The Lagonda Rapide is a hand built four-door GT car which was produced from 1961 until 1964. Based on the Aston Martin DB4, it was David Browns attempt to revive the Lagonda marque which he had purchased in 1948 and it marked a revival of the Rapide model name which had been used by Lagonda during the 1930s. The car featured rear end styling similar to the DB4 convertible, the Rapide used a 4.0 L straight-6 six cylinder double overhead camshaft engine, which would be used in the Aston Martin DB5. Other new features included a de Dion tube rear suspension which would find its way into the Aston Martin DBS, the car had dual circuit, servo-assisted disc brakes, and most cars were supplied with a 3-speed automatic B & W gearbox. The exterior body panels were constructed from aluminium alloy over a Superleggera tubular steel frame, the interior was upholstered in leather and had a burled walnut dashboard. The car was hand-built to order only, and cost a base price of £4,950, however,55 vehicles were produced, of which about 48 are known today.
The Shooting Brake was a one-off 2005/2006 conversion by the Carrosserie Company Ltd. of Barnard Castle, Aston Martin Rapide www. lagonda-rapide. com – Website about the Aston Martin Lagonda Rapide 1961 –1964 Lagonda Rapide
Aston Martin Lagonda Limited is a British manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers. It was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford and their sports cars are regarded as a British cultural icon. Aston Martin has held a Royal Warrant as purveyor of motorcars to HRH the Prince of Wales since 1982, headquarters and the main production site are in Gaydon, England, on the site of a former RAF V Bomber airbase. One of Aston Martins recent cars was named after the 1950s Vulcan Bomber, Aston Martin has diversified to speed boats, and real estate development. Aston Martin had a troubled history after the quarter of the 20th century but has enjoyed long periods of success. “In the first century we went bankrupt seven times, ” incoming CEO Andy Palmer told Automotive News Europe, “The second century is about making sure that is not the case. ”Aston Martin was founded in 1913 by Lionel Martin and Robert Bamford. The two had joined forces as Bamford & Martin the previous year to sell cars made by Singer from premises in Callow Street, London where they serviced GWK, Martin raced specials at Aston Hill near Aston Clinton, and the pair decided to make their own vehicles.
The first car to be named Aston Martin was created by Martin by fitting a four-cylinder Coventry-Simplex engine to the chassis of a 1908 Isotta-Fraschini and they acquired premises at Henniker Mews in Kensington and produced their first car in March 1915. Production could not start because of the outbreak of World War I, all machinery was sold to the Sopwith Aviation Company. After the war found new premises at Abingdon Road, Kensington. Bamford left in 1920 and Aston Martin was revitalised with funding from Count Louis Zborowski, in 1922, Bamford & Martin produced cars to compete in the French Grand Prix, which went on to set world speed and endurance records at Brooklands. Approximately 55 cars were built for sale in two configurations, long chassis and short chassis, Aston Martin went bankrupt in 1924 and was bought by Dorothea, Lady Charnwood who put her son John Benson on the board. Aston Martin failed again in 1925 and the closed in 1926. Later that year, Bill Renwick, Augustus Bertelli and investors including Lady Charnwood took control of the business and they renamed it Aston Martin Motors and moved it to the former Whitehead Aircraft Limited Hanworth works in Feltham.
The only Renwick and Bertelli motor car made, it was known as Buzzbox, between 1926 and 1937 Bertelli was both technical director and designer of all new Aston Martins, since known as Bertelli cars. They included the 1½-litre T-type, International, Le Mans, MKII and its derivative, the Ulster, and the 2-litre 15/98 and its racing derivative. Most were open two-seater sports cars bodied by Bert Bertellis brother Enrico, with a number of long-chassis four-seater tourers, dropheads. Bertelli was a competent driver keen to race his cars, one of few owner/manufacturer/drivers, the LM team cars were very successful in national and international motor racing including at Le Mans and the Mille Miglia
Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato
The Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato was introduced in October 1960 at the London Motor Show. It was effectively a DB4 GT, lightened and improved by the Zagato factory in Italy, initially the factory had plans to produce 25 cars, but demand was not as strong as expected and production ceased at the 20th unit. They are known as Sanction II and Sanction III cars, also, an unauthorised but lucrative private industry of modifying original DB4 GTs into Zagato replicas has arisen as well to meet market demand for high-quality Zagato recreations. Although the specification of the engine was changed and upgraded throughout their racing history, with a more powerful 9.7,1 compression ratio when compared to the DB4 GT engine. The engine produced 314 hp, a 0 to 60 mph acceleration of just 6.1 seconds, Ercole Spada at Zagato transformed the DB4 GT into a smaller, more aerodynamic, super lightweight car. Many steel components were replaced by aluminium counterparts, basically all non-essential elements disappeared, such as the bumpers.
With the help of Perspex and aluminium components, more than 100 pounds was shed off the DB4 GT, four of the original Zagatos chassis,0191,0193,0182 and 0183 were built to a lightened DP207/209 specification, especially for racing. The DP209 cars have a lower roofline, larger rear wings, the first competition outing of a DB4 GT Zagato was during Easter in 1961 at Goodwood. Driven by Stirling Moss the car finished 3rd, behind an Aston Martin DB4GT, both the Zagatos raced in the 196124 Hours of Le Mans. However a repeat of the 1959 Le Mans victory was not to be, in July 1961 at a British Grand Prix Support race the Zagato had its first victory. With 2 VEV taking the last lap lead from a Jaguar E Type,2 VEV crashed heavily at Spa in 1962 and was rebuilt to the lightweight DP209 specification. After a road accident in 1993 the car was returned to the 1962 specification, chassis 0200 raced in the 196224 Hours of Le Mans, however, a blown piston after 9 1⁄2 hours forced the car to retire. In 1988, four unutilised chassis numbers were put to use, with the approval of Aston Martin, four DB4 chassis were appropriately uprated to GT specifications.
These chassis were sent to Zagatos Milan workshop to be bodied like the originals, with a smaller oval grille, without the stock DB4 GTs rear tail fins. To familiarise the workforce with construction techniques of the 60s, an original DB4 GT Zagato was sent along to be dismantled and these Works Approved Replicas were known as the Sanction II cars. They were outwardly identical, but several changes were effected in the interest of better handling, each of these cars sold for over $1,000,000. Differences to the include a larger engine capacity, increasing from 3.7 litres to 4.2 litres. The first of the four GT specification rolling chassis was delivered to Zagato in January 1989, with all four being completed in July 1991
Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera
Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera is an automobile coachbuilder established on 25 March 1926 in Milan, Italy by Felice Bianchi Anderloni and Gaetano Ponzoni. Carrozzeria Touring became well known for both the beauty of its designs and patented superleggera construction methods, the trademark was purchased by the current owner, a family business, which resumed business activities in 2006 under the name Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera S. r. l. The firm is headquartered nearby Milan, its hometown, the new owners changed the name of the firm to Carrozzeria Touring. Carrozzeria Tourings location at Via Ludovico da Breme 65 placed the coachbuilder in close proximity to automobile manufacturers Alfa Romeo, Citroën, Tourings first bodywork assignments were for chassis produced by these companies. Bianchi Anderloni came to Touring more as an automobile designer than a car constructor, the company licensed Charles Weymanns system of fabric-covered lightweight frames, a predecessor of their own Superleggera construction system.
Touring hired Giuseppe Seregni, who collaborated with Bianchi Anderloni on the 1927 Isotta-Fraschini Flying Star. This super lightweight system consists of a structure of small tubes to form the bodys shape with thin alloy panels attached to cover. Aside from light weight, the Superleggera construction system gave great flexibility, in 1937 at Mille Miglia, Alfa Romeo 6C 2300B was the first appearance of a Touring car built with the Superleggera system. Prior to World War II, Touring gained fame for their Superleggera bodies, particularly those made for the Alfa Romes 8C2900, the company quickly re-energized after the war, with the Superleggera system widely licensed and copied. Felice Bianchi Anderloni died in 1948 and his son, Carlo Felice Cici Bianchi Anderloni, the two would remain in charge of the firm until the company discontinued production in 1966. Cicis first major project was to create a body for the Ferrari 166 Mille Miglia Touring barchetta, automotive design critic Robert Cumberford has referred to the body design for the 166 as One of the most charismatic shapes ever.
The egg-crate grill of the 166 became a signature Ferrari design element and is still in use by Ferrari today, the Aston Martin DB4, the DB5 and the DB6 were named after David Brown’s initials. He entrusted Touring Superleggera to design their next generation GT after the introduction of the successful DB2, Tourings fortunes began to decline as automobile manufacturers replaced body-on-frame construction with monocoque construction. The carmakers began to build their own bodies in their production lines, they were not able to produce less than a few thousand units yearly. Therefore, they decided to assign the body production to coachbuilders and this led coachbuilders to invest in additional manufacturing capacity. Once Touring Superleggera had the new plant in Nova Milanese completed, the company had to wind-up in 1966, although bankruptcy never occurred. During the winding up, roughly the 80% of Touring Superleggera’s archives caught fire, the documents included precious information Carlo Felice Bianchi Anderloni cherished the most.
Therefore, he devoted energy to get in touch with every owner
Governments and private organizations have developed car classification schemes that are used for innumerable purposes including regulation and categorization, among others. This article details commonly used classification schemes in use worldwide, vehicles can be categorized in numerous ways. Regulatory agencies may establish a vehicle classification system for determining a tax amount, in the United Kingdom, a vehicle is taxed according to the vehicles construction, weight, type of fuel and emissions, as well as the purpose for which it is used. Other jurisdictions may determine vehicle tax based upon environmental principles, such as the user pays principle, another standard for road vehicles of all types that is used internationally, is ISO 3833-1977. In the United States, since 2010 the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety uses a scheme it has developed that takes into account a combination of both shadow and weight. The United States Federal Highway Administration has developed a scheme used for automatically calculating road use tolls.
There are two categories depending on whether the vehicle carries passengers or commodities. Vehicles that carry commodities are further subdivided by number of axles and number of units, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has developed a classification scheme used to compare fuel economy among similar vehicles. Passenger vehicles are classified based on a total interior passenger. Trucks are classified based upon their gross vehicle weight rating, heavy duty vehicles are not included within the EPA scheme. A similar set of classes is used by the Canadian EPA, in Australia, the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries publishes its own classifications. This is a table listing several different methods of vehicle classification. Straddling the boundary between car and motorbike, these vehicles have engines under 1.0 litre, typically only two passengers, and are sometimes unorthodox in construction. Some microcars are three-wheelers, while the majority have four wheels, microcars were popular in post-war Europe, where their appearance led them to be called Bubble cars.
More recent microcars are often electric powered, the size of ultracompact cars will be less than minicars, but have engine greater than 50cc displacement and able to transport 1 or 2 persons. Ultracompact cars cannot use standard, because of strict safety standards for minicars. The regulation about running capacity and safety performance of cars will be published in early autumn. Today, there are smaller than ultracompact cars, called category-1 motorized vehicles which it has 50cc displacement or less
Superleggera is an automobile coachwork construction technology developed by Felice Bianchi Anderloni of Italian coachbuilder Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera. The company was located just north of Milan, near Alfa Romeo, Italian Citroën, the first superleggera bodyworks were made for these companies. Touring licensed Charles Weymanns system of fabric-covered lightweight frames, which led to Touring’s own superleggera construction, aside from light weight, the superleggera construction system allows great design and manufacturing flexibility, enabling coachbuilders to quickly construct innovative body shapes. The superleggera tubes were brazed to shape on a jig and the panels were fitted over this. The panels are attached at their edges, mostly by swaging the panel edges over angle-section strips on the steel framework. Most of the panel has no rigid or metal-to-metal contact with the framework, it rests on it. The superleggera system was based on the use of Duralumin. In England after World War II, the alloy Birmabright was used, as it was stiffer in thin sheets, the superleggera system is no longer used in high-volume automobile production for a number of reasons.
Car makers such as Bristol, which had aircraft industry experience, were successful in countering galvanic corrosion than other manufacturers. Bristol introduced Superleggera construction on the Bristol 401 of 1948, Superleggera is a trademark owned by Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera s. r. l. The modern incarnation of the firm that patented the system in 1936, Carrozzeria Touring licensed the superleggera construction system to Aston Martin, who designed and manufactured superleggera bodywork for the DB4 and DB5. Several other manufacturers created automobiles using Carozzeria Tourings superleggera construction technology
Development in this region is restricted by the Metropolitan Green Belt. Other large settlements include the county town of Aylesbury, Marlow in the south near the Thames and Princes Risborough in the west near Oxford. Some areas without rail links to London, such as around the old county town of Buckingham. The largest town is Milton Keynes in the northeast, which with the area is administered as a unitary authority separately to the rest of Buckinghamshire. The remainder of the county is administered by Buckinghamshire County Council as a non-metropolitan county, in national elections, Buckinghamshire is considered a reliable supporter of the Conservative Party. A large part of the Chiltern Hills, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, runs through the south of the county and attracts many walkers, in this area older buildings are often made from local flint and red brick. Chequers, an estate owned by the government, is the country retreat of the incumbent Prime Minister. To the north of the county lies rolling countryside in the Vale of Aylesbury, the Thames forms part of the county’s southwestern boundary.
Notable service amenities in the county are Pinewood Film Studios, Dorney rowing lake, many national companies have offices in Milton Keynes. Heavy industry and quarrying is limited, with agriculture predominating after service industries, the name Buckinghamshire is Anglo-Saxon in origin and means The district of Buccas home. Buccas home refers to Buckingham in the north of the county, the county has been so named since about the 12th century, the county has existed since it was a subdivision of the kingdom of Mercia. Historically, the biggest change to the county came in the 19th century, Buckinghamshire is a popular home for London commuters, leading to greater local affluence, some pockets of relative deprivation remain. As a result, most county institutions are now based in the south of the county or Milton Keynes, the county can be split into two sections geographically. The county includes parts of two of the four longest rivers in England, the River Thames forms the southern boundary with Berkshire, which has crept over the border at Eton and Slough so that the river is no longer the sole boundary between the two counties.
The River Great Ouse rises just outside the county in Northamptonshire and flows east through Buckingham, Milton Keynes, the main branch of the Grand Union Canal passes through the county as do its arms to Slough, Aylesbury and Buckingham. The canal has been incorporated into the landscaping of Milton Keynes, the southern part of the county is dominated by the Chiltern Hills. The two highest points in Buckinghamshire are Haddington Hill in Wendover Woods at 267 metres above sea level, quarrying has taken place for chalk, clay for brickmaking and gravel and sand in the river valleys. Flint, extracted from quarries, was used to build older local buildings
Aston Martin DB Mark III
The DB 2/4 Mark III is a sports car sold by Aston Martin from 1957 until 1959. It was an evolution of the DB2/4 Mark II model it replaced, bentley-designed Lagonda 2.9 L straight-6 engine, redesigned by Tadek Marek. Changes included the front grille, that would become the shape of all future Aston Martin models, a new instrument panel, worm-and-sector steering and a live axle rear end were carry overs. At the rear, the DB2/4 Mark IIs tailfins were altered to use the lights from the Humber Hawk. The standard DBA engine model with twin SU carburettors produced 162 hp, thus equipped, the car could reach 60 mph in 9.3 seconds and hit 120 mph. Girling disc brakes were fitted as standard to the front wheels of all MkIII Astons after the first 100 had been made, only five automatic cars were made from a total of 551. A1959 review by Road & Track magazine praised the car for everything, a car for connoisseurs, they called it. The Aston has many virtues and few faults, among the faults was too-heavy steering effort, high door sills, and a stiff ride.
Interestingly, R&T failed to comment at all on the cars innovative hatchback body style, complete with fold-down rear seats, along with the hatchback, two two-seater coupé variants of the Mark III were produced. A Drophead Coupé convertible, while not common, still considerably outnumbers the Fixed Head Coupé –84 of the former were produced, all five Fixed Head Coupés were built close to the end of Mark III production and feature the mid-spec DBD engine. Both of these bodystyles feature conventional hinged boot lids rather than the innovative hatch back and it is the only Bond car in the Ian Fleming novels to have gadgets installed. For the film five years later, the car was updated to the Aston Martin DB5 model. It was to one of the most iconic of classic cars as a result. DB Mark III,551 Hatchback,462 Drophead Coupé,84 DBA,68 DBB,2 DBD,14 Fixed Head Coupé,5 LHD,83 The DB Mk III was included in the Spot-on range in the early 1960s