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Sherlock Holmes

Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard. First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. John H. Watson, who accompanies Holmes during his investigations and shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, where many of the stories begin. Though not the first fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes is arguably the best known. By the 1990s there were over 25,000 stage adaptations, television productions and publications featuring the detective, Guinness World Records lists him as the most portrayed literary human character in film and television history.

Holmes's popularity and fame are such that many have believed him to be not a fictional character but a real individual. Avid readers of the Holmes stories helped create the modern practice of fandom; the character and stories have had a profound and lasting effect on mystery writing and popular culture as a whole, with the original tales as well as thousands written by authors other than Conan Doyle being adapted into stage and radio plays, films, video games, other media for over one hundred years. Edgar Allan Poe's C. Auguste Dupin is acknowledged as the first detective in fiction and served as the prototype for many characters, including Holmes. Conan Doyle once wrote, "Each is a root from which a whole literature has developed... Where was the detective story until Poe breathed the breath of life into it?" The stories of Émile Gaboriau's Monsieur Lecoq were popular at the time Conan Doyle began writing Holmes, Holmes's speech and behaviour sometimes follow that of Lecoq. Holmes and Watson discuss Lecoq near the beginning of A Study in Scarlet.

Conan Doyle said that Holmes was inspired by the real-life figure of Joseph Bell, a surgeon at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, whom Conan Doyle met in 1877 and had worked for as a clerk. Like Holmes, Bell was noted for drawing broad conclusions from minute observations. However, he wrote to Conan Doyle: "You are yourself Sherlock Holmes and well you know it". Sir Henry Littlejohn, Chair of Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, is cited as an inspiration for Holmes. Littlejohn, Police Surgeon and Medical Officer of Health in Edinburgh, provided Conan Doyle with a link between medical investigation and the detection of crime. Other possible inspirations have been proposed, though never acknowledged by Doyle, such as Maximilien Heller, by French author Henry Cauvain. In this 1871 novel, Henry Cauvain imagined a depressed, anti-social, opium-smoking polymath detective, operating in Paris, it is not known if Conan Doyle read the novel. Michael Harrison suggested that a German self-styled "consulting detective" named Walter Scherer may have been the model for Holmes.

Details of Sherlock Holmes's life in Conan Doyle's stories are scarce and vague. Mentions of his early life and extended family paint a loose biographical picture of the detective. A statement of Holmes's age in "His Last Bow" places his year of birth at 1854, his parents are not mentioned, although Holmes mentions that his "ancestors" were "country squires". In "The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter", he claims that his grandmother was sister to the French artist Vernet, without clarifying whether this was Claude Joseph, Carle, or Horace Vernet. Holmes's brother Mycroft, seven years his senior, is a government official. Mycroft has a unique civil service position as a kind of human database for all aspects of government policy. Sherlock describes his brother as the more intelligent of the two, but notes that Mycroft lacks any interest in physical investigation, preferring to spend his time at the Diogenes Club. Holmes says. A meeting with a classmate's father led him to adopt detection as a profession.

Financial difficulties lead Holmes and Dr. Watson to share rooms together at 221B Baker Street, London, their residence is maintained by Mrs. Hudson. Holmes works as a detective for twenty-three years, with Watson assisting him for seventeen of those years. Most of the stories are frame narratives written from Watson's point of view, as summaries of the detective's most interesting cases. Holmes calls Watson's records of Holmes's cases sensational and populist, suggesting that they fail to and objectively report the "science" of his craft: Detection is, or ought to be, an exact science and should be treated in the same cold and unemotional manner. You have attempted to tinge it with romanticism, which produces much the same effect as if you worked a love-story or an elopement into the

Norwood High School (Ohio)

Norwood High School is a high school in Norwood, Ohio, rated Excellent by the Ohio Department of Education. It is the only high school in the Norwood City School District; the Drake Planetarium, located in the high school, is named after astronomer and astrophysicist Frank Drake and is linked to NASA. Norwood High School owns the 1936 state title for baseball; the interior of old Norwood High School, now Norwood Junior High School, was used to film several scenes appearing in the 1989 film An Innocent Man, starring Tom Selleck. Baseball - 1936 Cross country - Chad Kincaid Track and field - Mike Marksbury, Chad Kincaid Other awards American football - Marc Edwards Carl Bouldin, baseball player Marc Edwards, American football player Vera-Ellen, actress Jon Good, professional wrestler under the ring name Dean Ambrose Diane Pfister, artist Brian Pillman, professional wrestler Joseph Ralston, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Supreme Allied Commander of NATO Robert Bales, former Army soldier who murdered 16 Afghan Civilians, in what is known as the Kandahar massacre.

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Weaste Cemetery

Weaste Cemetery is a public cemetery in Weaste, Greater Manchester, in England. Opened in 1857, it is the oldest of Salford's four cemeteries, covering 39 acres and containing over 332,000 graves; the cemetery is approached via Cemetery Road. Salford was one of the earliest British municipalities to recognise that churchyards were getting full and that alternative burial grounds were required; when opened the cemetery included four chapels and a glazed summer house, which have since all been demolished. The first interment was that of the popular MP, Joseph Brotherton, who had campaigned for the cemetery and died just before its completion. Brotherton died on 7 January 1857 and his funeral took place a week on 14 January; the cemetery was formally opened on 1 September 1857. Known as Salford Borough Cemetery, the site was extended by 16 acres in 1887, by which time there had been 124,500 burials; the original 21 acres site was becoming full and a 2.5 acres area bought earlier with the intention of being used as an addition had been compulsorily purchased for development of the Manchester Ship Canal.

At that time, the cemetery was making a profit of around £2,500 per annum. During the Second World War at Christmas 1940, a German bomb fell on the cemetery during a raid on the nearby docks. Several headstones are still peppered with holes caused by the shrapnel. Salford Council have mapped out a heritage trail for the cemetery and noteworthy graves have been provided with information panels. Occasional guided tours of the cemetery take place. Several of the monuments in the cemetery are Grade II listed. Joseph Brotherton - first MP for Salford Martha Brotherton - wife of above. Writer of first vegetarian cookbook. Elkanah Armitage - Lord Mayor of Manchester Charles Hallé - founder of Hallé Orchestra Mark Addy - awarded Albert Medal for saving over 50 people from drowning in the Irwell Eddie Colman - Manchester United player killed in Munich air disaster William Norman, VC - Awarded Victoria Cross for courage in the Crimea War Edward Hardy - MP for Salford South William Johnson Galloway - MP for Manchester South West Four survivors of the Charge of the Light Brigade The cemetery contains the graves of 373 Commonwealth service personnel who died during the First and Second World Wars, plus numerous memorials to servicemen buried abroad.

Some of the 274 First World War dead lie in war grave plots in both the Church of England and Roman Catholic sections, each plot having a Screen Memorial listing the dead buried within them, while the 99 Second World War dead are scattered amidst the cemetery and there is a special memorial listing 7 personnel buried in graves that could not be marked