U.S. Route 64 in Arkansas
U. S. Route 64 is a U. S. highway running from Teec Nos Pos, Arizona east to Nags Head, North Carolina. In the U. S. state of Arkansas, the route runs 246.35 miles from the Oklahoma border in Fort Smith east to the Tennessee border in Memphis. The route passes through several cities and towns, including Fort Smith, Russellville, Conway and West Memphis. US 64 runs parallel to Interstate 40 until Conway. US 64 crosses Arkansas' western border over the Arkansas River, heading southeast into downtown Ft. Smith. Upon entry to Arkansas, the highway passes the Fort Smith National Historic Site, Ft. Smith Confederate Monument, Commercial Hotel and the West Garrison Avenue Historic District, all on the National Register of Historic Places; the highway turns northwest near the New Theatre, following the Arkansas and Missouri Railroad and concurring with US 71 Business onto 10th and 11th Streets. Westbound traffic runs on 10th St and eastbound traffic on 11th St past the Fort Smith Masonic Temple. Traffic converges onto Midland Boulevard.
US 64 crosses the Arkansas River again near the American Doughboy Monument as it enters Van Buren on Broadway. US 64 passes the Van Buren Post Office before turning east onto Main Street northeast again becoming the Alma Highway. US 64 passes a former alignment, now designated as Oak St. After Oak St, US 64 crosses I-540 and continues east to Alma. US 64 follows Interstate 40 until Conway, while closely following the Arkansas River, the Union Pacific Railroad, the southern edge of the Ozark National Forest. US 64 continues through mountainous Franklin County, intersecting the Pig Trail Scenic Byway in Ozark; the route passes the Franklin County Courthouse, the Ozark Courthouse Square Historic District in Ozark before exiting town continuing east. Route 64 passes a significant connector road in Wiederkehr Village before entering Altus and entering Johnson County. US 64 runs through Coal Hill and Hartman before curving northeast and crossing over I-40; the route continues to home of the University of the Ozarks.
The route passes the Johnson County Courthouse, historic American Legion Hut, Clarksville Municipal Airport, Lake Dardanelle before again crossing over I-40 and entering Pope County. US 64 parallels Interstate 40, through Russellville and Morrilton. In Faulkner County, it converges with U. S. Route 65B through Conway heading south before diverging from US 65 Business and Interstate 40 by turning east onto Oak Street; the highway next approaches Vilonia, following a southerly bypass around the city that opened in October 2011 and rejoining its prior alignment west of the White County line and continuing to El Paso, where it intersects Arkansas Highway 5. US 64 travels east to Beebe, where it entered town via Center Street and joined with US 67 and US 167; this former route along Center Street has since been resigned U. S. Route 67B, as all three US highways have been relocated to a concurrent divided highway northwest of Beebe. US 64 runs along this divided highway past McRae and Searcy, where its original route took it north along Main Street east along Race Avenue.
This former route is now signed U. S Route 67B. US 64, 67, 167 were rerouted southeast of Searcy along Eastline Road, now signed Arkansas Highway 367. All three highways continue to run northeast along a divided highway running parallel to Eastline Road. US 64 diverges from US 67 & 167 on the northeast side of Bald Knob, where its former route took it downtown along Highway Avenue, now signed Arkansas Highway 367. US 64 turns east toward the White River and Woodruff County, while the divided US 67 diverges northeast, US 167 diverges north. US 64 continues east through Augusta and McCrory, intersecting with US Route 49 at Fair Oaks and bypassing Wynne while in Cross County, proceeding into Crittenden County through Earle and Crawfordsville, until joining with Interstate 55 at Marion, its former route continued east along Military Road, turning south onto the Great River Road, converging with US Route 63, which has since been rerouted along Interstate 55. The former route is signed Arkansas Highway 77.
US 64 continues south to West Memphis, where its former route entered the city from the north via Missouri Street, turning east onto Broadway. Its current route turns east north of West Memphis as Interstates 55 and 40 converge, before entering Tennessee along the Interstate 55 bridge; each August, a large yard sale similar to the Highway 127 Corridor Sale takes place along 160 mi of US 64 in Arkansas, in locations stretching from Fort Smith to Beebe. Special routes of U. S. Route 64, six special routes of US 64 exist in Arkansas
Fort Smith, Arkansas
Fort Smith is the second-largest city in Arkansas and one of the two county seats of Sebastian County. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 86,209. With an estimated population of 88,037 in 2017, it is the principal city of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region of 298,592 residents that encompasses the Arkansas counties of Crawford and Sebastian, the Oklahoma counties of Le Flore and Sequoyah. Fort Smith has a sister city relationship with Cisterna, site of the World War II Battle of Cisterna, fought by United States Army Rangers commanded by Fort Smith native William O. Darby; the city has a mutual friendship-city relationship with Jining, China. Fort Smith lies on the Arkansas-Oklahoma state border, situated at the confluence of the Arkansas and Poteau rivers known as Belle Point. Fort Smith was established as a western frontier military post in 1817, when it was a center of fur trading; the city developed there. It became well known as a base for migrants' settling of the "Wild West" and for its law enforcement heritage.
In 2007, the city of Fort Smith was selected by the United States Department of the Interior as the site of the new United States Marshals Service National Museum, slated to open in 2019. This area was occupied for thousands of years by indigenous peoples, attracted to the advantageous site near the rivers, they used the waterways for transportation and trading, to supply fish and water for their villages. The French claimed this area as part of their New La Louisiane; some colonial fur traders traveled the Arkansas and other rivers to trade with the native American tribes. The United States acquired this territory and large areas west of the Mississippi River from France in the Louisiana Purchase. Soon after, the government sent the Pike Expedition to explore the areas along the Arkansas River; the US founded Fort Smith in 1817 as a military post. It was named after General Thomas Adams Smith, who commanded the United States Army Rifle Regiment in 1817, headquartered near St. Louis. General Smith had ordered Army topographical engineer Stephen H. Long to find a suitable site on the Arkansas River for a fort.
General Smith never visited the forts that bore his name. A stockade was built and occupied from 1817 until 1822 by a small troop of regulars commanded by Major William Bradford. A small settlement began forming around the fort, but the Army abandoned the first Fort Smith in 1824 and moved 80 miles further west to Fort Gibson. John Rogers, an Army sutler and land speculator, bought up former government-owned lands at this site and promoted growth of the new civilian town of Fort Smith. Due to the strategic location of this site, the federal government re-established a military presence at Fort Smith during the 1830s era of Indian Removal of tribes from the American Southeast to west of the Mississippi River in Indian Territory, now Oklahoma. In 1838 the Army moved back into the old military post near Belle Point, expanded the base, they used troops from their ancestral homelands in the Southeast. Remnants of the Five Civilized Tribes remained in the southeast, their descendants in some cases have reorganized and been federally recognized.
The Cherokee called the forced march the Trail of Tears, as many of their people and African-American slaves died along the way. The army enforced the removal of these peoples to the reserved Indian Territory, where the federal government granted them land. Many displaced Native Americans fell out of the march and settled in Fort Smith and adjoining Van Buren, Arkansas on the other side of the river; the US Army used Fort Smith as a base during the Mexican War. As a result, the US acquired large territories in the Southwest, annexed the Republic of Texas, independent for some years. Sebastian County was formed in 1851, separated from Crawford County north of the Arkansas River. In 1858, Fort Smith was designated as a Division Center of the Butterfield Overland Mail's 7th Division route across Indian Territory from Fort Smith to Texas and as a junction with the mail route from Memphis, Tennessee, an important port on the east side of the Mississippi River. During the early years of the U. S. Civil War, the fort was occupied by the Confederate Army.
Union troops under General Steele took control of Fort Smith on September 1, 1863. A small fight occurred there on July 31, 1864, but the Union army maintained command in the area until the war ended in 1865; as a result, many refugee slaves, Southern Unionists, others came here to escape the guerrilla warfare raging in Arkansas and the Border States. The slaves were freed under the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1863 by President Abraham Lincoln. Federal troops abandoned the post of Fort Smith for the last time in 1871; the town continued to thrive despite the absence of federal troops. Two of Fort Smith's most notable historic figures were Judge Isaac Parker and William Henry Harrison Clayton known as W. H. H. Clayton. In 1874, William Henry Harrison Clayton was appointed United States Attorney for the Western District of Arkansas by President Ulysses S. Grant. Fort Smith was a bustling community full of brothels and outlaws, just across the river from Indian Territory. William Clayton realized a strong judge would be necessary to bring order to the region.
He knew. But Judge Parker had been confirmed by the US Senate. With the help of President Grant and US Senator Powell Clayt
Van Buren, Arkansas
Van Buren is the second largest city in the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area and the county seat of Crawford County, United States. The city is located directly northeast of Fort Smith at the Interstate 40 - Interstate 540 junction; the city was incorporated in 1845 and as of the 2010 census had a population of 22,791, ranking it as the state's 22nd largest city, behind Searcy. The area was settled by David Boyd and Thomas Martin in 1818. After Arkansas became a territory in 1819 Daniel and Thomas Phillips constructed a lumber yard in the community to serve as a fuel depot for traffic along the Arkansas River. In 1831 a post office was constructed at the time known as Phillips Landing; this post office was named after the newly appointed Secretary of Martin Van Buren. John Drennen, along with his partner David Thompson, purchased the area for US$11,000, they moved their business of supplying firewood for steamboats to this new location on higher ground. The courthouse was constructed on a lot of land donated by Drennen on the condition that Van Buren become the county seat.
The Drennen Reserve is one of the town's existing historical sites from the 1830s. Van Buren was incorporated on January 4, 1845. On December 28, 1862, Union and Confederate forces clashed in and around Van Buren resulting in a defeat for Major-General T. C. Hindman, driving him south across the river with minimal casualties. Federal forces captured 100 prisoners, as stated in an official report by U. S. Major-General Samuel R. Curtis. On April 21, 1996, at 11:12 p.m. a category F3 tornado hit the Fort Smith/Van Buren area causing extensive damage. The tornado, which spawned in Oklahoma and crossed into west Fort Smith near the confluence of the Arkansas and Poteau rivers, killed two, injured 89 and caused $300 million in damage; the fatalities were small children from Fort Smith. At its worst, the tornado was one half mile across. After leaving the downtown area of Fort Smith, it traveled northeast through industrial and residential sections of north Fort Smith crossed the Arkansas River again into the Mount Vista area on the west side of Van Buren and damaged a residential area where no fatalities occurred, although this area was populated at the time.
The total distance it traveled on the ground was 7 miles. In total, there were around 1,800 homes damaged, the majority of. Van Buren is located in the southwest corner of Crawford County at 35°26′40″N 94°20′48″W; the Arkansas–Oklahoma state line is 2 miles to the west. The Arkansas River forms the southern boundary of the city, separating it from Fort Smith of Sebastian County. Lee Creek flows through the western side of the city into the Arkansas River. According to the United States Census Bureau, Van Buren has a total area of 16.5 square miles, of which 15.4 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile, or 6.34%, is water. Van Buren lies within a humid subtropical climate area; the city lies on the eastern edge of the region known as Tornado Alley. Average temperatures range from 36°F in January, to as high an average of 81 °F in July with temperatures reaching the high 90s and low 100s in August; the average annual temperature is 60 °F. Average precipitation is about 41 total inches, with only six inches being snow.
July and August are the hottest months of the year, with an average high of 93 °F and an average low of 71.5 °F. Temperatures above 100 °F are not uncommon. December and January are the coldest months with an average high of 50.5 °F and an average low of 30 °F. Highs below 32 °F occur on average five times a year, with 0.2 nights per year dropping below 0 °F. The city's highest temperature was 113 °F, recorded in 1936; the lowest temperature recorded was −15 °F, in 1899. As of the census of 2000, there were 18,986 people, 6,947 households, 5,182 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,260.7 people per square mile. There were 7,427 housing units at an average density of 493.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.37% White, 1.64% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 2.82% Asian, 3.17% from other races, 3.03% from two or more races. 6.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 6,947 households, of which 40.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau.
Of 6,947 households, 362 are unmarried partner households: 304 heterosexual, 12 same-sex male, 46 same-sex female households. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.12. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,608, the median income for a family was $37,198. Males had a median income of $28,798 versus $21,201 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,948. About 13.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 13.0% of those age 65 or over. Van Buren is home to many large corporations within the state and employs a great deal of the
Arkansas Highway 22
Highway 22 is an east–west state highway in the Arkansas River Valley. The highway runs 75.60 miles from US 64/US 71B east to Highway 7 in Dardanelle. The highway is one of the original 1926 state highways, is maintained by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department; the route begins in Fort Smith at US 64/US 71B. It runs east, crossing I-540/US 71. AR 22 intersects AR 96 east of the installation; the route next enters Charleston. County Line High School is located on this highway near Branch. Caulksville brings a junction with AR 23, meetings with AR 109, AR 288, AR 309 occur in Paris. AR 22/AR 109/AR 288 run together until Subiaco, when the route loses AR 288 but crosses AR 197. AR 22 loses AR 109 at Midway, running alone to Dardanelle; the route terminates at AR 7 after a brief concurrency with AR 155. The road itself is straight and in reasonably good repair. Passing can be safely accomplished in several stretches of Highway 22 despite a lack of constructed passing areas; the route was one of the original 1926 Arkansas state highways.
AR 22 ran from Fort Smith to Dardanelle along a routing similar to the modern-day routing of AR 22. Three original segments of Highway 22 remain intact and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the New Blaine segment was listed in 2003, the Barling segment was listed in May 2007, the Yell County segment was listed in 2008. All three listings are contained within the Arkansas Highway History and Architecture Multiple Property Submission, which preserves history from Arkansas's highway building era between 1910 and 1965; the Old Arkansas 22, Barling Segment is a historic section of roadway in Arkansas. Now named Mayo Drive, it consists of a 0.5-mile stretch of concrete pavement, two lanes wide, in the northwestern part of the city. It extends north from the current alignment of Highway 22 until it reaches a sharp curve, where the pavement narrows before continuing westward to rejoin the highway; this stretch of pavement was constructed in 1928 by the Koss Construction Company, is longest section of surviving pavement of the early alignment of Highway 22.
Old Arkansas Highway 22 is a historic roadway section in Arkansas. It consists of an S-shaped section asphalt, 1.5 miles in length, built in 1930 by Cook & Ransom and the Schultz Construction Company to carry Highway 22. This section was bypassed by the present alignment in the 1960s, it is now designated as part of Arkansas Highway 197, the AR 197 Loop, Rainbow Loop, continues to provide the primary access to the town center. One surviving element of the original alignment survives in Yell County west of Dardanelle; this segment was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. List of state highways in Arkansas *National Register of Historic Places listings in Logan County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Sebastian County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Yell County, Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 22 at Wikimedia Commons
Arkansas Scenic Byways
The Arkansas Scenic Byways Program is a list of highways state highways, that have been designated by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department as scenic highways. The Arkansas General Assembly designates routes for scenic byway status upon successful nomination. For a highway to be declared scenic, a group interested in preserving the scenic, cultural and historic qualities of the route must be created. Mayors of all communities along the route and county judges from each affected county must be included in the organization. Scenic highways are marked with a circular shield in addition to regular route markers. There are 11 scenic routes that have been designated Arkansas state scenic byways. Three of these byways are National Scenic Byways. Roads in italics are National Scenic Byways. Scenic Highway 7 Boston Mountains Scenic Loop Crowley's Ridge Parkway Great River Road Interstate 530 Scenic Byway Mount Magazine Scenic Byway Ozark Highlands Scenic Byway Pig Trail Scenic Byway Sylamore Scenic Byway Talimena Scenic Drive West–Northwest Scenic Byway Arkansas portal U.
S. Roads portal Arkansas Parks and Recreation: Scenic Byways
Evansville is an unincorporated community in southwest Washington County, United States. It is located on Arkansas Highway 59 near the Oklahoma state line. A post office called Evansville has been in operation since 1838; the community was named after Captain Lewis Evans, a local merchant
U.S. Route 62 in Arkansas
U. S. Route 62 is a U. S. highway running from El Paso, Texas northeast to Niagara Falls, New York. In the U. S. state of Arkansas, the route runs 329.9 miles from the Oklahoma border near Summers east to the Missouri border in St. Francis, serving the northern portion of the state; the route passes through several cities and towns, including Fayetteville, Bentonville, Mountain Home and Piggott. US 62 runs concurrent with several highways in Arkansas including Interstate 49 and U. S. Route 71 between Fayetteville and Bentonville, U. S. Route 412 through much of the state, U. S. Route 65 in the Harrison area, with U. S. Route 63 and U. S. Route 67 in northeast Arkansas. U. S. Route 62 enters Arkansas from Oklahoma and runs by the Bean Cemetery near Lincoln and the Borden House and Prairie Grove Battlefield Park in Prairie Grove; the route enters the Northwest Arkansas metro area, including the cities of Fayetteville and Bentonville. The route concurs with I-49/US 71 through these communities. In Benton County, the route passes Garfield Elementary School near the junction with Arkansas Highway 127 in Garfield before exiting Rogers.
The route continues east near the Pea Ridge National Military Park and the Missouri state line before entering Carroll County. US 62 winds through the Ozarks, passing through small towns. US 62 passes the Thorncrown Chapel, the Tall Pines Motor Inn, the historic U. S. 62 White River Bridge near Eureka Springs. The route begins a concurrency with U. S. Route 412 in Alpena. US 62/US 412 meet U. S. Route 65 in Harrison. In Marion County, the route meets US 62S in Pyatt and the US 62 Bridge over Crooked Creek outside of town. During this stretch, US 62 crosses two of the nine Arkansas Scenic Byways, the Pig Trail and Scenic Highway 7. Continuing east, the route passes a former alignment of US 62 before entering Yellville. East of Yellville, the route enters Mountain Home in Baxter County and crosses over Norfolk Lake to enter rural Fulton County. After passing through Fulton County, US 62/US 412 enters Sharp County. In Ash Flat, US 62/US 412 serves as the northern terminus of U. S. Route 167. After passing around Cherokee Village, the route enters Hardy.
In Hardy, US 62/US 412/US 63 Business passes four properties on the National Register of Historic Places in Arkansas: the Carrie Tucker House, the Sherman Bates House, the Fred Graham House, Web Long House and Motel. US 62/US 412 meets U. S. Route 63, a patchwork of concurrencies throughout the state; the routes continue together to Imboden, when US 63/US 412 break and continue south, where US 62/AR 115 continues over the St. Louis-San Francisco Overpass headed north into Randolph County and Crowley's Ridge. In Randolph County, US 62 passes by cotton fields until Pocahontas, when the route meets US 67; the route concurs with US 67 east until Corning in Clay County. The route runs east through Crowley's Ridge to Piggott, enters Missouri near St. Francis; the route was a trail known as the Ozark Trail, the main series of routes in the area prior to the construction of U. S. Route 66; the Ozark Trails Association was responsible for maintaining and marking the routes, with William Hope Harvey in charge.
Harvey wanted an auto trail from Oklahoma to his resort town Monte Ne, which he established after retiring from the railroad business. He had grand visions of trails connecting Monte Ne with St. Louis, Kansas City, Wichita and Oklahoma City, points west. U. S. Route 62 from Gateway to Eureka Springs was designated part of The Jefferson Highway, although the highway was not marked and shifted; the highway was listed as a "Proposed Primary Federal Aid Road" on a state map in the first issue of "Arkansas Highways Magazine", but not numbered. The road brought lots of traffic through the hills of Arkansas resistant to development. Eureka Springs was a popular stop on the route, with a vibrant downtown. Nearby Arkansas Highway 23 further added tourists to the community. Further east, cities of Mountain Home and Flippin grew with US 62's traffic. Rough terrain interspersed with large waterways caused the need for large bridges, including the Cotter Bridge and the St. Louis-San Francisco Overpass. A 1981 study indicated a need of 31 climbing lanes from Harrison to Hardy necessary for safety purposes, indicative of the rough terrain.
Some historic alignments of the old road still exist with original pavement. One section, built between 1932 and bypassed in 1952, is located between Busch and Eureka Springs on either side of the White River. On the north side of the river Carroll County Route 109 follows the alignment to the former river crossing, where only concrete bridge piers remain to be seen. On the south side County Route 107 continues southward rejoining the modern alignment; this section was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008