Ramjas College is a college of the University of Delhi located in North Campus of the university in New Delhi, India. It is one of the first three colleges established under University of Delhi and is one of the best colleges in the country; the college admits both undergraduates and post-graduates, awards degrees under the purview of the University of Delhi. Ramjas was celebrating its Centennial legacy from 2016 and completed its 100 years celebration in January 2017, it is one of the founding colleges of University of Delhi, along with Hindu College and St. Stephen's College, it is a co-educational college that admits students and select teachers from all communities irrespective of gender, caste and physical challenges. The institution believes in holistic education that goes beyond achieving academic excellence, vocational training. In January 2004, the College organised the first Conference of Graduate Students of Economics from the SAARC countries. Department of Mathematics of the College is believed to be the best Department of Mathematics in University of Delhi.
The Department of Mathematics, Ramjas College organised a two-day International Conference on Mathematics & Applications. The conference was held between April 26-28, it covered all the topics of Mathematics and its applications in different fields from History of Mathematics to Modern Mathematics. There were more than 200 participants from different destinations of India and abroad like from Italy, Serbia and more other nations; the conference had about 45 invited talks by eminent speakers of different branches of Mathematics from CMI, TIFR, IITs, IMSC and many Central/State Universities. Founded in 14th may 1917 by the great educationist and philanthropist, Rai Kedar Nath, Ramjas College is oldest college of Delhi after Hindu College and Stephen College. Initialy it was affiliated with university of Lahore upto intermediate level. Beginning from the humble precincts of Darya Ganj in Old Delhi; the College was named in memory of Lala Ramjas, father of Rai Kedar Nath, the founder of the college.
In its starting days, the college was run by the Ramjas Foundation - an educational foundation that runs schools and educational institutions in Delhi. When University of Delhi was formed in 1922, it was ungraded to degree level and brought under the University. Ramjas College has since been a humble part of that University. After formation of DU, the college was brought under government control but Ramjas Foundation kept looking over the administrative works of the college. In 1924, Its other branch named Ramjas intermediate college was opened at Daryaganj and old college was moved to a new campus at Anand Parbat near the serai Rohilla Station about two miles from heart of city; the college was inaugurated at its new location by Mahatma Gandhi, a good friend of Rai Kedar Nath. But during World War II, the college had to cede its campus at Anand Parbat to the British Wireless Experimental Centre. In the same period, at time of Quit India Movement, a group of Ramjas students went ahead and joined the freedom struggle which resulted in them being arrested and jailed.
A plaque with their names inscribed on it has been put up near the college auditorium gate in memory of the brave students. The college relocated to its current location in 1950. Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India inaugurated the present building on January 17, 1951, he sent his daughters to study here. After the death of Rai Kedarnath, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the architect of Constitution of India and first Minister of Law and Justice of India, acted as the Chairman of Governing Body of Ramjas College, the only College in Delhi that had the honour of having him in its Governing Body.. On 12 February 1959, The famous black American leader Martin Luther King Jr. visited the college and made a memorable speech to the students. Now equal in number, there were only two females out of 161 students in 1942-43 session; the college offers 18 undergraduate and 18 postgraduate courses in Sciences and Commerce streams. Additionally, there are 6 foreign language courses on offer; the college's red coloured building is surrounded by trees and foliage which has earned it the title'Rainforest'.
A Seminar Room and a Conference Hall form the nucleus of all the academic conferences and proceedings of the college. It has volleyball, basketball and table tennis facilities, it has its own shooting range and an archery range within the campus. It has a gymnasium with modern equipment; the college provides hostel facility with 80 seats for girls & 120 seats for boys. The College offers a wide range of courses, extra-curricular activities and technologically advanced facilities accessible to the faculty, the students and the support staff. There are specific zones formed by the authorities of Ramjas College to emphasize on various aspects; the woman development cell, student information and management system support services, gender forum, student counsellor, student activity centre and various societies of Ramjas College encourage students to participate in different areas other than academics. The alumni of Ramjas College are called Ramjasites. Notable alumni include: Ajit Prakash Shah, Chief Justice of Delhi High Court Angaraag Mahanta and singer Vivekanand Sinha, IPS and Inspector General of Police of Bastar.
Chaudhary Brahm Prakash, 1st Chief Minister of Delhi Kahlil Joseph, American Actor Manish Jha, Film director Manoj Bajpai, Actor Mushirul Hasan, Historian & Author Nivedita Tiwari, TV Actress Pathik Vats, Dialogue Writer & Lyricist Prakash Jha, Film Director Pratap Keshari Deb, Member of Rajya Sabha Praveen Kumar, indian cricketer Pravesh Rana, Bigg Boss finalist and
Dhaula Kuan is a major intersection of roads in Delhi, India. The name now refers to the neighbourhood surrounding the intersection. Five major thoroughfares in Delhi meet at Dhaula Kuan. Passing Through the intersection are the Ring Road and National Highway 8, which feed traffic around Delhi and from Central Delhi to Gurgaon, points south and southwest, respectively. National Highway 8 is the primary route of traffic from Delhi to Delhi Airport. A major infrastructure project during the 1990s and early 2000s led to the construction of a figure-eight interchange that eliminated stop lights and improved traffic flow. In addition to being a major road hub, Dhaula Kuan is a primary stop on the Delhi Ring Railway and is the location of a Delhi Metro stop on the Connaught Place - Airport line. Dhaula Kuan serves as a primary exchange point for multimodal travellers, its importance is expected to grow as the Delhi Metro and Terminal 3 at Delhi Airport is constructed; the name Dhaula Kuan, means white well when translated to English from Hindi, refers to an ancient water well in the area that has white-colored sand.
It has been speculated that the well was constructed by Shah Alam II, the nominal Mughal emperor of India in the 1761-1806 CE period, whose actual area of control spanned a small territory in the environs of Delhi. Shah Alam II is said to have been fond of excursions across his limited domain, from the Red Fort to the Palam area, leading to the sarcastic verse, Sultanat-e-Shah-e-Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam. Dhaula Kuan is located along this route in the Jheel Park complex, its masonry has been dated to the Shah Alam period.'Dhaula Kuan' has now come to refer to the neighbourhood that surrounds and serves the interchange. The latter includes restaurants. Dhaula Kuan sits between the Delhi Cantonment. Major institutions and points of interest in the neighbourhood include: The South Campus of the University of Delhi, including the Sri Venkateswara College and the Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College; the Air Force School. The Army Public School; the Air Force Auditorium. The Army Golf Course. Springdales School Dhaula Kuan Metro Station is located on the Delhi Airport Express Line of the Delhi Metro.
This station is the only elevated one along the Airport Express Line and features check-in facilities. This station was opened to the public on 15 August 2011
Sanatan Dharma College
Sanatan Dharma College known as S. D. College, is a graduate and post graduate college, established in 1916 and situated in Ambala Cantonment, India on the Ambala-Jagadhri highway. Established in Lahore, the college was re-established in Ambala in 1948 after the partition of India in 1947, it amongst three colleges in the state of Haryana to be granted the status of'College with Potential for Excellence' by the University Grants Commission, Delhi for 2014 to 2019. It is accredited as a grade "A+" college by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore; the college was established in the year 1916 in Lahore, the capital of undivided Punjab, an education hub. During the last decade of 19th century, early 20th century, the Sanatana Dharma Sabha had become a popular movement in the region and established a number of schools and colleges in the region; the founders of the college were great sanatanis Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya and Pandit Deen Dayal Vachaspati. Pandit Rekhi Ram was most instrumental in collection of huge amount of donation for development of college.
During the unfortunate partition of India in 1947, the college was uprooted from Lahore and was rehabilitated in 1948 near Ambala Cantt. The college was re-established at Ambala Cantt due to efforts of Goswami Ganesh Dutt and other members of college's management; the foundation stone at Ambala was laid by first President of Rajendra Prasad. Thereafter a local Sanatana Dharma Sabha played a key role in its development. In May 1949, the convocation of the college was addressed by noted leader Syama Prasad Mookerjee; the college is affiliated to Kurukshetra for all academic purposes. The college is now run by S. D college society, New Delhi; the parent body of, Sanatan Dharma Pratinidni Sabha, New Delhi. The college has a unit of National Service Scheme unit with 123 volunteers, 50 males and 73 females. In 2010, the college was granted the status of ‘College with Potential for Excellence’ by the University Grants Commission. Thereafter in 2014, it was regranted the status for the period for 2014-2019.
Educational programmes offered by the college are mentioned below: Bachelor of Arts: B. A. (English, Hindi, Office Management, Sanskrit, Sanskrit(Elective}, Political Science, Music, Music and Physical Education. B. A.: B. A. with Office Management B. A.: Sanskrit and Political Science B. A.: B. A. with Health & Physical Education Bachelor of Commerce: B. Com. B. Com. B. Com. B. Com. B. Com. Bachelor of Business Administration: BBA Bachelor of Science: B. Sc. B. Sc.: B. Sc. with Electronics Bachelor of Computer Applications: BCA B. Voc. B. Voc. Master of Arts: M. A in Hindi, Mass Communication and Economics Master of Commerce: M. Com. and M. Com. Master of Science: M. Sc. in Applied Physics and Mathematics Post Graduate Diploma in Computers Application Certificate Course in Office Management and Secretarial Practice and Shorthand, International Trade Management, Computer Maintenance, Computer Application, Web Designing and Functional English. Diploma in Office Management and Secretarial Practice and Shorthand, International Trade Management, Computer Maintenance, Computer Application, Web Designing and Functional English.
Advance Diploma in Office Management and Secretarial Practice and Shorthand, International Trade Management, Computer Maintenance, Computer Application, Web Designing and Functional English. Sushma Swaraj and the current Minister of External Affairs of India. Education Maximum School of Engineering and Applied Research Jind Institute of Engineering and Technology Goswami Ganesh Dutta Sanatan Dharma College Official website
Indraprastha College for Women
Indraprastha College for Women known as Indraprastha College or IP College is the oldest women's college in Delhi. Established in 1924, it is affiliated to University of Delhi; the college offers graduate and post-graduate courses in Economics, Liberal Arts, Literature, Computer Science, Multimedia Media & Mass Communication etc. and is among the prestigious colleges of India. The origins of IP College lie in the Indraprastha Girls School, it was founded in 1904, at the call of noted freedom fighter and theosophist Annie Besant by a group of Delhi theosophists, led by Lala Jugal Kishore, in Chhipiwara, Old Delhi. Intermediate school was added in 1924 and the Indraprastha College for Women, came into being, with Leonora Gmeiner as its first principal. Soon the University of Delhi, which itself was founded in 1922, recognised it as a constituent college. Degree courses were introduced in 1930s and in 1938, the University recognised I. P. College as a degree college. After its existence in Chhipiwara during its early years, the college moved to Chandrawali Bhawan, Civil Lines.
It moved again to Alipur House at Alipur Road, the former office of the commander-in-chief in 1938, near Kashmiri Gate, where it is today. The building has become a heritage property. In 1952, the Kalavati Gupta Hostel was established, it houses 200 students. On 3 July 1984, Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the college were heldIn 2009, a hostel to accommodate 200 students was added on the 1.53-acre college premises. Indraprastha College is the only college of Delhi University to offer the Bachelor in Mass Media and Mass Communication degree. In 2005, the college added The cyber cafe wing with offices of National Service Scheme and National Cadet Corps. In 2014, IP College became one of the first in the University of Delhi to set up a formal Department of Environmental Studies, its youngest department; every autumn, the college celebrates its annual festival,'Shruti'. Other popular events include the annual debating tournament'Vivaad' organised by the English debating society and the annual theatre fest'Kirdaar' organised by the Dramatics society.
Library Information and communications technology Centre Computer Labs Audio Visual Production Centre Internet café Medical Room Canteen Hostel Gymnasium Basketball court Tennis court Badminton court Squash court Shooting range Table tennis Judo floor Swimming poolThe college offers facilities for other sports as well, such as archery, handball, cricket, kho-kho, etc. Wi-fi campus Canara Bank branch Economics English Geography Hindi History Mathematics Music Philosophy Political Science Psychology Sanskrit Sociology B. A. Prog. Commerce Computer Science Multimedia and Mass Communication Economics Geography History Operational Research Psychology Mathematics Philosophy Sanskrit English Hindi Music Political Science Abhivyakti: Dramatics Society Afroza: Western Dance Society Alaap: Indian Music Society Croydon: Fine Arts Society Mridang: Indian Dance Society Oghma: English Editorial Society The English Debating Society Hindi Debating Society Gandhi Study Circle Laashya: Contemporary Dance Society Northeast Society La Cadenza: Western Music Society Eco Club Enactus IPCW NSS & NCC Quiz Club Simulacra: Film and Photography Society Women's Development Cell Arthagya: The Economics Association.
Centre for Earth Studies Museum and Archives Learning Resource Centre Translation and Translation Studies Centre Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies Students belonging to economically weaker sections are eligible for fee concession. Merit cum means based scholarships are awarded by the college to deserving students. There is a book bank facility in the library from where needy students can borrow textbooks for the whole academic year; some special scholarships are provide by the Delhi University for students belonging to SC/ST/BPL/PWD categories. Leonara G. Miner, first principal, 1924 Aruna Sitesh Ajit Iqbal Singh, mathematician Ambika Soni, former Minister of Information and Broadcasting Aruna Roy, social activist and recipient of Ramon Magsaysay Award Arundhati Virmani, historian Asha Pande, first Indian woman to receive the Légion d'honneur Binalakshmi Nepram, activist from Manipur Deepa Sahi and producer Dipannita Sharma and Bollywood actress Jaspinder Narula, playback singer Kamala Laxman, cartoonist Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya, first woman Director General of Police and the second woman after Kiran Bedi to become an Indian Police Service officer Kavita Kaushik, television actor, best known for her portrayal of Chandramukhi Chautala in F.
I. R. Kunzang Choden, first Bhutanese woman to write a novel Madhumita Raut, Odissi dancer Meira Kumar, first woman to become the Speaker of the Lok Sabha Neetu Chandra, film actress and model Pinky Anand, additional solicitor general of India Qurratulain Hyder, Urdu writer Rajni Bakshi, freelance journalist Rama Vij, actress Salma Sultan, news anchor of Doordarshan Sharan Rani Backliwal, acclaimed Sarod player, recipient of Padma Shri and Padma Vibhushan Shyama Singh, former member of Parliament Sucheta Kriplani, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Utsa Patnaik, professor of Economics, Jawaharlal Nehru University Varsha Dixit, author Veena Das, Krieger-Eisenhower Professor of Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan, former First Lady of Pakistan Tanika Sarkar, professor of History at Jawaharlal Nehru University Knowledge, Power & Politics: Educational Institutions in India, edited by Mushirul Hasan; the Lotus Collection, 1998. ISBN 8174360484 The Saga of Indraprastha College for Women, by Shanti Kamath, Narain Prasad, Indraprastha College for Women.
Acharya Narendra Dev College
Acharya Narendra Dev College is a constituent college of University of Delhi situated in Govindpuri, India. Established in 1991, Acharya operates under the aegis of, is funded by, the Government of Delhi, it is named after the great reformist of modern India, Acharya Narendra Dev. Bachelor with Honours in Biomedical Sciences, Chemistry, Mathematics, Computer Science and Zoology BSc in Physical Sciences and Life Sciences, it is the first college of the university to introduce the B. Sc. Honours Biomedical Sciences. Students can enroll for the postgraduate degree of University of Delhi in Mathematics. Acharya Narendra Dev College offers part-time certificate and diploma courses in foreign languages: French German Spanish Russian. Besides, the add-on courses ELPC and ECPDT enrich the students' language and provide learning opportunities. Acharya Narendra Dev College along with Wikimedia India and Centre for Internet and Society have been recognized as Affiliates of Creative Commons in India. On 12 November 2013, Creative Commons India was relaunched in New Delhi by the Union Minister for Human Resources Development Dr Shashi Tharoor.
The college believes in promoting open-source software and open education resources. It is the first college in the University of Delhi to migrate to Linux. Having 80 computers in the Web Center and all the computer labs run on Linux OS. Use of proprietary software is kept only when required by the course material; the principal, Savithri Singh, is an elected member of the International Community Council of the Wikieducator and its Vice Chair. Acharya Narendra Dev College promotes research by students and faculty. One of these research projects is Entrepreneurship Development Cell; the cell coordinates six projects aimed at promoting innovation and entrepreneurship. To promote research by students the college offers ELITE scholarships to 200 students for summer training and projects; the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, an international society advancing an interdisciplinary approach to the science and application of light, has formally approved "University of Delhi at Acharya Narendra Dev College SPIE Student Chapter."
The college SPIE chapter is prominent on the International scale and gets annual funding for members to attend International conferences most notably SPIE Optics+Photonics in San Diego, USA and SPIE Photonics West in San Francisco, USA. Acharya Narendra Dev college offers extra-curricular activities for students. Student-run societies include ones on gender sensitization, debate, adventure, social outreach, think lab, others. Official website
Vice President of India
The Vice President of India is the second-highest constitutional office in India after the President. Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that "There shall be a Vice President of India." The Vice President acts as President in the absence of the president due to death, impeachment, or other situations. The Vice President of India is ex officio Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha; when a bill is introduced in Rajya Sabha, the vice president decides whether it is a financial bill or not. If he is of the opinion, a bill introduced in the Rajya Sabha is a money bill, he would refer the case to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha for deciding it. Article 66 of the Indian Constitution states the manner of election of the Vice President; the Vice President is elected indirectly by members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament in accordance with the system of Proportional Representation by means of the Single transferable vote and the voting is by secret ballot conducted by election commission.
The Vice President of India acts as the Honourable Chancellor of Panjab University, Chandigarh. Venkaiah Naidu is the Vice President of India, he defeated UPA's candidate Gopalkrishna Gandhi on 5 August 2017 election. As in the case of the President, in order to be qualified to be elected as Vice President, a person must: Be a citizen of India Have completed more than 35 years of age Not hold any office of profitWhile in order to be a President, a person must be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha, the Vice President must be qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha; this difference is because the Vice President is to act as the ex officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. The Vice President is elected indirectly, by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of the Parliament; the election of the Vice President is different from the election of the President as the members of state legislatures are not part of the electoral college but the nominated members of both the houses are part of electoral college for the vice presidential election.
The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the Vice President must be subscribed by at least 20 electors as proposers and 20 electors as seconders. Every candidate has to make a security deposit of Rs.15,000 in the Reserve Bank of India. The Election Commission of India, a constitutional autonomous body, conducts the election; the election is to be held no than 60 days of the expiry of the term of office of the outgoing Vice President. A Returning Officer is appointed for the election the Secretary-General of either House of the Parliament, by rotation; the Returning Officer issues a public notice of the intended election, inviting nomination of candidates. Any person qualified to be elected and intending to stand for election is required to be nominated by at least twenty Members of Parliament as proposers, at least twenty other Members of Parliament as seconders; the nomination papers are scrutinized by the Returning Officer, the names of all eligible candidates are added to the ballot.
The election is proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote by secret ballot. Voters stack-rank the candidates, assigning 1 to their first preference, 2 to their second preference, so on; the number of votes required by a candidate to secure the election is calculated by dividing the total number of valid cast votes by two, adding one to the quotient by disregarding any remainder. If no candidate obtains the required number of first-preference votes, the candidate with the least number of first-preference votes is eliminated and his/her second-preference votes are transferred; the process is repeated. Nominated members can participate in the election. After the election has been held and the votes counted, the Returning Officer declares the result of the election to the electoral college. Thereafter, he/she reports the result to the Central Government and the Election Commission of India and the Central Government publishes the name of the person elected as Vice President, in the Official Gazette.
The Vice President may resign his office by submitting his resignation to the President. The resignation becomes effective from the day. All disputes arising in connection with the election of the Vice President are petitioned to the Supreme Court of India, which inquires into the matter; the petition is heard by a five-member bench of the Supreme Court. The decision of the Supreme Court is final. Supreme Court shall inquire and decide regarding doubts and disputes arising out of or in connection with the election of a Vice President per Article 71 of the constitution. Supreme Court can remove the Vice President for the electoral malpractices or upon being not eligible to be Rajya Sabha member under the Representation of the People Act, 1951. Subject to Article 71, Parliament made applicable rules/procedure to petition the Supreme Court for resolving the disputes only that arise during the election process of the vice president but not the doubts that arise from his unconstitutional actions/deeds or changing Indian citizenship during the tenure of vice president which may violate the requisite election qualifications.
Supreme Court shall expeditiously decide any doubt raised by which the elected vice president could be ineligible to be Rajya Sabha member for the unconstitutional acts committed before becoming vice president. Under Article 71, it is the responsibility of the Supreme Court to inquire and decide about the so called unconstitutional acts committed by the Vice President such as turni
A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua