Sir Arthur John Evans was an English archaeologist and pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. He is most famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete. Based on the structures and artifacts found there and throughout the eastern Mediterranean, Evans found that he needed to distinguish the Minoan civilization from Mycenaean Greece. Evans was the first to define Cretan scripts Linear A and Linear B, as well as an earlier pictographic writing. Although not a professional statesman or soldier, never a paid agent of the government, he negotiated or played a role in negotiating unofficially with foreign powers in the Balkans and Middle East, he was, on request of the revolutionary organizations of the peoples of the Balkans, a significant player in the formation of the nation of Yugoslavia. Arthur Evans was born in Nash Mills, the first child of John Evans and Harriet Ann Dickinson, his first cousin, the daughter of John's employer, the inventor and founder of Messrs John Dickinson, a paper mill.
John Evans came from a family of men who were both educated and intellectually active. John's father, Arthur Benoni Evans, Arthur's grandfather, had been headmaster of Market Bosworth Grammar School. John knew Latin and could quote the classical authors. In 1840, instead of going to college, John started work in the mill owned by his maternal uncle, John Dickinson, he married his cousin, Harriet, in 1850, which entitled him, in 1851, to a junior partnership in the family business. Profits from the mill would help fund Arthur's excavations, restorations at Knossos, resulting publications. For the time being they were an unpretentious and affectionate family, they moved into a brick row house built for the purpose near the mill, which came to be called the "red house" because it lacked the sooty patina of the other houses. Harriet called her husband "Jack." Grandmother Evans called Arthur "darling Trot," asserting in a note that, compared to his father, he was "a bit of a dunce." In 1856, with Harriet's declining health and Jack's growing reputation and prosperity, they moved into Harriet's childhood home, a mansion with a garden, where the children ran free.
John maintained his status as an officer in the company, which became John Dickinson Stationery, but became distinguished for his pursuits in numismatics and archaeology. His interest in geology came from an assignment by the company to study the diminishing water resources in the area with a view toward protecting the company from lawsuits; the mill consumed large amounts of water, needed for the canals. He became an expert and a legal consultant. However, collecting was endemic to the family, he was more interested in the stone-age artifacts he was discovering while mapping stream beds. As Arthur grew older, he was allowed to assist John in looking for artifacts and classifying the collection. John became a distinguished antiquary, publishing numerous books and articles. In 1859 he conducted a geological survey of the Somme Valley with Joseph Prestwich, his connections and invaluable advice were indispensable to Arthur's career throughout the remainder of his long life. Arthur's mother, died in 1858 when Arthur was seven.
He had two brothers, Philip Norman and Lewis, two sisters and Harriet. He would remain on excellent terms with all of them all of his life, he was raised by a stepmother, Fanny, née Phelps, with whom he got along well. She had no children of her own and predeceased her husband. John's third wife was a classical scholar, Maria Millington Lathbury; when he was 70 they had a daughter, who would become an art historian. John died in 1908 at 85, when Arthur was 57, his close support and assistance had been indispensable in excavating and conceptualizing Minoan civilization. Arthur was given every advantage of education. After a childhood stay at Callipers Preparatory School he entered Harrow School in 1865 at age 14, at which he did well, he was co-editor of The Harrovian in his final year, 1869/70. At Harrow he was friends with Francis Maitland Balfour. Both boys had similar interests, they competed for the Natural History Prize. The outcome was a draw, they were both athletic, riding and mountain-climbing, at which Balfour was killed in life.
Arthur suffered from near-sightedness, but refused to wear glasses. His close-up vision was better than normal, enabling him to see detail missed by others. Farther away his field of vision was blurry, he compensated by carrying a cane, which he called Prodger, to explore the environment. His wit was sharp, too sharp for the administration, which stopped a periodical he had started, The Pen-Viper, after the first issue. After graduation, Evans became part of and relied on the Old Harrovian network of acquaintances. Minchin characterized him as "a philologer and wit" as well as an expert on "the eastern question", i.e. diplomatic and political problems posed by the decay of the Ottoman Empire. Arthur matriculated on 9 Jun 1870 and attended Brasenose College, Oxford, his housemaster at Harrow, F. Rendall, had eased the way to his acceptance with the recommendation that he was "a boy of powerful original mind." At Brasenose he chose to read modern history, a new curriculum, nearly a disaster, as his main interests were in archaeology and classical studies.
His summertime activities with his brothers and friends were more important to his subsequent career. Having been given an ample allowance by his father
Fairbank is a ghost town in Cochise County, next to the San Pedro River. First settled in 1881, Fairbank was the closest rail stop to nearby Tombstone, which made it an important location in the development of southeastern Arizona; the town was named for Chicago investor Nathaniel Kellogg Fairbank who financed the railroad, was the founder of the Grand Central Mining Company, which had an interest in the silver mines in Tombstone. Today Fairbank is located within the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area; the location of a Native American village known as Santa Cruz in the 18th century, the area was settled around the time the railroad came through in 1881, developed further when the local railroad station was built in 1882. It was known as Junction City Kendall Fairbanks, was formally founded as Fairbank on May 16, 1883 on the same day that the local Post Office opened. Due to its proximity to Tombstone, the fact that it boasted the nearest railroad station to what was one of the largest cities in the western United States, Fairbank acted as a way point between Tombstone and the rest of the country, bringing supplies into the bustling town, acting as the departure point for the ore pulled from Tombstone's silver mines on its way to the mills in Contention City and Charleston.
Fairbank was home to a stage coach station on the Butterfield Overland Mail line which opened in 1885. At its height in the mid-1880s, the town housed 100 residents, boasted a steam quartz mill, a general store, a butcher shop, a restaurant, a saloon, a Wells Fargo office, the railroad depot, a stage coach station; when the Tombstone mines closed after flooding in 1886, Fairbank's prominence declined as the nearby mills shutdown, the rail depot it offered became unnecessary. Subsequent droughts drove away area ranchers, further isolating the town. Fairbank was reprieved from a possible extinction when the railroad linked nearby Bisbee to Fairbank's train depot in 1889, making Fairbank an important leg in the transit of copper mined from the productive Copper Queen Mine. However, the flooding of the San Pedro River in September 1890 caused significant property damage, thinning down the population further. On February 15, 1900, Fairbank was the scene of an attempted train robbery of the express car on the Benson-Nogales train by the Burt Alvord gang.
Express Messenger and former lawman Jeff Milton, drove off the bandits despite a serious bullet wound sustained to his arm. The robbery was unsuccessful, gang member "Three Fingered Jack" Dunlop was mortally wounded to die in Tombstone after confessing to the attempted robbery. In 1901, the Mexican land grant on which the town was situated was purchased by the Boquillas Land and Cattle Company who extended the leases on only the commercial building and several residences into the 1970s. By the mid-1970s Fairbank was all but deserted; the final remaining residents left. After that, the post office closed, the side roads became overgrown and impassable; some years in 1986, the former Mexican Land Grant was acquired by the Bureau of Land Management and the town was incorporated into the San Pedro Riparian NCA as the "Fairbank Historic Townsite". What remains of the town of Fairbank is now open to the public; the remaining structures include: A commercial building, an adobe structure that used to house the general store, the post office, the saloon.
The structure has been stabilized by the BLM. The Montezuma Hotel, built in 1889 to the south of the Commercial Building; the hotel was torn down to make way for highway construction, only portions of its foundation remain. A small wooden house, built in 1885, in a style common in the 1880s; the schoolhouse, built of gypsum block manufactured in nearby Douglas, AZ, was constructed in 1920, was a functioning school through the 1930s. A larger wooden house, built in 1925. A stable and an outhouse, which were built in the early 1940s as part of a Works Progress Administration project based in Fairbank. A railroad bridge, northwest of the townsite along the San Pedro River, built in 1927. A railroad platform, west of the townsite, along the former railroad lineIn March 2007, the BLM restoration of the schoolhouse was completed, the structure was opened to the public as a museum and information center for Fairbank. Fairbank is located east of the San Pedro River, just off of Arizona State Route 82 at 31°43′23″N 110°11′18″W.
Shortly after its founding, the 1884 population estimate for Fairbank was 100 people. US Census figures, taken every ten years, show the town's population peaking in 1890 at 478 residents shrinking to 171 by 1900, increasing again to a high of 269 in 1920 before entering a steady decline which ended with the abandonment of the town in the 1970s. Little Boquillas Ranch American Old West Boomtown History of Arizona List of ghost towns in Arizona Silver mining in Arizona Fairbank Historic Townsite - Bureau of Land Management Ghost Town Gallery with images of Fairbank, as well as other ghost towns throughout the American west
"Someday" is a single by alternative hip-hop group Flipsyde, from their 2005 debut album We the People. "Someday" was chosen by NBC as the theme song to advertise their coverage of the 2006 Winter Olympics, as the network felt its sound would attract younger viewers. Though the single did not chart in the United States, the resulting exposure led to an increase in album sales and Flipsyde performing at the 2006 Winter X Games. Two music videos were produced, one by NBC featuring ice skaters Michelle Kwan and Apolo Anton Ohno, the other as the official video; the track was additionally included in the soundtrack of the 2008 film Never Back Down. Patrick Ryan of USA Today praised the single in 2016 as one of the "best Olympics theme songs" for its "unique combination of rap and Spanish guitar". However, Troy Farah of the Phoenix New Times wrote that it was "a transparent attempt by NBC to get the younger generation to pay attention to the Olympics", while Travis Jones of The Sydney Morning Herald criticized its selection due to its lyrical content that he felt had no connection to the event.
"Someday" — 4:00 "Someday" — 4:19 Music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Dufftown Clock Tower is a stone tower with a clock at the crossroads in the centre of Dufftown, Banffshire, at the focal point of the town square. It became a Class B listed building in 1972; the town was a planned settlement, developed from 1817 by James Duff, 4th Earl Fife, near Balvenie Castle and Balvenie House. There are six malt whisky distilleries operating nearby: Dufftown, Glendullan, Balvenie and Glenfiddich; the three storey tower was constructed of grey granite with pink granite dressings in 1839, as the town gaol. After use as a prison, as the Burgh Chambers, it is now a Tourist Information Centre; the ground floor has doors with band courses between the floors. The first and second floors have a window recess on each elevation; the walls have some mock circular gun loops. The crenellated parapet has a clock face on each elevation, with a dummy bartizan at each corner; the tower was topped by a leaded steeple. The clock was brought to Dufftown from Banff, where it was known as "the Clock That Hanged MacPherson": MacPherson of Kingussie was convicted and condemned to death, the Sheriff of Banff Lord Braco put the clock forward by 15 minutes to ensure that MacPherson would be hanged before a pardon arrive.
Around the base of the tower are plaques commemorating Alexander Duff, 1st Duke of Fife and Lord Mount Stephen, another plaque records that the clock was illuminated to commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897. A single storey pink granite extension was added to the north in 1925. List of listed buildings in Dufftown, Moray The Square, Clock Tower, Historic Environment Scotland Dufftown, iTraveluk.co.uk Dufftown, Undiscovered Scotland
A micro movie is a type of microcinema which refers to a short/micro film of any genre. Micro movies originated in China in 2010. Karen Mok and Adam Duke starred in "Cadillac,", regarded as the first micro movie. Afterwards, micro movies became a trend in South Asia; as professional-grade technology has become more accessible, amateurs hoping to enter the film industry have turned to the micro movie format to avoid limitations imposed by television and film studios. The accessibility of production, along with a growing popularity, has led to a wide range of subjects being featured and examined in the micro movie format. Short film duration Distributed via social media websites Good connection to daily lives Low budget Commercial or non-commercial Includes all genres Movie censorship is the legal process that regulates whether a movie, video, or cinema has content, permissible to undergo broadcast and distribution. While certain movies are permitted to undergo public disbursement and release, other types of movies are limited to private screenings—in certain cases, movies are prohibited and banned in their entirety.
Movie censorship regulation takes length and subject matter into consideration with regard to altering or banning the work. Obscene and violent content is avoided in the process of making micro movies due to national censorship policies. In Hong Kong, all films are required to undergo the motion picture rating system, organized by the Office for Film Newspaper and Article Administration. Movies are rated I, IIA, IIB, or III. Scenes deemed to be unacceptable are censored; the Chinese State Administration of Press, Video and Television oversees the theatrical release, to ensure that immoral content is not promoted in the movies. The goal of these measures is to protect the audience from receiving unhealthy messages. In Australia, The Office of Film and Literature Classification is responsible for classifying films, video publications, PC games according to the National Classification Code and the Classification Guidelines, which are approved by the Commonwealth State and Territory Ministers responsible for censorship.
There is, more leniency in censorship online—especially on YouTube. That is why most micro movies are accessed through online databases; some countries block all internet access to YouTube. Micro movies are created by cinematographers of all skill levels, ranging from a first-time producer to a high-level producer with a top-level cast and crew. Film techniques used in micro movies are similar to those of traditional movies seen in theaters. For instance, the types of shots and angles are the same, but they differ in film length, equipment level, number of cast and crew, acting skill. There are, exceptions to the rule such as the group Rocket Jump or prime-time TV commercials. Micro movies are used for entertainment purposes; the short length of micro movies allows them to be promoted and published on platforms such as YouTube and Facebook. This makes micro movies free, easy to access, able to go viral online. There are both noncommercial needs for micro movies. Commercials are now not only selling a product, but telling a story— the Budweiser and Extra Gum commercials are examples of this.
Micro movies have become a new way to promote brands. People are now creating and shooting micro movies for fun. There are several micro movie film festivals and platforms for both amateurs and professionals to tell their stories and be recognized for their work. OPPO endorsement film Find Me Route 66 The Bright Eleven-Old Boys Rapido J'attendrai le Suivant Sub Chinois Love is All You Need Finch's Landing Holding the Rain Nottingham International Microfilm Festival Beijing International Micro Film Festival Lander University Film Festival
Southwest Center Mall is a shopping mall located in Dallas, Texas. Owned by the DeBartolo family, it opened in 1975, it was, remains, the only major one located in the southern half of Dallas. Its original name, Red Bird Mall, came from the Red Bird area of Dallas, it was anchored by four department stores: Sears, which anchored on the eastern side of the mall closed its doors to the public January 6th, 2019 as part of the closure of 33 Sears stores in the US following the parent company liquidation process for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. JCPenney, which anchored the western end until 2001. Sanger-Harris, was in the middle of the mall on the northern side and closed in 2017. Titche's, was being redeveloped as Fiesta Mundo, but redevelopment stopped and that property still vacant, at middle of the mall on the southern sideLater, Montgomery Ward added a store near the Sears location in 1994, on the same side as Dillard's, but was closed in 2001 and replaced by a Burlington Coat Factory. Many of the stores were either opening their first ones in the southern sector of Dallas, or relocated from older shopping centers in the area.
The mall did well in the beginning, despite its location in the undeveloped southern portion of Dallas. It is located near the intersection of U. S. Route 67 and Interstate 20 at 3662 W. Camp Wisdom Road; as early as the mid-1980s, demographics began to change in the area surrounding it, at the same time a perception of crime began to brand the area so shoppers began taking their business elsewhere. And, in 1988, another regional one, The Parks Mall in Arlington, opened just 15 miles west. DeBartolo attempted to remodel the mall in 1996, in an attempt to rejuvenate the look, it was sold to Namco Financial, a California investment group founded by Ezri Namvar, convicted of four counts of wire fraud. In an attempt to attract new tenants, Namco gave it a small refurbishment and new name – Southwest Center Mall; the name changed in 1997. A new food court was added under the reign of DeBartolo; the addition occupied in 1998 at the northwest entrance. With a price tag of $18 million, it took up the lion's share of updates.
In addition, Dillard’s increased their store size from 100,000 to 150,000 square feet, Sears renovated their entire store in 1998. Montgomery Ward and J. C. Penney left the mall closing their stores in the mall in 2001; this marked the beginning of the end of the mall as stores such as Sam Goody and Old Navy closed their locations in 2003 with other big name stores following suit including Dillards. Namco attempted unsuccessfully to sell the mall to General Growth Properties in 2004; the property went into bankruptcy in 2008. A dynamic General Manager formed a partnership with the City and Ownership to assist with the endeavor of turning it around. Much progress was made, the General Manager resigned, Boxer was hired to manage the property; the former General Manager is slated to rejoin it in April 2011 and is tasked with the final 25% of development and lease up. In 2015, Sears Holdings spun off 235 of its properties, including the Sears at Southwest Center Mall, into Seritage Growth Properties.
In 2017, Macy's left the mall leaving another vacant anchor spot as the mall continued its struggles. On October 15, 2018, it was announced that Sears would be closing as part of a plan to close 142 stores nationwide. Although the mall faced bankruptcy in 2008 and went through foreclosure, The Woodmont Company was hired by the Bankruptcy Trustee to manage it. In August 2008, Woodmont hired a dynamic general manager, which in turn created a team that revitalized it; the lender, Madison Capital, picked it up and Retail SWC Mall LLC was formed as a partner with Madison. The City of Dallas hired the ULI to give their recommendations; the City of Dallas paid to have the six-month option to purchase the former JCPenney building. They did not exercise their option; the former Dillard's building was being built out as a Fiesta Mundo and went into bankruptcy 2011. The general manager created a partnership with the City, Community and Ownership to assist with the endeavor of turning it around. Much progress was made the general manager resigned.
The former general manager rejoined it in April 2011 and is charged with the final development and lease up. Burlington Coat Factory and demolished List of shopping malls in the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex