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Austro-Hungarian North Pole expedition

The Austro-Hungarian North Pole expedition was an expedition that ran from 1872–74 and discovered Franz-Josef Land. According to Julius von Payer, one of the leaders, its purpose was to find the Northeast Passage, it explored the area northwest of Novaya Zemlya. According to the other leader, Karl Weyprecht, the North Pole was a secondary target; the estimated total costs of 175,000 florins were financed by Austro-Hungarian nobles. The two main financial contributors were Count Johann Nepomuk Wilczek and Hungarian Count Ödön Zichy The main ship was the Tegetthoff, named for the Austrian Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, under whom Weyprecht served; the ship was built by Beurmann in Bremerhaven. It was a three-masted schooner of 220 tons, 38.34 m long, with a 100 horsepower steam engine. The crew came from all over Austria-Hungary from Istria and Dalmatia; the Tegetthoff with her crew of 25 left Tromsø, Norway in July 1872. At the end of August she got locked in pack ice north of Novaya Zemlya and drifted to hitherto unknown polar regions.

While drifting, the explorers discovered an archipelago which they named Franz-Josef Land after Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I. Payer led several sledge expeditions to explore the new-discovered lands, on one of them reaching 81° 50′ North. In May 1874 boat captain Weyprecht decided to abandon the ice-locked ship and try to return by sledges and boats. On 14 August 1874 the expedition reached the open sea and Novaya Zemlya where they were rescued by a Russian fishing vessel. On 3 September they reached Vardø in Northern Norway; the expedition returned to Austria by train from Hamburg. On the journey they were met by crowds and invited to dinners hosted by local dignitaries and geographical societies in Norway and Germany, they entered Vienna in triumph, according to contemporary newspaper reports, by hundreds of thousands of people. Further festivities followed throughout Austro-Hungary as the individual explorers returned to their homes; the expedition's discoveries and experiences made a significant contribution to polar science the discovery of the Northeast passage by Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld.

They gave an impetus to International Polar Years, meaning a shift from sports-like races of single expeditions to worldwide scientific cooperation in exploring the polar regions. The expedition yielded various results in the fields of meteorology, geodesy, magnetism and sightings of Aurora Borealis, they were published by the Academy of Sciences in 1878. There is a book and paintings by Payer - the only paintings of a polar expedition created by the explorer himself; the expedition was selected as the main motif for the Austrian Admiral Tegetthoff Ship and The Polar Expedition commemorative coin minted on June 8, 2005. The reverse side of the coin shows two explorers in Arctic gear with the frozen ship behind them. Österreichische nationalbibliothek, Hundert Jahre Franz Josef's Land: Katalog einer Ausstellung im Prunksaal der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Julius von Payer New Lands within the Arctic Circle Andreas Pöschek: Geheimnis Nordpol. Die Österreichisch-Ungarische Nordpolexpedition 1872-1874.

- Wien: 1999 Johan Schimanski and Ulrike Spring, Passagiere des Eises. Polarhelden und arktische Diskurse 1874, Wien: Böhlau 2015, ISBN 978-3-205-79606-0. Karl Weyprecht, Die Metamorphosen des Polareises. Österr.-Ung. Arktische Expedition 1872-1874 Christoph Ransmayr, The Terrors of Ice and Darkness. Weyprecht Mountains Payer Mountains

Tom Kåre Staurvik

Tom Kåre Staurvik is a Norwegian football coach, working as a player developer for the women's team Grand Bodø. As a player, he won the Norwegian Premier League and the Norwegian Cup several times, in addition to gaining 2 national team caps. Staurvik had a long active playing career behind him, as a defender and central midfielder, where he played for Bodø/Glimt, Rosenborg, NAC Breda, Shanghai Shenhua F. C. GIF Sundsvall and Fauske/Sprint, before he retired in 2004. After his retirement he had a short spell as playing coach at Harstad in Norwegian Second Division. Tom Kåre Staurvik was capped two times, he made his debut for Norway in the 7-0 win away against Faroe Islands, when he replaced Erik Mykland at half time. Staurvik was assistant coach of Bodø/Glimt in the 2012 season. In 2013, he was hired as player developer for the women's team Grand Bodø. Bodø/Glimt Tippeligaen: Runner-up 1993 Norwegian Football Cup: Winner 1993Rosenborg Tippeligaen: Winner 1995, Winner 1996 Norwegian Football Cup: Winner 1995 Tom Staurvik at WorldFootball.net Tom Kåre Staurvik at National-Football-Teams.com Tom Kåre Staurvik at AltOmFotball.no Norwegian footballers aborad in Hoelseth's Football World at hoelseth.com Tom Kåre Staurvik at BG.

Wips.no at the Wayback Machine Tom Kåre Staurvik at RBKmedia.no

House of Bourbon-Montpensier

The House of Bourbon-Montpensier or Maison de Bourbon-Montpensier was a semi royal family. The name of Bourbon comes from a marriage between Marie de Valois, comtesse de Montpensier who married Jean de Bourbon - the duc de Bourbon; the second name of Montpensier, comes from the title of the family. The Bourbon-Montpensier family were the founders of the vast wealth that would be enjoyed by the House of Orléans and their cousins the Bourbon-Penthièvres; the main line was founded by a marriage between John I, Duke of Bourbon and Marie de Valois, comtesse de Montpensier. The title was transferred down the line by females; the most famous examples of holders of the title of duc de Montpensier were: Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, duchesse de Montpensier Philippe II d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier Louis Philippe II d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de MontpensierThis semi royal house was in existence for just over two centuries. Charles de Valois, comte de Montpensier - son of John de Valois, duc de Berry and Auvergne John of Valois, Count of Montpensier - brother Marie de Valois, comtesse de Montpensier - sister of John.

Her cousin Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans was the founder of the modern House of Orléans and was her sole heir. As a result of this vast inheritance, the Orléans family became wealthy, their wealth only increased when the Bourbon-Penthièvre married into the family in 1769. Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier Philippe II d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier Louis d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier - son of Philippe Louis Philippe I d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier - son of Louis Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier - son of Louis Philippe I Louis Philippe III d'Orléans, King of the French, duc de Montpensier - son of Louis Philippe Joseph Philippe d'Orléans, comte de Paris, duc de Montpensier - grandson of Louis Philippe Philippe d'Orléans, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier - son of Philippe Jean d'Orléans, duc de Guise, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier - cousin of Philippe Henri d'Orléans, comte de Paris, duc d'Orléans, duc de Montpensier - son of Jean Henri d'Orléans, comte de Paris, duc de France, duc de Montpensier - son of Henri The title Duke of Montpensier has been used as a courtesy title by other members of the House of Orléans: Antoine Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier second son of Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans Antoine d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier youngest son of Louis Philippe, King of the French Marie-Thérèse of Württemberg, Duchess of Montpensier, ex-wife of Prince Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France Before the title was given to the Orléans Family, the title was the main on used by the holder.

By the time of the marriage of Marie de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier and a Prince du Sang, Duke of Orléans, a whole collection of titles had been collected and used. These ones were: Dauphin of Auvergne Sovereign Prince of the Dombes' Lord of Châtellerault Duke of Montpensier Prince de Luc, Prince de la Roche-sur-Yon, Prince de Joinville Duc de Beaupréau Duc de Guise Duc de Saint-Fargeau Duc de Joyeuse Duc de Châtellerault Marquise de Méziere Comte d'Eu, Comte de Mortain Comte de Bar-sur-Seine vicomte d'Auge Vicomte de Brosse, Baron de Beaujolais, Lord de Champigny-sur-VeudeNote:Most of the titles were used in their feminine forms because most of the holders of the titles were women. On the death of Marie de Bourbon, duchesse de Montpensier in 1627, less than a month after the birth of her daughter Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, duchesse de Montpensier the family wealth had grown astonishingly. After her mother's death, Anne became the heiress to one of the largest fortunes in Europe, she died with no heirs.

Though she could have been Queen of various countries, she was happy being a Princesse du Sang in France and having her various residences at her disposal. She died in 1693 and most of her fortune went to her other royal cousin Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans. Though some of her titles had gone to Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, the founder of the illegitimate line of Bourbon du Maine, as a result of a scam by his mother Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan, her vast wealth helped to found the House of Orléans and the Bourbon-Penthièvre family financially. The latter getting most of it through the death and inheritances from their cousins the du Maines, they went on to be absorbed by the House of Orléans via no male heirs. On the death of Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, the title was used by the main members on the house; the first person to hold the title of duc de Montpensier was Philippe de France and the title is said to ha

Hillsdale, Wyoming

Hillsdale is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in southeastern Laramie County, United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 47, it lies along local roads east of the city of Cheyenne, the county seat of Laramie County. Its elevation is 5,640 feet above sea level. Although Hillsdale is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 82060. Public education in the community of Hillsdale is provided by Laramie County School District #2. Hillsdale was named for Lathrop Hills, a Surveyor for the Union Pacific Railroad, killed nearby along Lodgepole Creek on June 11, 1867 while leading a party surveying a route of the Transcontinental Railroad. Hillsdale was platted as a townsite in April 2013. Kenny Sailors, American college and professional basketball player active in the 1940s and early 1950s notable for popularizing the jump shot as an alternative to the two-handed, flat-footed set shot

Michael Fleming Folland

Michael Fleming Folland was a United States Army soldier and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Vietnam War. Folland joined the Army from his birth city of Richmond, Virginia in 1968, by July 3, 1969 was serving as a Corporal in Company D, 2d Battalion, 3rd Infantry Regiment, 199th Infantry Brigade. During a firefight on that day, in Long Khanh Province, South Vietnam, during Operation Toan Thang III, Folland smothered the blast of an enemy-thrown hand grenade with his body, sacrificing his life to protect those around him. Folland, aged 20 at his death, was buried at Glendale National Cemetery in his hometown of Richmond, Virginia. Corporal Folland's Medal of Honor citation reads: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Cpl. Folland distinguished himself while serving as an ammunition bearer with the weapons platoon of Company D, during a reconnaissance patrol mission.

As the patrol was moving through a dense jungle area, it was caught in an intense crossfire from fortified and concealed enemy ambush positions. As the patrol reacted to neutralize the ambush, it became evident that the heavy weapons could not be used in the cramped fighting area. Cpl. Folland dropped his recoilless rifle ammunition, ran forward to join his commander in an assault on the enemy bunkers; the assaulting force moved forward until it was pinned down directly in front of the fortified bunkers by machine gun fire. Cpl. Folland stood up to draw enemy fire on himself and to place suppressive fire on the enemy positions while his commander attempted to destroy the machine gun positions with grenades. Before the officer could throw a grenade, an enemy grenade landed in the position. Cpl. Folland alerted his commander hurled the grenade from the position; when a second enemy grenade landed in the position, Cpl. Folland again shouted a warning to his fellow soldiers. Seeing that no one could reach the grenade and realizing that it was about to explode, Cpl.

Folland, with complete disregard for his safety, threw himself on the grenade. By his dauntless courage, Cpl. Folland saved the lives of his comrades although he was mortally wounded by the explosion. Cpl. Folland's extraordinary heroism, at the cost of his life, was in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, his unit, the U. S. Army. List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Vietnam War

L'insulto delle parole

L'insulto delle parole is the fourth album released by the Italian singer Susanna Parigi. It was published in 2009 by Promo Music; the album sees the participation of the quartet of arches Arkè String Quartet. The album includes a video clip that collects the testimonies of Pino Arlacchi, Corrado Augias, Lella Costa, Cesare Fiumi, Kaballà, Leonardo Manera, Andrea Pinketts e Bruno Renzi, to which Marco Travaglio has joined successively, about the topic of the title of the album: the excessive and gross use of the language and the manipulation of the dictionary, changing the name to things and facts or altering of the essence maintaining the name, generating so the constant insult of the truth, it includes 11 songs, including 1 video clip. L'insulto delle parole - Non chiedermi parole d'amore - Fa niente - L'attenzione - La fiorista - Il raro movimento - C'è bisogno di tempo - La canzone dei vecchi amanti - Una basta - L'applauso - Clip video: L'insulto delle parole - - 2009'Il Mucchio' album review - 2009'Estatica' album review - 2009 Official Site