click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Asterism (astronomy)

In observational astronomy, an asterism is a popularly known pattern or group of stars that can be seen in the night sky. This colloquial definition makes it appear quite similar to a constellation, but they differ in that a constellation is an recognized area of the sky, while an asterism is a visually obvious collection of stars and the lines used to mentally connect them; this distinction between terms remains somewhat inconsistent. An asterism may be understood as an informal group of stars within the area of an official or defunct former constellation; some include stars from more than one constellation. Asterisms range from simple shapes of just few stars to more complex collections of many bright stars, they are useful for people. For example, the asterisms known as The Plough comprises the seven brightest stars in the International Astronomical Union recognised constellation Ursa Major. Another is the asterism of the Southern Cross. In many early civilizations, it was common to associate groups of stars in connect-the-dots stick-figure patterns.

This process was arbitrary, different cultures have identified different constellations, although a few of the more obvious patterns tend to appear in the constellations of multiple cultures, such as those of Orion and Scorpius. As anyone could arrange and name a grouping of stars there was no distinct difference between a constellation and an asterism. E.g. Pliny the Elder in his book Naturalis Historia mentions 72 asterisms. A general list containing 48 constellations began to develop with the astronomer Hipparchus, was accepted as standard in Europe for 1,800 years; as constellations were considered to be composed only of the stars that constituted the figure, it was always possible to use any leftover stars to create and squeeze in a new grouping among the established constellations. Furthermore, exploration by Europeans to other parts of the globe exposed them to stars unknown to them. Two astronomers known for expanding the number of southern constellations were Johann Bayer and Nicolas Louis de Lacaille.

Bayer had listed twelve figures made out of stars. Many of these proposed constellations have been formally accepted, but the rest have remained as asterisms. In 1928, the International Astronomical Union divided the sky into 88 official constellations following geometric boundaries encompassing all of the stars within them. Any additional new selected groupings of stars or former constellations are considered as asterisms. However, depending on the particular literature source, any technical distinctions between the terms'constellation' and'asterism' remain somewhat ambiguous. E.g. Both the open clusters The Pleiades or Seven Sisters and The Hyades in Taurus are sometimes considered asterisms, but this depends on the source. Component stars of asterisms mark out simple geometric shapes; the Great Diamond consisting of Arcturus, Spica and Cor Caroli. An East-West line from Arcturus to Denebola forms an equilateral triangle with Cor Caroli to the North, another with Spica to the South; the Arcturus, Spica triangle is sometimes given the name Spring Triangle.

Together these two triangles form the Diamond. Formally, the stars of the Diamond are in the constellations Boötes, Virgo and Canes Venatici; the Summer Triangle of Deneb and Vega — α Cygni, α Aquilae, α Lyrae — is recognized in the northern hemisphere summer skies, as its three stars are all of the 1st magnitude. The stars of the Triangle are in the band of the Milky Way which marks the galactic equator, are in the direction of the galactic center; the Great Square of Pegasus is the quadrilateral formed by the stars Markab, Scheat and Alpheratz, representing the body of the winged horse. The asterism was recognized as the constellation ASH. IKU "The Field" on the MUL. APIN cuneiform tablets from about 1100 to 700 BC. One-third of the 1st-magnitude stars visible in the sky are in the so-called Winter Hexagon with Capella, Rigel, Sirius and Pollux with 2nd-magnitude Castor, on the periphery, Betelgeuse off-center. Although somewhat flattened, thus more elliptical than circular, the figure is so large that it cannot be taken in all at once, thus making the lack of true circularity less noticeable.

Some prefer to regard it as a Heavenly'G'. The Winter Triangle visible in the northern sky's winter and comprise the first magnitude stars Procyon and Sirius. A familiar asterism is the Big Dipper, Plough or Charles's Wain, composed of the seven brightest stars in Ursa Major; these stars delineate the Bear's hindquarters and exaggerated tail, or alternatively, the "handle" forming the upper outline of the bear's head and neck. With its longer tail, Ursa Minor hardly appears bearlike at all, is known by its pseudonym, the Little Dipper; the Northern Cross in Cygnus. The upright runs from Deneb in the Swan's tail to Albireo in the beak; the transverse runs from ε Cygni in one wing to δ Cygni in the other. The Fish Hook is the traditional

Kaylin Swart

Kaylin Christen Swart is a South African footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for the South Africa women's national team. Swart was born on 30 September 1994 in South Africa. Swart started her youth career at Springs Home Sweepers FC in South Africa from which she participated in the 2010 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup squads in Trinidad and Tobago. Kaylin started her career at AIB College of Business but transferred to Menlo College to play for the Menlo Oaks in 2015, she appeared in 19 games and made 18 starts during her first season at Menlo and earned a record of 6–6–4 while allowing 17 goals. She recorded six shoutouts, she earned a Honorable Mention honors for the NAIA All-American team. Kaylin helped Menlo to second place in the conference in goals allowed per game. In 2016, she appeared in 18 games and made 16 starts and had seven shutouts along with a 5–7–3 record, she had a goals against average of.828 beating her record the previous year to be the best in Menlo College history. She was named in National Soccer Coaches Association of America's All Southwest Region team and was a Third Team All-American, as well as being named in the 2016 All-GSAC.

In 2017, she appeared in 16 games. She recorded six shutouts with a 6–4–3 record, she had a goals against average of 0.82 setting a new record in the program history. She was an All-GSAC, All-Region, Third-Team All-American honors, she concluded her career with the most saves and the best goals against average in program history. In her senior year, she picked up her first collegiate assist in a draw against The Master's University on 19 October 2017, her first international appearance came on 9 July in 2016 in a match against the US football team in which they lost by a goal to nothing. She was the starting goalkeeper for the South Africa women football team at the 2018 Women Afcon where they lost in the finals to the Super Falcons of Nigeria in a penalty shootout, she owns the best goals against average in Menlo program history at 0.824, a mark she set in 2017. She beat this record in each of her three seasons, she recorded at least six shutouts every year making it the most shutouts among keepers in Menlo history.

She is a three time All-GSAC member, three-time NSCAA All-Region player, a two-time third team All-American in the NAIA. Kaylin Swart at Soccerway

The Dumping Ground

The Dumping Ground is a British children's television drama series that focuses on the lives and experiences of young people who live in a care home with their care workers in care, broadcast on CBBC since 4 January 2013. The series is a continuation of Tracy Beaker Returns and the first series, consisting of thirteen, thirty-minute episodes, was commissioned in early 2012. A second series with thirteen, thirty-minute episodes, was announced in 2013; the third and fourth series, announced in 2014 and 2015 both had an increase in episodes: twenty, thirty-minute episodes. In 2016, it was confirmed; the Dumping Ground broadcast its 100th episode on 16 March 2018, the tenth episode of series six. An eighth series is airing from January to December 2020; the series revolves around the life of children in the Ashdene Ridge care home. The Dumping Ground deals with issues related to the care system as well as social issues such as friendships, relationships, mental health, adolescence and LGBT parenting.

Since its inception, The Dumping Ground has had four spin-offs. The Dumping Ground Survival Files aired for two series from 6 January to 12 December 2014. Webisode series Liam's Story aired from 17 January to 14 March 2014 and aired in a full episode on television on 23 March 2014; the series followed the character of Liam O'Donovan, played by Richard Wisker, after his life in care. In November 2015, a five-part miniseries aired, titled The Dumping Ground Dish Up, that featured five former cast members - Joe Maw, Jessie Williams, Chris Slater, Jessica Revell and Saffron Coomber - in character and showing how to make different dishes; the Dumping Ground: I'm... another webisode series where young people and staff describe living and working in care, aired for two series from 25 January 2016 to 9 February 2017. On 6 April 2018, a five-part mini webisode series was released called Sasha's Contact Meeting, which followed Sasha with her social worker planning her pathway plan for when she leaves care.

Amy-Leigh Hickman announced that The Dumping Ground had been commissioned in March 2012. Like in Tracy Beaker Returns, the former La Sagesse School was used for The Dumping Ground set and the first series was filmed in summer 2012. Additional scenes are shot across the North East of England; the exterior set is filmed at Rowlands Gill and Wear whilst a former secondary school in High Spen and Wear and the former Loansdean fire station in Morpeth, Northumberland have been used for The Dumping Ground interior set since the second series when La Sagesse School was sold to property developers, with additional filming across the North East. To portray life in a children's care home, the show works with children's advocate, Bev Costello, who acts as an adviser. All the main cast, apart from Saffron Coomber, from the last episode of the third series of Tracy Beaker Returns reprised their roles and Leanne Dunstan, Reece Buttery and Sarah Rayson were cast as Faith Davis, Mo Michaels and Floss Guppy respectively.

Stacy Liu joined as new care worker May-Li Wang in series 2 and Kasey McKellar joined as Bailey Wharton in series two. Ratings from BARB. From series 6b onwards, viewing figures include pre-transmission viewing; the Dumping Ground at BBC Programmes The Dumping Ground on IMDb

Infantry Assault Badge

The Infantry Assault Badge was a German war badge awarded to Waffen-SS and Wehrmacht Heer soldiers during the Second World War. This decoration was instituted on 20 December 1939 by the Commander-in-Chief of the German Army, Generalfeldmarschall Walther von Brauchitsch, it could be awarded to members of non-motorized Infantry units and units of the Gebirgsjäger that had participated in infantry assaults, with light infantry weapons, on at least three separate days of battle in the front line on or after 1 January 1940. When a counter offensive led to fighting, it could apply. Award of the Infantry Assault Badge was authorized at regimental command level; the silver class was instituted on 20 December 1939 by the commander of the OKH, Walther von Brauchitsch, was awarded to infantry soldiers according to one of the following criteria: To have taken part in at least three: infantry assaults or at least three armed reconnaissance operations or engaged in hand-to-hand combat in an assault position or participated on three separate days in the reestablishment of combat positions.

The bronze class was instituted on 1 June 1940. It was awarded to motorized/Mechanized Infantry troops according to the same criteria as listed above; the badge was designed by the company C. E. Junker of Berlin, it is oval in shape, with four oak leaves on each side. The reverse of the badge has a pin attached to it; the original "silver" badges were made of silver-plate and the ones were made of zinc. The "bronze" version was made of a "metal alloy". With the institution of the Ordensgesetz of 1957, German military personnel were permitted to wear de-nazified versions of German decorations; the badge was produced from 1957 as a de-nazified version in "silver" and "bronze", without the eagle clutching a swastika. Angolia, John. For Führer and Fatherland: Military Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0912138149

David Southwick

David James Southwick is an Australian politician, has been the member for Caulfield in the Victorian Legislative Assembly since 2010. In December 2018, Southwick was appointed the Shadow Minister for Police, Shadow Minister for Community Safety, Shadow Minister for Corrections, he is a member of the Liberal Party. Southwick was born and raised in Caulfield and completed his high school certificate at Mount Scopus Memorial College, he studied for a Bachelor of Business at Victoria University. In 1991 he was awarded an Honorary Fellowship in recognition of his service on the University Council. While at university Southwick started his business career including being founding and serving as managing director of The Body Collection. In this business, he employed 50 staff. Southwick has been the director or managing director of The Market Stars Group, ICE Events Pty Ltd and David James Investments Pty Ltd. Southwick was the Liberal candidate for the Division of Melbourne Ports in the 2004 federal election, achieving a swing of 2 points against the incumbent MP Michael Danby.

In the 2006 state election he was a Liberal candidate for the Southern Metropolitan Region, narrowly missing out on being elected. He was elected in 2010 as the Member for Caulfield and delivered his first speech on 8 February 2011, he is Chair of the Parliament's Education and Training Committee and one of the Parliament's inaugural representatives on the board of the Victorian Responsible Gaming Foundation. In November 2012, it was revealed, he claimed to have been an'Adjunct Professor' at RMIT, that he had a graduate diploma in marketing from Monash University, despite being a few units short. Both universities stated; the information was subsequently removed from his website. Southwick responded to the claims by saying that'Adjunct Professor' was a title used to refer to him while undertaking teaching overseas on behalf of the RMIT Graduate School of Business in Hong Kong, when he was an Adjunct Lecturer. During July 2013, in a first for Victorian members of parliament, Southwick launched David Southwick.

TV. The purpose of the website was to provide video updates to Caulfield residents about local events and issues in Victorian politics. At the time Southwick said: "As a fan of technology and emerging new media I have established this website so that local residents can access up to date and engaging video content including what is going on in their own neighbourhood; this content is delivered in a way that the viewer can watch in their own time as if they are part of the action" In 2015, Southwick was one of 13 MLAs who voted against banning anti-abortion campaigners from protesting outside abortion clinics. Prior to the 2018 election, Southwick expressed his opposition to Safe Schools, the aim of, to stop bullying towards LGBT students. Southwick has objected to aggressive renewable energy targets, promised to stop Labor's target. In the voluntary assisted dying vote, Southwick voted against the legislation. Parliamentary voting record of David Southwick at Victorian Parliament Tracker Official website

Trypticase soy agar

Trypticase soy agar or tryptone soya agar and Trypticase soy broth or tryptone soya broth with agar are growth media for the culturing of bacteria. They are general-purpose, nonselective media providing enough nutrients to allow for a wide variety of microorganisms to grow, they are used for a wide range of applications, including culture storage, enumeration of cells, isolation of pure cultures, or general culture. TSA contains enzymatic digests of casein and soybean meal, which provide amino acids and other nitrogenous substances, making it a nutritious medium for a variety of organisms. Glucose is the energy source. Sodium chloride maintains the osmotic equilibrium, while dipotassium phosphate acts as buffer to maintain pH. Agar extracted from any number of organisms is used as a gelling agent; the medium may be supplemented with blood to facilitate the growth of more fastidious bacteria or antimicrobial agents to permit the selection of various microbial groups from pure microbiota. As with any media, minor changes may be made to suit specific circumstances.

TSA is the base medium of other agar plate types. For example, blood agar plates are made by enriching TSA plates with defibrinated sheep blood, chocolate agar is made through additional cooking of BAP. Nutrient agar is similar to TSA. One liter of the agar contains: 15 g tryptone 5 g "soytone" – enzymatic digest of soybean meal 5 g sodium chloride 15 g agar http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/2000-02/951527342. Mi.r.html http://www.highlands.edu/academics/divisions/scipe/biology/labs/rome/selectivedifferential.htm http://spot.pcc.edu/~jvolpe/b/bi234/lab/differentialMedia/selectiveDifferentialMedia.htm http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/analytical-chromatography/microbiology/microbiology-products.html? TablePage=18176518