click links in text for more info


BBC One is the first and flagship television channel of the BBC in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. It was launched on 2 November 1936 as the BBC Television Service, was the world's first regular television service with a high level of image resolution, it was renamed BBC TV in 1960, using this name until the launch of the second BBC channel BBC2 in 1964, whereupon the BBC TV channel became known as BBC1, with the current spelling adopted in 1997. The channel's annual budget for 2012–13 was £1.14 billion. The channel is funded by the television licence fee together with the BBC's other domestic television stations, shows uninterrupted programming without commercial advertising, it is the most watched television channel in the United Kingdom, ahead of its traditional rival for ratings leadership, ITV. As of June 2013, the channel is headed by the BBC's Director of Content; the BBC began its own regular television programming from the basement of Broadcasting House, London, on 22 August 1932.

The BBC Television Service began regular broadcasts on 2 November 1936 from a converted wing of the Alexandra Palace in London. On 1 September 1939, two days before Britain declared war on Germany, the station was taken off air with little warning, with one of the last programmes to be shown before the suspension of the service being a Mickey Mouse cartoon. BBC Television returned on 7 June 1946 at 15:00. Jasmine Bligh, one of the original announcers, made the first announcement, saying, "Good afternoon everybody. How are you? Do you remember me, Jasmine Bligh?". The Mickey Mouse cartoon of 1939 was repeated twenty minutes later; the BBC held a statutory monopoly on television broadcasting in the United Kingdom until the first Independent Television station began to broadcast on 22 September 1955, when ITV started broadcasting. The competition forced the channel to change its identity and priorities following a large reduction in its audience; the 1962 Pilkington Report on the future of broadcasting noticed this, that ITV lacked any serious programming.

It therefore decided that Britain's third television station should be awarded to the BBC. The station, renamed BBC TV in 1960, became BBC1 when BBC2 was launched on 20 April 1964 transmitting an incompatible 625-line image on UHF; the only way to receive all channels was to use a complex "dual-standard" 405- and 625-line, VHF and UHF, with both a VHF and a UHF aerial. Old 405-line-only sets became obsolete in 1985, when transmission in the standard ended, although standards converters have become available for enthusiasts who collect and restore such TVs. BBC1 was based at the purpose-built BBC Television Centre at White City, London between 1960 and 2013. Television News continued to use Alexandra Palace as its base—by early 1968 it had converted one of its studios to colour—before moving to new purpose-built facilities at Television Centre on 20 September 1969. In the weeks leading up to 15 November 1969, BBC1 unofficially transmitted the occasional programme in its new colour system, to test it.

At midnight on 15 November with ITV and two years after BBC2, BBC1 began 625-line PAL colour programming on UHF with a broadcast of a concert by Petula Clark. Colour transmissions could be received on monochrome 625-line sets until the end of analogue broadcasting. In terms of audience share, the most successful period for BBC1 was under Bryan Cowgill between 1973 and 1977, when the channel achieved an average audience share of 45%; this period is still regarded by many as a golden age of the BBC's output, with the BBC achieving a high standard across its entire range of series, plays, light entertainment and documentaries. On 30 December 1980, the BBC announced their intention to introduce a new breakfast television service to compete with TV-am; the BBC stated it would start broadcasting before TV-am, but made clear their hands were tied until November 1981 when the new licence fee income became available, to help finance extending broadcast hours, with the hope of starting in 1982. On 17 January 1983, the first edition of Breakfast Time was shown on BBC1, becoming the first UK wide breakfast television service and continued to lead in the ratings until 1984.

In 1984, Bill Cotton become managing director of Television at the BBC, set about overhauling BBC1, slated for poor home grown shows, its heavy reliance on US imports, with Dallas and The Thorn Birds being BBC1's highest rated programmes and ratings being over 20% behind ITV. Cotton recruited Michael Grade to become Controller of BBC1 from 1 September 1984 the first time the Corporation had recruited someone outside of the BBC, replacing Alan Hart, criticised for his lack of knowledge in general entertainment, as he was head of BBC Sport prior to 1981; the first major overhaul was to axe the unpopular Sixty Minutes current affairs programme: this was a replacement for the news and magazine show Nationwide. Its replacement was the BBC Six O'Clock News, a straight new programme in a bid to shore up its failing early evening slot, it was believed the BBC were planning to cut short the evening news and move more light entertainment programming in from the 18:20 slot, but this was dismissed. The Miss Great Britain contest was dropped, being described as verging on the too offensive after the January 1985 contest, with Worlds Strongest Man and International Superstar being cancelled.

BBC1 was relaunched on 18 February 1985 with a new look, new programming including Wogan, EastEnders and a revised schedule to help streamline and maintain viewers throughout the course of the evening. Grade s

John Alexander Chisholm

John Alexander Chisholm was a Canadian inventor and businessman who developed the Chisholm-Scott Pea Viner, an agricultural machine for shelling peas, sold these machines throughout Canada and the United States through the Chisholm-Scott Company. John Alexander was born in Ontario to John Alexander Chisholm, Sr. and Sarah Petit Bigger. He was descended from the founder of Oakville. John's father owned the'Oakville Basket Factory', which exposed him to industrial machinery from a young age, giving him the opportunity to develop skills in mechanical engineering. John and his brother Charlie invented the first pea harvesting machine that could shell peas through impact. In 1890 their invention passed field tests in New York state and the brothers soon formed a partnership with Robert P. Scott as the Chisholm-Scott Company; these pea viners had a series of paddles which struck the pea pods, compressing the air inside which split the pods open and released the peas onto a conveyor belt. These machines could remove as many peas from pods as 600 workers could do by hand, vastly improving the efficiency of this branch of agriculture.

The pea-viners were sold both in Canada and the United States and the company found a large market for their product. The Chisholm-Scott Company had a factory and office in Niagara Falls, Ontario in addition to offices in Baltimore and Suspension Bridge, New York. On June 27, 1893 an improved pea-huller machine was created by the company; the Chisholm-Scott Pea Viner was praised by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture for its efficiency and ability to simplify the task of shelling peas. A report on the state's canning industry by George C. Butz wrote that "The pea canning business has been modified in recent years by the invention of some remarkable machinery the Chisholm-Scott Pea Viner. A great army of pickers was necessary in pea canning section to pick the peas from the vines in the fields. Another army of hands was necessary to hull the green peas and so throughout the whole series of operations of canning peas the labour was excessive and expensive. Now the vines are cut with the scythe or mower, hauled to the factory and delivered to the viner or huller which shells and separates the peas from the vines, discharging the latter to one side and the former to the cleaner.

The patentees and manufacturers of this viner are the Chisholm-Scott Co. Suspension Bridge, N. Y, they do not sell the machine, but place them with canners among a royalty basis in restricted territories."The company was involved in selling canned peas and other agricultural machinery. For example, they developed an apparatus for spreading air exhaust to eliminate pea aphids during an epidemic of the insects in Maryland. John married Emelda Beeler of Topeka, Kansas in 1896, they were married in Topeka with John's business partner Robert Scott acting as the best man. The couple had Hazel Elizabeth Chisholm and Grace Juliet Chisholm. John and Emelda lived in Oakville but Emelda felt uncomfortable due to the town's coolness toward Americans from John's mother Sarah, descended from United Empire Loyalists and did not approve of her son's marriage. John and Sarah moved to Rochester, New York and to Washington D. C. although they kept a summer home in Oakville named'Mt. Vernon'. John Chisholm died of typhoid fever in his home at Washington D.

C. in 1903. The Chisholm-Scott Company continued after his death under the management of Robert Scott

Bishops of Freising and Archbishops of Munich and Freising

The following people were bishops, prince-bishops or archbishops of Freising or Munich and Freising in Bavaria: St. Corbinian. Erembert Joseph of Freising known as Joseph of Verona Arbeo Atto Hitto Erchanbert Anno Arnold Waldo Utto Dracholf Wolfram St. Lantpert Abraham Gottschalk of Hagenau Egilbert of Moosburg Nitker Ellenhard, Count of Meran Meginward, Count of Scheyarn Henry I of Freising known as Henry I of Ebersdorf Otto I Albert I of Harthausen Otto II Gerold of Waldeck Conrad I of Tölz and Hohenburg Conrad II Wildgraf of Dhaun Frederick of Montalban Elevation to a Hochstift i.e. Prince-Bishopric in 1294 Waldgrave Emicho Gottfried of Hexenagger Conrad III the Sendlinger John I Wulfing Conrad IV of Klingenberg John II Hake Albert II of Hohenberg Paul of Jägerndorf Leopold of Sturmberg Berthold of Wehingen Conrad V of Hebenstreit Hermann of Cilli Nicodemus of Scala Henry II of Schlick John III Grünwald John IV Tulbeck Sixtus of Tannberg Ruprecht of the Palatinate Philip of the Palatinate Henry II of the Palatinate Leo Lösch of Hilkertshausen Moritz of Sandizell Ernest of Bavaria Stephen of Seiboldsdorf Veit Adam of Gepeckh von Arnsbach Albert Sigismund of Bavaria Joseph Clemens of Bavaria John Francis Eckher of Kapfing and Liechteneck Cardinal John Theodore, Duke of Bavaria Clemens Wenceslaus, Duke of Saxony Louis Joseph Freiherr of Welden on Laupheim and Hohenaltingen Maximilian Prokop of Toerring-Jettenbach elected 26 May 1788.

R. S. A.. After his death, the temporal authority of the bishop was mediatised and abolished by the Elector of Bavaria. Sede vacante as a result of the secularisation under Napoleonic rule Joseph James of Heckenstaller, vicar capitular; the episcopal functions were exercised by Johann Nepomuk Wolf. Elevation to an Archdiocese in 1817/1821 Lothar Anselm Freiherr von Gebsattel Karl August Cardinal Graf von Reisach Gregor von Scherr, O. S. B. Antonius von Steichele Antonius von Thoma Franz Joseph von Stein Franziskus Cardinal von Bettinger Michael Cardinal von Faulhaber Joseph Cardinal Wendel Julius August Cardinal Döpfner Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, subsequently Pope Benedict XVI Friedrich Cardinal Wetter Reinhard Cardinal Marx Archdiocese of Munich and Freising Alois Weissthanner: Die Regesten der Bischöfe von Freising. Vol. I: 739–1184. Continued and completed by Gertrud Thoma and Martin Ott, C. H. Beck. Munich, 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-37104-2. "diocese/dmunc". David M. Cheney

Joe Kruger

Jonathan Wells Kruger is an American football defensive end, a free agent. He was drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles in 2013, he played college football at Utah. He is the younger brother of free agent outside linebacker Paul Kruger and free agent defensive end Dave Kruger, he attended Pleasant Grove High School in Utah. He was a first all-conference in his senior season, he was ranked among the top 25 defensive end prospects by He played college football at Utah, he finished college with a total of 9 sacks, 3 forced fumbles and one interception. On January 3, 2013, Kruger announced. Kruger was selected 6th in the 7th round of the NFL Draft by the Philadelphia Eagles, he missed the 2013 season. He was released on August 23, 2014. Kruger was signed by the San Diego Chargers on August 25, 2014, he was released on August 29, 2014. Kruger was signed to the Green Bay Packers practice squad on October 7, 2014, he was released on November 3, 2014. Kruger was signed to the Pittsburgh Steelers practice squad on November 24, 2014.

He was waived as a part of final roster cuts on September 3, 2015. He has two older brothers: New Orleans Saints' defensive end Paul Kruger and free agent defensive end Dave Kruger. San Diego Chargers bio Utah Utes bio

A Bucket of Brains

A Bucket of Brains is a studio EP/CD by the Flamin' Groovies consisting of seven songs recorded by the group while living in England and recording for the British branch of United Artists Records in 1972. The songs were intended to form the basis of the Groovies' fourth studio album, to be entitled A Bucket of Brains. Six of the songs were produced by Dave Edmunds, while the seventh was produced by Groovies' leader Cyril Jordan; the eighth song on the album is the original "correct speed" studio version of the Groovies' most famous song, "Shake Some Action". Although four of the songs were released on two singles by UA, their failure to chart caused UA to terminate the sessions at the end of 1972 without finishing the album, the group returned to the USA before Christmas. However, the unissued recordings of two of those songs became the centerpiece of the Groovies' most successful album, Shake Some Action, in 1976. An unofficial version of this album, entitled The Rockfield Session, was issued by the group's Australian record label, AIM Records, in 1989, with liner notes by Cyril Jordan.

However, that EP was transcribed from a copy of the recordings owned by Jordan, did not use the original master recordings of the sessions, was characterized as sounding "a bit muddy". EMI, which purchased UA in 1979, decided to release a legitimate version of the recordings, taken from the original masters, in 1995. During most of the recording of Teenage Head in January 1971, Groovies' guitarist Tim Lynch was in jail. After the album was finished, Jordan wanted to replace Lynch with guitarist James Ferrell, whom Jordan had met through fellow guitarist Mike Wilhelm. Band co-leader Roy Loney, who had started the band with Lynch, agreed but had become disenchanted with the music business; the band was dropped by its label, Kama Sutra Records, shortly before the release of Teenage Head over financial disputes. Soon thereafter, Loney decided to leave the band and was replaced by Chris Wilson, the vocalist/guitarist from Wilhelm's band "Loose Gravel". However, the group now had no recording contract and little money.

One of the Groovies' fans was Andrew Lauder head of the UA label in Britain. Groovies' bassist George Alexander had sent a letter to Lauder after the band's release by Kama Sutra, noting that they were looking for a new label; the Groovies were surprised when Lauder responded, telling them to meet with Martin Cerf, creative services director of United Artists Records in Los Angeles. Lauder had been successful in having Cerf and the American branch of United Artists sign several of his acts with prior major-label releases, including The Move / Electric Light Orchestra and Brinsley Schwarz, despite the fact that UA was downsizing. However, Cerf turned out to have no interest in signing the Groovies, telling Jordan, "You're through." Before leaving the UA offices, Jordan ran into another UA employee, an acquaintance who had managed Ike & Tina Turner, told him about Lauder's message and Cerf's rejection. The acquaintance took Jordan into his office, the two of them called Lauder in London; as a result, two weeks Jordan was in London, where Lauder and British UA told him that they could offer the Groovies a contract right as long as the band temporarily moved to Britain, which Jordan agreed to do.

One of the reasons for moving the band was the opportunity to work with British musician/producer Dave Edmunds at Rockfield Studios. Lauder assured the band that this would be no problem since Edmunds produced several acts for UA, Jordan discussed it in interviews about the group's signing to UA. However, no one from either the band or UA had contacted Edmunds, who read in the British music press that he was supposed to be producing the Groovies on the same day in May 1972 that the band arrived at Rockfield; because he lived nearby, Edmunds decided to show up to meet the Groovies and see if he wanted to work with them. The Groovies, knowing nothing about this, spent about three hours asking Edmunds questions about his own influences, one of which prompted the composition of a new Groovies song, "You Tore Me Down". By the end of this introduction, there was no doubt that the Groovies and Edmunds wanted to work together, they promptly cut four songs: three originals, "Shake Some Action", "You Tore Me Down", "Slow Death", one Chuck Berry cover, "Little Queenie".

However, the welcome given to an American group by a British label spurred a backlash in the U. K. despite the fact that the Groovies had been living in a leased house in London and touring throughout Europe since arriving, so UA decided instead to release a series of singles to introduce the band to the British audience. As a result, the Groovies returned to Rockfield in August to cut two more tracks, both covers: "Get a Shot of Rhythm and Blues" and "Married Woman". Due to other commitments, they returned to London to cut one more cover, "Tallahassee Lassie", but Edmunds was unable to attend this session, so Jordan produced the track. During this time, the Groovies came up with a name for their upcoming album, thought up by the group's road manager. Wilson noted that "Brains" was the name of a popular bee

Susan Augusta Pike Sanders

Susan Augusta Pike Sanders was an American teacher and author, prominent in charities and social circles. She served as national president of the Woman's Relief Corps, auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, the largest charitable organization in the world in its day, she has the credit of being the originator of placing a flag in every school house, hers the first school to have a flag in McLean County, Illinois. The legislature changed the plan to putting it on the outside, which law was repealed. Susan Augusta Pike was born in Casco, March 25, 1842, her parents were Susan A. Mayberry Pike, her paternal grandfather was Noah Pike, farmer of Fryeburg, a descent of John Pike, who came from England to America in 1637 and located at Limerick, Maine. The father was born in Fryeburg, August 19, 1803, was one of a family of twenty-four children, nearly all of whom lived to old age, he was a strong and practical man, as well as a shrewd and capable business man, was wholly self-educated. On Mayberry Hill, Cumberland county, Maine, he was married October 1, 1837, to Miss Susan A. Mayberry, born February 3, 1813, a daughter of Edward and Mary Mayberry.

Her grandfather, Captain Richard Mayberry, served with distinction as an officer in the Revolutionary war. The family was an prominent one in New England. Harrison W. Pike owned and operated a farm in Casco, until he and his wife, accompanied by their seven small children, came to Bloomington, Illinois, in 1854. Two brothers and Theophilus came with him. Here, he met with success, he was one of the honored pioneers and respected citizens of the town. The family attended the Unitarian church. In their family were seven children, all of whom were educated in Bloomington, they were as follows: Noah H. Sue A. Ivory H. Alpheus H. Anna M. and Mary A. Like most men who went west in those days, Harrison accumulated wealth. Sanders began her education in the schools of Casco, after coming west with the family attended the Bloomington schools and the Illinois State University, of Normal, Illinois, she became a member of the International Organisation of Good Templars when fifteen years of age, took an active part in advancing its principles.

When eighteen years old, she was elected to the highest office in that order for women in her State. She taught for six years, the latter part of the time being employed in the schools of Bloomington; the most noted of her schools was that which she taught during the Civil War in the area near her home. It was there she taught children, whose parents were what were known as "Copperheads," sympathizers with the secessionists. Notwithstanding the sentiment that surrounded her, she kept a little Stars and Stripes hanging over her desk. One day, she returned to her schoolroom to find it lying upon the floor, she nailed it to the wall. It hung there the rest of the term; that was the first flag-raising in a public school. Since that day she advocated the placing of an American flag in every school house and church of the U. S. and her idea has become popular all over the country. She further advocated that the Bible, ballot-box and American flag should accompany one another at the polls, she was secretary of the Soldier's Aid Society of Bloomington, during the Civil War.

She served as corresponding secretary for the United States Sanitary Commission branch of that city. All of her brothers were soldiers of the Civil war. On September 19, 1867, married James Troyless Sanders, of Jacksonville, Illinois. To them were born four children, two of whom died young: Augusta and Bernadine M.. Two sons grew to manhood, Harold Pike Sanders, Royal Woodson Sanders. After marriage, while residing in Delavan, her time was principally occupied by home duties, but she was always more or less prominently identified with public affairs along certain lines, her husband was one of the incorporators of the Delavan Homestead Loan Association. Sanders was a member of the Order of the Eastern Star, having been state treasurer of the same for twelve consecutive years, she was the grand vice templar of the Independent Order of Good Templars in 1865-66-67, the highest office a woman could hold in that order at that time. Her father died June 2, 1877, her mother, February 12, 1878. In December 1885, Sanders joined the Illinois Woman's Relief Corps, became the first president of her corps.

In February, 1886, she represented the corps in department convention of Illinois, where she was elected department treasurer of the order and delegate-at-large to the California convention, where she went in August, via Colorado the month before. On her return, she published a journal of her travels. In February, 1887, she was elected department president of her State, governed with an economy and dignity that placed the order foremost among the States in the country. In February, 1888, she was made department counselor of the Illinois Woman's Relief Corps and a member of the national pension committee, in which she served two years. In the Milwaukee convention, she presented the recommendation for the adoption of the site of the National Woman's Relief Corps house in Madison, Ohio, she recommended the certificate of service for the army nurses of the Civil War, was afterward appointed by the national president to prepare a design for the same, adopted and issued by the national order. She was one of the board of incorporators of the National Woman's Relief Corps Home.

In 1890 and 1891, she served as na