Radio broadcasting is transmission by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience. Stations can be linked in radio networks to broadcast a common radio format, either in broadcast syndication or simulcast or both; the signal types can be digital audio. The earliest radio stations did not carry audio. For audio broadcasts to be possible, electronic detection and amplification devices had to be incorporated; the thermionic valve was invented in 1904 by the English physicist John Ambrose Fleming. He developed a device he called an "oscillation valve"; the heated filament, or cathode, was capable of thermionic emission of electrons that would flow to the plate when it was at a higher voltage. Electrons, could not pass in the reverse direction because the plate was not heated and thus not capable of thermionic emission of electrons. Known as the Fleming valve, it could be used as a rectifier of alternating current and as a radio wave detector; this improved the crystal set which rectified the radio signal using an early solid-state diode based on a crystal and a so-called cat's whisker.
However, what was still required was an amplifier. The triode was patented on March 4, 1906, by the Austrian Robert von Lieben independent from that, on October 25, 1906, Lee De Forest patented his three-element Audion, it wasn't put to practical use until 1912 when its amplifying ability became recognized by researchers. By about 1920, valve technology had matured to the point where radio broadcasting was becoming viable. However, an early audio transmission that could be termed a broadcast may have occurred on Christmas Eve in 1906 by Reginald Fessenden, although this is disputed. While many early experimenters attempted to create systems similar to radiotelephone devices by which only two parties were meant to communicate, there were others who intended to transmit to larger audiences. Charles Herrold started broadcasting in California in 1909 and was carrying audio by the next year.. In The Hague, the Netherlands, PCGG started broadcasting on November 6, 1919, making it, arguably the first commercial broadcasting station.
In 1916, Frank Conrad, an electrical engineer employed at the Westinghouse Electric Corporation, began broadcasting from his Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania garage with the call letters 8XK. The station was moved to the top of the Westinghouse factory building in East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Westinghouse relaunched the station as KDKA on November 2, 1920, as the first commercially licensed radio station in America; the commercial broadcasting designation came from the type of broadcast license. The first licensed broadcast in the United States came from KDKA itself: the results of the Harding/Cox Presidential Election; the Montreal station that became CFCF began broadcast programming on May 20, 1920, the Detroit station that became WWJ began program broadcasts beginning on August 20, 1920, although neither held a license at the time. In 1920, wireless broadcasts for entertainment began in the UK from the Marconi Research Centre 2MT at Writtle near Chelmsford, England. A famous broadcast from Marconi's New Street Works factory in Chelmsford was made by the famous soprano Dame Nellie Melba on 15 June 1920, where she sang two arias and her famous trill.
She was the first artist of international renown to participate in direct radio broadcasts. The 2MT station began to broadcast regular entertainment in 1922; the BBC was amalgamated in 1922 and received a Royal Charter in 1926, making it the first national broadcaster in the world, followed by Czech Radio and other European broadcasters in 1923. Radio Argentina began scheduled transmissions from the Teatro Coliseo in Buenos Aires on August 27, 1920, making its own priority claim; the station got its license on November 19, 1923. The delay was due to the lack of official Argentine licensing procedures before that date; this station continued regular broadcasting of entertainment and cultural fare for several decades. Radio in education soon followed and colleges across the U. S. began adding radio broadcasting courses to their curricula. Curry College in Milton, Massachusetts introduced one of the first broadcasting majors in 1932 when the college teamed up with WLOE in Boston to have students broadcast programs.
Broadcasting service is – according to Article 1.38 of the International Telecommunication Union´s Radio Regulations – defined as «A radiocommunication service in which the transmission are intended for direct reception by the general public. This service may include sound transmissions, television transmissions or other types of transmission.» Definitions identical to those contained in the Annexes to the Constitution and Convention of the International Telecommunication Union are marked "" or "" respectively. A radio broadcasting station is associated with wireless transmission, though in practice broadcasting transmission take place using both wires and radio waves; the point of this is that anyone with the appropriate receiving technology can receive the broadcast. In line to ITU Radio Regulations each broadcasting station shall be classified by the service in which it operates permanently or temporarily. Broadcasting by radio takes several forms; these include FM stations. There are several subtypes, namely commercial broadcasting, non-commercial educational public broadcasting and non-profit varieties as well as community radio, student-run campus radio stations, and
Joan Anita Barbara Armatrading, MBE is a British singer-songwriter and guitarist. A three-time Grammy Award nominee, Armatrading has been nominated twice for BRIT Awards as Best Female Artist, she received an Ivor Novello Award for Outstanding Contemporary Song Collection in 1996. In a recording career spanning 46 years, Armatrading has released 19 studio albums, as well as several live albums and compilations. Joan Armatrading was born in 1950 in Basseterre on the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts, the third of six children, her father was a carpenter and her mother was a housewife. When she was three years old, her parents moved with their two eldest boys to Birmingham, while Joan was sent to live with her grandmother on the Caribbean island of Antigua. In early 1958 at the age of seven, she joined her parents in Brookfields a district of Birmingham; the area is now demolished and has been absorbed into the district of Hockley. Her father had played in a band in his youth forbidding his children from touching his guitar.
At about the age of 14, Armatrading began writing songs by setting her own limericks to music on a piano that her mother had purchased as "a piece of furniture". Shortly thereafter, her mother bought her a £3 guitar from a pawn shop in exchange for two prams, the younger Armatrading began teaching herself the instrument. Armatrading left school at the age of 15 to support her family, she lost her first job as a typist and comptometer operator after taking her guitar to work and playing it during tea-breaks. Armatrading first performed in a concert at Birmingham University for her brother at the age of about 16, she only knew her own songs, but her brother asked her to perform something that would be familiar to the audience. She performed her own songs around the local area with a friend from school, played bass and rhythm guitar at local clubs. In 1968, Armatrading joined a repertory production of the stage musical Hair. There she met the lyricist Pam Nestor in 1970, they worked together on Armatrading's debut album Whatever's for Us, released by Cube Records in 1972.
Nestor wrote the lyrics to 11 of the 14 songs on the album, while Armatrading wrote the lyrics to three of them, performed all the vocals, wrote all the music and played an array of instruments on the album. Although Nestor was credited as co-lyricist, Cube considered Armatrading to be the more star material; these events produced a tension. On 28 November 1972, Armatrading appeared on the BBC Radio 1 John Peel Show performing "Head Of The Table", "Spend A Little Time", "Child Star" and "Whatever's For Us", she played acoustic guitar and piano. In 1973 Armatrading's first single "Lonely Lady", a song that had not been included on the album, was released by Cube on the Fly label, it was unsuccessful in the charts and a period of inactivity for Armatrading followed while she extricated herself from her contract with Cube Records. The single was subsequently withdrawn by Cube and re-released as a promotional single in the US by Armatrading's new label A&M Records, the same year. In January 1974 she appeared again on the John Peel Show.
Performing "Some Sort Of Love Song", "Lonely Lady" and "Freedom", she again sang and played acoustic guitar and piano, but was accompanied by supporting musicians Snowy White, Mike Tomich and Brian Glassock. In 1975, Armatrading was free to sign with A&M Records, issued the album Back to the Night, promoted on tour with six-piece jazz-pop group The Movies. Armatrading credited English singer Elkie Brooks on the sleeve notes as she had cooked for Armatrading and the band in the studio while they had been making the album, produced by Brooks' husband Pete Gage. A major publicity relaunch in 1976 and the involvement of producer Glyn Johns propelled her next album, Joan Armatrading, into the Top 20 and spawned the Top 10 hit single "Love and Affection"; the album mixed acoustic work with jazz-influenced material, this style was retained for the 1977 follow-up Show Some Emotion produced by Glyn Johns, as was 1978's To the Limit. These albums included songs which continue to be staples of Armatrading's live shows, including "Willow", "Down to Zero", "Tall in the Saddle", "Kissin' and a Huggin'".
At this time, Armatrading wrote and performed "The Flight of the Wild Geese", used during the opening and end titles for the 1978 war film The Wild Geese. The song was included on the soundtrack album for the film released by A&M Records released under licence as a Cinephile DVD. A live album entitled Steppin' Out was released in 1979. Between 1972 and 1976 Armatrading made a total of eight appearances in session for the John Peel show and the decade saw her become the first Black British female singer/songwriter to enjoy international success. Armatrading was the musical guest for Season 2, episode 21 of NBC's Saturday Night Live, which aired on 14 May 1977, she performed "Love and Affection" and "Down to Zero". In 1980, Armatrading radically revised her playing style and released Me Myself I, a harder pop-oriented album produced by Richard Gottehrer, who had produced albums for Blondie; the album became Armatrading's highest charting album both in the UK and the US, while the title track became her second UK Top 40 hit single.
In that year, she performed on Rockpalast night. The same pop style as on her previous album, now coupled with synthesisers, was evident on the 1981 album Walk Under Ladders and 1983's The Key. All three of these albums were Top 10 successes in the UK, with The Key producing the hit single "Drop t
Thomas Richard Paxton is an American folk singer-songwriter who has had a music career spanning more than fifty years. In 2009, Paxton received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, he is noteworthy as a music educator as well as an advocate for folk singers to combine traditional songs with new compositions. Paxton's songs have been recorded, including modern standards such as "The Last Thing on My Mind", "Bottle of Wine", "Whose Garden Was This", "The Marvelous Toy", "Ramblin' Boy". Paxton's songs have been recorded by Pete Seeger, Bob Dylan, The Weavers, Judy Collins, Sandy Denny, Joan Baez, Doc Watson, Harry Belafonte, Peter and Mary, The Seekers, Marianne Faithfull, The Kingston Trio, the Chad Mitchell Trio, John Denver, Dolly Parton and Porter Wagoner, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson, Flatt & Scruggs, The Move, The Fireballs, many others, he has performed thousands of concerts around the world. Paxton was born on October 1937, in Chicago, Illinois, to Burt and Esther Paxton, his father was "a chemist self-educated", as his health began to fail him, the family moved to Wickenburg, Arizona.
It was here. It was here that he was first introduced to folk music, discovering the music of Burl Ives and others. In 1948, the family moved to Bristow, which Paxton considers to be his hometown. Soon after, his father died from a stroke. Paxton was about fifteen when he received a ukulele, he was given a guitar by his aunt when he was sixteen, he soon began to immerse himself in the music of Burl Ives and Harry Belafonte. In 1955, Paxton enrolled at the University of Oklahoma, it was here that he first found other enthusiasts of folk music and discovered the music of Woody Guthrie and The Weavers. Paxton would note, "Woody was fearless. In college, he was in a group known as the Travellers, they sang in an off-campus coffeehouse. Upon graduating in 1959 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree, Paxton acted in summer stock theatre and tried graduate school before joining the Army. While attending the Clerk Typist School in Fort Dix, New Jersey, he began writing songs on his typewriter and spent every weekend visiting Greenwich Village in New York City during the emerging early 1960s folk revival.
Shortly after his honorable discharge from the Army, Paxton auditioned for the Chad Mitchell Trio via publisher Milt Okun in 1960. He received the part, but his voice did not blend well enough with those of the group members. However, after singing his song "The Marvelous Toy" for Okun, he became the first writer signed to Milt's music publishing company, Cherry Lane Music Publishing. Paxton soon began performing at The Gaslight Cafe in Greenwich Village. In 1962, he recorded a produced live album at the Gaslight entitled, I'm the Man That Built the Bridges. During his stay in Greenwich Village, Paxton published some of his songs in the folk magazines Broadside and Sing Out!, performed alongside such folksingers as Bob Dylan, Phil Ochs, Eric Andersen, Dave Van Ronk, Mississippi John Hurt. Paxton met his future wife, Margaret Ann Cummings, at the Gaslight one night in January 1963 after being introduced to her by David Blue. Pete Seeger picked up on a few of Tom Paxton's songs in 1963, including "Ramblin' Boy" and "What Did You Learn in School Today?"
Paxton increased his profile as a performer, appearing at the 1963 Newport Folk Festival, recorded by Vanguard Records. A month after Newport in 1963, Paxton married Midge, he began traveling the country on the coffeehouse and small-venue circuit before returning to New York. Paxton became involved with causes that promoted civil rights and labor rights. In 1963, Paxton and a group of other folk musicians performed and offered moral support to striking coal miners in Hazard, Kentucky. After returning to New York, Paxton signed with Elektra Records in 1964, a label which at that time featured a distinguished roster of folk musicians, he would go on to record seven albums for Elektra. As the folk revival hit its peak, Paxton began getting more work outside of New York City, including benefit concerts and college campus visits. In 1964, he took part in the Freedom Summer and visited the Deep South, with other folk musicians, to perform at voter registration drives and civil rights rallies, his civil rights song "Beau John" was written after attending a Freedom Song Workshop in Atlanta and the song "Goodman and Chaney" was written about the murders of three civil rights activists in the summer of 1964 by members of the Ku Klux Klan near Philadelphia, Mississippi.
Paxton's own compositions began to be recognized within folk music circles, in other genres. Of the songwriters on the Greenwich Village scene of the 1960s, Dave Van Ronk said, "Dylan is cited as the founder of the new song movement, he became its most visible standard-bearer, but the person who started the whole thing was Tom Paxton... he tested his songs in the crucible of live performance, he found that his own stuff was getting more attention than when he was singing traditional songs or stuff by other people... he set himself a training regimen of deliberately writing one song every day. Dylan had not yet showed up when this was happening, by the time Bobby came on the set, with at most two or three songs he had written, Tom was singing at leas
Show of Hands
Show of Hands are a multi-award-winning English acoustic roots/folk duo formed in 1986 by singer-songwriter Steve Knightley and composer and multi-instrumentalist Phil Beer. Joined by singer and double bassist Miranda Sykes for a tour in 2004, Show of Hands continue to perform as a trio with Sykes, as well as in their original format. Known for their songs with rousing choruses that address contemporary social issues, these illustrate current concerns through historical narratives and have earned Knightley the label the'Gravel voiced spokesman of the rural poor'. Rooted in English traditional music the songs are shot through with diverse influences from music across the world, including the blues and Latin rhythms. Nominating Knightley as'songwriter of the'90s' Tom Robinson of BBC Radio 6 noted that the songs spring from "the soil of the West Country," where, as Robin Denselow writes in the Guardian, "Beer and Knightley have become folk heroes". Recognised as pioneers in the folk/roots arena both for their enduring emphasis on stagecraft, their radical business model, Show of Hands are noted for the high level of professionalism they bring to their performances whether in a small club or the Royal Albert Hall.
Their "much vaunted cottage industry," set up Show of Hands as an independent concern before the internet made this common practise. Beer and Knightley with their manager Gerard O'Farrell built on their close relationship with their growing and "devoted" fanbase to create a self-contained way of working; this included their record label and production company Hands on Music, that gave them control of their consistently'classy' output. Show of Hands have received widespread critical acclaim over their 30 album career, in 2006 were voted "Greatest Devonians Ever" in a poll run by Devon Country Council beating Sir Francis Drake, Agatha Christie and Chris Martin amongst others to the title. 1980s: The beginning Offered a gig at the Wimborne Festival in 1986, Steve Knightley called on his old friends Warwick Downes and Martin Bradley to join him for that event. They performed as Show of a name chosen by Knightley who liked its democratic implications. Another of Knightley’s old friends, Phil Beer, was in the audience.
Impressed by the quality of Knightley’s self-penned songs and by Exile in particular, Beer suggested they form a duo and offered to try and get them some gigs. The pair had first met in the early seventies when both were in their early teens and performing on the thriving Devon folk circuit. Beer was gigging extensively with Colin Wilson in their duo ‘Odd Folk’. Knightley, in ‘Gawain’, was working his way through the Penguin Book of English Folk Songs, with Paul Downes on guitar and John ‘Bat’ Evans on fiddle. At this time Knightley began experimenting with writing his own songs. Relocating to Coventry to study politics and history at Lanchester Polytechnic Knightley started a folk club there. Beer and Downes, gigging as a duo were frequent visitors. Continuing his studies at Sussex University, Knightley formed a duo with Warwick Downes, during which time he penned his narrative folk ‘opera’ Tall Ships; this he performed on Richard Digance’s Capital Radio show, with his neighbour, the actor Jim Carter reading the opening poem, ‘The Wrecker’s Prayer’.
Throughout the late ‘70s and early ‘80s Beer and Knightley would stand in as needed in each others’ bands when they were playing in London. Here Knightley “stormed the indie rock circuit” In four bands The Cheats’, ‘Total Strangers’, ‘Short Stories’ and ‘The West’ and Beer gigged with folk legends Johnny Coppin, Ashley Hutchings’ The Albion Band, Mike Oldfield and his own ‘The Arizona Smoke Revue’. In 1986 Knightley moved to rural Dorset with his first wife Simone to run the remote ‘Catsley House’ as a whole-food guest-house. Here, in January 1987, following their fateful Wimborne Festival meeting and Knightley set up in a studio above the garage to record the songs that as Show of Hands they were now honing live, their first release, Show of Hands, sold out over the course of their live shows. Playing every gig on the folk circuit they knew so well from their teenage years, they realised that audiences tend to favour familiarity over novelty. So the pair slipped original songs into a set of folk standards.
But by the end of the decade the folk standards featured in their shows. This is testimony to Knightley's ability to write original songs. For instance, The Galway Farmer has appeared in at least one list of traditional Irish tunes though Knightley wrote it in 1994. 1990s: Sowing the seeds of a ‘grass-roots’ phenomenon Show of Hands kicked off the ’90s with the release of Tall Ships. Again on cassette only and recorded at the Catsley House home studio, it featured the recording of Knightley’s epic folk-suite that had first aired on Capital Radio; this too sold out at gigs. Taken on in 1991 by local agent Peter Wilson, he secured bookings for the duo in hundreds of venues up and down the South Coast. Here in the dockers’ and bikers’ pubs Show of Hands learnt how to compete with the darts and the TV to grow a loyal audience beyond their usual folk crowd. Knightley’s years performing in tough London pubs and bars and Beer’s folk/rock experience of venues throughout Europe began to pay off. "We were playing hard.
People would still be clapping and we’d be counting in the next tune. Sometimes we’d have to tone it down a touch in the folk clubs, but it was great grounding for
Donald McLean III is an American singer-songwriter, best known for his 1971 hit song "American Pie", an 8.5-minute folk rock "cultural touchstone" about the loss of innocence of the early rock and roll generation. His other hit singles include "Vincent", "Dreidel", a rendition of Roy Orbison's "Crying", a rendition of the Skyliners' "Since I Don't Have You", "Wonderful Baby", his composition "And I Love You So" has been sung by Elvis Presley, Perry Como, Helen Reddy, Glen Campbell, others, in 2000, Madonna had a hit with a rendition of "American Pie". In 2004, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In January 2018, BMI certified that "American Pie" and "Vincent" had reached five million and three million airplays respectively. McLean's grandfather and father, both named Donald McLean, had roots originating in Scotland; the Buccis, the family of McLean's mother, came from Abruzzo in central Italy. They settled in Port Chester, New York at the end of the 19th century, he has other extended family in Los Boston.
Though some of his early musical influences included Frank Sinatra and Buddy Holly, as a teenager, McLean became interested in folk music the Weavers' 1955 recording At Carnegie Hall. He missed long periods of school because of childhood asthma music lessons, although McLean slipped back in his studies, his love of music was allowed to flourish. By age 16, he had bought his first guitar and began making contacts in the music business, becoming friends with the folk singers Erik Darling and Fred Hellerman of the Weavers. Hellerman said, "He called me one day and said,'I'd like to come and visit you', that's what he did! We became good friends — he has the most remarkable music memory of anyone I've known."When McLean was 15, his father died. Fulfilling his father's request, the singer graduated from Iona Preparatory School in 1963, attended Villanova University, dropping out after four months. After leaving Villanova, McLean became associated with the famed folk music agent Harold Leventhal for several months before teaming up with his personal manager, Herb Gart, for 18 years.
For the next six years, he performed at venues and events including The Bitter End and the Gaslight Cafe in New York, the Newport Folk Festival, the Cellar Door in Washington, D. C. and the Troubadour in Los Angeles. Gart's 18 year tenure as McLean's manager ended acrimoniously in the 1980s. Following Herb Gart's death in September 2018, Don McLean wrote: I feel it is important to note that Herb did many good things for me in the beginning but could not deal with my success, as odd as that may sound. In about 1982 Herb told me his associate Walter Hofer who ran Copyright Service Bureau had stolen $90,000 from my account but had "put it back"; this was a lie. Furthermore the amount turned out to be more like $200,000 and because Gart was now complicit in this crime I fired him, he sued me but was never heard from again. There is so much of this in my business and artists sweep it under the rug but I don’t. I want people to know the truth about my journey. Don McLean. McLean attended night school at Iona College and received a bachelor's degree in business administration in 1968.
He turned down a scholarship to Columbia University Graduate School in favor of pursuing a career as a singer-songwriter, performing at such venues as Caffè Lena in Saratoga Springs, New York and the Main Point in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. That year, with the help of a grant from the New York State Council on the Arts, McLean began reaching a wider audience, with visits to towns up and down the Hudson River, he learned the art of performing from mentor Pete Seeger. McLean accompanied Seeger on his Clearwater boat trip up the Hudson River in 1969 to raise awareness about environmental pollution in the river. During this time, McLean wrote songs. McLean co-edited the book Songs and Sketches of the First Clearwater Crew, with sketches by Thomas B. Allen, for which Pete Seeger wrote the foreword. Seeger and McLean sang "Shenandoah" on the 1974 Clearwater album. McLean still thinks about his experiences of working with Seeger: "Hardly a day goes by when I don’t think of Pete and how generous and supportive he was.
If you could understand his politics and you got to know him, he was some kind of modern day saint” McLean recorded Tapestry in 1969 in Berkeley, California during the student riots. After being rejected 72 times by labels, the album was released by Mediarts, a label that had not existed when he first started to look for a label, he worked on the album for a couple of years before putting it out. It attracted good reviews but little notice outside the folk community, though on the Easy Listening chart "Castles in the Air" was a success, in 1973 "And I Love You So" became a number 1 Adult Contemporary hit for Perry Como. McLean's major break came when Mediarts was taken over by United Artists Records, thus securing the promotion of a major label for his second album, American Pie; the album launched two number one hits in the title song and "Vincent". American Pie's success made McLean an international star and piqued interest in his first album, which charted more than two years after its initial release.
McLean's magnum opus "American Pie" is a sprawling, impressionistic ballad inspired by the deaths of Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, J. P. Richardson in a plane crash in 1959, developments in American youth culture in the subsequent decade
The Chieftains are a traditional Irish band formed in Dublin in 1963, by Paddy Moloney, Sean Potts and Michael Tubridy. The band had their first rehearsals at Moloney's house, with David Fallon and Martin Fay joining the original three, their sound, entirely instrumental and built around uilleann pipes, has become synonymous with traditional Irish music and they are regarded as having helped popularise Irish music across the world. Paddy Moloney came out of Ceoltóirí Chualann, a group of musicians who specialised in instrumentals, sought to form a new band; the group remained only semi-professional up until the 1970s and by had achieved great success in Ireland and the United Kingdom. In 1973, their popularity began to spread to the United States when their previous albums were released there by Island Records, they received further acclaim when they worked on the Academy Award-winning soundtrack to Stanley Kubrick's 1975 film Barry Lyndon, which triggered their transition to the mainstream in the US.
The group continued to release successful records throughout the 1970s and 1980s, their work with Van Morrison in 1988 resulted in the critically acclaimed album Irish Heartbeat. They went on to collaborate with singers; the band have won six Grammys during their career and they were given a Lifetime Achievement Award at the prestigious BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards in 2002. Some music experts have credited The Chieftains with bringing traditional Irish music to a worldwide audience, so much so that the Irish government awarded them the honorary title of'Ireland's Musical Ambassadors' in 1989. In 2012, they celebrated their 50th anniversary with the release of their most recent record Voice of Ages; the band's name came from the book Death of a Chieftain by Irish author John Montague. Assisted early on by Garech Browne, they signed with his company Claddagh Records, they needed financial success abroad, succeeded in this, as within a few years their third album's sleeve note section was printed in three languages.
In 2012, they celebrated their 50th anniversary with tour. The album, Voice of Ages, was produced by T-Bone Burnett and featured the Chieftains collaborating with many musicians including Bon Iver, Paolo Nutini and The Decemberists, it included a collaboration with NASA astronaut Catherine Coleman playing the flute aboard the International Space Station as it orbited the earth. On 17 March, The Chieftains played in Carnegie Hall; the band have become known for their vast work of collaborations with popular musicians of many genres, including country music, Galician traditional music, Newfoundland music, rock and roll. Their widespread work as collaborators resulted in the Irish Government awarding the group the honorary title of Ireland's Musical Ambassadors in 1989, they have performed with: In May 1986, they performed at Self Aid, a benefit concert held in Dublin that focused on the problem of chronic unemployment, widespread in Ireland at that time. In 1994, they appeared in Roger Daltrey's production and video of A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who.
They performed with Canadian astronaut Cmdr. Chris Hadfield in Houston, TX on 15 February 2013. Cmdr. Hadfield played guitar on "Moondance" from aboard the International Space Station; the band has been nominated eighteen times. They have won an Emmy and a Genie and contributed tracks, including their praised version of the song Women of Ireland, to Leonard Rosenman's Oscar-winning score for Stanley Kubrick's 1975 film Barry Lyndon. In 2002 they were given a Lifetime Achievement Award by the UK's BBC Radio 2. Two of their singles have been minor hits in the UK Singles Chart. "Have I Told You Lately" reached No. 71 in 1995. "I Know My Love" reached No. 37 in 1999. Dr. Gearóid Ó hAllmhuráin said the success of The Chieftains helped place Irish traditional music on a par with other musical genres in the world of popular entertainment. By collaborating with pop and rock musicians, they have taken Irish music to a much wider audience, they have become, in effect, musical ambassadors for Ireland. This de facto role was recognised by the Irish Government in 1989 when it awarded the group the honorary title of Ireland's Musical Ambassadors.
They played in a concert for Pope John Paul II, before an audience of more than one million people in 1979 in Phoenix Park in Dublin, to mark the Papal visit to Ireland. In 1983, they were invited by the Chinese Government to perform with the Chinese Broadcasting Art Group in a concert on the Great Wall of China, becoming the first western musical group to do so, they were the first group to perform in the Capitol Building in Washington, D. C. invited by the former Speaker of the House, Tip O'Neill. In 2011, they performed at a concert in Dublin attended by President Mary McAleese and Queen Elizabeth II of Britain during her first official trip to the Republic of Ireland. Glatt, John; the Chieftains: the Authorized Biography. New York: Da Capo. ISBN 978-0-306-80922-4. Official website Band history National Geographic World Music website – The Chieftains