Atacama Region

The Atacama Region is one of Chile's 16 first order administrative divisions. It comprises three provinces: Copiapó and Huasco, it is bordered to the north by Antofagasta, to the south by Coquimbo, to east with Provinces of Catamarca, La Rioja and San Juan of Argentina, to the west by the Pacific Ocean. The regional capital Copiapó is located at 806 km north of the country's capital of Santiago; the region occupies the southern portion of the Atacama Desert, the rest of the desert is distributed among the other regions of Norte Grande. The Atacama Region is the third least populated region of the country, after Magallanes. Of its total population, over 50 % are located in the cities of Vallenar; the largest cities are Copiapó, Caldera, Chañaral, El Salvador Tierra Amarilla, Diego de Almagro. The original inhabitants of this area, the Diaguitas and Changos valued its mineral wealth. Since the 19th century, copper and gold have brought prosperity; the region experienced a boom when the Chañarcillo silver mine was discovered in 1832.

For many years, this was the world's third largest silver mine. Much of the region is desert, encompasses considerable mineral resources. Numerous flora and fauna species are found in the Atacama Region. One subspecies of the lesser rhea, known by the scientific name Rhea pennata tarapacensis, is a notable large terrestrial bird in this region, which subspecies is considered endangered; the diminished numbers of this bird are due to prehistoric and modern hunting but more due to agricultural land conversion in order to feed the expanding human population. Mining accounts for 90 % of its exports. Moreover, various geological surveys have identified new deposits. Iron ore mining is the most dynamic activity and there are numerous small-scale mines, which sell their output to ENAMI for processing at its Paipote smelter; the region's main copper deposit is Candelaria, which produces around 200,000 tonnes per year and is controlled by Phelps Dodge, an international corporation. The next in size is El Salvador, owned by CODELCO, with an annual output of around 81,000 tonnes.

Both mines export through the port of Chañaral. Over recent decades, fresh fruit emerged as regional export item, when the Copiapó and Huasco valleys joined Chile’s fruit-growing boom, they enjoy a comparative advantage because, thanks to the sunny climate, fruit ripens earlier than in the rest of the country and reaches northern hemisphere markets first. Grapes are the main crop and, on a smaller scale, tomatoes, onions, broad beans, citrus fruits, apricots and flowers; the region's organic wealth, its clear waters and sheltered bays, together with its entrepreneurial experience, favor the development of aquaculture. Species produced include the northern scallop and Chilean oysters, turbot and different varieties of mussels. Other products with more value added include boned fish fillets and salted fish and fishburgers; the unique weather conditions in the Atacama desert, with rare cloudy days, are ideal for solar power generation. Many PV and CSP plants are being built in this area. Flag of Atacama Teresa Moreno and Wes Gibbons.

2007. The geology of Chile, Geological Society of London, 414 pages Gobierno Regional de Atacama Official website

William Mineard Bennett

William Mineard Bennet, was an English miniature-painter and composer. Bennett was born at Exeter in 1778. While apprenticed to the engraver Abraham Ezekiel in the city, he learned Hebrew and became enthusiastic about music. Following the expiration of his apprenticeship he moved to London and set himself up as miniature painter, he studied under Sir Thomas Lawrence, gained a considerable reputation as a painter of portraits and miniatures. He mixed with many of the most distinguished literary men of that day, among whom his wit and talents made him a great favourite. In 1806, however, he moved to Bath. In December of that year he made his first public appearance as a singer at a concert in Bath, at which he performed an air composed by Rauzzini. According to an article in the Monthly Review, "his reception was most flattering. After this, he continued to sing at the concerts, during the season, at the catch club, held at York-house"; the Monthly Review continued: Mr. Bennett had long determined to make trial of the stage.

His reception here was more flattering than at the concerts, he made an engagement with the managers to play a few nights. Just before the opening of the Hay-market theatre, in the same season, he received an offer to play six nights there, which he accepted, his first appearance before a London audience was in the character of Paul, in Paul and Virginia, it being only his seventh appearance on any stage, his reception was favourable to so young a performer." He remained in Bath for some time, continuing to work as a miniature painter while studying music, published a few compositions including a glee called "The Stars of the night arise", a duet for two voices, entitled, "Sweet warbling bird with dulcet note", a song called "The Victory off Trafalgar". Several of his works were exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1812 and 1816, again in 1834 and 1835, he spent some years in Paris, where his talents won him the patronage and friendship of the Duc de Berri. Graves, Robert Edmund. "Bennett, William Mineard".

In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Gent. Mag. 1868, ii. 647.

Astemir Gordyushenko

Astemir Aleksandrovich Gordyushenko is a Russian football player who plays as a central midfielder for FC Torpedo Moscow. Gordyushenko made his debut for the main squad of PFC CSKA Moscow in the Russian Cup game against FC Yenisey Krasnoyarsk on 21 September 2016, with his Russian Premier League debut for CSKA Moscow coming on 2 October 2016 against FC Rostov. On 21 November 2016, Gordyushenko extended his contract with CSKA Moscow until the end of the 2019–20 season. On 25 January 2019, he joined Tyumen on loan until the end of the 2018–19 season. On 13 February 2020, CSKA Moscow confirmed that Gordyushenko had left the club to join Torpedo Moscow; as of match played 25 May 2019 Astemir Gordyushenko at Russian Premier League