In Greek mythology, Astyanax was the son of Hector, the crown prince of Troy, his wife, Princess Andromache of Cilician Thebe. His birth name was Scamandrius, but the people of Troy nicknamed him Astyanax, because he was the son of the city's great defender and the heir apparent's firstborn son. During the Trojan War, Andromache hid the child in Hector's tomb, his fate was debated by the Greeks, for if he were allowed to live, it was feared he would avenge his father and rebuild Troy. In the version given by the Little Iliad and repeated by Pausanias, he was killed by Neoptolemus, who threw the infant from the walls. Another version is given in Iliou persis, it has been depicted in some Greek vases that Neoptolemus kills Priam, who has taken refuge near a sacred altar, using Astyanax's dead body to club the old king to death, in front of horrified onlookers. In Ovid's Metamorphoses, the child is thrown from the walls by the Greek victors. In Euripides's The Trojan Women, the herald Talthybius reveals to Andromache that Odysseus has convinced the council to have the child thrown from the walls, the child is in this way killed.
In Seneca's version of The Trojan Women, the prophet Calchas declares that Astyanax must be thrown from the walls if the Greek fleet is to be allowed favorable winds, but once led to the tower, the child himself leaps off the walls. For Hector's mother, Astyanax was the only hope and consolation, his death's announcement was a terrible climax of the catastrophe. Other sources for the story of the Sack of Troy and Astyanax's death can be found in the Bibliotheca, Tryphiodorus. There are numerous traditions up through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance that have Astyanax survive the destruction of Troy: In one version, either Talthybius finds he cannot bear to kill him or else kills a slave's child in his place. Astyanax survives to found settlements in Sardinia; the Chronicle of Fredegar contains the oldest mention of a medieval legend linking the Franks to the Trojans. One legend, as further elaborated through the Middle Ages, established Astyanax, renamed "Francus", as the founder of the Merovingian dynasty and forefather of Charlemagne.
In Matteo Maria Boiardo's Orlando innamorato, Andromache saves Astyanax by hiding him in a tomb, replacing him with another child, killed along with her by the Greeks. Taken to Sicily, Astyanax becomes the ruler of Messina, killing the giant-king of Agrigento and marries the queen of Syracuse, he is killed treacherously by Aegisthus, but his wife escapes to Reggio and bears a son, from whom the epic hero Ruggiero is descended. In this tradition, the epic hero Roland's sword Durendal is the sword used by Hector, Roland wins the sword by defeating a Saracen knight who had defeated Ruggiero II. In Ludovico Ariosto's Orlando Furioso, a continuation of Boiardo's poem, Astyanax is saved from Odysseus by substituting another boy of his age for himself. Astyanax arrives in Sicily becomes King of Messina, his heirs rule over Calabria. From these rulers is descended Ruggiero II, father of the hero Ruggiero, legendary founder of the house of Este. Based on the medieval legend, Jean Lemaire de Belges's Illustrations de Gaule et Singularités de Troie has Astyanax survive the fall of Troy and arrive in Western Europe.
He changes his name to Francus and becomes King of Celtic Gaul and founds the dynasty leading to Pepin and Charlemagne. Lemaire de Belges' work inspired Pierre de Ronsard's epic poem La Franciade. In this poem, Jupiter saves Astyanax; the young hero arrives in Crete and falls in love with the princess Hyanthe with whom he is destined to found the royal dynasty of France. In Jean Racine's play Andromaque, Astyanax has narrowly escaped death at the hands of Odysseus, who has unknowingly been tricked into killing another child in his place. Andromache has been taken prisoner in Epirus by Neoptolemus, due to be married to Hermione, the only daughter of the Spartan king Menelaus and Helen of Troy. Orestes, son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, brother to Electra and Iphigenia, by now absolved of the crime of matricide prophesied by the Delphic oracle, has come to the court of Pyrrhus to plead on behalf of the Greeks for the return of Astyanax. Astyanax is the subject of several modern works: In David Gemmell's Troy series, Astyanax is the son of Andromache and Aeneas/Helikaon.
After the Trojan War, Aeneas escapes from Troy with Andromache and Astyanax to Seven hills, a colony in Italy Aeneas and Odysseus found. In S. P. Somtow's fantasy novel The Shattered Horse, Astyanax's playmate, dressed in the prince's armor, is mistakenly killed in his place. Media related to Astyanax at Wikimedia Commons
Nugawela Central College is a school in Kandy, Sri Lanka. It was built in 1880, becoming its current form on 4 January 1944, it was opened by former prime minister D. S. Senanayake; the school provides primary and secondary education. Nugawela Central College is a school in the Kandy District and there are classes from 6 to 13. Most students enter this school by passing the grade 5 scholarship exam. D. W Mayadunne M. B. S. Paleepana Lianal Lokuliyana C. L. W. Abeygunasekara D. A. Devendra D. A. Weerasinghe C. Ranhoti K. S. Gunarathne D. B. Dissanayaka G. J. Sarathchandra B. Gunasekara T. B. Basnayaka G. Somapala R. Premarathn J. A. S. Jayalath D. M. Thilakarathne Banda B. A. Abeyrathne H. M. G. Herath D. A. Hettiarachchi R. P. W. K. Rajapaksha 2010.02. T. M. S. K. Thennakoon
Capital Cymru is a local Welsh language radio station owned and operated by Global. The station broadcasts to Gwynedd and Anglesey from studios in Gwersyllt, Wrexham via the Arfon transmitting station; the station formed part of the Heart network and earlier the Marcher Radio Group. It switched to Capital on Tuesday 6 May 2014. Heart North Wales now covers the region as part of the Heart network. From May 2014 to May 2019, the station formed part of the Capital network. Capital Cymru carries Welsh-language programming - local output is presented in Welsh and incorporates Welsh language music, news bulletins and traffic updates; the only English-language programming - and the only networked show is The Official Big Top 40 on Sunday afternoons. Although its official transmission area takes in most of the Isle of Anglesey and a large part of Gwynedd, the location of its transmitter means the signal carries across Cardigan Bay and can be heard in parts of Pembrokeshire and the Republic of Ireland.
The Capital Cymru service is now available via the North West Wales local DAB digital radio multiplex, broadcasting alongside the North Wales Coast feed of Capital North West and Wales, which continues to carry Capital network programming. When it launched in December 1998 as Champion 103, it was the first commercial radio station to serve Anglesey and Gwynedd as a whole, although Marcher Coast 96.3 had been broadcasting to a small part of the area for some time from its Colwyn Bay studios. Owned and operated by the Marcher Radio Group, Champion 103 broadcast from studios at Parc Menai in Bangor, Gwynedd - sharing its facilities with Coast 96.3. In 2000, the four Marcher stations - including Champion - were brought by the GWR Group and became part of The One Network. In March 2009, following Global Radio's takeover of GCap Media, Champion was rebranded as Heart Cymru as part of a rollout of the Heart network across 29 local radio stations owned by Global. By this point, local programming had been reduced to ten hours on weekdays and seven hours at weekends.
In July 2010, Global closed the Bangor studios and moved Heart Cymru's operations to the former Marcher headquarters in Gwersyllt, near Wrexham. By this point, the three Heart stations serving North Wales Coast, Cheshire & North East Wales and the Wirral were merged into one regional station, Heart North West and Wales. Heart Cymru was not affected by the network restructuring. On 6 February 2014, Global announced that Heart Cymru would be rebranded as Capital, with the Northern licence of Real Radio Wales being sold to Communicorp and relaunched as a new separate Heart station for North and Mid Wales. Capital Cymru was launched on Tuesday 6 May 2014. All local output, including extended Welsh language shows, news bulletins and network opt-outs were retained. On 23 May 2019, Capital Cymru dropped all of Capital's networked programming and introduced a full schedule of local output, including an additional Welsh language daytime show; the station retains both the Capital much of the network's CHR music playlist.
The Official Big Top 40, simulcast on Heart North Wales, continues to air on Sunday afternoons. Outside programming hours, the station broadcasts automated output, including a full hour of Welsh language music at 5am each morning; the majority of Capital Cymru's output is produced and broadcast from Global's Wrexham studios - including presenter-led programming from 6am-7pm on weekdays and 9am-4pm at weekends. The Official Big Top 40 on Sunday afternoons originates from Global's London headquarters; the station's local presenters are Cerian Griffith, Kev Bach and Dafydd Griffith. Capital Cymru broadcasts hourly localised news updates from 6am-7pm on weekdays and 6am-12pm at weekends with headlines on the half-hour during Capital Breakfast on weekdays. On weekdays, bulletins during local programming are broadcast in Welsh. Global's newsrooms in Wrexham and Cardiff Bay produce the bulletins, alongside those for Capital North West and Wales and Heart North Wales. List of Celtic-language media Capital Cymru