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Assamese language

Assamese Asamiya, is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language. It is the easternmost Indo-European language, spoken by over 15 million speakers, serves as a lingua franca in the region. Nefamese is an Assamese-based pidgin used in Arunachal Pradesh and Nagamese, an Assamese-based Creole language is used in Nagaland; the Kamtapuri language of Rangpur division of Bangladesh and Cooch Behar and Jalpaiguri districts of India are linguistically closer to Assamese, though the speakers identify with the Bengali culture and the literary language. In the past, it was the court language of the Ahom kingdom from the 17th century. Along with other Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, Assamese evolved at least before 7th century CE from the middle Indo-Aryan Magadhi Prakrit, which developed from dialects similar to, but in some ways more archaic than Vedic Sanskrit, its sister languages include Angika, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Chittagonian, Rajbangsi, Maithili and Sylheti.

It is written in the Assamese alphabet, an abugida system, from left to right, with many typographic ligatures. Assamese originated in Old Indo-Aryan dialects, though the exact nature of its origin and growth is not clear yet, it is believed that Assamese and the Kamatapuri lects derive from the Kamarupi dialect of Eastern Magadhi Prakrit that kept to the north of the Ganges. Assamese developed from Indo-Aryan settlements in urban centers and along the Brahmaputra river embedded in Tibeto-Burman and Austroasiatic communities. Kakati's assertion that Assamese has an Austroasiatic substrate is accepted — which suggests that when the Indo-Aryan centers formed in the 4th-5th centuries CE, there were substantial Austroasiatic speakers that accepted the Indo-Aryan vernacular; the Indo-Aryan vernacular in Kamarupa had differentiated itself from the original vernacular by the 7th-century, before it did in Bengal or Orissa, as observed by Xuanzang the Chinese traveler. These changes were due to non-Indo-Aryan speakers adopting the language.

The evidence of the newly differentiated vernacular is found in the Prakritisms present in the Sanskrit of the Kamarupa inscriptions from which Assamese emerged. The earliest forms of Assamese in literature are found in the ninth-century Buddhist verses called Charyapada, in 12-14th century works of Ramai Pundit, Boru Chandidas, Sukur Mamud, Durllava Mullik and Bhavani Das. In these works, Assamese features coexist with features from other Modern Indian Languages. A distinguished literary form appeared first in the fourteenth century— in the courts of the Kamata kingdom and in the courts of an eastern Kachari king where Madhav Kandali translated the Ramayana into Assamese. From the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, songs – Borgeets, dramas – Ankiya Naat and the first prose writings were composed; the literary language moved to the court of the Ahom kingdom in the seventeenth century, where it became the state language. This period saw the widespread development of standardised prose infused with colloquial forms in Buranjis.

According to Goswami, this included "the colloquial prose of religious biographies, the archaic prose of magical charms, the conventional prose of utilitarian literature on medicine, arithmetic and music, above all the standardised prose of the Buranjis. The literary language, having become infused with the eastern idiom, became the standard literary form in the nineteenth century, when the British adopted it for state purposes; as the political and commercial center shifted to Guwahati after the mid-twentieth century, the literary form moved away from the eastern variety to take its current form. Assamese is native to Brahmaputra Valley consisting of eastern Assam, it is spoken in states of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. Presence of Assamese script can be found in Rakhine state of present Myanmar. Pashupati temple in Nepal have inscription in Assamese showing its influence and prosperity in the past. There are significant Assamese-speaking diaspora worldwide. Assamese is the official language of Assam, one of the 23 official languages recognised by the Republic of India.

The Assam Secretariat functions in Assamese. The Assamese phonemic inventory consists of eight vowels, ten diphthongs, twenty-three consonants. Consonant clusters in Assamese include thirty-three pure consonant letters in the Assamese alphabet; each letter represents a single sound with an inherent vowel, the short vowel /ɔ/. The first twenty-five consonants letters are called sparxa barna; these sparxa barnas are again divided into five bargas. Therefore, these twenty-five letters are called "bargia barna"; the Assamese phoneme inventory is unique in the Indic group of languages in its lack of a dental-retroflex distinction among the coronal stops as well as the lack of postalveolar affricates and fricatives. The dental and retroflex series merged into alveolar stops; this makes. The only other language to have fronted retroflex stops into alveolars is the related eastern dialects of Bengali. Note that /r/ is realised as or as a retroflex approximant. Assamese and Sylheti are unusual among Eastern Indo-Aryan languages for the presence of the /x/ (which, varies between velar and a u

Mentor station

Mentor is a former railroad depot located on Station Street in Mentor, Ohio. The station opened in 1890. A defunct New York Central freight house is located across the tracks from the depot; the depot is open and used by a restaurant. Mentor station is on the National Register of Historic Places as the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern RR Depot and Freight House; the passenger depot was opened in 1890 by the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway, replacing an older depot on the same line. The station was acquired by the New York Central Railroad after merging with the LS&MS in 1914. Passenger service to Mentor ended in 1949. Deekers Sidetracks opened in August 2007. Deekers is the latest in a string of restaurants to be located in the old depot. On June 21, 1905 at 9:05pm, an eastbound LS&MS-operated 20th Century Limited train hit an open switch near the depot; the resulting crash destroyed the old freight depot, caused the deaths of 19 people on the train. Following the destruction of the LS&MS freight depot, a new freight house was built in 1909.

LAKE COUNTY Railroad Depots

Northwest Power Generation Company Limited

Northwest Power Generation Company Limited is a state owned power and electric company in Bangladesh and is located in UTC Building, 8 Panthapath, Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is an enterprise of the Bangladesh Power Development Board. North-West Power Generation Company Limited was established on 28 August 2007 as a Public Limited Company under the Bangladesh Power Development Board. Bangladesh-China Power Company Ltd a joint venture between China National Machinery Import and Export Corporation and North-West Power Generation Company Limited built a 1,320MW power plant in Patuakhali District near Payra Seaport. Bangladesh-China Power Company Ltd was formed in 2014; the combined company has two power plants in Khulna. Northwest Power Generation Company Limited has joint ventures with Siemens to build a 4 billion dollar power plant, it has joint venture with Sembcorp Utilities of Singapore to build a 414-megawatt power plant in Sirajganj. It has joint collaboration with the Japanese Marubeni