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Lamy is a German pen manufacturing company. Josef Lamy, a sales representative for Parker Pen in Germany, founded the business in 1930 by purchasing the Orthos pen manufacturer. Lamy was a pioneer in the use of moulded synthetic plastics to make their products. Lamy was run by Josef Lamy's son, Manfred Lamy, until his retirement in 2006, he was succeeded by Bernhard M. Rösner. Products manufactured by Lamy include ballpoint pens. In 1984, newspapers reported. In 1986, Lamy and Parker held among them 70–80 percent of the West German market. Export markets consisted of the US, Austria. Lamy hoped to expand that export share to 50 percent of turnover, which stood at 40 million Deutschmark for 1985. Turnover for Lamy increased to 48 million DM for 1987 employing 350 people, increasing to 54 million DM in 1988 and a corresponding increase in staff to nearly 400. In 1989, turnover increased to 62 million DM. Lamy had begun taking on employees as sleeping partners. One third of the 400-person workforce became sleeping partners.

In that year, Lamy established contacts with East Germany and planned to do business there as well as in West Germany. 1991 held an increase in staff and turnover again, this time to 85 million DM and five hundred staff. Lamy invested in their "innovation workshop" in Heidelberg, in 1996, along with approximate expected turnover being 113 million DM. 1999 showed Lamy reporting stable turnover of 120 million DM, though domestic demand has fallen. Each Lamy product has a name; the company refers to their products by prefixing "Lamy" in front of the descriptive name, such as "Lamy Scribble". Many Lamy fountain pen models share the same type of nib. Most use Fe-Ni-Cr stainless steel alloy Z 50 nibs; the feeds are made of ABS plastic and after injection molding are chemically etched with polyethylene glycol. The etching process causes micro surface scratches by removing styrene from the feed surface and ink channels; this roughening optimizes ink flow characteristics over the feed surface. The 2000 fountain pen model uses nibs of another type, incompatible with Lamy's other fountain pen models.

Lamy's abc beginner's fountain pen was designed by Bernt Speigel to be used by children while learning to write. The body is made from maple wood and includes a name sticker in the cap to assist in identifying each student's pen; the pen features a non round grip section optimized to be held with a'tripod pen grip'. The Safari is a noted design by Wolfgang Fabian and Bernt Spiegel of the Entwicklungsgruppe Mannheim which remains in production from 1980; the Safari and the derived AL-star and Vista lines are all cartridge/converter filled and are intended for students/young writers. The pens are made of ABS plastic. Like the "abc" they all feature a non-rounded grip section optimized to be held with a'tripod pen grip'; the Vista line is a transparent demonstrator version and the AL-star features and anodized aluminum body and cap and semi-transparent grip section. In addition to the fountain pen, the Safari, AL-star and Vista lines are available in a ballpoint and rollerball pen configuration; the Studio is a design by Hannes Wettstein.

It is a cartridge/converter premium line model. The metal body and cap are offered in various coloured painted or metal surface finishes. Most versions have chromed round grip sections; the paladium plated version Studio version grip section has a deviating paladium plated grip section. The brushed stainless steel bodied and capped Studio version grip section has a deviating non-slip black grip section; the piano black and paladium Studio versions are more expensive as they feature nibs containing gold. In addition to the fountain pen the Studio line is available in a ballpoint and rollerball pen configuration. Lamy's flagship fountain pen is the 2000. Designed by Gerd Alfred Müller and released in 1966, it remains in production today; the 2000 was innovative in its day for its use of a special polycarbonate resin produced by Bayer, for the body of the pen. It is the only contemporary Lamy fountain pen that has a semi hooded nib and is a piston fill pen offering 1.35 ml ink capacity, so thus only takes bottled ink.

In addition to normal production mechanical pencil and four-color ballpoint versions, a commemorative fountain pen version was produced for the new millennium called the Edition 2000, which features an inverse design of the original: a stainless steel body with Makrolon ring and polished clip. The pico is a pocket telescoping ballpoint pen designed by Franco Clivio, it comes in chrome, blue, orange and black finishes. Like some other Lamy pens, the pico features a small protrusion to stop the pen from rolling. Lamy produces a leather carrying case uniquely for this pen; the pen has won a red dot award for product design Other designs such as the Safari and Studio come in rollerball form too, though certain designs such as the Swift are uniquely rollerball pens. The distinguishing design feature of the Swift is the retractable clip; when the point is extended, the Swift's clip retracts to be flush with the body of the pen, which helps the pen sit in the hand more comfortably, serves as a preventative reminder not to reinsert the pen into one's pocket with the point extended, which may cause staining.

Lamy produces multisystem pens, which combine a ballpoint and another feature within the one pen, such as the Pickup, which integrates a ballpoint and a hig


STS-67 was a human spaceflight mission using Space Shuttle Endeavour that launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on 2 March 1995. Astro-2 was the second dedicated Spacelab mission to conduct astronomical observations in the ultraviolet spectral regions; the Astro-2 Spacelab consisted of three unique instruments – the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope, the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope and the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment. These took measurements from objects within the solar system as well as individual stars, supernova remnants and active extragalactic objects; the data supplemented. The purpose of the UIT was to observe UV radiation from space; the data collected from UIT Astro-1 mission provided the first accurate knowledge of UV data from the universe. The UIT in the Astro-2 Spacelab was capable of capturing twice the UV spectrum of its predecessor; as STS-67 launched at a different time of year from STS-37, data was collected from portions of the sky that Astro-1 was not able to view.

On the Middeck, science experiments included the Protein Crystal Growth Thermal Enclosure System Vapor Diffusion Apparatus-03 experiment, the Protein Crystal Growth Single Thermal Enclosure System-02, the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment-II, the Middeck Active Control Experiment, the Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrumentation Technology Associates Experiments-03 and the Midcourse Space Experiment. The Middeck Active Control Experiment was activity, it consisted of a rate gyro, reaction wheels, a precision pointing payload, a scanning and pointing payload that produces motion disturbances. The goal of the experiment was to test a closed loop control system that could compensate for motion disturbances. On orbit, Commander Stephen S. Oswald and Pilot William G. Gregory used MACE to test about 200 different motion disturbance situations over 45 hours of testing during the mission. Information from MACE was to be used to design better control systems that compensate for motion in future spacecraft.

Two Get Away Special payloads were on board. They were the G-388 canisters; this experiment was sponsored by the Australian Space AUSPACE ltd.. The objectives were to make ultraviolet observations of nearby galaxies; these observations were made to study the structure of galactic supernova remnants, the distribution of hot gas in the Magellanic Clouds, the hot galactic halo emission, emission associated with galactic cooling flows and jets. The two GAS canisters were interconnected with a cable. Canister 1 had a motorized door assembly. UV reflective filters on the telescopes optics determine its UV bandpass. Canister 2 contained two video recorders for data storage and batteries to provide experiment power, it was Space Shuttle Endeavour's longest flight. The spiral galaxy and the four moons as well as the seven stars of the insignia symbolize the flight's numerical designation in the Space Transportation System's mission sequence. Endeavour, with ASTRO-2, is speeding by. List of human spaceflights List of Space Shuttle missions Outline of space science Space Shuttle STS-80 STS-78 STS-73 NASA mission summary STS-67 Video Highlights Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment Middeck Active Control Experiment

Poutine râpée

Poutine râpée is a traditional Acadian dish that in its most common form consists of a boiled potato dumpling with a pork filling. Some versions of the dish call for the dumpling to be boiled on its own for several hours; because of the time it takes to prepare poutine râpée, it is regarded as a special occasion meal popular during the holidays. White or brown sugar, maple syrup or fruit preserves may accompany the dish; the origin of the term poutine is unclear, but it might be a bastardisation of "pudding". Therefore, poutine râpée could be translated as "grated pudding". Klöße Cepelinai Kroppkaka Palt Raspeball Pyzy Acadian Heritage Portal – Video and historical facts on the Acadian Poutine râpée

Victoria County, Nova Scotia

Victoria County is a county in Nova Scotia, Canada. The shire town and largest municipality is the village of Baddeck. Previous to European settlement, Victoria County, like other parts of Nova Scotia, was inhabited by the Miꞌkmaq. Named after Queen Victoria, it was established by statute in 1851. Cape Breton County was divided into two separate counties in that year, with the northern portion becoming Victoria County; the earliest settlers of Victoria County were exclusively Loyalists, with most arriving from the United States in the years following the American Revolutionary War. It was noted by historian G. G. Patterson in 1885 that "In broad domain upon which the sun never sets, we venture to say there dwell none more loyal than few thousand inhabitants"; the man responsible for the early settling of Victoria County is considered to be Capt. Jonathan Jones, a Loyalist who captained a ship bringing applicants to the area who had received land grants in the late 1700s. Among these was a Mr. Cuyler, the former Mayor of Albany, NY, who had forfeited his holdings due to his loyalty to the British Crown and, eager to settle in the Cape Breton colony.

Cape Breton had been separated from the mainland and was declared a colony unto itself in 1784. Jones’ land grant bears the date October 19, 1790. Jones was appointed magistrate and given the land and all wood upon it with the exception of the white pine, which were reserved for the King’s use along with all mines and minerals. Jones was required to annually pay two shillings for every hundred acres to begin after the expiration of ten years. For every fifty acres of farmable land, Jones was required to clear and cultivate at least three acres and for every fifty acres of land deemed barren, he was required to keep upon it three cattle, until such time as three acres for every fifty be cleared, he was required to erect a place of dwelling measuring no less than twenty feet in length and sixteen in breadth. Should any ground be rocky, he was by the terms of the grant compelled to employ a quarry or mine, employing one able man for every fifty acres. Should any of these conditions not be met, Jones’ grant would become void.

Any settler who wished to come into possession of a part of this land would make the following declaration, failure of which to do so resulted in the purchase being null and void: I …………….. Do promise and declare, that I will maintain and defend to the utmost of my power, the authority of the King in his Parliament, as the supreme Legislature of this Island. Under Jones, many improvements were made, including the construction of Victoria County’s first sawmill, followed by a second sawmill at the mouth of the Baddeck River. Large crops of potatoes were subsequently produced in Victoria County, ships would carry this farm produce to Newfoundland for sale. Though Jones is regarded as the first settler in Victoria County, local legend had some six or seven families settling at present-day Englishtown a few years prior to his arrival. An elderly Englishtown resident, well acquainted with the early history of the area, in the late 1880s told historian G. G. Patterson that the earliest settlers had arrived there between 1770 and 1780.

Though Patterson believed these families had indeed settled there, he regarded the timeline as impossible, believing they could not have come before 1782 and that they most did not arrive until at least five years later. Patterson’s research indicated that these six or seven families reached St. Anne's at different times and by different routes in fishing vessels, they were chiefly English, but records show one family from Ireland and a bachelor from Virginia who, a few years went insane and hung himself. Eight years a German family named Willhausen arrived, records show no further settlers arriving until an influx of Scots some 40 years later. Little attention was given to the small community survived on the fishery. Little is known about these earliest settlers due to the fact that their immediate descendants subsequently emigrated to other areas in search of better conditions; the chief means of transport was canoe by ship by sea, as no roads existed. A rather extensive network of paths and trails developed over time through the forests.

Some communities such as Black Point were isolated, remained so well into the twentieth century. In a report dated December 11, 1861, it is noted that Victoria County at that time was settled by Scotch highlanders from the mainland and western islands of Scotland, with a few settlers from England, "the low countries"; the report noted "a great want" felt by these settlers for regular marts and fairs "where seeds, etc. could be exchanged with mutual advantages, new articles of culture introduced, that for want of the facilities requisite for obtaining these, are never attempted to be raised by the county."Though the census of 1818 gives no number, written accounts dating from 1820 state the population of the area from Cape North south to Big Bras d’Or as being "no more than 100 families" at that time. There are several distinctive geographic regions in Victoria county: north of Smokey Mountain, south of Smokey Mountain, St. Ann's Bay, Boularderie Island, Middle River and the Washabuck Peninsula.

The county is 2,768 square kilometers in size, 80% of, covered by forest and the remainder by water. As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Victoria County recorded a population of 7,089 living in 3,101 of its 4,437 total private dwellings, a change of -0.4% from its 2011 population of 7,115. With a land area of 2,857.74 km

Wilf Cude

Wilfred Reginald Cude was a professional ice hockey player. He played ten seasons as a goaltender in the National Hockey League for the Philadelphia Quakers, Boston Bruins, Chicago Black Hawks, Detroit Red Wings, Montreal Canadiens. Cude was born in Barry, Wales in 1906, although his birthdate has been listed as being in 1910, his father Harry Cude relocated the family to Manitoba in search of employment. Wilf began playing ice hockey in Winnipeg and played for the St. Vital Saints and the Winnipeg Wellingtons in Winnipeg. Wilf was a childhood friend of Charlie Gardiner, who would play in the National Hockey League. Wilf was a two-sport athlete, he was an outside right as a soccer player. Cude would go on to play in the NHL from 1929–30 to 1940–41, he was moved with that team to Philadelphia. He was the Philadelphia Quakers' goaltender during its only disastrous 1930–31 season. In 1931–32, with the Quakers having suspended operations, Cude had the distinction of being the NHL's spare goaltender, playing for whatever team needed backup.

This was a distinguished spot in the 1930s. In 1933, the defunct Quakers traded Cude to the Montreal Canadiens who had George Hainsworth as their star goaltender. Before the 1933–34 season, Hainsworth was traded to the Toronto Maple Leafs for distinguished Lorne Chabot. Cude played one game for the Canadiens before he was loaned to the Detroit Red Wings, where he posted an outstanding campaign, he wound up leading the Red Wings to their first Stanley Cup Finals appearance, though they lost to Charlie Gardiner and the Chicago Black Hawks, falling three games to one in the best-of-five series. Cude surrendered the first overtime goal clinching a Stanley Cup when he was scored on by Mush March at the 10:05 mark of the second overtime in game four, he posted a league-leading 1.52 goals against average for the year. The Canadiens were so impressed by Cude's work with the Red Wings that they traded Chabot and made Cude their number one goaltender through the 1937–38 season, he split duties with Claude Bourque in 1938–39 and ceded the starter job to Bourque in 1939–40, to Bert Gardiner in 1940–41.

The Canadiens did not win a Stanley Cup during Cude's tenure as their starting goaltender. These were on the ice as well as in the state of their finances; the worst of these years, 1935–36, a year during which the Montreal Maroons were defending Stanley Cup champions, the Canadiens won 11, lost 26 and tied 11, though Cude posted six shutouts in those 11 victories. The moment when Cude decided to retire from hockey is recorded in Stan Fischler's book The Zany World of Hockey. Cude was eating his afternoon steak with his wife, he threw the steak at her, it stuck to the wall. "Between the time the steak hit the wall and hit the floor, I decided I had had enough of goaltending." Like many players, Cude was superstitious. He and his wife would park the car. If Cude's team won, they would park in the same spot before the next game, until the team lost, when they would park in a different spot. After his playing days were over, Cude became a coach in junior hockey, he was president of the St. Laurent Intermediate League.

He moved to Rouyn-Noranda and worked for British Oil and coached junior hockey. In 1948, he became a scout for the Red Wings, returned to coaching in 1961 as coach of the Rouyn-Noranda Alouettes. Cude died of cancer in 1968. NHL Second All-Star Team "Honoured Member" of the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame List of National Hockey League players from the United Kingdom Biographical information and career statistics from, or, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database Wilf Cude's biography at Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame