click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Asopus

Asopus is the name of four different rivers in Greece and one in Turkey. In Greek mythology, it was the name of the gods of those rivers. Zeus carried off Aegina, Asopus' daughter, Sisyphus, who had witnessed the act, told Asopus that he could reveal the identity of the person who had abducted Aegina, but in return Asopus would have to provide a perennial fountain of water at Corinth, Sisyphus' city. Accordingly, Asopus produced a fountain at Corinth, pursued Zeus, but had to retreat for fear of Zeus' terrible thunderbolt. Asopos, a river of Boeotia originating on Mt. Cithaeron and flowing through the district of Plataea into the Euripus Strait. Asopos or Phliasian Asopus, originating in Phliasian territory and flowing through Sicyonian territory into the Gulf of Corinth near Sicyon. Pausanias mentions that Phliasians and Sicyonians claimed that its source was in fact the Phrygian and Carian river Maeander that purportedly descended underground where it appeared to enter the sea at Miletus and rose again in the Peloponnesos as Asopus.

Asopos or Trachean Asopus, a river originating on Mount Oeta in Thessaly and emptying into the Malian Gulf near Thermopylae, mentioned by Herodotus. Asopus, a river in Corfu Phrygian Asopus, a small river in Phrygia which joins the River Lycus near Laodicea on the Lycus; as mythological entities, the Boeotian river Asopus and the Phliasian river Asopus are much confounded. They are duplicated a second time as supposed mortal kings who gave their names to the corresponding rivers. Indeed, since the children fathered by gods on various daughters of either Boeotian or Phliasian Asopus were mortal in these tales the daughters themselves must have been mortal, therefore either the mother of these daughters or their father Asopus must have been mortal, or both of them; the Bibliotheca informs that the river Asopus was a son of Oceanus and Tethys or, according to Acusilaus, of Poseidon by Pero, or according to yet others of Zeus by Eurynome. Pausanias writes that during the reign of Aras, the first earth-born king of Sicyonian land, said to be son of Poseidon by Celusa, discovered for him the river called Asopus and gave it his name.

Diodorus Siculus presents Asopus as a settler in Phlius and wife of Metope daughter of Ladon here and elsewhere the Arcadian river Ladon. Pausanias mentions eponym for the region of the same name. Pausanias and Diodorus Siculus mention a daughter Harpina and state that according to the traditions of the Eleans and Phliasians Ares lay with her in the city of Pisa and she bore him Oenomaus who Pausanias says founded the city of Harpina named after her, not far from the river Harpinates; the Bibliotheca refers to Ismene daughter of Asopus, wife of Argus Panoptes to whom she bore Iasus, the father of Io. We find first in Pindar's odes the sisters and Thebe, here the youngest daughters of Boeotian Asopus by Metope who came from Stymphalia in Arcadia. Both are abducted by the god Zeus, one carried to the island of Oenone to be named Aegina and the other to Dirce's water to be queen there. Corinna, Pindar's contemporary, in a damaged fragment, mentions nine daughters of Boeotian Asopus: Aegina and Plataea abducted by Zeus.

Asopus cannot discover what has become of them until the seer Acraephen tells him that the gods Eros and Aphrodite persuaded the four gods to come secretly to his house and steal his nine daughters. He advises Asopus to cease grieving since he is father-in-law to gods; this hints that for Corinna, Asopus himself is not a god. Asopus accepts Acraephen's advice. Of these daughters, Plataea and Tanagra are properly Boeotian. Euboea is near Boeotia, but Salamis and Aegina are regions that would associate better with the Phliasian Asopus. Korkyra is Corinthian rather than Boeotian. Sinope is the colony of Sinope on the Black Sea, it is notable that tradition as it comes down to us does not record any children resulting from a union of gods with Thebe, Thespia or Tanagra and only Diodorus mentions the otherwise unknown sons Phaiax, son of Poseidon by Corcyra, Syrus sprung from Apollo by Sinope and that this child of Sinope is opposed by a conflicting tradition that Sinope tricked Zeus and Halys and remained a virgin.

Texts indicate Zeus' abduction of Aegina, presented as a solitary abduction. Asopus is clearly the Phliasian Asopus but not always so. Asopus chases after Zeus and his daughter until Zeus turns upon him and strikes him with a thunderbolt, whence after Asopus is lame and flows slowly, a feature ascribed to both the Boeotian and Phliasian Asopus. In these tales Asopus discovers the truth about the abduction from Sisyphus, King of Corinth in return for creating a spring on the Corinthian Acropolis; this spring, according to Pausanias was behind the temple of Aphrodite and people said its water was the same as that of the spring Peirene, the water in the city flowing from it underground. Diodorus Siculus who, as mentioned, places his Asopus in Phlius, gives him twelve daughters. Diodorus' list omits the Plataea and Boeotia included by Cori

Albert Cleage

Albert B. Cleage Jr. was a Black nationalist christian minister, political candidate, newspaper publisher, political organizer, author. He founded the prominent Shrine of the Black Madonna Church, as well as the Shrine Cultural Centers and Bookstores in Detroit and Atlanta, Houston, Texas. All locations still functioning under the BCN mission. Cleage, who changed his name to Jaramogi Abebe Agyeman in the early 1970s, played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement in Detroit during the 1960s and 1970s, he became involved with Black Nationalism during the 1970s, rejecting many of the core principles of racial integration. He founded a church-owned farm, Beulah Land, in Calhoun Falls, South Carolina, spent most of his last years there, he was the father of writer Pearl Cleage. He died on February 2000, at 88 while visiting Beulah Land, his church's new farm. Albert B. Cleage Jr. was born in 1911 in the first of seven children. During much of his life, his light skin color would become a common feature of discussion.

His first biographer, Detroit News reporter Hiley Ward said it left him with a lifelong identity crisis. Grace Lee Boggs would describe Cleage as "pink-complexioned, with blue eyes, light brown blond hair.". His father graduated from Indiana School of Medicine in 1910 and moved to Kalamazoo, Michigan to practice before taking a position in Detroit. Dr. Cleage helped found Dunbar Hospital, Detroit's only hospital that granted admitting privileges to Black doctors and trained African-American residents. Dr. Cleage was a major figure in the Detroit medical community being designated as City Physician by Mayor Charles Bowles in 1930. Upon graduation from Detroit's Northwestern High School, Albert Cleage had a peripatetic post-secondary education, he attended Wayne State University beginning in 1929 graduating in 1942 with his BA in sociology, but he studied at Fisk University under Sociologist Charles S. Johnson, he worked as a social worker for the Detroit Department of Health before commencing seminary studies at Oberlin College in 1938 earning his Bachelor of Divinity from Oberlin Graduate School of Theology in 1943.

He married Doris Graham in 1943 and he was ordained in the Congregational Christian Churches during the same year. He had two daughters and divorced Graham in 1955. Cleage's final encounter with formal education was at the University of Southern California's film school in the 1950s, he was interested in creating religious films, but withdrew after a semester to take a position in a San Francisco congregation. Following ordination, he began a pastorate with Chandler Memorial Congregational Church in Lexington, Kentucky. In 1944, he became the pastor in an integrated church in San Francisco, The Church of the Fellowship of All Peoples, but that did not work out for long. In 1946, he became the pastor of St. John's Congregational Church in Massachusetts, he served there until he returned to Detroit in 1951. Upon returning, he served at St. Mark's Community Church mission. However, some of the white leaders of the church disagreed with the way Cleage was leading his Black congregation. In 1953, Cleage and group of followers left the church and formed the Central Congregational Church that in the mid-1960s was renamed Central United Church of Christ.

Their mission was to minister to the less fortunate and they offered many programs for the poor, political leadership, education. In 1964 he help found a Michigan branch of the Freedom Now Party and ran for Governor of Michigan as a candidate in a "Black slate" of candidates, he was editor of a church published weekly tabloid newspaper called the Illustrated News, circulated throughout African-American neighborhoods in Detroit during the 1960s. From its founding he worked with the New Detroit Committee founded by Joseph L. Hudson Jr. an organization formed during the 1967 Detroit riot designed to heal racial and economic divisions in the city that were exposed by the civil disorder. Cleage renounced his participation and returned a grant of $100,000 to the organization. In 1967, he began the Black Christian National Movement; this movement was encouraging black churches to reinterpret Jesus's teachings to suit the social and political needs of black people. In March 1967, Cleage installed a painting of a black Madonna holding the baby Jesus in his church and renamed the church The Shrine of the Black Madonna.

In 1970, the Shrine of the Black Madonna was renamed Pan African Orthodox Christian Church, the black Christian nationalist movement. More shrines were made in Kalamazoo and Houston; the mission of the shrines was, is, to bring the black community back to a more conscious understanding of their African history, in order to effect positive progression as a whole. Cleage changed his name to Jaramogi Abebe Agyeman, meaning "liberator, holy man, savior of the nation" in Swahili. Agyeman did not believe in integration for the blacks, he thought that it was important for them to be able to obtain and maintain an economic and social environment of their own. He founded the City-wide Citizens Action Committee to help with black business, he promoted the education of the black children by black teachers. Cleage's book The Black Messiah, which depicted Jesus as a revolutionary leader, was published in 1968. Cleage thought it was important to change the idea of a "white" Jesus to a "black" Jesus to help the African-American population and establish the truth behind Jesus' racial identity.

The book may be based on the book Ethiopian Manifesto by Robert Young. Cleage's second

Cannabis in Trinidad and Tobago

The manufacture and consumption of cannabis is decriminalized in Trinidad and Tobago. In December 2019, the government passed a bill in Parliament to decriminalize the cultivation and possession of small quantities of cannabis; the bill was proclaimed as law on 23 December 2019. In 1915 Trinidad created the Ganja Ordinance, by which all cannabis sold on the island was gathered into bonded warehouses and distributed only to sellers who paid a license fee, similar to the system found in Bengal. Cannabis was banned in the islands in 1925. In 2018, the head of the Caribbean Collective for Justice has called for the nation to decriminalize cannabis. In December 2018, Prime Minister Keith Rowley stated that cannabis would become decriminalized some time in June 2019. In November 2019, Attorney General Faris Al-Rawi laid two bills in Parliament which decriminalize possession of less than 30 grams of marijuana, implement tiered penalties for possession of 30–60 grams, allow cultivation of up to four plants per adult in a household..

The decriminalization bill was passed by both houses of Parliament and will be proclaimed into law on 23 December 2019, while the Cannabis Control Authority Bill was sent to a joint select committee

Curing (chemistry)

Curing is a chemical process employed in polymer chemistry and process engineering that produces the toughening or hardening of a polymer material by cross-linking of polymer chains. If it is associated with the production of thermosetting polymers, the term curing can be used for all the processes where starting from a liquid solution, a solid product is obtained. During the curing process, single monomers and oligomers, mixed with or without a curing agent, react to form a tridimensional polymeric network. In the first part of the reaction branches molecules with various architectures are formed, their molecular weight increases in time with the extent of the reaction until the network size is equal to the size of the system; the system has lost its solubility and its viscosity tends to infinite. The remaining molecules start to coexist with the macroscopic network until they react with the network creating other crosslinks; the crosslinking density increases. Curing can be initiated by heat, electron beams, or chemical additives.

To quote from IUPAC: curing "might or might not require mixing with a chemical curing agent." Thus, two broad classes are curing induced by chemical additives and curing in the absence of additives. An intermediate case involves a mixture of resin and additives that requires external stimulus to induce curing; the curing methodology depends on the application. Particular attention is paid to the shrinkage induced by the curing. Small values of shrinkage are desirable. Epoxy resins are cured by the use of additives called hardeners. Polyamines are used; the amine groups ring-open the epoxide rings. In rubber, the curing is induced by the addition of a crosslinker; the resulting process is called sulfur vulcanization. Sulfur breaks down to form polysulfide cross-links between sections of the polymer chains; the degree of crosslinking determines the rigidity and durability, as well as other properties of the material. Paints and varnishes contain oil drying agents; as such, when paint is described as drying it is in fact hardening.

Oxygen atoms serve the crosslinks, analogous to the role played by sulfur in the vulcanization of rubber. In the case of concrete, curing entails the formation of silicate crosslinks; the process is not induced by additives. In many cases, the resin is provided as a solution or mixture with a thermally-activated catalyst, which induces crosslinking but only upon heating. For example, some acrylate-based resins are formulated with dibenzoyl peroxide. Upon heating the mixture, the peroxide converts to a free radical, which adds to an acrylate, initiating crosslinking; some organic resins are cured with heat. As heat is applied, the viscosity of the resin drops before the onset of crosslinking, whereupon it increases as the constituent oligomers interconnect; this process continues until a tridimensional network of oligomer chains is created – this stage is termed gelation. In terms of processability of the resin this marks an important stage: before gelation the system is mobile, after it the mobility is limited, the micro-structure of the resin and the composite material is fixed and severe diffusion limitations to further cure are created.

Thus, in order to achieve vitrification in the resin, it is necessary to increase the process temperature after gelation. When catalysts are activated by ultraviolet radiation, the process is called UV cure. Cure monitoring is, for example, an essential component for the control of the manufacturing process of composite materials; the material liquid, at the end of the process will be solid: viscosity is the most important property that changes during the process. Cure monitoring relies on monitoring various chemical properties. A simple way to monitor the change in viscosity, thus, the extent of the reaction, in a curing process is to measure the variation of the elastic modulus. To measure the elastic modulus of a system during curing, a rheometer can be used. With dynamic mechanical analysis can be measured the storage modulus and the loss modulus; the variation of G' and G" in time can indicate the extent of the curing reaction. As shown in Figure 4, after an "induction time”, G' and G" start to increase, with an abrupt change in slope.

At a certain point they cross each other. When they reach the plateau the reaction is concluded; when the system is liquid, the storage modulus is low: the system behaves like a liquid. The reaction continues and the system starts to react more like a solid: the storage modulus increases; the degree of curing, α, can be defined as follow: α = G ′ − G m i n ′ G m a x ′ − G m i n ′ The degree of curing starts from zero and grows until one. The slope of the curve has his maximum about at half of the reaction. If the reactions occurring during crosslinking are exothermic, the crosslinking rate can be related to

Kota Pagatan

Kota Pagatan is a town located in the regency of Kusan Hilir, Tanah Bumbu, Tanah Bumbu, Kalimantan Selatan province, Indonesia. Pagatan has so-called Pagatan Beach. Not only people from this region, but from Banjarmasin visit this place for refreshing and recreation; this place becomes the place for any cultural event the annual event Maccera tasi. Mappanretasi is the term used by local people; this symbolic terms is intended to appreciate Allah, the God they worship, for the blessing that He has given through the sea and for the safety when they go to the sea for a living. Since they are fishermen, they feel the event as their part of life. Mappanretasi is held annually in November.*1 The form of the event is by providing some local food and throwing them to the sea. The leader deliver some prayers during the activities. Data desa di BPS Tanah Bumbu

Diary (Sunny Day Real Estate album)

Diary is the debut studio album by American rock band Sunny Day Real Estate. The album is considered by many to be a defining emo album of the second wave, otherwise known as Midwest emo, it has been called the missing link between post-hardcore and the nascent emo genre. Diary was remastered and reissued in 2009, with bonus tracks "8" and "9" from their 1993 7-inch Thief, Steal Me A Peach and newly written liner notes; the songlist started with six tracks written by Thief, Steal Me a Peach, a project started when bassist Nate Mendel went on tour with his other project Christ on a Crutch, drummer William Goldsmith invited his friend Jeremy Enigk to jam with him and guitarist and singer Dan Hoerner. The first songs afterwards had titles regarding their order in composing - "Seven", "8" and "9", though only the first appeared on Diary - and two different numbers, "47" and "48"; the album was released on vinyl and cassette. The vinyl has been released in three limited edition pressings; the first was a multi-colored splatter vinyl, released on "Glitterhouse Records" in Germany.

The second was a black vinyl pressing on Sub Pop. A repress followed on green vinyl, but the label for this second pressing states "Edition II" under the Sub Pop logo. All three vinyl pressings are missing 3 songs that are present on the CD due to the time constraints of vinyl, as the album clocks in at 53 minutes; the missing songs are "Round", "48" and "Grendel". The 2009 double LP re-issue contains all 11 songs from the original album, two bonus tracks; the artwork of the album was entirely done by Chris Thompson. However, the "butterfly" drawing on the album's booklet was created by Nate Mendel's father; the album cover features the popular children's toy Little People. The album was different from those released by popular Seattle grunge bands at the time, its melodic but urgent sound has had a clear mark on future emo groups. It is the seventh best selling album released on Sub Pop. Rolling Stone writes, "Diary captures the vague inner-turmoil of Enigk's lyrics and propels those turbulent emotions to the heavens."Diary was ranked amongst the best emo albums of all time in the Italian music magazine XL.

In 2013, Diary took the first place in LA Weekly's list "Top 20 Emo Albums in History". It topped the Rolling Stone list "40 Greatest Emo Albums of All Time" in 2016. NME listed the album as one of "20 Emo Albums That Have Resolutely Stood The Test Of Time"; the album was ranked at number 155 on Spin's "The 300 Best Albums of the Past 30 Years" list. Ian Cohen from Pitchfork writes, "it's the terse yet tender delivery of the lyrics from Jeremy Enigk that drew people in."The song "Seven" was featured in the South Park episode "Goth Kids 3: Dawn of the Posers", it was performed by the band on an episode of The Jon Stewart Show. It is featured in Guitar Hero 5, it was released on the Rock Band Network on July 5, 2010. YouTube comedian Jarrod Alonge covered "Seven" on his album Depressed. All tracks are written by Dan Hoerner. There are three circulating demos from Diary recording sessions, which took place at Idful Studios, in Chicago. "In Circles" "Rodeo Jones" "Song About an Angel" Sunny Day Real EstateJeremy Enigk – lead vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboards Dan Hoerner – lead guitar, backing vocals Nate Mendel - bass guitar William Goldsmith - drums, percussionAdditional personnelBrad Wood – producer, mixing Lynn Hamrick – photography Chris Thompson – artwork Diary at YouTube "In Circles" music video