Arthur Conan Doyle

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was a British writer. He created the character Sherlock Holmes in 1887 when he published A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels and more than fifty short stories about Holmes and Dr. Watson; the Sherlock Holmes stories are considered milestones in the field of crime fiction. Doyle was a prolific writer. One of Doyle's early short stories, "J. Habakuk Jephson's Statement", helped to popularise the mystery of the Mary Celeste. Doyle is referred to as "Sir Arthur Conan Doyle" or "Conan Doyle", implying that "Conan" is part of a compound surname rather than a middle name, his baptism entry in the register of St Mary's Cathedral, gives "Arthur Ignatius Conan" as his given names and "Doyle" as his surname. It names Michael Conan as his godfather; the catalogues of the British Library and the Library of Congress treat "Doyle" alone as his surname. Steven Doyle, editor of The Baker Street Journal, wrote, "Conan was Arthur's middle name. Shortly after he graduated from high school he began using Conan as a sort of surname.

But technically his last name is simply'Doyle'." When knighted, he was gazetted as Doyle, not under the compound Conan Doyle. Doyle was born on 22 May 1859 at 11 Picardy Place, Scotland, his father, Charles Altamont Doyle, was born in England, of Irish Catholic descent, his mother, was Irish Catholic. His parents married in 1855. In 1864 the family dispersed because of Charles's growing alcoholism, the children were temporarily housed across Edinburgh. In 1867, the family lived in squalid tenement flats at 3 Sciennes Place. Doyle's father would die in 1893, in the Crichton Royal, after many years of psychiatric illness. From his early ages throughout his life Doyle wrote letters to his mother, many of them remained. Supported by wealthy uncles, Doyle was sent to England, at the Jesuit preparatory school Hodder Place, Stonyhurst in Lancashire at the age of nine, he went on to Stonyhurst College until 1875. While Doyle was not unhappy at Stonyhurst, he did not have any fond memories since the school was run on medieval principles, with subjects covering rudiments, Euclidean geometry and the classics.

Doyle commented in his life that the academic system could only be excused "on the plea that any exercise, however stupid in itself, forms a sort of mental dumbbell by which one can improve one's mind." He found it harsh, citing that instead of compassion and warmth, it favoured the threat of corporal punishment and ritual humiliation. From 1875 to 1876, he was educated at the Jesuit school Stella Matutina in Austria, his family decided that he would spend a year there with the objective of perfecting his German and broadening his academic horizons. He rejected the Catholic faith and became an agnostic. A source attributed his drift away from religion to the time spent in the less strict Austrian school, he later became a spiritualist mystic. From 1876 to 1881, Doyle studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, including periods working in Aston and Ruyton-XI-Towns, Shropshire. During that time, he studied practical botany at the Royal Botanic Garden in Edinburgh. While studying, Doyle began writing short stories.

His earliest extant fiction, "The Haunted Grange of Goresthorpe", was unsuccessfully submitted to Blackwood's Magazine. His first published piece, "The Mystery of Sasassa Valley", a story set in South Africa, was printed in Chambers's Edinburgh Journal on 6 September 1879. On 20 September 1879, he published his first academic article, "Gelsemium as a Poison" in the British Medical Journal, a study which The Daily Telegraph regarded as useful in a 21st-century murder investigation. Doyle was the doctor on the Greenland whaler Hope of Peterhead in 1880. On 11 July David Gray's Eclipse met up with the Eira and Leigh Smith. Photographer W. J. A. Grant took a photograph aboard the Eira of Doyle along with Smith, the Gray brothers, ships surgeon William Neale; this was the Smith exploration of Franz Josef Land that on 18 August resulted in the naming of Cape Flora, Bell Island, Nightingale Sound, Gratton Island, Mabel Island. After graduating as Bachelor of Medicine and Master of Surgery from the University of Edinburgh in 1881, he was ship's surgeon on the SS Mayumba during a voyage to the West African coast.

He completed his Doctor of Medicine degree on the subject of tabes dorsalis in 1885. In 1882, Doyle joined former classmate George Turnavine Budd as his partner at a medical practice in Plymouth, but their relationship proved difficult, Doyle soon left to set up an independent practice. Arriving in Portsmouth in June 1882, with less than £10 to his name, he set up a medical practice at 1 Bush Villas in Elm Grove, Southsea; the practice was not successful. While waiting for patients, Doyle returned to writing fiction. Doyle was a staunch supporter of compulsory vaccination and wrote several articles advocating for the practice and denouncing the views of anti-vaccinators. In early 1891, Doyle attempted the study of ophthalmology in Vienna, he had studied at the Portsmouth Eye Hospital to qualify to perform eye tests and prescribe glasses. Vienna was suggested by his friend Vernon Morris as a place to spend six months and train to be an eye sur

Paul Aurelian

Paul Aurelian was a 6th-century Welshman who became first bishop of the See of Léon and one of the seven founder saints of Brittany. He died in 575, rumoured to have lived to the age of 140, after having been assisted in his labors by three successive coadjutors; this suggests. Gilbert Hunter Doble thought. According to his hagiographic Life, completed in 884 by a Breton monk named Wrmonoc of Landévennec Abbey, Paul was the son of a Welsh chieftain named Perphirius/Porphyrius, from Penychen in Glamorgan, he was given three saintly sister-martyrs. It was suggested that he may have been related to Ambrosius Aurelianus, both of them active in Brittany at some points of their lives. Coincidentally to the saxon raids over British islands, it conforts the idea of an organized migration of local brythonic population under the rules of leaders belonging to the clergy and to the local nobility. In the Life of Cadoc the princely founder of Llancarfan is reckoned the son of Gwynllyw, eponymous founder of the cantref of Gwynllwg and the son of Glywys.

Medieval sources give Gwynllyw a brother, called "Pawl", chief of neighbouring Penychen. Paul first was a pupil of Saint Illtud at Llantwit Major, he studied on Caldey Island with Samson of Dol and Gildas. He went to Brittany, establishing monasteries in Finistère on the northwest coast of Brittany, at Lampaul on the island of Ushant, on the island of Batz and at Ocsimor, now the city of Saint-Pol-de-Léon, where he is said to have founded a monastery in an abandoned fort, he was consecrated bishop at Ocsimor under the authority of King of the Franks. Paul was a vegetarian. One account says, he was first buried at Saint-Pol-de-Léon, but his relics were transferred to Fleury Abbey. His bell is kept at Saint-Pol, his feast day is 12 March. For other saints named Paulinus, see Saint Paulinus. G. H. Doble thought Saint Paul Aurelian might be the same as Saint Paulinus of Wales, revered in Carmarthenshire, southwest Wales as a hermit and teacher at a place identified as Whitland. Hywel David Emanuel considered the identification of Paul Aurelian with the Carmarthenshire Paulinus as doubtful.

In Rhigyfarch's Life of S. David, Saint David is stated to have completed his education under S. Paulinus, described as a "scribe, a disciple of S. Germanus the bishop"; when Paulinus became blind, David is said to have miraculously restored his sight. Paulinus of Wales founded chapels around Llandovery, he is said to have taught Saint Teilo and to have nominated David to speak at the Synod of Llanddewi Brefi. Claims to having founded the church at Paul are dubious. A 6th century inscribed stone found at Caeo in Carmarthenshire, now in the Carmarthen Museum, appears to honour him as "preserver of the faith, constant lover of his country, champion of righteousness", his feast day is 23 November. Early Middle Ages Gilbert Hunter Doble. Lives of the Welsh Saints. Gilbert Hunter Doble The Saints of Cornwall: part 1. Truro, UK: Dean and Chapter.


Zamonth or Samont was an Ancient Egyptian vizier, in office at the end of the Twelfth Dynasty, around 1800 BC. Zamonth is known from a stela; the stela is now on display in the Egyptian Museum of Cairo. The mother of Zamonth is a woman called Zatip. A mouth of Nekhen Zamonth with the same mother is known from several rock inscriptions in Lower Nubia, they date to the years 6 and 9 of king Amenemhat III and report a small military campaign against Nubia. It seems that both sources refer to the same person, the Nubian inscriptions belong to the time before he was promoted to the position of a vizier. An offering chapel of Senwosret, a reporter of the vizier, may belong to a servant of Zamonth. A person with the same name and title is mentioned on the Stela in Cairo. Zamonth was married to a lady named Henutpu. Children include: Senebtifi; the stela of Zamonth shows his son standing opposite him. The inscriptions identify him as the royal priest of Amun Senebtifi. Ankhu, a vizier, may have been a son of Zamonth.

The wife of Zamonth is called Henutpu, while the mother of Ankhu bore the name Henut a diminutif. In addition, it is known that Ankhu was the son of a vizier