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Associated Press NFL Most Valuable Player Award

The Associated Press NFL Most Valuable Player Award is presented annually by the Associated Press to a player in the National Football League deemed to have been the "most valuable" in that year's regular season. While there have been many selectors of NFL MVPs in the past, today the MVP award presented by the AP is considered the de facto official NFL MVP award and the most prestigious. Since 2011, the NFL has held the annual NFL Honors ceremony to recognize the winner of each year's AP MVP award, along with other AP awards, such as the AP NFL Offensive Player of the Year and AP NFL Defensive Player of the Year; the most recent AP NFL MVP is quarterback Lamar Jackson of the Baltimore Ravens, the second youngest player to receive the award. The AP has presented an award recognizing the NFL's top player since 1957; the award is voted upon by a panel of 50 sportswriters at the end of the regular season, before the playoffs, though the results are not announced to the public until the day before the Super Bowl.

The sportswriters chosen follow the NFL, remain consistent from year to year. They are are independent of the league itself. Voters for the award have included Troy Aikman of Fox Sports. Only two players in the history of the award have won it unanimously: New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady in 2010 and Jackson in 2019. Due to voters' tendency to favor offensive positions, the award has been overwhelmingly dominated by offensive players. Two defensive players have won the award: Alan Page in 1971 as a defensive tackle, Lawrence Taylor as a linebacker in 1986; the sole special teams player to be named AP NFL MVP was Mark Moseley, who won as a placekicker in 1982. Thirteen awardees won the Super Bowl in the same season. However, this has not occurred since 1999, when MVP Kurt Warner won Super Bowl XXXIV with the St. Louis Rams. Since nine AP NFL MVPs have led their team to the Super Bowl and were defeated each time; this has led to tongue-in-cheek claims in recent years that there is a "curse" preventing the awardee's team from winning the Super Bowl.

Seven NFL franchises have not produced an MVP, the New York Jets, Houston Texans, Jacksonville Jaguars, St. Louis/Phoenix/Arizona Cardinals, Philadelphia Eagles, New Orleans Saints, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers; the Green Bay Packers and the Baltimore/Indianapolis Colts have the most overall winners with eight. The Green Bay Packers have the most unique winners with five different players winning the award. Only eight players have won the Super Bowl and MVP in the same season, Bart Starr in 1966, Terry Bradshaw in 1978, Joe Montana in 1989, Emmitt Smith in 1993, Steve Young in 1994, Brett Favre in 1996 Terrell Davis in 1998 and Kurt Warner in 1999; the AP has presented an award recognizing the NFL's top player since the 1957 season, although the pre-1961 awardees are recognized in the Official NFL Record and Fact Book as winning the AP's "NFL Most Outstanding Player Award", the 1962 winner was recognized as the AP's "Player of the Year". The AP considers 1961 to be the first year, thus there are numerous inconsistencies among sources regarding each of the first four awards, whether or not the winners are included in the overall list of AP MVP winners at all.

The discrepancies include 1958's winner being either Jim Gino Marchetti. National Football League Most Valuable Player Award for an overview of similar awards from other organizations Associated Press NFL Offensive Player of the Year Award Associated Press NFL Defensive Player of the Year Award Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Award General"AP NFL Most Valuable Player Winners". Sports Reference. Retrieved February 5, 2018. "Full list of NFL MVP winners". Sports Illustrated. February 2, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2017. Gellerman, Jacob. 2018 Official NFL Record and Fact Book. National Football League. Pp. 522–523. Retrieved August 14, 2018. Footnotes

Andrew Stoner

Andrew John Stoner, a former Australian politician, was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly representing Oxley from 1999 state election to 2015. Stoner was the Leader of the New South Wales National Party from 2003 to 2014, Deputy Premier of New South Wales from 2011 to 2014, he was the Minister for Trade and Investment, Minister for Regional Infrastructure and Services, between 2011 and 2014. Stoner was born in 1960 in Brisbane, before his family moved to Wauchope, New South Wales, he attended the Queensland Institute of Technology from 1979 to 1985, receiving a Bachelor of Business, James Cook University of North Queensland in 1993, receiving a Master of Business Administration with first class honours. He became an employment agency manager and a regional manager in the Australian Public Service before entering parliament. Stoner joined the National Party of Australia and was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly on 27 March 1999 for Oxley, he was appointed the National Party Deputy Whip in his first term in office and rose to become Shadow Minister for Emergency Services and Shadow Minister for Sport and Recreation from 2002 to 2003.

However, after the Liberal-National Coalition lost the 2003 election, the Nationals leader George Souris stood aside and Stoner was elected in his place. Stoner helped lead the Coalition to a landslide victory in the 2011 state election; the Liberals won a majority in their own right --the first time that the main non-Labor party in New South Wales had won an outright majority under the Liberal banner. Although O'Farrell could have theoretically governed alone, he chose to retain the coalition with the Nationals. In a departure from normal practice, O'Farrell and Stoner were sworn in as an interim two-man government on 28 March though counting was still underway. In a 2013 interview marking his ten–year anniversary as leader of the Nationals, Stoner reflected that: could see that The Nationals supported him, that we weren't a disunifying force within the Coalition and as a result we had a strong Coalition.... A student of political history, he knows the 2011 election result was a high water mark for the Liberal party that The Nationals tend to be a little more stable in terms of their own numbers between elections.

When the tide goes back out for the Liberal party, he will need The Nationals. It will happen and he will need, at some stage, the National party. Owing to the resignation of Barry O'Farrell as Premier, the subsequent ministerial reshuffle by Mike Baird, in April 2014 in addition to his existing responsibilities as a minister, Stoner was appointed as the Minister for Tourism and Major Events, as the Minister for Small Business, as the Minister for the North Coast. On 15 October, Stoner stood down as National Party leader and as deputy premier, citing family reasons, he announced he would retire from politics at the next election. Troy Grant was elected unopposed as his successor. Stoner is now a company director and adviser to several companies. A keen surfer and father of six, Stoner now resides in Port Macquarie on the Mid North Coast, he separated from his former wife in 2016, divorced in 2019 and was remarried in 2020, to Dr Caroline Hong. O'Farrell ministry Baird ministry Shadow Ministry of Barry O'Farrell

Rote Wand

For the children's book series, see RedwallThe Rote Wand is a mountain in the Lechquellen Mountains range of Vorarlberg, in western Austria. The second highest mountain at 2,704 m in the range, behind the lower pit Wildgrubenspitze in the mountains of Lech sources, it rises from the valley floor between the Großes Walsertal in the north, Dalaas in the south; the name "Red Wall" originates from the distinct red-Lias limestone, striking in the south wall. On the north side is a small glacier, the source of the Meng River; the mountain is a popular hiking destination, but designated only for experienced, sure-footed mountain walkers. The route can be accessed from the Alpe Laguz, Alpe Klesenza, the Freiburger hut and the Formarinsee. All routes lead via a steep climb up the north-west flank, via the north ridge to the summit; the first described ascent was by Otto Freiherr von Sternbach and John Sholto Douglass in 1867, following a route explored but not finished by Anton Neyer from Bludenz and the guide Ferdinand Heine in the 1840s.

However, the peak had been reached before by unknown climbers as Douglass and Sternbach found a signal pole on the summit. After 1867 the mountain was a popular destination for mountaineers. In 1874 John Sholto Douglass, a native of Vorarlberg of Scottish descent, fell to his death near the Rote Wand while hunting chamois. In much literature the first ascent is ascribed to David Pappus and companions on 25 July 1610 during his exploration of the borders of the Sonnenberg and Bludenz Counties. Pappus however did not mention this in his detailed account; the "Rote Wand" that he did describe climbing is the 2,105 m high Garsellakopf on the border with Liechtenstein

Jasper Harvey

Jasper Harvey is a former American football offensive lineman. He was signed by the Washington Redskins as an undrafted free agent in 2006, he played college football at San Diego State. Harvey was a member of the Philadelphia Eagles, Berlin Thunder, Orlando Predators, Arizona Cardinals, New York Sentinels and San Jose SaberCats. Harvey was drafted by the New York Sentinels of the United Football League in the UFL Premiere Season Draft, he signed with the team on September 9, 2009. Arizona Cardinals bio Orlando Predators bio San Diego State Aztecs bio

Domain Highway

The Domain Highway is a highway in Tasmania, Australia. The highway acts as a link road connecting traffic between Hobart's two busiest highways. With recorded annual average daily traffic of 25,000, the single carriageway road is busier than some of Hobart's dual carriageway highways. Commencing at the Brooker Highway at Cornelian Bay and heading southeast between the banks of the Derwent River and the Domain and Botanical Gardens; the highway ends on the western approach of the Tasman Bridge. The entire highway is in the City of Hobart local government area. List of Highways in Hobart


Cumaná is the capital of Venezuela's Sucre State. It is located 402 kilometres east of Caracas. Cumaná was one of the first settlements founded by Europeans in mainland America and is the oldest continuously-inhabited, European-established settlement in the continent. Attacks by indigenous peoples meant; the municipality of Sucre, which includes Cumaná, had a population of 358,919 at the 2011 Census. The city, located at the mouth of the Manzanares River on the Caribbean coast in the Northeast coast of Venezuela, is home to one of five campuses of the Universidad de Oriente and a busy maritime port, home of one of the largest tuna fleets in Venezuela; the city is close to Mochima National Park, a popular tourist beaches destination amongst Venezuelans. The city of Cumaná saw the birth of key heroes of and contributors to the Venezuelan independence movement: Antonio José de Sucre, the ‘Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho’, a leading general and President of Bolivia. Cumaná is the birthplace to eminent poets and politicians like Andrés Eloy Blanco, an important figure in Latin-American literature and who rose to the national political scene.

Important scientists including Pehr Löefling from Sweden, Alexander von Humboldt from Germany and Aimé Bonpland from France did part of their experimental works and discoveries when visiting and living in Cumaná in the 18th century. The city is home to a Toyota plant, which manufactures the Hilux and Toyota Fortuner. Cumaná was the first settlement founded by Europeans in Venezuela in 1515 by Franciscan friars, with the name of Nueva Toledo, but due to successful attacks by the indigenous people, it had to be refounded several times until Diego Hernández de Serpa's refoundation in 1569 with the name of Cumaná. Bartolomé de las Casas, attempting a peaceful colonization scheme, was pre-empted by Gonzalo de Ocampo's 1521 punitive raids against the local indigenous people, in retaliation for the destruction of the Dominican convent at Chiribichi. In 1537 New Andalusia Province was established, with Cumaná as capital. After Amerindian attacks became less of a threat, the city was on several occasions destroyed by earthquakes.

Thus the oldest part of the city is 18th century. The city features a wide variety of colonial style architecture, still in excellent condition. A large old Spanish fort, the Castillo de San Antonio de la Eminencia can be seen from the beach, still open to the public. Surviving is the Castillo de Santa Maria de la Cabeza, built in 1669; the Museo del Mar displays maritime artifacts. The Cumana region is home of the spectacular aquarium fish, the Endler's livebearer, named after John Endler who discover this vibrantly coloured fish in a lake in the area, Laguna de Los patos; this fish is now extinct within the lake, but thrives now in home aquaria across the world with breeders producing spectacular fish. Iñaki Anasagasti, Spanish politician, member of the Basque Nationalist Party Rafael Betancourt, relief pitcher for Colorado Rockies Andrés Eloy Blanco, poet and politician Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader Armando Galarraga, starting pitcher for Detroit Tigers César Jiménez, left-handed relief pitcher for Seattle Mariners Luis Maza, shortstop for Los Angeles Dodgers Vanessa Peretti, first deaf entrant in the Miss Venezuela pageant Francisco Sánchez and freestyle swimmer Jesús Sucre, catcher for Seattle Mariners José Antonio Ramos Sucre and diplomat Juan Alvaro Lopez, filmmaker Krzysztof Dydniski & Charlotte Beech, Lonely Planet Venezuela, Media related to Cumaná at Wikimedia Commons