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Atropos or Aisa, in Greek mythology, was one of the three Moirai, goddesses of fate and destiny. Her Roman equivalent was Morta. Atropos was the oldest of the Three Fates, was known as "the Inflexible One," or "inevitable." It was Atropos who chose the mechanism of death and ended the life of mortals by cutting their threads. She worked along with her two sisters, who spun the thread, Lachesis, who measured the length. Atropos has been featured in several stories such as Achilles, her origin, along with the other two fates, is uncertain, although some called them the daughters of the night. It is clear, that at a certain period they ceased to be only concerned with death and became those powers who decided what may happen to individuals. Although Zeus was the chief Greek god and their father, he was still subject to the decisions of the Fates, thus the executor of destiny, rather than its source. According to Hesiod's Theogony and her sisters were the daughters of Erebus and Nyx and sister to Thanatos and Hypnos, though in the same work they are said to have been of Zeus and Themis.

Atropos lends her name to the genus Atropa, of which the poisonous plant Atropa belladonna is a member, to the alkaloid atropine, an anticholinergic drug, derived from it. The scientific name of a venomous snake, Bitis atropos, refers to Atropos. Acherontia atropos Works related to Theogony at Wikisource The dictionary definition of Atropos at Wiktionary Media related to Atropos at Wikimedia Commons


Galinstan is a brand-name and a common name for a liquid metal alloy whose composition is part of a family of eutectic alloys consisting of gallium and tin. Such eutectic alloys are liquids at room temperature melting at +11 °C, while commercial Galinstan melts at −19 °C. Galinstan is composed of 68.5% Ga, 21.5% In, 10.0% Sn Due to the low toxicity and low reactivity of its component metals, galinstan finds use as a replacement for many applications that employed the toxic liquid mercury or the reactive NaK. The name “Galinstan” is a portmanteau of gallium and stannum; the brand-name “Galinstan” is a registered trademark of the German company Geratherm Medical AG, but “galinstan” is in common use for any eutectic alloy of gallium and tin. Boiling point: > 1300 °C Melting point: −19 °C Vapour pressure: < 10−8 Torr Density: 6.44 g/cm3 Solubility: Insoluble in water or organic solvents Viscosity: 0.0024 Pa·s Thermal conductivity: 16.5 W·m−1·K−1 Electrical conductivity: 3.46×106 S/m Surface tension: s = 0.535 - 0.718 N/m Specific heat capacity: 296 J·kg−1·K−1 Galinstan tends to be “wet” and adhere to many materials, including glass, which limits its use compared to mercury.

Galinstan is commercially used as a mercury replacement in thermometers due to its nontoxic properties, but the inner tube surface must be coated with gallium oxide to prevent the alloy from wetting the glass surface. Galinstan has lower density than mercury. In the field of astronomy it is considered as a replacement for mercury in liquid-mirror telescopes. Galinstan may be used as a thermal interface for computer hardware cooling solutions, though major obstacles for widespread use are its cost and aggressive corrosive properties, it is electrically conductive, so needs to be applied more than regular non-conductive compounds. Two thermal interfaces have been developed: Thermal Grizzly Conductonaut and Coolaboratory Liquid Ultra, with thermal conductivities of 73 and 38.4 W/mK respectively. However, they must be applied with a Q-tip, cannot be used on aluminum heatsinks as aforementioned. Galinstan is difficult to use for cooling fission-based nuclear reactors, because indium has a high absorption cross section for thermal neutrons, efficiently absorbing them and inhibiting the fission reaction.

Conversely, it is being investigated as a possible coolant for fusion reactors. Unlike other liquid metals used in this application, such as lithium and mercury, the nonreactivity makes galinstan a safer material to use. High-intensity sources of 9.25 keV X-rays for X-ray phase microscopy of fixed tissue, from a focal spot about 10 μm × 10 μm, 3-D voxels of about one cubic micrometer, may be obtained with an X-ray source that uses a liquid-metal galinstan anode. The metal flows from a nozzle downward at a high speed, the high-intensity electron source is focused upon it; the rapid flow of metal carries current, but the physical flow prevents a great deal of anode heating, the high boiling point of galinstan inhibits vaporization of the anode. Field's metal NaK Rose's metal Wood's metal Scharmann, F.. A.. "Viscosity effect on GaInSn studied by XPS". Surface and Interface Analysis. 36: 981. Doi:10.1002/sia.1817. Dickey, Michael D.. "Eutectic Gallium-Indium: A Liquid Metal Alloy for the Formation of Stable Structures in Microchannels at Room Temperature".

Advanced Functional Materials. 18: 1097. Doi:10.1002/adfm.200701216

Woodland Reservoir (Arizona)

Located in the heart of Pinetop-Lakeside, Woodland Lake and the park surrounding it have been called the town's "Crown Jewel." In addition to trout fishing, the lake provides a host of other outdoor recreation opportunities. Woodland Lake lies on Apache-Sitgreaves National Forests property, just west of White Mountain Blvd. in Pinetop. Woodland Lake is situated at 6,893 feet. At full capacity, it has a surface area of 18 acres with a maximum depth of 20 feet; because the lake is part of the local irrigation district, at drawdown, it averages 10 acres. It is shallow and nutrient making it subject to water quality problems in the summer. For this reason, the lake is stocked with catchable-sized rainbow trout in the spring and early summer; the lake contains a few largemouth bass and channel catfish. The town of Pinetop-Lakeside maintains Woodland Park, which includes hiking trails, picnic tables and ramadas, barrier-free restrooms, a sand volleyball court, tennis court, two children's playgrounds, some ball fields, a boat ramp and a barrier-free, floating fishing dock.

Rainbow trout Largemouth Bass Bluegill Green Sunfish Channel catfish Fathead Minnows Crayfish American Bullfrogs Arizona Boating Locations Facilities Map Arizona Fishing Locations Map Little Colorado River Watershed Information and Education Division, Arizona Fishin' Holes, Phoenix, AZ: Arizona Game and Fish Department

Alonso de Zuazo

Alonso de Zuazo was a Spanish lawyer and colonial judge and governor in New Spain and in Santo Domingo. He served in New Spain during the period of Hernán Cortés's government and before the appointment of the first viceroy, he was a member of all of the various triumvirates that governed the colony between October 12, 1524 and May 23, 1525, in the absence of Cortés. He was a native of Spain or of Olmedo, Spain, he graduated from the University of Salamanca. He first arrived in Santo Domingo in 1517, sent there by Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros to assist the friars of the Order of Jerome in the resolution of political problems in the Indies. In Santo Domingo, Zuazo wrote to Spanish King Charles I and William de Croÿ, Charles's chamberlain, to inform them of the hidden costs of slavery in the New World. At the same time, he recommended the importation of black slaves specifying the age at which they should be imported, that they should marry, they were to replace Indigenous slaves, he anticipated that they would bring in much gold.

From Santo Domingo, Diego Columbus sent Zuazo to Cuba, as a juez de residencia in the case of Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, governor of Cuba. When Charles V granted Hernán Cortés the titles of governor and captain general of New Spain in 1522, he appointed five officials to oversee Cortés's government; these were Alonso de Estrada as treasurer. Zuazo as justicia mayor or assessor, they formed the Tribunal de Cuentas. This was the first office of public finance established in New Spain. In 1524 Governor and Captain General Cortés left Mexico City for Honduras to march against Cristóbal de Olid, he left the government in charge of Estrada and Zuazo. The transfer of power occurred October 12, 1524; this triumvirate shared power with the ayuntamiento. The three governors soon quarreled, they nearly came to arms over the appointment of a bailiff. These three governed for about two and one half months, until December 29, 1524. On that date, with the agreement of the ayuntamiento and Albornoz were replaced by Salazar and Almíndez.

Zuazo remained in the government. When Cortés had left Mexico City and Almíndez had accompanied him as far as Coatzacoalcos, they used this opportunity to convince the conqueror. Cortés sent them back with two decrees; the first decree directed that they join the already-formed government of Estrada and Zuazo as its fourth and fifth members, provided that the two groups could reconcile their differences. The second decree directed that Salazar and Almíndez replace Estrada and Albornoz, continue governing with Zuazo; when Salazar and Almíndez arrived back in the capital, they suppressed the first of these decrees, made known only the second one, thus taking over the government. However, they made the mistake of admitting the deception to some friends; this resulted in a scandal, on February 17, 1525, Estrada and Albornoz were readmitted to the government, which now included all five men mentioned by Cortés. In order of importance, these were Salazar, Almíndez, Estrada and Zuazo; the expanded governing council was the work of Zuazo, acting as an arbitrator based on the first decree of Cortés.

The two factions, were not reconciled. Estrada and Albornoz objected to the arrangement. On April 20, 1525, Salazar and Almíndez proclaimed that no officials were to recognize the authority of Estrada and Albornoz, on pain of 100 lashes and confiscation of property; this proclamation was signed by Zuazo, Cervantes, de la Torre, Rodrigo de Paz, the clerk Pérez. Believing that Cortés had perished and Almíndez ousted Zuazo on May 23, 1525, began a tyrannical and criminal government, they began confiscating the conquistadors who had accompanied him. Estrada and Albornoz left Mexico City for Medellín, but before they had traveled eight leagues, Almíndez sent armed men after them and took them prisoner. Albornoz was imprisoned in irons. Salazar turned his attention to Rodrigo de Paz. Paz was tortured to force him to reveal the location of Cortés's treasure. Zuazo was in touch with Cortés, communicated the situation to him. Zuazo served as governor of Santo Domingo, on the island of Hispaniola two times — from 1524 to 1528 and again from 1531 to 1533.

He died in Santo Domingo in March 1539, still in office as oidor. Some biographical and bibliographic information in footnote 67 A statue in Santo Domingo From Prescott's Conquest of Mexico

Little Iliad

The Little Iliad is a lost epic of ancient Greek literature. It was one of the Epic Cycle, that is, the Trojan cycle, which told the entire history of the Trojan War in epic verse; the story of the Little Iliad comes chronologically after that of the Aethiopis, is followed by that of the Iliou persis. The Little Iliad was variously attributed by ancient writers to Lesches of Pyrrha, Cinaethon of Sparta, Diodorus of Erythrae, Thestorides of Phocaea, or Homer himself; the poem comprised four books of verse in dactylic hexameter, the heroic meter. The Little Iliad was composed in the latter half of the seventh century BCE, but there is much uncertainty. Ancient sources date Lesches to the seventh century; the Little Iliad is one of the better-attested epics in the Epic Cycle: nearly thirty lines of the original text survive. We are entirely dependent on a summary of the Cyclic epics contained in the Chrestomatheia attributed to an unknown Proclus. Numerous other references give indications of the poem's storyline.

The poem, "a fast-paced episodic epic with a lot of ground to cover" — which opened it to Aristotle's criticism that it had more plot than an epic should have — opens with the judgment of Achilles's arms, which are to be awarded to the greatest Greek hero: the contest is between Ajax and Odysseus, who recovered Achilles's body in battle. With the help of Athena, the arms are awarded to Odysseus, Ajax goes insane and attacks the Achaeans' herd. In shame, he commits suicide, is buried without full heroic honours, in a coffin rather than cremated on a funeral pyre, "because of the anger of the king", Agamemnon. Calchas, the Greek prophet, prophesies that the city of Troy will not fall unless the Greeks recover the arrows of Heracles from the hero Philoctetes, left behind on Lemnos when he was bitten by a poisonous snake. In accordance with this prophecy and Diomedes go to Lemnos to bring back Philoctetes, healed of his wound by Machaon. Philoctetes fights Paris in single combat and kills him. After Paris's death and Deiphobus fight over Helen.

Deiphobus marries her. The defeated Helenus angrily abandons Troy in spite and moves to Mount Ida. Odysseus, a recurrent figure of interest in the Little Iliad, ambushes Helenus and captures him; the other two conditions are that the bones of Pelops are recovered from Pisa, a rival of Elis, that Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, is brought into the war. While a ship of Mycenaeans sail to Pisa to bring back the bones of Pelops, Odysseus brings Achilles's son Neoptolemus to Troy, gives him his father's armor. Achilles's ghost appears to him; when the Trojan ally Eurypylus dominates the field in battle, Neoptolemus kills him. Odysseus and Diomedes go into Troy disguised as beggars, where Helen recognises them but keeps their secret. On the goddess Athena's initiative, the Greek warrior Epeius builds the wooden horse, the Greeks place their best warriors inside it, burn their camp, withdraw to the nearby island Tenedos; the Trojans, believing that the Greeks have departed for good, breach a section of their city wall to bring the horse inside, celebrate their apparent victory.

The emergence of the heroes from the horse, the Greeks' destruction of Troy, seem not to be recounted in the Little Iliad, but are left for the Iliou persis. Nonetheless, a substantial fragment, securely attributed to the Little Iliad describes how Neoptolemus takes Hector's wife Andromache captive and kills Hector's baby son, Astyanax, by throwing him from the walls of the city; the Little Iliad does not seem to have been redacted in a single, authoritative version, according to varying accounts of its details that cannot securely be harmonised. Online editions: Fragments of the Little Iliad translated by H. G. Evelyn-White, 1914 Fragments of complete Epic Cycle translated by H. G. Evelyn-White, 1914. L. West 2003, Greek Epic Fragments

Phil Arnold

Phil Arnold was an American screen, stage and vaudeville actor. He appeared in 150 films and television shows between 1939 and 1968. Arnold is familiar to modern viewers for his roles in several Three Stooges films such as Pardon My Backfire, Sing a Song of Six Pants, Tricky Dicks and The Three Stooges Go Around the World in a Daze, his best-known role was off-camera, as the voice of Peeping Tom in The Ghost Talks and as Sir Tom in its remake Creeps. Arnold made appearances is such films as Good Times, Blackbeard's Ghost, The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin, Hold On!, Zebra in the Kitchen and Robin and the 7 Hoods. His television work includes Cowboy G-Men, Maverick, I Love Lucy and Bewitched. Arnold died of a heart attack on May 9, 1968. Buzzy and the Phantom Pinto Killer at Large Official Detective TV series episode'Armored Attack' as Barnett It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World Phil Arnold on IMDb Phil Arnold at the TCM Movie Database Phil Arnold at AllMovie Phil Arnold at the Internet Broadway Database