there the highway passes through Asheville and Statesville before reaching the Piedmont Triad. Just east of the Triad city of Greensboro, North Carolina it merges with I-85 and the two roads split again
Pulaski County, Arkansas
Pulaski County is a county in the U. S. state of Arkansas with a population of 392,664. Its county seat is Little Rock, Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties; the county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War. Pulaski County is included in the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 731,612 people in the 2015 census estimates; the Little Rock, North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area had 904,469 people in the 2015 census estimates. An 1863 American Civil War battle, the Battle of Bayou Fourche, occurred in Pulaski County. Pulaski County was home to Willow Springs Water Park, one of the oldest water parks in the nation, which opened in 1928 and closed in 2013. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 808 square miles, of which 760 square miles is land and 48 square miles is water.
I-30 I-40 Future I-57 I-430 I-440 I-530 I-630 U. S. Highway 65 U. S. Highway 67 U. S. Highway 70 U. S. Highway 165 U. S. Highway 167 Highway 5 Highway 10 Highway 100 Highway 161 Highway 300 Highway 338 Highway 365 Highway 367 Faulkner County Lonoke County Grant County Jefferson County Saline County Perry County Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site I-30 Speedway As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 361,474 people, 147,942 households, 95,718 families residing in the county; the population density was 469 people per square mile. There were 161,135 housing units at an average density of 209 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.96% White, 31.87% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, 1.40% from two or more races. 2.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 147,942 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.90% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.30% were non-families.
30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,120, the median income for a family was $46,523. Males had a median income of $33,131 versus $25,943 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,466. About 10.40% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.90% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over. The Arkansas Department of Correction Wrightsville Unit is in Wrightsville. Pulaski County is one of the most Democratic counties in the Southern United States.
The city of North Little Rock was ranked the most liberal community in the state. In the Reconstruction Era following the Civil War, Republicans carried the county in every presidential election from 1868 to 1892. Since Republicans have only won the county four times: 1956, 1972, 1984, 1988; the Pulaski County Special School District is the county's public school district for 729 square miles surrounding Little Rock and North Little Rock, which maintain independent districts. The Little Rock School District and North Little Rock School District. Pulaski Technical College is a two-year community college and technical school that offers seven locations throughout the county, including a flagship campus in western North Little Rock. Four-year postsecondary institutions include the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, the University of Arkansas System's only metropolitan campus, the United Methodist Church-affiliated Philander Smith College, Arkansas Baptist College, the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences — all located in Little Rock.
Cammack Village Jacksonville Little Rock Maumelle North Little Rock Sherwood Wrightsville Cabot Alexander Crystal Hill Gravel Ridge Ironton Mabelvale Marche Woodyardville Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. Pulaski County only has two townships, as of 2010, they are listed below. List of lakes in Pulaski County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Pulaski County, Arkansas Pulaski County Government Pulaski County, Arkansas entry on the Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
A state highway, state road, or state route is a road, either numbered or maintained by a sub-national state or province. A road numbered by a state or province falls below numbered national highways in the hierarchy. Roads maintained by a state or province include both nationally numbered highways and un-numbered state highways. Depending on the state, "state highway" may be used for one meaning and "state road" or "state route" for the other. In some countries such as New Zealand, the word "state" is used in its sense of a sovereign state or country. By this meaning a state highway is a road maintained and numbered by the national government rather than local authorities. Australia's State Route system covers urban and inter-regional routes that are not included in the National Route or the National Highway systems; these routes are marked with a blue shield. Sometimes a state route may be formed. Most states and territories have introduced an alphanumeric route numbering system, either or replacing the previous systems.
Brazil is another country, divided into states and has state highways. Canada is divided into provinces and territories, each of which maintains its own system of provincial or territorial highways, which form the majority of the country's highway network. There is the national transcontinental Trans-Canada Highway system, marked by distinct signs, but has no uniform numeric designation across the country. In some provinces, for instance, an unnumbered Trans-Canada route marker is posted below a numbered provincial sign, with the provincial route continuing alone outside the Trans-Canada Highway section. In others, Trans-Canada routes are co-signed with major provincial highways, displayed as a single numbered Trans-Canada route marker. Canada has a designated National Highway System, but the system is unsigned, aside from the Trans-Canada routes. In Germany, state roads are a road class, ranking below the federal road network; the responsibility for road planning and maintenance is vested in the federal states of Germany.
Most federal states use the term Landesstraße, while for historical reasons Saxony and Bavaria use the term Staatsstraße. The appearance of the shields differs from state to state; the term Lande-s-straße should not be confused with Landstraße, which describes every road outside built-up areas and is not a road class. Italy's Strade Statali extend for some 18,000 km, overseen by the Azienda Nazionale Autonoma delle Strade founded in 1946, replacing the A. A. S. S. of 1928. State highways in India are numbered highways that are maintained by state governments. Mexico's State Highway System is a system of urban and state routes constructed and maintained by each Mexican state; the main purpose of the state networks is to serve as a feeder system to the federal highway system. All states except the Federal District operate a road network; each state marks these routes with a white shield containing the abbreviated name of the state plus the route number. New Zealand state highways are national highways – the word "state" in this sense means "government" or "public", not a division of a country.
New Zealand's state highway system is a nationwide network of roads covering the North Island and the South Island. As of 2006, just under 100 roads have a "State Highway" designation; the NZ Transport Agency administers them. The speed limit for most state highways is 100 km/h, with reductions when one passes through a densely populated area; the highways in New Zealand were designated on a two-tier system and provincial, with national highways having a higher standard and funding priorities. Now all of them are state highways, the network consists of SH 1 running the length of both main islands, SH 2–5 and 10–58 in the North Island, SH 6–8 and 60–99 in the South Island. National and provincial highways are numbered north to south. State Highway 1 runs the length of both islands. Local highways are the next important roads under the National highways; the number has three, or four dights. Highways with two-digit numbers routes are called State-funded local highways. State highways are a mixture of primary and secondary roads, although some are freeways.
Each state has its own system for its own marker. The default marker is a white circle containing a black sans serif number, according to the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices; however each state is free to choose a different marker, most states have. States may choose a design theme relevant to its state to distinguish state route markers from interstate, county, or municipal route markers. Roads portal List of longest state highways in the United States List of numbered highways in the United States Interstate Highway System, U. S. Highway System Missouri supplemental route County highway Highways in Australia Numbered street
A concurrency in a road network is an instance of one physical roadway bearing two or more different route numbers. When two roadways share the same right-of-way, it is sometimes called commons. Other terminology for a concurrency includes overlap, duplex, multiplex, dual routing or triple routing. Concurrent numbering can become common in jurisdictions that allow it. Where multiple routes must pass between a single mountain crossing or over a bridge, or through a major city, it is economically and advantageous for them all to be accommodated on a single physical roadway. In some jurisdictions, concurrent numbering is avoided by posting only one route number on highway signs. Most concurrencies are a combination of two route numbers on the same physical roadway; this is practically advantageous as well as economically advantageous. Some countries allow for concurrencies to occur, others do not allow it to happen. In those nations which do permit concurrencies, it can become common. In these countries, there are a variety of concurrences.
An example of this is the concurrency of Interstate 70 and I-76 on the Pennsylvania Turnpike in western Pennsylvania. I-70 merges with the Pennsylvania Turnpike so the route number can continue east into Maryland. A triple Interstate concurrency is found in Wisconsin along the five-mile section of I-41, I-43, I-894 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; the concurrency of I-41 and I-43 on this roadway is an example of a wrong-way concurrency. The longest Interstate highway concurrency is I-90 for 265 miles across Indiana and Ohio. There are examples of eight-way concurrencies: I-465 around Indianapolis and Georgia State Route 10 Loop around downtown Athens, Georgia. Portions of the 53-mile I-465 overlap with I-74, US Highway 31, US 36, US 40, US 52, US 421, State Road 37 and SR 67—a total of eight other routes. Seven of the eight other designations overlap between exits 46 and 47 to create an eight-way concurrency. In the United States, concurrencies are marked by placing signs for both routes on the same or adjacent posts.
The federal Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices prescribes that when mounting these adjacent signs together that the numbers will be arranged vertically or horizontally in order of precedence. The order to be used is Interstate Highways, U. S. Highways, state highways, county roads, within each class by increasing numerical value. Several states do not have any concurrencies, instead ending routes on each side of one. There are several circumstances. One example occurs along the Oklahoma–Arkansas state line. At the northern end of this border Oklahoma State Highway 20 runs concurrently with Arkansas Highway 43 and the two highways run north–south along the boundary. Concurrencies are found in Canada. British Columbia Highway 5 continues east for 12 kilometres concurrently with Highway 1 and Highway 97, through Kamloops; this stretch of road, which carries Highway 97 south and Highway 5 north on the same lanes, is the only wrong-way concurrency in British Columbia. In Ontario, the Queen Elizabeth Way and Highway 403 run concurrently between Burlington and Oakville, forming the province's only concurrency between two 400-series highways.
The concurrency was not in the original plan which intended for both the QEW and Highway 403 to run parallel to each other, as the Hamilton–Brantford and Mississauga sections of Highway 403 were planned to be linked up along the corridor now occupied by Highway 407. It was planned for the Mississauga section of Highway 403 would be renumbered as Highway 410 but this never came to pass. Highway 403 was signed concurrently along the Queen Elizabeth Way in 2002, remedying the discontinuity to avoid confusing drivers that wanted to travel between the two segments without using the toll Highway 407. Nonetheless, many surface street signs referring to that section of freeway with the QEW/Highway 403 concurrency still only use the highway's original designation of QEW, although the MTO has updated route markers on the QEW to reflect the concurrency. In the United Kingdom, routes do not run concurrently with others. Where this would occur, the roadway takes the number of only one of the routes, while the other routes are considered to have a gap and are signed in brackets.
An example is the meeting of the M60 and the M62 northwest of Manchester: the motorways coincide for the seven miles between junctions 12 and 18 but the motorway between those points is only designated as the M60. European route numbers as designated by UNECE may have concurrencies, but since the E-route numbers are unsigned and unused in the UK, the existence of these concurrencies is purely theoretical. In Sweden and Denmark, the most important highways use only the European route numbers that have cardinal directions. In Sweden the E6 and E20 run concurrently for 280 kilometres. In Denmark the E47 and E55 run concurrently for 157 kilometres. There are more shorter concurrencies. There are two stretches in Sweden