Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France at 5:45 am, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918. But, according to Thomas R. Gowenlock, an intelligence officer with the U. S. First Division, shelling from both sides continued for the rest of the day, only ending at nightfall; the armistice expired after a period of 36 days and had to be extended several times. A formal peace agreement was only reached when the Treaty of Versailles was signed the following year; the date is a national holiday in France, was declared a national holiday in many Allied nations. However, many Western countries and associated nations have since changed the name of the holiday from Armistice Day, with member states of the Commonwealth of Nations adopting Remembrance Day, the United States government opting for Veterans Day.
In some countries Armistice Day coincides with other public holidays. On 11 November 2018, the centenary of the World War One Armistice, commemorations were held globally. In France, more than 60 heads of government and heads of state gathered at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris; the first Armistice Day was held at Buckingham Palace, commencing with King George V hosting a "Banquet in Honour of the President of the French Republic" during the evening hours of 10 November 1919. The first official Armistice Day events were subsequently held in the grounds of Buckingham Palace on the morning of 11 November 1919, which included a two-minute silence as a mark of respect for those who died in the war and those left behind; this would set the trend for a day of remembrance for decades to come. Similar ceremonies developed in other countries during the inter-war period. In South Africa, for example, the Memorable Order of Tin Hats had by the late 1920s developed a ceremony whereby the toast of "Fallen Comrades" was observed not only in silence but darkness, all except for the "Light of Remembrance", with the ceremony ending with the Order's anthem "Old Soldiers Never Die".
In Britain, beginning in 1939, the two-minute silence was moved to the Sunday nearest to 11 November in order not to interfere with wartime production should 11 November fall on a weekday. This became Remembrance Sunday. After the end of World War II, most member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, followed the earlier example of Canada and adopted the name Remembrance Day. Other countries changed the name of the holiday just prior to or after World War II, to honour veterans of that and subsequent conflicts; the United States chose All Veterans Day shortened to'Veterans Day', to explicitly honour military veterans, including those participating in other conflicts. In the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries, both Remembrance Day and Remembrance Sunday are commemorated formally, but are not public holidays; the National Service of Remembrance is held in London on Remembrance Sunday. In the United States, Veterans Day honours American veterans, both dead; the official national remembrance of those killed in action is Memorial Day, which predates World War I.
Some, including American novelist Kurt Vonnegut and American Veteran For Peace Rory Fanning, have urged Americans to resume observation of 11 November as Armistice Day, a day to reflect on how we can achieve peace as it was observed. In Poland, National Independence Day is a public holiday, celebrated on 11 November to commemorate the anniversary of the restoration of Poland's sovereignty as the Second Polish Republic in 1918, after 123 years of partition by the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and the Habsburg Empire. "Armistice Day" remains the name of the holiday in Belgium. It has been a statutory holiday in Serbia since 2012. Serbia is an Allied force that suffered the largest casualty rate in World War I. To commemorate their victims, people in Serbia wear Natalie's ramonda as a symbol of remembrance. Ceremonies are held in Kenya over the weekend two weeks after Armistice Day; this is because news of the armistice only reached African forces, the King's African Rifles, still fighting with great success in today's Zambia about a fortnight where the German and British commanders had to agree on the protocols for their own armistice ceremony.
Remembrance Day Timeline of World War I Dalisson, Rémi: Remembrance day: 11 November 1922-Today in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War
Shugo Chara! is an award-winning Japanese shōjo manga series created by the manga author duo, Peach-Pit. The story centers on elementary school girl Amu Hinamori, whose popular exterior, referred to as "cool and spicy" by her classmates, contrasts with her introverted personality; when Amu wishes for the courage to be reborn as her would-be self, she is surprised to find three colorful eggs the next morning, which hatch into three Guardian Characters: Ran, Su. In December 2005, Peach Pit announced that they were working on a new shōjo manga series called Shugo Chara! The first chapter was published in the February 2006 edition of Nakayoshi magazine and ran until the January 2010 edition; the first volume collection was republished on July 6, 2006 by Nakayoshi's publisher Kodansha. In addition to the regular volumes, the series was released in limited editions in Japan, each of which included different cover art from the regular editions, metallic foil sleeves, a set of postcards featuring Amu in various outfits and poses following the color theme of the dust jackets.
Del Rey Manga announced that it acquired the English language rights to Shugo Chara! during MangaNEXT 2006 and released the first volume on March 27, 2007. The series was put on hiatus along with two other series, Rozen Maiden and Zombie-Loan, in December 2008 due to a sudden illness and hospitalization of one of the authors. One month Peach-Pit announced that all three series will resume and thanked their fans for the support during the illness. A sequel title, Shugo Chara! Encore!, was announced to begin in the April 2010 issue of Nakayoshi. Four chapters of Encore! were released in October 2010 as volume 12 of the manga. Note: Volume titles are from the Del Rey releases. Shugo Chara! Shugo Chara! at Del Rey Manga
A Chip Off the Old Block is an album by American jazz saxophonist Stanley Turrentine. The album features tunes associated with bandleader Count Basie, was released by Blue Note. Music was performed by Turrentine with organist Shirley Scott, trumpeter Blue Mitchell, bassist Earl May, drummer Al Harewood; the CD reissue includes two alternate recordings, with Ben Dixon replacing Harewood at the drums and the addition of trombonist Tom McIntosh and saxophonist Charles Davis. The album was planned as a septet, but after a recording session it was decided to re-record as a slimmed-down quintet; the Allmusic review by Michael G. Nastos awarded the album 3½ stars and states "The spare approach of Basie is hard to ignore, though not essential in Turrentine's discography, it is an interesting item that showcases his lighter side positively". All compositions by Stanley Turrentine except as indicated"One O'Clock Jump" – 7:51 "Midnight Blue" – 9:54 "Blues in Hoss' Flat" – 6:42 "Spring Can Really Hang You Up the Most" – 6:17 "Cherry Point" – 6:02 "One O'Clock Jump" – 8:19 Bonus track on CD "Cherry Point" – 7:08 Bonus track on CDRecorded on October 14, 1963 and October 21, 1963.
Stanley Turrentine – tenor saxophone Blue Mitchell – trumpet Tom McIntosh – trombone Charles Davis – baritone saxophone Shirley Scott – organ Earl May – bass Al Harewood – drums Ben Dixon – drums Alfred Lion – producer Reid Miles – design Rudy Van Gelder – engineer Francis Wolff – photography