Artie Shaw

Artie Shaw was an American clarinetist, composer and actor. An author, Shaw wrote both fiction and non-fiction. Regarded as "one of jazz's finest clarinetists", Shaw led one of the United States' most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Though he had numerous hit records, he was best known for his 1938 recording of Cole Porter's "Begin the Beguine". Before the release of "Beguine", Shaw and his fledgling band had languished in relative obscurity for over two years and, after its release, he became a major pop artist within short order; the record became one of the era's defining recordings. Musically restless, Shaw was an early proponent of what became known much as Third Stream music, which blended elements of classical and jazz forms and traditions, his music influenced other musicians, such as Monty Norman in England, with the vamp of the James Bond Theme influenced by 1938's "Nightmare". Shaw recorded with small jazz groups drawn from within the ranks of the various big bands he led.

He served in the US Navy from 1942 to 1944, following his discharge in 1944, he returned to lead a band through 1945. Following the breakup of that band, he began to focus on other interests and withdrew from the world of being a professional musician and major celebrity, although he remained a force in popular music and jazz before retiring from music in 1954. Arthur Jacob Arshawsky was born on May 23, 1910, in New York City, he was the son of Sarah and Harold "Harry" Arshawsky, a dressmaker and photographer; the family was Jewish. Shaw grew up in New Haven, Connecticut where his natural introversion was deepened by local antisemitism. Shaw bought a saxophone by working in a grocery store and began learning the saxophone at 13. At 16, he left home to tour with a band. Returning to New York, he became a session musician through the early 1930s. From 1925 -- 36, Shaw performed with many orchestras. In 1929 and 1930, he played with Irving Aaronson's Commanders, where he was exposed to symphonic music, which he would incorporate in his arrangements.

In 1932, Shaw joined the Roger Wolfe Kahn Orchestra and made several recordings with the outfit including "It Don't Mean a Thing" and "Fit as a Fiddle". In 1935, he first gained attention with his "Interlude in B-flat" at a swing concert at the Imperial Theater in New York. During the swing era, his big bands were popular with hits like "Begin the Beguine", "Stardust", "Back Bay Shuffle", "Moonglow", "Rosalie" and "Frenesi"; the show was well received, but forced to dissolve in 1937 because his band's sound was not commercial. Shaw valued innovative music rather over dancing and love songs, he was an innovator in the big band idiom, using unusual instrumentation. His incorporation of stringed instruments could be attributed to the influence of classical composer Igor Stravinsky. In addition to hiring Buddy Rich, he signed Billie Holiday as his band's vocalist in 1938, becoming the first white band leader to hire a full-time black female singer to tour the segregated Southern U. S. However, after recording "Any Old Time", Holiday left the band due to hostility from audiences in the South, as well as from music company executives who wanted a more "mainstream" singer.

Like his main rival, Benny Goodman, other leaders of big bands, Shaw fashioned a smaller "band within the band" in 1940. He named it the Gramercy Five after his home telephone exchange. Band pianist Johnny Guarnieri played harpsichord on the quintet recordings, Al Hendrickson played electric guitar. Trumpeter Roy Eldridge became part of the group. In 1940, the original Gramercy Five pressed eight records Shaw dissolved the band in early 1941; the Gramercy Five's biggest hit was "one of Shaw's million-selling singles. His last prewar band, organized in September 1941, included Oran "Hot Lips" Page, Max Kaminsky, Georgie Auld, Dave Tough, Jack Jenney, Ray Conniff and Guarnieri. Throughout his career, Shaw had a habit of forming bands, developing them according to his immediate aspirations, making a quick series of records, disbanding, he did not stick around long enough to reap his bands' successes through live performances of their recorded hits. Following the breakup of what was his second band in 1939, he toured at all and, if he did, his personal appearances were limited to long-term engagements in a single venue or bookings that did not require much traveling, unlike many bands of the era that traveled great distances doing endless strings of one-night engagements.

Apart from his interest in music, Shaw had a tremendous intellect and insatiable thirst for intellectual knowledge and literature. During his self-imposed "sabbaticals" from the music business, his interests included studying advanced mathematics, as cited in Karl Sabbagh's The Riemann Hypothesis; the long series of musical groups Shaw formed included Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Helen Forrest, Mel Tormé, Buddy Rich, Dave Tough, Barney Kessel, Jimmy Raney, Tal Farlow, Dodo Marmarosa, Ray

One Love (A. R. Rahman song)

"One Love" is a single by Indian composer A. R. Rahman, made to commemorate the beauty of Taj Mahal and celebrate its status as one of the Seven Wonders of the World; the official track list consists of six versions of the track "One Love" rendered in six different languages, Tamil, Malayalam and Bengali. All the versions were sung by A. R. Rahman and Naresh Iyer; the song was inspired by the beauty of Taj Mahal and celebrates the eternal love and beauty that the Taj represents. The tagline of the album was India Unites for Taj. One Love was made as a tribute to the magnificent Taj Mahal presented by A. R. Rahman in various languages supporting the campaign for including the Taj Mahal in the New Seven Wonders of the World; the public voting to select the new wonders was launched by the New Seven Wonders Society, a Swiss group, in 2000. Taj was shortlisted in the final 21 contenders. Several campaigns were planned to place Taj in the ultimate list and the most effective one was the song One Love by A. R. Rahman.

The song was inspired by the beauty of Taj. The album cover had the following quote inscribed on it: "Let this anthem enthuse you to help the Taj! Go forth and vote! The Taj needs you!!!" The album consisted of a single track featured in six different languages. The video of the song was set on the backgrounds of Taj Mahal; the video incorporated the cultures of various states of India and compiled many regional art forms and martial arts. The video featured a Mumbai-based model Mohsin Akthar and another female model. A. R. Rahman – vocals, lyrics Karthik – vocals Naresh Iyer – vocals Raqeeb Alam – lyrics

Swimming at the 2007 World Aquatics Championships – Men's 400 metre individual medley

The men's 400 metre individual medley at the 2007 World Aquatics Championships took place on 1 April at the Rod Laver Arena in Melbourne, Australia. As the event was over 400 meters in length, no semifinals were held in it and the top 8 swimmers from the preliminary heats advance directly to the single final heat. 50 swimmers were entered in the event. Existing records at the start of the event were: World record: 4:08.26, Michael Phelps, August 17, 2004 in Athens, Greece Championship record: 4:09.09, Michael Phelps, Spain Swimming at the 2005 World Aquatics Championships – Men's 400 metre individual medley Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 400 metre individual medley Swimming at the 2009 World Aquatics Championships – Men's 400 metre individual medley Men's 400m IM Heats results from the 2007 World Championships. Published by Men's 400m IM Final results from the 2007 World Championships. Published by