Augmented reality

Augmented reality is an interactive experience of a real-world environment where the objects that reside in the real world are enhanced by computer-generated perceptual information, sometimes across multiple sensory modalities, including visual, haptic and olfactory. An augogram is a computer generated image, used to create AR. Augography is the science and practice of making augograms for AR. AR can be defined as a system that fulfills three basic features: a combination of real and virtual worlds, real-time interaction, accurate 3D registration of virtual and real objects; the overlaid sensory information can be destructive. This experience is seamlessly interwoven with the physical world such that it is perceived as an immersive aspect of the real environment. In this way, augmented reality alters one's ongoing perception of a real-world environment, whereas virtual reality replaces the user's real-world environment with a simulated one. Augmented reality is related to two synonymous terms: mixed reality and computer-mediated reality.

The primary value of augmented reality is the manner in which components of the digital world blend into a person's perception of the real world, not as a simple display of data, but through the integration of immersive sensations, which are perceived as natural parts of an environment. The earliest functional AR systems that provided immersive mixed reality experiences for users were invented in the early 1990s, starting with the Virtual Fixtures system developed at the U. S. Air Force's Armstrong Laboratory in 1992. Commercial augmented reality experiences were first introduced in entertainment and gaming businesses. Subsequently, augmented reality applications have spanned commercial industries such as education, communications and entertainment. In education, content may be accessed by scanning or viewing an image with a mobile device or by using markerless AR techniques. An example relevant to the construction industry is an AR helmet for construction workers which displays information about construction sites.

Augmented reality is used to enhance natural environments or situations and offer perceptually enriched experiences. With the help of advanced AR technologies the information about the surrounding real world of the user becomes interactive and digitally manipulated. Information about the environment and its objects is overlaid on the real world; this information can be virtual or real, e.g. seeing other real sensed or measured information such as electromagnetic radio waves overlaid in exact alignment with where they are in space. Augmented reality has a lot of potential in the gathering and sharing of tacit knowledge. Augmentation techniques are performed in real time and in semantic contexts with environmental elements. Immersive perceptual information is sometimes combined with supplemental information like scores over a live video feed of a sporting event; this heads up display technology. In Virtual Reality, the users' perception of reality is based on virtual information. In Augmented Reality the user is provided with additional computer generated information that enhances their perception of reality.

For example, in architecture, VR can be used to create a walk-through simulation of the inside of a new building. Another example is through the use of utility applications; some AR applications, such as Augment, enable users to apply digital objects into real environments, allowing businesses to use augmented reality devices as a way to preview their products in the real world. It can be used to demo what products may look like in an environment for customers, as demonstrated by companies such as Mountain Equipment Co-op or Lowe's who use augmented reality to allow customers to preview what their products might look like at home through the use of 3D models. Augmented Reality differs from Virtual Reality in the sense that in AR part of the surrounding environment is actually'real' and just adding layers of virtual objects to the real environment. On the other hand, in VR the surrounding environment is virtual. A demonstration of how AR layers objects onto the real world can be seen with augmented reality games.

WallaMe is an augmented reality game application that allows users to hide messages in real environments, utilizing geolocation technology in order to enable users to hide messages wherever they may wish in the world. Such applications have many uses in the world, including in artistic expression. Hardware components for augmented reality are: a processor, display and input devices. Modern mobile computing devices like smartphones and tablet computers contain these elements, which include a camera and Microelectromechanical systems sensors such as an accelerometer, GPS, solid state compass, making them suitable AR platforms. There are two technologies used in augmented reality: diffractive waveguides and reflective waveguides. Various technologies are used in augmented reality rendering, including optical projection systems, handheld devices, display systems, which are worn on the human body. A head-mounted display is a display device worn on the forehead, such as a harness or helmet-mounted.

HMDs place images of both virtual objects over the user's field of view. Modern HMDs employ sensors for six degrees of freedom monitorin

ASFAR (football club)

The Association Sportive des Forces Armées Royales known as the Royal Army Club, is a professional sport club based in Morocco's capital city. The club was founded in 1958 soon after Morocco had gained their independence, is one of the most famous football clubs in Morocco. ASFAR is an abbreviation for Sports Association the Royal Armed Forces. ASFAR is the Most winning official titles in total 29 titles, And became the first club in Morocco to win one of the African cup competitions, the African Cup of Champions Clubs in 1985, has never been relegated to the Moroccan Second Division, with his Historical rivals Wydad Casablanca and Raja Casablanca, matches Between the parties are known as "Moroccan Clasico", And a big other match are known as "Capital city Derby" against his neighbor FUS Rabat. ASFAR is the most successful moroccan club of the 20st century, was ranked first locally, 10 continental and 201 universally, in the international rankings of clubs during the first ten years of the 21st century, issued by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics in 2011.

The ASFAR was founded on 1 September 1958, by the initiative of the Crown Prince at Molay Al Hassan, from football fans, After a decree signed, As a High Commander of the Moroccan Royal Army. The exploration of players from the Royal Armed Forces، and work with them to develop all levels for an integrated team. One year after its creation, the football team, still in second division, wins his first Throne Cup; the same year the club ranks first in division of the Moroccan Championship. In Moroccan Throne Cup, they manage to hide in eighths of final and face the Wydad Casablanca, the latter is beaten on the score of 1-0. During the final quarters, the military defeat the Fath Union Sport Rabat at the first Capital city derby opposing them, The ASFAR win this match on the 3-1 score; the final took place on December 14, 1959 face Mouloudia Oujda won the first two editions of the throne cup and prepares to make a triple while the military, for their first season, a cut of the throne would be the ideal.

The ASFAR win this match on the 1-0 score, stuck at Stade Mohammed V. The period 1959-1971 is the ASFAR's Age's golden during which it won seven champion titles and two throne cups, it was the period of the Great Team with players who marked the club's history as Benslimane, Fadili, Khalifa, Allal, so many others. The framework of the Moroccan National Team of the time consisted of ASFAR players. Prince Moulay Abdellah Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Morocco, it is named after Prince Moulay Abdellah of Morocco. It was built in 1983 and is the home ground of ASFAR, it is used for football matches and it can stage athletics. The stadium holds 52,000. Since 2008 it is host of the Meeting International Mohammed VI d'Athlétisme de Rabat, it was a confirmed venue for the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations until Morocco was stripped of its hosting rights. It was a venue for the 2014 FIFA Club World Cup. Moroccan League First Division Winners: 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1970, 1984, 1987, 1989, 2005, 2008 Runners-up: 1960, 1971, 1991, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2013Moroccan League Second Division Winners: 1959 Moroccan Throne Cup Winners – Record: 1959, 1971, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009 Runners-up: 1988, 1990, 1996, 1998, 2012 Moroccan Super Cup Winners – Record: 1959, 1961, 1962, 1963 CAF Champions League Winner: 1985CAF Confederation Cup Winner: 2005 Runners-up: 2006Afro-Asian Club Championship Runners-up: 1986African Cup Winners' Cup Runners-up: 1997CAF Super Cup Runners-up: 2006 Trofeo Ciudad de Marbella Winner: 1977Mohammed V Trophy Runners-up: 1967, 1970North African Cup of Champions Runners-up: 2008International elite championship Runners-up: 2008Ahmed Antifit Tournament Runners-up: 2009 The ASFAR controls the title of Top scorers in Botola, which has the largest number of scorers a total of 14 times.

The ASFAR was the first Club to win the Botola in four consecutive years and the only team that achieved a triple throne Cup on two occasions and years, was the only team that has honorably keep the glasses in his locker. * The club has made a year after having been suspended by the Moroccan federation. Because when the season that preceded, the club had lost a match by 3–0 against the MAS and players had beaten the referee at the end of the meeting. During this year, the team had played friendlies. At the continental level, AS FAR is the first Moroccan club to have participated in an African Cup, she was the first Moroccan club to win the CAF Champions League, in 1985. CAF Champions League: 6 appearances2005 – Second Round 2006 – Second Round 2007 – Group stage 2008 – Preliminary Round 2009 – First Round 2014 – Preliminary RoundAfrican Cup of Champions Clubs: 5 appearance1968 – Semi-finals 1985 – Champion 1986 – Quarter-finals 1988 – Semi-finals 1990 – Second RoundCAF Confederation Cup: 5 appearances2004 – Intermediate Round 2005 – Champion 2006 – Finalist 2010 – First Round 2013 – Intermediate RoundCAF Cup Winners' Cup: 5 appearances1987 – Quarter-finals 1997 – Finalist 1999 – Quarter-finals 2000 – Quarter-finals 2001 – Second RoundCAF Super Cup: 1 appearances2006 – Finalist As of 26 March 2019 As of 1 October 2019.

Where a player has not declared an international allegiance, nation is determined by place of

Zilda Arns

Zilda Arns Neumann was a Brazilian pediatrician and aid worker. A sister of Cardinal Dom Paulo Evaristo Arns, the former Archbishop of São Paulo known for his efforts against the Brazilian military dictatorship, Zilda Arns became internationally known by founding a Catholic pastoral care for poor children, her humanitarian work, which included the poor and the elderly, spanned over three decades. Arns died on January 2010 as a result of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Five years after her death, the Archdiocese of São Paulo formally launched a diocesan investigation, opening the way to canonization and recognition of her status as a saint. Born in the rural town of Forquilhinha, Arns was one of the 13 children of Gabriel Arns and Helene Arns, she was the aunt of Senator Flávio Arns. Two of Arns' memories were of seeing her father go door-to-door on his horse to help contain a smallpox epidemic and watching her mother arrange for a sick neighbour to be taken to the nearest hospital on the back of a cart, a journey of three hours.

Those acts inspired her contemplate life as a doctor most of her priests or teachers. Having studied medicine, she graduated from university in 1959, UFPR - Federal University of Paraná, working in local hospitals tending to infants. Arns was the founder coordinator of Pastoral da Criança, an organ for social action of the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil; the Care for Children has one of the largest programs in the world devoted to child health and nutrition. The pro has about 260,000 volunteers and has reduced infant mortality by more than half in over 31,000 urban and rural communities of intense poverty. Arns coordinated Pastoral da Pessoa Idosa, social action organisms of the Episcopal Conference of Brazil. Widowed since 1978, a mother of five and grandmother of nine, she was awarded with several honorary citizen titles throughout Brazil, she was recognized as a Public Health Heroe by Pan American Health OrganizationHolder of a degree in medicine, Arns further studied public health, with the aim of assisting poor children in environments plagued with high child mortality rates and violence.

As a Catholic, Arns condemned contraception. Her approach was based on familial education in order to help decrease the rates of petty crime and preventable diseases. Arns was killed by the Haiti earthquake of 12 January 2010 in Port-au-Prince, where she was carrying out humanitarian activities on behalf of Pastoral da Criança, she was struck in the head by falling debris from the roof of a church in which she had just given a speech. She was 75 years old at the time. Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva attended her funeral. Joseph Serge Miot Sam Dixon Casualties of the 2010 Haiti earthquake Media related to Zilda Arns at Wikimedia Commons Zilda Arns – The Daily Telegraph obituary Aftermath