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Avenue J station

Avenue J is a local station on the BMT Brighton Line of the New York City Subway, located on Avenue J between East 15th and East 16th Streets in Midwood, Brooklyn. It is served by the Q train at all times; the station was named Manhattan Terrace. It was renamed "Avenue J" in 1907, the same year the railroad line was grade separated. Vestiges of the spur built to reconnect the Brighton Line and Long Island Rail Road's Bay Ridge Branch after grade separation still exist to this day; this station underwent reconstruction from September 2009 to December 2011. Both platforms were rebuilt with new windscreens and tactile strip edges. A temporary platform over the express tracks was used to provide service on the side, under rebuilding; the new windscreens were controversial with nearby community members, since the windscreens contained gaps that allowed trash and noise through while causing privacy issues for residents whose backyards faced the station. The station is located on a raised earthen embankment.

There are two side platforms. The two center tracks are used by the B express train on weekdays; the 2011 artwork here is called Bird Laid Bare by Rita MacDonald. It consists of murals and mosaics on the walls of the Coney Island-bound platform's main staircase depicting various species of birds; the station's main house is located underneath the right-of-way on the south side of Avenue J and has a full-time turnstile bank and token booth. There is a double-wide staircase facing north going up to the Coney Island-bound platform and one narrow staircase facing south going up to the Manhattan-bound platform; the Coney Island-bound staircase's landing has two exit-only turnstiles leading directly to the street. Both platforms have an unstaffed bank of turnstiles leading to a staircase that goes down to the north side of Avenue J; the Coney Island-bound one is double-wide. Manhattan Beach Branch Bay Ridge Branch nycsubway.org – BMT Brighton Line: Avenue J Station Reporter — Q Train Art's Archives — Manhattan Beach Branch The Subway Nut — Avenue J Pictures Avenue J entrance from Google Maps Street View Platforms from Google Maps Street View

Los Angeles City Council District 9

Los Angeles City Council District 9 is one of the 15 districts of the Los Angeles City Council. The Ninth District encompasses much of South Los Angeles and the western section of Downtown Los Angeles; the current council member is Curren Price. The 9th covered the entire core of Downtown Los Angeles, before redistricting divided it between the 9th and the 14th District. Most of Downtown is now in the nearby 14th City Council district, represented by Jose Huizar; the 9th district's boundary ends just north of Watts. See official city map outlining District 9. A new city charter effective in 1925 replaced the former "at large" voting system for a nine-member council with a district system with a 15-member council; each district was to be equal in population, based upon the voting in the previous gubernatorial election. The numbering system established in 1925 for City Council districts began with No. 1 in the north of the city, the San Fernando Valley, ended with No. 15 in the south, the Harbor area.

The district has occupied the same general area since it was formed in 1925. With the city's changes in population, its western boundary has moved farther west to include much of Downtown; the rough boundaries or descriptions have been as follows: 1925: Alhambra Avenue. List of Los Angeles municipal election returns Access to most Los Angeles Times links requires the use of a library card. Official Los Angeles City Council District 9 website

Women's Action Coalition

The Women's Action Coalition was a feminist open-alliance that sought to address issues of women's rights through direct action. WAC was founded in New York City in 1992 and inspired the formation of subsequent chapters in various other US cities as well as in Canada and Europe. Inspired by the Aids Coalition to Unleash Power and Women's Health Action and Mobilization, WAC conducted protests, sit-ins, educational campaigns and viewed civil disobedience as a mode of direct action; the mission of the group was is to make a change and take action against the barriers restraining the rights of women. There are Women's Action Coalition groups located all over the world, although many are located in the United States in the cities of Boston, San Francisco and Los Angeles. There are groups located in Europe and Canada. On January 28, 1992 a group of 75 to 150 women came together in New York City to talk about their frustration with their issues concerning the rights of women, they named this meeting "Women Strategizing in the 90's."

The immediate reason for the meeting was to discuss their anger that Clarence Thomas was named Supreme Court Justice after Anita Hill's testimony that Thomas had assaulted her. The women decided to start a feminist activist group called The Women's Action Coalition." They planned on modeling their group after the AID activist group ACT-UP and the Women's Health Action Coalition." Their first action took place six days after that meeting at a sexual assault trial involving students from St. John's University." Their Logo was a Blue Dot after the blue dot the media would put over the rape victims face when displayed on television" Their members founded the Drum Core which performed at all of their action movements. They came up with the slogan "Let women define rape!" " By the second meeting they had 300 members. " They demonstrated at many other rape trials." A WAC group did not last for a great deal of time. It was founded in 1992 and had fallen apart by 1994. Men were allowed to participate all other WAC actions.

Although the group was in commission for only two years the impact that they left was great. They took action by handing out free condoms and pamphlets on how to have safe sex, they placed coffins in the streets which held the stories of women, murdered, used a billboard and signed postcards to express the effects domestic violence and breast cancer have on women. Each of the WAC's all over the world included a Drum Core, considered an important part of the WAC; the Drum Core participates in all other activities. The Women's Action Coalition of San Francisco was founded in August 1992. By 1992 there were about five hundred members, meeting at the Southern Exposure Gallery and speak about future creative ways they could implement their actions towards the importance of the rights of women, they started a marathon run in favor of the rights of women, letter writing campaigns, marches, guerrilla postering, spray-painting, contributing to the defense of abortion clinics. Their stamina of direct-action lasted for about a year.

Their actions saved the community from Governor Pete Wilson's plan to cut aid to families who had dependent children. After the first year the number of members began falling to about 50 members, they were forced to move their meeting location to a small office space, shared by another feminist group. Nonetheless, after a few months the WAC of San Francisco was unable to pay the rent and became non-existent by 1994s; the rise and fall of The Women's Action Coalitions is considered part of the third wave of feminism. Most of the records are from the first WAC of New York; the files of the WAC from other cities are scattered. Most of the records date from 1992 through 1993; the coalition's records contain their action and subject files. They contain T-shirts and stickers that they created and used. There are video recordings of the actions that took place

1984 Sonoma State Cossacks football team

The 1984 Sonoma State Cossacks football team represented Sonoma State during the 1984 NCAA Division II football season. Sonoma State competed in the Northern California Athletic Conference in 1984; the 1984 Cossacks were led by third-year head coach Tony Kehl. They played home games at Cossacks Stadium in California. On the field, Sonoma State finished the season with a record of nine losses. However, San Francisco State was required to forfeit three of their wins, including the October 13th game against Sonoma State; that brought the Cossacks record to eight losses. The Cossacks were outscored by their opponents 126–288 for the season. No Sonoma State players were selected in the 1985 NFL Draft

2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens qualifying – Men

This is the qualifications of the 2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens aimed at selecting men's rugby sevens national teams that appeared in the finals in San Francisco. A total of 55 nations took part in the qualifying process; the tournament is organized by World Rugby to be held on 20–22 July 2018, with twenty-four teams in attendance. Automatic qualification is extended to the host and the eight quarterfinalists of the previous World Cup. Four more teams qualified based on placement in the 2016-17 World Rugby Sevens Series, the remainder are to be decided in each of the six regions' respective tournaments. Ten teams competed in Rugby Africa's Sevens tournament on 6–7 October 2017 in Kampala and contested the two qualifying slots. By making it to the finals winning, Uganda makes its first World Cup appearance; the qualifying tournament, Rugby Americas North Sevens, took place at the Campo Marte in Mexico City, 25–26 November 2017. Jamaica won the tournament to make its first World Cup appearance; the 2017 Bolivarian Games rugby sevens tournament on 19–21 November served as the first part of the South American qualification process.

Silver-winning Paraguay advanced to the 2018 Sudamérica Rugby Sevens, where from 6–14 January they compete alongside Brazil, Colombia and some invitational teams. After the two tournaments, respective third and fourth-place finishers Chile qualified. From 1 September to 14 October, eight teams competed in Hong Kong and Colombo for two World Cup slots. Japan and Hong Kong rounded up the top two teams, making them eligible for the World Cup. From 4 June to 16 July 2017, twelve teams competed at the Sevens Grand Prix in Moscow, Łódź, Clermont-Ferrand and Exeter, of which nine contested two World Cup spots with England and Wales automatically qualified. Thirteen teams competed on 10–11 November 2017 in Suva, Fiji, of which nine teams sought one of the two allotted World Cup slots based upon their placement with Australia, New Zealand and Samoa qualified. With Papua New Guinea claiming that slot, the second continental slot was awarded to the champion of the 2017 Pacific Mini Games tournament on 8–9 December.

Through edging out Solomon Islands for the Bronze Medal, only behind Fiji and Samoa, Tonga qualified. Official website

Toxic oil syndrome

Toxic oil syndrome or toxic syndrome is a musculoskeletal disease most famous for a 1981 outbreak in Spain which killed over 600 people and is thought to have been caused by contaminated colza oil. Its first appearance was with unusual features; the disease appeared to be restricted to certain geographical localities, several members of a family could be affected while their neighbours had no symptoms. Following the acute phase, a range of other chronic symptoms was apparent; the cause was traced to the consumption of colza oil, intended for industrial rather than food use. To discourage human consumption, the oil was denatured by the addition of aniline to make it smell and taste bad, it was imported as cheap industrial oil by the company RAPSA at San Sebastián, handled by RAELCA, illegally refined by ITH in Seville to remove the aniline, resulting in a palatable product that could be illegally sold. It was sold as "olive oil" by street vendors at weekly street markets, was used on salads and for cooking.

The accepted hypothesis states that toxic compounds derived during the refinement process were responsible. Once the origin of the syndrome was realised, public health officials organized an exchange programme, whereby those who had bought the oil could exchange it for pure olive oil, thereby ending the outbreak; the conclusion of the Joint WHO/CISAT Scientific Committee for the Toxic Oil Syndrome from 2002, that oil was the cause for TOS, is based only on epidemiological evidence, since up to now, experimental studies performed in a variety of laboratory animals have failed to reproduce the symptoms of human TOS. None of the in vivo or in vitro studies performed with toxic-oil-specific components, such as fatty acid anilides, esters of 3--1,2-propanediol, have provided evidence that these markers are causally involved in the pathogenesis of TOS. Three possible causative agents of TOS are PAP, the 1,2-dioleoyl ester of PAP, the 3-oleoyl ester of PAP; these three compounds are formed by means of similar chemical processes, oil that contains one of the three substances is to contain the other two.

Oil samples that are suspected to have been ingested by people who developed TOS contain all three of these contaminants, but are most to contain OOPAP. However, when these three substances were given to laboratory animals, OOPAP was not acutely toxic, PAP was toxic only after injection, but not after oral administration, OPAP was toxic only after injection of high doses. Therefore, none of these three substances is thought to cause TOS. Similar results were obtained after administration of fatty acid anilides. Data discrepancies combined with both a high level of secrecy surrounding the huge investigation and the fact that the first cases of the syndrome were located in Madrid spread the idea of a conspiracy. Several of those affected by TOS claim. Furthermore, the tainted oil was sold in low-cost street markets. Another theory suggests the toxic reaction was triggered by organophosphate poisoning and covered up by the Spanish government and the WHO. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome Health crisis List of food contamination incidents Ginger Jake WHO Report: Toxic Oil Syndrome - Ten years of progress