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Asda Stores Ltd. trading as Asda, is a British supermarket retailer, headquartered in Leeds, West Yorkshire. The company was founded in 1949 when the supermarket owning Asquith family merged with the Associated Dairies company of Yorkshire, it expanded into the south of England during the 1970s and 1980s, acquired Allied Carpets, 61 large Gateway Supermarkets and other businesses, such as MFI sold off its acquisitions during the 1990s to concentrate on the supermarkets. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange until 1999 when it was acquired by the American retail giant Walmart for £6.7 billion. Asda was the second-largest supermarket chain in Britain between 2003 and 2014 by market share, at which point it fell into third place. Since April 2019, it has regained its second-place position, behind Tesco and ahead of Sainsbury's. Besides its core supermarkets, the company offers a number of other services, including financial services and a mobile phone provider that uses the existing EE network.

Asda's marketing promotions are based on price, since 2015, like its parent company, Asda has promoted itself under the slogan "Save Money. Live Better". Since 1987, Asda has had its property development subsidiary, McLagan Investments Ltd, based at the main Leeds head office site; as a wholly owned division of Walmart, Asda is not required to publish quarterly, half-yearly or full-yearly earnings, but many large UK subsidiaries of US companies submit accounts to the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission on a voluntary basis. In April 2018, Sainsbury's and Asda announced a merger plan that would have given the combined supermarkets an estimated 30% share of the UK grocery market, however it was blocked by the Competition and Markets Authority; the Asquith family were butchers based in West Yorkshire. In the 1920s, their rising aspirations meant that they expanded their business to seven butchers shops in the area, their sons and Fred became founding members of Asda. Around the same time, a group of West Riding dairy farmers, including the Stockdale family and Craven Dairies, joined together under the banner of J.

W Hindell Dairy Farmers Ltd. This company diversified in 1949 to become Associated Dairies and Farm Stores Ltd, with Arthur Stockdale as the managing director. In 1963, the Asquith brothers converted an old cinema building, the Queens in Castleford, into a self-service supermarket. Another swiftly followed in the old indoor market near Doncaster. Both stores traded under the name of'Queens', their next store was a purpose-built supermarket in South Elmsall, near Pontefract on the site of the old Palace cinema. In 1965, when the Asquith brothers approached Associated Dairies to run the butchery departments within their small store chain, a merger was proposed. So they joined together with Arthur Stockdale's son, to form a new company, Asda. Another store opened in Wakefield in Wortley, Leeds, swiftly followed by another supermarket in the Whitkirk suburb of Leeds, which consolidated the newly formed supermarket division of Associated Dairies. By 1967, the company had moved outside of Yorkshire to set up a store in the North East in Billingham, still trading to the present day.

By 1969, the Asquith brothers had their stake bought out by Noel Stockdale, who became chairman of the company. Asda took advantage of the abolition of retail price maintenance to offer large-scale, low-cost supermarkets; this was aided by the risky decision to acquire three struggling US-owned branches in the mid-1960s of the GEM retail group. The Government Exchange Mart stores in Preston, Cross Gates and including the first out-of-town store in West Bridgford in Nottingham, that opened in November 1964, had accumulated losses of £320,000 and offered to sell the stores for 20% of whatever Asda could recoup as losses from the Inland Revenue, they received. The rent was only 10 shillings per square foot on a 20-year lease, with no rent reviews- all in all a great deal. Asda increased GEM's £6,000 per week sales to around £60,000 per week in just six months with the new stores named as just Asda; the 1970s had seen Asda expanding to open large superstores in edge-and out-of-town locations, to build stores with district centres in smaller towns.

It added more petrol filling stations to stores, along with car tyre bays run by ATS. With over 30 stores in the north of England, Asda began their expansion into the south of the country with the opening of new stores in the Estover area of Plymouth and Gosport, Hampshire in 1977. By 1981, under the soon to be outgoing, Managing Director, Peter Firmston-Williams, 80 Asda stores were trading; when he first became head of the Asda stores division in 1971, with the approval of Chairman, Noel Stockdale, he introduced delicatessen counters and in-store bakery departments to all Asda stores. The last store to open under his tenure was in the Manchester suburb of Harpurhey, but the growth of the chain was slowing down and their southern expansion had been expensive. They had been competing with southern rivals Tesco and Sainsbury's to acquire prime retail sites in the more affluent South East counties of England; the first London store was not opened in Park Royal, near Ealing. The Isle of Dogs and Charlton, London stores followed on thereafter.

The 1970s and 1980s saw the diversification of Asda's product base, including the acquisition of Allied Carpets in 1978. The 1980s were a turbulent period for Asda as they moved away from their founding principles of price competitiveness and good value. In 1984, new Managing Director, John Hardman, made bold attempts to halt Asda's

James Elliott (musician)

James Elliott is an American electronic musician releasing solo material under the alias Ateleia. The name comes from ancient Greek meaning tax-free; the music is electronic psychedelic minimalism. Elliott was the co-founder of the record label Antiopic, he was a former member of New York-based bands School of Seven Bells and Bear in Heaven, playing bass guitar and computer in both bands. Elliott is a member of the band Test House. Nightly - Radium/Table of the Elements CD/EP, 2007 Formal Sleep - Xeric/Table of the Elements CD, 2007With contributions by David Grubbs, David Daniell, Jon Philpot and Sadek Bazaraa. Swimming Against The Moments - Antiopic CD, 2004 "Along A Space Diagonal" on "88 Tapes" - Kesh CD, 2008 "Grasses" on Impala Eardrums - Radium/Table of the Elements LP/CD, 2008 "Inman Division" - Tu M'p3 MP3, 2003 "Demystifying In Order To Mystify Better" on Deconstructive Music - More Mars 3xCD, 2007 "The Sun Sets On Critical Distance" on The Allegorical Power Series Volume IV - Antiopic MP3, 2003 "We Become A Threat" on The Allegorical Power Series Volume I - Antiopic MP3, 2003 Ateleia and Benjamin Curtis: Baghdad Batterie - Table of the Elements LP, 2008 School of Seven Bells: Face To Face On High Places - Radium/Table of the Elements LP, 2007 Bear in Heaven: Red Bloom of the Boom - Hometapes CD, 2007 Ateleia and David Daniell: "FTP" on The Wire Tapper 12 - Wire Magazine CD, 2004 Ateleia and David Daniell: "Fuck The Polis" on The Allegorical Power Series Volume VII - Antiopic MP3, 2003 Project Qua Project: "For Rachel Corrie" on The Allegorical Power Series Volume II - Antiopic MP3, 2003, official website Ateleia discography at MusicBrainz Ateleia discography at Discogs Nightly review at BoomKat

St Finbarr's College, Farranferris

Farranferris was a secondary school in Cork City, Ireland. It opened in 1887, closed in 2006, was an important institution in the twentieth century history of the city. At the time of the Penal Laws Irishmen who wanted to study to become priests had to travel overseas and many of them went to France. French colleges were closed down after the French Revolution and this caused a drop in the supply of priests to Irish parishes. In 1795 St Patrick's College, Maynooth was opened to provide for the education of Catholic priests in Ireland and that same year the Bishop of Cork set up a post-primary preparatory seminary in Ballyvolane House to prepare boys for Maynooth and other seminary colleges; the residential seminary in Ballyvolane House closed after a short time and in 1813 the Bishop of Cork established Saint Mary’s Seminary across the road from the North Cathedral. A recession associated with the Napoleonic Wars closed. Cork’s next preparatory seminary would be set up by the Vincentians in 1845, it would occupy a building, the Lord Mayor’s Mansion House for twelve years before moving to a vacant school building located at Saint Patrick’s Place.

The Patrick’s Place building did not have facilities for boarders. In 1876, the Bishop of Cork took control of the Saint Patrick’s Place seminary and renamed it Saint Finbarr’s Seminary. In 1881 the church acquired Carrollina House in Montenotte so Saint Finbarr’s could function as a residential seminary for pupils who wished to become priests; the idea for a new purpose built residential seminary school was raised on the founding of Saint Finbarr’s. In 1881 a bequest of £1200 from a Miss O’Driscoll set things in motion and from 1883 to 1885 a new college was built at Farranferris on the northside of the City, it was constructed by E. P. O'Flynn at a cost of £17,000 to designs by Samuel Francis Hynes. Two workers were killed in an accident during its construction; the new college opened in September 1887. At the time Farranferris was being built the Bishop of Cork, William Delany, was infirm with old age and most of his duties, including the driving forward of the college, were being carried out by Henry Neville.

Before the college opened, Delany died, Neville was moved on. Dr. John B. O’Mahony was President of Farranferris for its first twenty years. Dr. Patrick Sexton became the president of Farranferris in 1907. A short time after he took over Sexton decided that Farranferris should accept day pupils for outside students; the first of these boys began classes in September 1909. In 1916, the Bishop of Cork, Thomas A. O'Callaghan and was replaced by Daniel Cohalan. At the time Cohalan was appointed bishop, World War I was well underway and several Cork priests were on the Western Front. Joe Scannell MC and Archdeacon T. F. Duggan MC. In the autumn of 1922 one of the teachers as Farranferris, Patrick MacSwiney did a favour for his cousin Mary and took charge of a bag for a friend whose premises were in danger of being raided by government forces. Fr. MacSwiney deposited the bag in the Clifton convent in Montenotte; the convent was raided shortly afterwards, the bag was discovered and found to contain £3,000.

It was rumoured that this was part of the £100,000, robbed by republican forces from the Customs House in Dublin and that the priest had abused the nuns' trust by hiding the stolen money in the convent on behalf of Mary MacSwiney. The incident led to Fr. MacSwiney being removed from his clerical duties in Cork and sent to Dunmanway. In the summer of 1923 the Great War veteran Fr. Joe Scannell replaced Patrick Sexton as President of Farranferris. In his first year as President, Joe Scannell introduced an entrance exam for Farranferris, the newspaper notice advertising the new regime stated that pupils were being prepared for “the professions, Government Appointments and Industrial Purposes”; the Golden Jubilee of Farranferris college was celebrated in 1937. At the time it had 120 students. In February 1938, Fr. Denny Murphy was made President of Farranferris. In December 1945 T. F. Duggan, a former British Army Chaplain, a POW in WW1 and had won a medal for gallantry in WW2, was made President of Farranferris.

In June 1954, Fr. Daniel Luke Connolly was made President of Farranferris. In 1960, St Finbarr's College, Farranferris was expanded (to the designs of James Boy

Paul Croft

Paul Croft is an Australian arm amputee athlete who has participated in four Summer Paralympic Games. He was the Australian team flag bearer at the 1988 Seoul Paralympics. Croft was born on 11 March 1951 in Sydney, he was a TAFE business studies teacher in Sydney. In 1992, he was Liverpool Citizen of the Year, his first Summer Paralympics was at the 1984 New York Paralympics, where he finished seventh in the Men's 1500m A6 and fourth in the Men's 5000m A6. At the 1988 Seoul Paralympics, he was appointed the Australian team captain, he participated in two sports. In athletics, he finished sixth in the Men's 10000m A6A8A9L4 despite an Achilles tendon injury. In table tennis he do not progress past the preliminary round. At the 1992 Summer Paralympics, he finished seventh in the Men's 10000 m TS4. Croft qualified for the marathon at the 1996 Atlanta Parlympics but was not selected due to the size of the team. At the 2000 Sydney Paralympics, at the age of 49, he was a member of the Australian sitting volleyball team.

Croft had tried out for the standing volleyball team but transferred to sitting volleyball after he realized he was unlikely to be selected. He was not selected in the sitting volleyball team but fought to have the decision overturned, he ran a leg of the Sydney Paralympic Games Torch Relay. In his post Paralympics career, Croft has been coaching at the Bankstown Sports Athletics Club and a regular swimmer, he has had a serious push bike accident. Paul Croft at Australian Athletics Historical Results

René Goupil

René Goupil, S. J. was a French Jesuit lay missionary who became a lay brother of the Society of Jesus shortly before his death. He was the first of the eight North American Martyrs of the Roman Catholic Church to receive the crown of martyrdom and the first canonized Catholic martyr in North America. Goupil was baptized in St-Martin-du-Bois, near Angers, in the ancient Province of Anjou, on 15 May 1608, the son of Hipolite and Luce Provost Goupil, he was working as a surgeon in Orléans before entering the novitiate of the Society of Jesus in Paris on 16 March 1639. He had to leave the novitiate due to deafness. Goupil volunteered to serve as a lay missionary working to assist the Jesuit Fathers. In 1640 he arrived in New France. From 1640 to 1642 he served at the Saint-Joseph de Sillery Mission, near Quebec, where he was charged with caring for the sick and wounded at the hospital, his work involved wound dressings and bloodlettings. In 1642 Goupil travelled to the Huron missions with about forty other persons, including several Huron chiefs and Jesuit Father Isaac Jogues.

They were captured by the Mohawk, taken to their easternmost village of Ossernenon, tortured. After teaching a Mohawk boy the sign of the cross, Goupil was killed on the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 29 September 1642, by a blow to the head with a tomahawk, he died uttering the Holy Name of Jesus. Fr. Jogues gave Goupil absolution before expiring. Before being martyred, Goupil had professed religious vows. Jogues. Many of the 24 Huron accompanying Goupil were baptized Catholic converts. Traditional enemies of the Mohawk, they were tortured in accordance with Iroquois ritual before being killed. Goupil is venerated as the first Jesuit martyr of Canada and one of three martyrs of the territory of the present United States, he was canonized on 29 June 1930 by Pope Pius XI along with the seven other Canadian Martyrs or "North American Martyrs". He is the patron saint of anesthetists. At Fordham University's Rose Hill Campus in the Bronx, New York, a freshman dormitory—Martyrs' Court—has three sections, which are named for the three US martyr-saints: René Goupil, Isaac Jogues, Jean Lalande.

Goupil is honored at the Catholic youth camp Camp Ondessonk, where a unit is named after him. Jesuit missions in North Canada Sainte-Marie among the Hurons List of U. S. saints Roman Catholicism in the United States#American Catholic Servants of God, Venerables and Saints Christian martyrs René Goupil. Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. University of Toronto/Université Laval "René Goupil". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-02-18


Baltimartyria is an extinct genus of primitive metallic moths in the family Micropterigidae. The genus is known from the Early Eocene Baltic amber deposits in the Baltic Sea region of Europe; the genus contains two described species, Baltimartyria proavitella and Baltimartyria rasnitsyni. The first known fossil was studied and described by Hans Rebel of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna, Austria. Rebel named the species Micropterix proavitella, thinking it belonged to the modern genus Micropterix. Rebel published his description of the species in 1936; the fossil was reexamined in 1995 by the Polish entomologist Andrzej W. Skalski, who recognized the species was not a member of Micropterix and moved the species to the new genus Baltimartyria; the second species of Baltimartyria described from Baltic amber is B. rasnitsyni which, like B. proavitella, is known from a single specimen. The holotype is included in the paleoentomology collections of the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, as specimen MB.

I 5950. The holotype specimen is a complete male moth, included in a transparent section of amber with its wings spread. Due to the positioning of the body the right antenna and right maxillary palps are not visible, while the top and inner sides of the genitalia are coated in a white coating. Overall the specimen has a fore-wing length of 4 millimetres. B. rasnitsyni is distinguishable from B. proavitella by characters of the wing vein structure and the maxillary palps. While the R vein branches in B. proavitella all originate separately from the cell, whereas the R4 and R5 veins originate from a single vein that forks on the apex side of the cell. The species was described and named by Wolfram Mey in a 2011 paper published in the online and print journal ZooKeys. Mey notes that the type specimen had been sitting on his desk for a number of years prior to description; the generic placement was not recognized by Mey until Skalski's 1995 redescription of B. proavitella. Mey chose the specific epithet rasnitsyni to honor the eminent Russian paleoentomologist, Alexandr Pavlovich Rasnitsyn