The Associated Press is an American not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City. Founded in 1846, it operates as a unincorporated association, its members are U. S. newspapers and broadcasters. The AP news report, distributed to its members and customers, is produced in English and Arabic; the AP has earned 53 Pulitzer Prizes, including 31 for photography, since the award was established in 1917. The AP has counted the vote in U. S. elections since 1848, including national and local races down to the legislative level in all 50 states, along with key ballot measures. The AP collects and verifies returns in every county, parish and town across the U. S. and declares winners in over 5,000 contests. As of 2016, news collected by the AP was published and republished by more than 1,300 newspapers and broadcasters; the AP operates 263 news bureaus in 106 countries. It operates the AP Radio Network, which provides newscasts twice hourly for broadcast and satellite radio and television stations.
Many newspapers and broadcasters outside the United States are AP subscribers, paying a fee to use AP material without being contributing members of the cooperative. As part of their cooperative agreement with the AP, most member news organizations grant automatic permission for the AP to distribute their local news reports; the AP traditionally employed the "inverted pyramid" formula for writing which enables the news outlets to edit a story to fit its available publication area without losing the story's essentials. The Associated Press was formed in May 1846 by five daily newspapers in New York City to share the cost of transmitting news of the Mexican–American War; the venture was organized by Moses Yale Beach, second publisher of The Sun, joined by the New York Herald, the New York Courier and Enquirer, The Journal of Commerce, the New York Evening Express. Some historians believe; the New York Times became a member shortly after its founding in September 1851. Known as the New York Associated Press, the organization faced competition from the Western Associated Press, which criticized its monopolistic news gathering and price setting practices.
An investigation completed in 1892 by Victor Lawson and publisher of the Chicago Daily News, revealed that several principals of the NYAP had entered into a secret agreement with United Press, a rival organization, to share NYAP news and the profits of reselling it. The revelations led to the demise of the NYAP and in December 1892, the Western Associated Press was incorporated in Illinois as The Associated Press. A 1900 Illinois Supreme Court decision —that the AP was a public utility and operating in restraint of trade—resulted in AP's move from Chicago to New York City, where corporation laws were more favorable to cooperatives; when the AP was founded, news became a salable commodity. The invention of the rotary press allowed the New-York Tribune in the 1870s to print 18,000 papers per hour. During the Civil War and Spanish–American War, there was a new incentive to print vivid, on-the-spot reporting. Melville Stone, who had founded the Chicago Daily News in 1875, served as AP General Manager from 1893 to 1921.
He embraced the standards of accuracy and integrity. The cooperative grew under the leadership of Kent Cooper, who built up bureau staff in South America, Europe and, the Middle East, he introduced the "telegraph typewriter" or teletypewriter into newsrooms in 1914. In 1935, AP launched the Wirephoto network, which allowed transmission of news photographs over leased private telephone lines on the day they were taken; this gave AP a major advantage over other news media outlets. While the first network was only between New York and San Francisco AP had its network across the whole United States. In 1945, the Supreme Court of the United States held in Associated Press v. United States that the AP had been violating the Sherman Antitrust Act by prohibiting member newspapers from selling or providing news to nonmember organizations as well as making it difficult for nonmember newspapers to join the AP; the decision facilitated the growth of its main rival United Press International, headed by Hugh Baillie from 1935 to 1955.
AP entered the broadcast field in 1941. In 1994, it established a global video newsgathering agency. APTV merged with WorldWide Television News in 1998 to form APTN, which provides video to international broadcasters and websites. In 2004, AP moved its world headquarters from its longtime home at 50 Rockefeller Plaza to a huge building at 450 West 33rd Street in Manhattan—which houses the New York Daily News and the studios of New York's public television station, WNET. In 2009, AP had more than 240 bureaus globally, its mission—"to gather with economy and efficiency an accurate and impartial report of the news"—has not changed since its founding, but digital technology has made the distribution of the AP news report an interactive endeavor between AP and its 1,400 U. S. newspaper members as well as broadcasters, international subscribers, online customers. The AP began diversifying its news gathering capabilities and by 2007 AP was generating only about 30% of its revenue from United States newspapers.
37% came from the global broadcast customers, 15% from online ventures and 18% came from international newspapers and from photography. The AP's multi-topic structure has resulted in web portals such as Yahoo! and MSN posting its articles relying on the AP as their first source for news coverage of break
Between 1979 and 1983 all of eastern Australia was affected by a major drought. Although in some places such as the South Coast the drought was continuous, in most of the affected region the major years of drought were 1980 and 1982; the 1970s had been an exceptionally wet decade over eastern Australia, despite short-term droughts from April to August 1976 and June to December 1977. 1978 was wet in the southern coast districts of New South Wales and East Gippsland because southern low pressure systems redeveloped over the east coast. Orbost's 1978 rainfall of 1,559 millimetres is as much as 256 mm above its previous record from 1935. In the winter, unseasonal rains struck bone-dry areas of northern Australia, the wet season arrived early in the north in October. Though the Wet was not abnormally powerful in November and December, southeastern Australia remained exceptionally wet; the year 1979 began with extraordinarily hot conditions over southern Australia. Both livestock and wild animals perished in great numbers due to the heatwave, which saw places in northern South Australia reach temperatures of at least 45 °C from 31 December 1978 to 15 January 1979.
In Western Australia, the Nullarbor region settlements of Mundrabilla and Forrest both reached maxima of 49.8 °C, the fourth-highest recorded temperatures in Australia, on 3 and 13 January 1979, respectively. Temperatures reached 40 °C in Sydney and in that summer's Ashes Test match, Australia's wicket keeper retired from heat exhaustion. Rain fell in the Mallee in the month, making it a record wet month in many parts of western Victoria and far western New South Wales; the southeast corner, was very dry. February and March saw a continuing powerful monsoon, but except for the Mallee in February and the east coast from Newcastle to Triabunna in March, southeastern Australia was dry. April had normal rainfall except for continuing wet in Cape York Peninsula and dry conditions around Sydney and Hobart, where rainfall deficiencies were acute. Heavy May rainfall over the wheat belt did not mask dry conditions around Canberra and in eastern Tasmania. June, proved the first dry month: both Canberra and Hobart had their driest June and Melbourne set a record for low rainfall in July as cold fronts utterly failed to reach their normal latitudes.
August and September, saw a series of tropical/extratropical interactions produce exceptional rainfall over most of Victoria, South Australia, western New South Wales and Tasmania. Flooding occurred in the Murray northern Tasmania; the coastal districts of New South Wales and southern Queensland, became dry by September. Despite continuing heavy rains over south Australia, the Mallee and the Wimmera through spring, a dry November and near-record dry December ensured 1979 was the driest year until 2006 in Hobart and the driest since 1907 in Orbost. Further north, although an area of the Darling Downs had had heavy rainfall in October, the wet season was late and had not set in by December. Heavy rains in East Gippsland in January proved a false forecast of what was to come, for in southeastern Australia February and March were exceptionally dry. Brisbane had its second-driest March on record, apart from scattered areas the northern monsoon was modest. In the drier wheat country, many stations in the Mallee and adjacent parts of South Australia were rainless throughout the 1979/1980 summer, while the January rains that temporarily relieved the drought in East Gippsland did not reach Hobart.
April began warm and dry, but an extensive upper low followed by a vigorous cold front on the 22nd made this an wet month in South Australia, far western New South Wales, western Victoria and northern Tasmania. However, in most of New South Wales this blocking high produced uninterrupted dry weather. At Canberra, it was the driest April on record, a remarkable feature of the month was that the highest rainfalls in New South Wales occurred in the dry Western Division. A cyclonic storm in May led to floods on the North Coast, but from June drought again set in over the eastern coastal belt between Bundaberg and Hobart. August and September were dry. In these months Sydney received only 15 millimetres and water restrictions were imposed on the city's residents. Elsewhere in eastern Australia the winter had near normal rainfall but was exceptionally warm, while September's dryness extended to every part of the mainland except alpine areas and the southern coastline, where the mild, wet weather was producing good conditions despite the burden of agisting cattle from drought-stricken areas.
Although October was wet in South Australia, western Victoria, southern Queensland, drought-affected areas of New South Wales did not get significant rain until December, when hot and unsettled weather brought some relief from the driest February to November period over the southeast corner since 1915. Nonetheless, in most of the Hunter Basin, including Newcastle, 1980 was the driest year recorded. In some stations on the South Coast it was the driest since 1888; the wet season had been late over the tropics. The hot, humid weather of December continued throughout summer. January saw the most active monsoon since 1974 over Queensland: Hughenden received 422 millimetres, or as much as 85 percent of its normal annual rainfall, while in the Wet Tropics rainfall was extraordinarily heavy: Babinda received a remarkable 2,560 millimetres for the month. February was wet, with Brisbane reporting its best rains since March 1974. In western Tasmania, unusually hot and dry conditions le
Amarachi Uyanne, popularly known by her stage name Amarachi, is a Nigerian teenage singer and violinist. She is best known for winning the maiden edition of Nigeria's Got Talent. Amarachi is a native of Delta State, she grew up in Edo State, where she started dancing at the age of 5. In 2012, she won a cash prize of N10,000,000 after she was announced as the winner of the first edition of Nigeria's Got Talent, she was subsequently dubbed the "youngest millionaire in Nigeria". She attended University Preparatory Secondary School in Edo State; the young celebrity graduated from secondary school in July 2019 and is a Student of Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. After emerging as the winner of Nigeria's Got Talent, Amarachi released her debut single titled "Amarachi Dance", she proceeded to feature Phyno in a song titled "Ova Sabi". She runs the Amarachi Talent Academy, a talent school conceived with the aim of nurturing and training young children with musical and dance talents.