George Blackall Simonds
George Blackall Simonds was an English sculptor and director of H & G Simonds Brewery in Reading in the English county of Berkshire. George was the second son of George Simonds Senior of Reading, director of H & G Simonds, Mary Anne, the daughter of William Boulger of Bradfield, his grandfather was Reading William Blackall Simonds. He added Blackall to his name after the death of his brother, Blackall Simonds II, in 1905, he was brother-in-law of the portrait painter, John Collingham Moore, cousin of the botanist, George Simonds Boulger. He served as the inaugural Master of the Art Workers' Guild in 1884-85, his best known works are The Falconer in Central Park, New York City and the Maiwand Lion in the Forbury Gardens, Reading in Berkshire. In 1922, he temporarily came out of retirement to build the war memorial in Bradfield, the village where he lived in Berkshire; this commemorates the deaths of local men in the First World War, including his son, a lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion, South Wales Borderers.
In 2005, users of Reading Borough Libraries, voted him winner of the'Great People of Reading' poll. New York City Department of Parks and Recreation: The Falconer Reading Borough Libraries: George Blackall Simonds Royal Berkshire History: George Blackall Simonds
Edward Prioleau Warren
Edward Prioleau Warren was a British architect and archaeologist. He was born at Cotham, Bristol in England on 30 October 1856, as the fifth son of A. W. Warren, JP, he was educated at Clifton College in Bristol, subsequently articled to G. F. Bodley, whose biography he wrote, he provided illustrations for the Transactions of the Guild and School of Handicraft in 1890. He joined the Art Workers Guild in 1892 and was Master in 1913, he practised extensively in Oxford, no doubt helped by the fact that his brother, Sir Herbert Warren was President of Magdalen College. Basil Bramston Hooper an architect in New Zealand, was in his office, c.1901–04. In 1901, he was added to the list of architects authorised to work on the Grosvenor Estate in London, but he never did so. In 1914, he gave evidence on behalf of the Commissioners of Works into a proposed Preservation Order on 75 Dean Street, London. During the First World War he was seconded to the Serbian Army, designed the War Cemetery at Basra. In 1916, he was said to have had considerable experience of hospital construction.
At the beginning of his career, he built and altered a number of churches, but he is known principally for domestic buildings in an understated revival of English late 17th century styles: his main works were lodgings for Oxford colleges and minor country houses. Warren married Margaret Morrell, one of their sons, Brigadier-General Christopher Prioleau Warren, became a noted bibliophile and received the Military Cross in the First World War and MBE and Legion of Merit for the second World War. Another son, Peter Warren, succeeded to his father's practice as an architect. Warren himself was a friend and adviser to the American novelist, Henry James, who lived at Lamb House, Sussex, he died on 23 November 1937. Barkerend in Bradford: St Clement's Church, 1892–94 Bishopstoke: St. Mary's Church, n.d. Blackwood: Maesruddud, new house, n.d. Brighton: Church of the Good Shepherd, Dyke Road: new church, 1920–22. Caversham: St. John the Evangelist Church, n.d. Chantmarle, works in the garden, 1919 Chelsea: Shelley House, Chelsea Embankment, 1912 Cholsey: Breach House, new house, for himself, c.1905 Clifton: Clifton College, works, n.d.
Falfield: Heneage Court and extension of house and new garden for Russell Thomas, 1913 Fulham: St John's Church, Walham Green, alterations, 1893 Great Milton Manor House and extensions and new gatepiers, 1908 Headley Court, new house, 1898 Kensington: 1 Campden Hill, new house, 1915 Kensington: 5 Palace Green, new house, 1905 Kensington: Estcort House, Kensington Palace Gardens, 1904 Littleton Pannell: A Becketts, extension of house, 1904 Lowestoft: St. Peter's Church, chancel extension, 1920s Melplash Court, rebuilding of west wing, 1922 and extensions in the 1930s Netherbury: Slape Manor, alterations including decorative plasterwork, 1931 Newark: Church, font cover, 1891 Newlyn: Fishermen's Institute, c1911 Oxford: Balliol College, north-west range in Garden Quad, 1906 Oxford: Balliol College, range north of Basevi buildings, 1912–15 Oxford: Eastgate Hotel, High Street, c1899-01 Oxford: High Street, college lodgings and shops for Magdalen College, 1901 Oxford: Merton College, works, n.d.
Oxford: Radcliffe Infirmary, outpatients' block, 1911–13. Southampton: St. Michael and All Angels Church, Bassett Avenue, 1897–1910 St John's Wood: Hanover Lodge, High St. block of mansion flats, 1903–04 Steep: Bedales School, works, n.d. Wandsworth: Magdalen Park Estate and design of houses for Magdalen College, Oxford, c.1901–20 Wanstead: St. Columba's Church, n.d. West Lavington Manor: alterations, 1905 Westminster: Westminster School, works, n.d. Woking: Gorse Hill, Hook Heath Road, new house, 1910 Wymondham Abbey, triptych behind high altar, c.1904 Architectural Journal, vol. 85, 2 Dec 1937, p. 861 The Builder, vol. 153, 26 Nov 1937, p. 965 RIBA Journal, vol. 45, 1937, pp. 203–04 A. S. Gray, Edwardian architecture: a biographical dictionary, 1988
Thomas Graham Jackson
Sir Thomas Graham Jackson, 1st Baronet was one of the most distinguished English architects of his generation. He is best remembered for his work at Oxford for Oxford Military College as well as the University, notably: the Examination Schools, most of Hertford College, much of Brasenose College, ranges at Trinity College and Somerville College, the Acland Nursing Home in North Oxford. Much of his career was devoted to the architecture of education and he worked extensively for various schools, notably Giggleswick and his own alma mater Brighton College. Jackson designed the former town hall in Ireland, he worked on many parish churches and the college chapel at the University of Wales, Lampeter. He is famous for designing the chapel at Radley College; the former City of Oxford High School for Boys in George Street, Oxford is another building designed by him. He was educated at Brighton College and Wadham College, Oxford, of which he wrote a history, before being articled as a pupil to Sir George Gilbert Scott.
Jackson was a prolific author of researched works in architectural history illustrated with sketches made during his extensive travels. He and Norman Shaw edited "Architecture, A Profession or an Art" published in 1892, to which William H. White replied by publishing "The Architect and his artists, an essay to assist the public in considering the question is architecture a profession or an art"; this had been part of the course of events which resulted in the passing of the Architects Acts, 1931 to 1938 which established the statutory Register of Architects and monopolistic restrictions on the use of the vernacular word "architect", imposed with threat of penalty on prosecution for infringement. In 1919, Jackson wrote a collection of Six Ghost Stories; these stories were written under the influence of M. R. James, Jackson expressed admiration for James' work in the book's introduction. A stone memorial tablet to Sir Thomas was erected in the chapel of Brighton College, part of which he had built as a First World War memorial in 1922–23.
For that school's chapel he had designed many memorials during the 1880s and 1890s. The other concentrated group of mural tablets by Jackson is to be found in the antechapel of Wadham College in Oxford. Jackson's pupils and assistants included Evelyn Hellicar. Jackson was created a Baronet, of Eagle House in Wimbledon in Surrey, in 1913. Jackson, Thomas Graham. Nicholas Jackson, ed. Recollections: The life and travels of a Victorian architect. James Bettley. London: Unicorn Press. ISBN 0-906290-72-4. Jones, Martin D. W.. Gothic Enriched: Thomas Jackson's Mural Tablets in Brighton College Chapel in Church Monuments VI. pp. 54–66. Kidd, Charles. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St. Martin's Press. Leigh Rayment's list of baronets Whyte, William. Oxford Jackson: Architecture, education and style, 1835–1924. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-929658-8. 1 painting by or after Thomas Graham Jackson at the Art UK site Profile on Royal Academy of Arts Collections
Sir George James Frampton, RA was a notable British sculptor and leading member of the New Sculpture movement. He was born on 18 June 1860 in London to a stonemason, he began his working life in an architect's office before studying under William Silver Frith at the City and Guilds of London Art School. He went on to the Royal Academy Schools where he won Travelling Scholarship. From 1887 to 1890 Frampton undertook further study and work at the studio of Antonin Mercie in Paris. Frampton returned to England and took up a teaching position at the Slade School of Art in 1893 By this time, Frampton was, according to the critic M. H. Spielmann "in open rebellion against white sculpture". In 1895 he showed Mother and Child at the Royal Academy, a polychromatic work, with the figures in bronze against a copper plaque, a white disc behind the head. In his statue of Dame Alice Owen he combined bronze and marble, in Lamia contrasted an ivory head and neck with bronze clothing, he made many busts and reliefs as memorials.
His statues include a large bronze of Queen Victoria erected in Calcutta in 1901 and the Queen Victoria Statue in the grounds of the Manitoba Legislative Building in Winnipeg in 1904. Frampton's first house and studio was at 32 Queen's Grove, but he built a larger house nearby in Carlton Hill, both in St John's Wood, London, he was married to the artist Christabel Cockerell and had one son, the painter and etcher Meredith Frampton. He was an active member of The Art Workers' Guild and became Master in 1902, he sculpted the Art Workers' Guild's Master's Jewel in silver representing'Art is Unity' He died on 21 May 1928 and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium on 25 May. His ashes lie in a niche on the ground floor of the east wing of the Ernest George Columbarium. A memorial sculpted by Ernest Gillick in 1930 depicting a bronze child holding a miniature copy of Frampton's statue of Peter Pan is located in the Crypt of St. Paul's Cathedral. Among Frampton's notable public sculptures are the figures of Peter Pan playing a set of pipes, the lions at the British Museum and the Edith Cavell Memorial that stands outside the National Portrait Gallery, London.
The original Peter Pan statue in Kensington Gardens, was commissioned by J. M. Barrie in 1912. Six more casts were made of the statue, situated in: Perth, Western Australia, Australia Parc d'Egmont, Belgium Bowring Park in St. John's, Canada. Toronto, Canada Sefton Park, England Camden, New Jersey, United StatesA number of his works can be seen at the restored St James' Church, Warter in Yorkshire. Frampton created Dr Barnardo's Memorial, in Barkingside, London, in 1908, a work he undertook without claiming a fee. Frampton worked with Sir Edwin Lutyens on two of the architect's war memorials in the aftermath of the First World War—Hove War Memorial in East Sussex and Fordham War Memorial in Cambridgeshire. Both feature a bronze statue of Saint George, sculpted by Frampton atop a column designed by Lutyens. After the death of Queen Victoria in early 1901, Frampton was chosen to create a bronze statue of the late queen in Calcutta, the capital of the British India, it was unveiled in March 1902, was placed outside the Victoria Memorial.
He created the sculpture of the late Queen Victoria situated outside the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle upon Tyne in 1906, unveiled by her son King Edward VII in the same year. John Angel 2 paintings by or after George Frampton at the Art UK site Sir George Frampton RA Collection
Royal Institute of British Architects
The Royal Institute of British Architects is a professional body for architects in the United Kingdom, but internationally, founded for the advancement of architecture under its charter granted in 1837 and Supplemental Charter granted in 1971. Named the Institute of British Architects in London, it was formed in 1834 by several prominent architects, including Decimus Burton, Philip Hardwick, Thomas Allom, William Donthorne, Thomas Leverton Donaldson, William Adams Nicholson, John Buonarotti Papworth, Thomas de Grey, 2nd Earl de Grey. After the grant of the royal charter it had become known as the Royal Institute of British Architects in London dropping the reference to London in 1892. In 1934, it moved to its current headquarters on Portland Place, with the building being opened by King George V and Queen Mary, it was granted its Royal Charter in 1837 under King William IV. Supplemental Charters of 1887, 1909 and 1925 were replaced by a single Charter in 1971, there have been minor amendments since then.
The original Charter of 1837 set out the purpose of the Royal Institute to be:'… the general advancement of Civil Architecture, for promoting and facilitating the acquirement of the knowledge of the various arts and sciences connected therewith…' The operational framework is provided by the Byelaws, which are more updated than the Charter. Any revisions to the Charter or Byelaws require the Privy Council's approval; the design of the Institute's Mycenaean lions medal and the Latin motto Usui civium, decori urbium has been attributed to Thomas Leverton Donaldson, honorary secretary until 1839. The RIBA Guide to its Archive and History records that the first official version of the badge of the Lion Gate at Mycenae was used as a bookplate for the Institute's library and publications from 1835 to 1891, when it was redesigned by J. H. Metcalfe, it was again redesigned in 1931 in 1960 by Joan Hassall. The description in the 1837 by-laws was: "gules, two lions rampant guardant or, supporting a column marked with lines chevron, all standing on a base of the same.
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the RIBA and its members had a leading part in the promotion of architectural education in the United Kingdom, including the establishment of the Architects' Registration Council of the United Kingdom and the Board of Architectural Education under the Architects Acts, 1931 to 1938. A member of the RIBA, Lionel Bailey Budden Associate Professor in the Liverpool University School of Architecture, had contributed the article on Architectural Education published in the fourteenth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, his School, was one of the twenty schools named for the purpose of constituting the statutory Board of Architectural Education when the 1931 Act was passed. Soon after the passing of the 1931 Act, in the book published on the occasion of the Institute's centenary celebration in 1934, Harry Barnes, FRIBA, Chairman of the Registration Committee, mentioned that ARCUK could not be a rival of any architectural association, least of all the RIBA, given the way ARCUK was constituted.
Barnes commented that the Act's purpose was not protecting the architectural profession, that the legitimate interests of the profession were best served by the architectural associations in which some 80 per cent of those practising architecture were to be found. The RIBA Guide to its Archive and History has a section on the "Statutory registration of architects" with a bibliography extending from a draft bill of 1887 to one of 1969; the Guide's section on "Education" records the setting up in 1904 of the RIBA Board of Architectural Education, the system by which any school which applied for recognition, whose syllabus was approved by the Board and whose examinations were conducted by an approved external examiner, whose standard of attainment was guaranteed by periodical inspections by a "Visiting Board" from the BAE, could be placed on the list of "recognized schools" and its successful students could qualify for exemption from RIBA examinations. The content of the acts section 1 of the amending act of 1938, shows the importance, attached to giving architects the responsibility of superintending or supervising the building works of local authorities, rather than persons professionally qualified only as municipal or other engineers.
By the 1970s another issue had emerged affecting education for qualification and registration for practice as an architect, due to the obligation imposed on the United Kingdom and other European governments to comply with European Union Directives concerning mutual recognition of professional qualifications in favour of equal standards across borders, in furtherance of the policy for a single market of the European Union. This led to proposals for reconstituting ARCUK. In the 1990s, before proceeding, the government issued a consultation paper "Reform of Architects Registration"; the change of name to "Architects Registration Board" was one of the proposals, enacted in the Housing Grants and Regeneration Act 1996 and re-enacted as the Architects Act 1997. RIBA Visiting Boards continue to assess courses for exemption from the RIBA's examinations in architecture. Under arrangements made in 2011 the validation criteria are jointly held by the RIBA and the Architects Registration Board, but unlike the ARB, the RIBA va
Ernest Newton was an English architect and President of Royal Institute of British Architects. Newton was the son of an estate manager of Kent, he was educated at Uppingham School. He married, in 1881, Antoinette Johanna Hoyack, of Rotterdam, had three sons, he was resident again at Bickley in 1883 and built his own house at Bird in Hand Lane, Bickley in 1884. In the next 20 years he built many houses in the Bickley and Chislehurst area – no two being identical, he served his apprenticeship in the office of Richard Norman Shaw from 1873 to 1876, remaining for a further three years as an assistant before commencing private practice on his own account in London in February 1880. He was in partnership with William West Neve around 1882. In 1884, he was a founder member of the Art Workers Guild, he developed a career designing one-off houses in Bromley and Bickley and moving into'high-profile' country home commissions across England. “He is one of the busiest architects in England and therefore represents the good principles of current thinking about the house in its most accessible form..."
Hermann Muthesius The English House 1904. “His eminence as an architect of unexcelled skill in a class of work that constitutes England's chief or sole claim to supremacy – the capture and apt embodiment of the spirit of the home..." Obituary, Architect's Journal. In the 1890s he acted as consulting architect to William Willett. Newton was President of RIBA 1914–1917. In 1918 he received the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture. In 1919, he was elected a Royal Academician, was appointed a CBE in 1920, his last piece of work was a war memorial at his former school at Uppingham. He published Sketches for Country Residences, A Book of Houses, A Book of Country Houses. “..a small house is in many ways more difficult to design than a large one, for while every part must be minutely schemed, nothing should be cramped or mean looking, the whole house should be conceived broadly and and with an air of repose, the stamp of home." A Book of Houses His son, William Godfrey Newton, published The Work of Ernest Newton R.
A.. 1881 St John's Parish Rooms, Park Road, Bromley 1881 Additions to house in Chislehurst 1882 Alterations to The Firs, Bickley Park Road 1882 Alterations to house in Bickley 1883 Sitka, South Wood Hill, Chislehurst 1883 Alterations to house No. 1 in Bickley 1883 St John's Parish Halls, Freelands Grove, Bromley 1883 Alterations to house No. 2 in Bickley 1884 Lyndhurst, 8 Bird in Hand lane, Bickley 1884 Stables and Cottage at Bullers Wood,Chislehurst 1884 House at Beckenham 1885 Redcourt, 5 Hawthorne Road, Bickley 1885 Beechcroft, 19 Bickley Road, Bickley 1885 House at Bickley 1886 Alterations to Sunnydale, Bickley Park Road 1886 Alterations to Nutwood, Bickley Park Road 1887 Parish Room at St George's Church, Bickley Park Road 1887 Various works at Chislehurst 1888 Mission Church, Bromley 1888 Works at Willow Grove, Chislehurst 1888 Alterations to Swallowfield, Southlands Grove, Bickley 1888 Ashton, Mead Road,Chislehurst 1888 Alterations to Lingdale, Oldfield Road, Bickley 1889 Remodelling of Bullers Wood, Logs Hill, Chislehurst 1889 Elm Bank, Camden Park Road, Chislehurst 1889 Alterations to Campville, Bickley 1889 Alterations to Brodsworth, Beckenham (not known 1890 Alterations to Farrants, Bickley Park Road, Bickley 1890 Alterations to Camden Wood, Chislehurst 1890 Alterations to Cowrie, Bickley 1891 St Luke's Institute, Raglan Road, Bromley Common 1891 238 Southlands Road, Bickley 1891 Stables at Beechcroft, 17 Bickley Road, Bickley 1892 Stables and Cowsheds, Bickley Hall, Bickley Park Road 1893 3 Grasmere Road, Bromley 1893 St Barnabas Vicarage, Beckenham 1893 Alterations to Bickley Vicarage, Bickley Park Road 1893 Alterations to Amesbury House, Page Heath Lane, Bickley 1893 Billiard Room at Camden Wood, Chislehurst 1894 Alterations to Oakdell, 5 Pageheath Lane, Bickley 1896 Alterations to a House at West Chislehurst 1896 Type House for William Willett 1898 Martins Bank, 181 – 183 High Street, Bromley 1898 Shop, 179 High Street, Bromley 1898 The Royal Bell Hotel, High Street Bromley 1898 Alterations to Farrants, Bickley Park Road 1898 Alterations to Calderwood, St Pauls Cray Road, Chislehurst 1898 Electricity Works, Walters Yard, Bromley 1899 Molescroft, Bromley 1899 Alterations to Bromley College, London Road, Bromley 1899 Alterations to Hayes Grove, Prestons Road, Hayes 1899 House A, Bickley Park Estate, Hawthorne Rd, Bickley 1899 House B, Bickley Park Estate, Hawthorne Rd, Bickley 1899 House C, Bickley Park Estate, Hawthorne Rd, Bickley 1890 House at Chislehurst 1901 Alterations to The George Inn, Hayes Street, Hayes 1901 Alterations to Glebe House, George Lane, Hayes 1901 Alterations to Martins Bank, Summer Hill, Chislehurst 1901 Alterations to Elmhurst, Bickley Park Road, Bickley 1902 Nos 21 and 23 Page Heath Lane, Bickley 1902 Alterations to Bickley hall, Chislehurst Rd, Bickley 1902 Billiard Room at Camden Hill, Chislehurst 1902 18 Edward Road, Sundridge Park, Bromley 1902 House D, Bickley Park Estate 1903 Alterations to Bromley Palace, Widmore Road, Bromley 1903 Alterations to Hartfield, Gates Green Road, Hayes 1904 House E, Bickley Park Estate 1904 House F, Bickley Park Estate 1904 House at Chislehurst for H P Henty 1904 23 Garden Road, Sundridge Park, Bromley 1904 Spire, St Georges Church, Bickley Park Road, Bickley 1904 St Mary's Church Buildings, Farw
William Richard Lethaby was an English architect and architectural historian whose ideas were influential on the late Arts and Crafts and early Modern movements in architecture, in the fields of conservation and art education. Lethaby was born in Barnstaple, the son of a fiercely Liberal craftsman and lay preacher. After an early apprenticeship with a local architect he found work in London in 1879 as Chief Clerk to architect Richard Norman Shaw. Shaw recognized Lethaby's talent as a designer and Lethaby was to contribute significant pieces of work to major Shaw-designed buildings such as Scotland Yard in London and Cragside in Northumberland. While working for Shaw, Lethaby became involved in the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, which campaigned to preserve the integrity and authenticity of older buildings against the Victorian practice of'improving' them to the point of completely rebuilding and redesigning them. Through this he became a personal friend of Arts and Crafts Movement pioneers William Morris and Philip Webb, becoming a significant and influential member of their circle and acting as co-founder of the Art Workers Guild in 1884.
He was a lifelong socialist. The Guild was formed from a nucleus drawn from two separate groups, the St George’s Art Society, a group of architects who had seen service in the offices of Norman Shaw, including Ernest Newton, Mervyn Macartney, Reginald Barratt, Edwin Hardy and Edward Schroeder Prior, the Fifteen, founded by the designer and writer Lewis Day and the illustrator and designer Walter Crane. Prior wrote the prospectus for the Guild, it met in Newton’s chambers by St George’s Church, Bloomsbury. From 1889 Lethaby worked only part-time for Shaw and practiced independently, designing a wide range of products—books and stained glass as well as buildings—exploring the mystical symbolism of medieval and non-European design and architecture: themes he was to elaborate in his first and most famous book Architecture and Myth, published in 1891; this was the first major work of architectural theory to treat architecture as a system of symbols with identifiable philosophical meanings, rather than as abstract systems of aesthetic principles.
Lethaby left Shaw's practice in 1892 after the completion of his first major independent architectural project—the country estate of Avon Tyrrell in Hampshire, built for Lord Manners. The next decade was Lethaby's most productive in terms of built works as his contacts in the Birmingham area, where the ideas of the arts and crafts movement were well received, led to series of commissions for buildings in the Midlands or for Birmingham-based clients, he built Monkwood Cottage, Essex, for his friend, Hubert Llewellyn Smith. In 1894 Lethaby was appointed Art Inspector to the Technical Education Board of the newly formed London County Council. Here he had a pioneering role in developing education in the fine and practical arts, most notably as the founder of the Central School of Arts and Crafts in 1896, his most significant innovations lay in breaking down academic barriers between design and production. Lethaby believed that this was an artificial distinction and sought to have both taught as valuable parts of the process of producing a high quality end-product.
In 1901 Lethaby was appointed the first Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art. This, coupled with his appointments as Principal of the Central School of Arts and Crafts in 1902 and as Surveyor of Westminster Abbey in 1906 meant that he was devoted to the academic study of the theory and history of architecture and design, he ceased architectural practice around this time, though he remained an immensely influential figure through his writings and teaching. Lethaby's role as a guide and mentor to German Cultural Attaché Hermann Muthesius during his investigations into English architecture was to prove significant in the light of Muthesius's role as an influence on the early pioneers of the Bauhaus. At Westminster Abbey, Lethaby was able to put into practice his belief in sympathetic and accurate restoration, conducting extensive research into the history of its structure and design and setting the template that the restoration and preservation of historic buildings was to follow for the rest of the century.
Lethaby died on 17 July 1931 at Bayswater in Middlesex. He was buried in the churchyard of St Mary's Church at Hartley Wintney in Hampshire. Lethaby turned it down, he is the last person to have done so. Lethaby has traditionally been seen by figures such as Nikolaus Pevsner as significant in his role as a precursor of the early modern movement, he was the acknowledged theorist behind the work of Ernest Gimson and the group of architect-craftsmen who worked with him in Sapperton, intent to found a "school of rational building". Lethaby's emphasis on "good, honest building" is viewed as making explicit the functionalism implicit in the writings and architecture of Pugin and Philip Webb, with his connection to Muthesius as the means through which this idea was to influence the German modernist pioneers. Avon Tyrrell House, near Burley, Hampshire The Hurst, Hartopp Road, Four Oaks, Birmingham - demolished 122-124 Colmore Row, Birmingham Melsetter House, Gatehouse and Chapel, Orkney High Coxlease House, Hampshire All Saints Church, Brock