BBC Radio 3

BBC Radio 3 is a British radio station operated by the BBC. Its output centres on classical music and opera, but jazz, world music, drama and the arts feature; the station describes itself as'the world's most significant commissioner of new music', through its New Generation Artists scheme promotes young musicians of all nationalities. The station broadcasts the BBC Proms concerts, live and in full, each summer in addition to performances by the BBC Orchestras and Singers. There newly commissioned drama. Radio 3 won the Sony Radio Academy UK Station of the Year Gold Award for 2009 and was nominated again in 2011. Radio 3 is the successor station to the BBC Third Programme which began broadcasting on 29 September 1946; the name Radio 3 was adopted on 30 September 1967 when the BBC launched its first pop music station, Radio 1 and rebranded its national radio channels as Radio 1, Radio 2, Radio 3, Radio 4. Radio 3 was the overall label applied to the collection of services which had until gone under the umbrella title of the Third Network, namely: the Third Programme proper the Music Programme sports coverage and adult educational programming in the early part of weekday evenings.

All these strands, including the Third Programme, kept their separate identities within Radio 3 until 4 April 1970, when there was a further reorganisation following the introduction of the structural changes, outlined the previous year in the BBC document Broadcasting in the Seventies. On 10 July 1969 the BBC published its plans for radio and television in a policy document entitled Broadcasting in the Seventies. Described in 2002 by Jenny Abramsky, Head of Radio and Music, as "the most controversial document produced by radio", the document outlined each station's target audience and what content should be broadcast on each channel; this concept went against the earlier methods laid out by the BBC's first Director General John Reith and caused controversy at the time, despite laying out the radio structure, recognisable today. At the time of the review, Radio 3 faced several problems. An early option to cut costs, required under the proposals, was to reduce the number of networks from four to three, so that Radio 3 would not broadcast during the day and would use the frequencies of either Radio 1 or 2 as the two stations would merge content.

However "Day-time serious music would be the casualty" of these proposals and caused some controversy. A further rumour was expressed that Radio 3 could be closed altogether as a strong statistical case existed against the station according to The Guardian. However, the Director-General, Charles Curran, publicly denied this as "quite contradictory to the aim of the BBC, to provide a comprehensive radio service". Curran had earlier dismissed any suggestion that Radio 3's small audience was a consideration: "What is decisive is whether there is a worthwhile audience, I mean by worthwhile an audience which will get an enormous satisfaction out of it."As a result of Broadcasting in the Seventies, factual content, including documentaries and current affairs, were moved to BBC Radio 4 and the separate titled strands were abolished. The document stated that Radio 3 was to have "a larger output of standard classical music" but with "some element in the evening of cultural speech programmes – poetry, plays".

Questions were being asked by the poet Peter Porter about whether other spoken content, for example poetry, would remain on the station. These concerns led to the composer Peter Maxwell Davies and the music critic Edward Greenfield to fear that "people would lose the mix of cultural experiences which expanded intellectual horizons". However, Radio 3 controller Howard Newby reassured these concerns by replying that only the coverage of political and economic affairs would be passed to Radio 4: Radio 3 would keep drama and talks by scientists and historians; the Broadcasting in the Seventies report proposed a large cutback in the number and size of the BBC's orchestras. In September 1969, a distinguished campaign group entitled the Campaign for Better Broadcasting was formed to protest, with the backing of Sir Adrian Boult, Jonathan Miller, Henry Moore and George Melly; the campaign objected to "the dismantling of the Third Programme by cutting down its spoken word content from fourteen hours a week to six" and "segregating programmes into classes".

Mention of the campaign reached debate in the House of Commons. From the launch until 1987, the controllers of Radio 3 showed preferences towards speech and arts programming as opposed to focus on classical music and the Proms; the first controller, made little contribution to the station, focusing on the transition from the Third programme to Radio 3 and as a result of the Broadcasting in the Seventies report. The second controller, Stephen Hearst who assumed the role in 1972, was different; as Hearst had been head of television arts features his appointment was seen with scepticism among the staff who viewed him as a populariser. According to Hearst when interviewed for Humphrey Carpenter's book, the main rival candidate for controller Martin Esslin, head of Radio Drama, had said to the interviewing panel that audience figures should play no part in the decision making process over programming. Hearst said he responded to the same question about this issue by commenting that as the station was financed by public money it needed to consider the size of its audience – there was a minimum viable figur

Oklahoma Turnpike Authority

The Oklahoma Turnpike Authority is a government agency of Oklahoma that deals with issues regarding the Oklahoma turnpike system. Along with the Oklahoma Department of Transportation, the Authority is the primary infrastructure construction and maintenance agency of the State; the membership of the Authority consists of the Governor of Oklahoma, an ex officio member, six members appointed by the Governor with consent of the Oklahoma Senate. There are six districts within the Turnpike System and one member is appointed from each district; the Authority was established in 1947 during the term of Governor of Oklahoma Roy J. Turner; the Turnpike Authority is under the supervision of the Secretary of Transportation. Under Governor of Oklahoma Kevin Stitt, Tim Gatz is serving as the Cabinet Secretary. Secretary Gatz serves as the Director of the Authority and the Oklahoma Department of Transportation; the Board of Directors of the Turnpike Authority is responsible for governing the Authority. The Board is composed of the seven members, six of which are appointed by the Governor of Oklahoma, with the approval of the Oklahoma Senate, with the Governor serving ex officio as the seventh member.

The Board is responsible for appointing the Director of the Authority, who serves as the Board's pleasure. Cabinet Secretary Board of Directors Executive Director Assistant Executive Director Administrative Services Division - responsible for providing direction and general services to entire Authority Highway Patrol - Oklahoma Highway Patrol troopers on assignment from Oklahoma Department of Public Safety, responsible for providing law enforcement services on turnpike system Information Technology Division - responsible for overseeing all information technology used by Authority Toll Operations Division - responsible for the collection of tolls from turnpike users Engineering Division - responsible for providing engineering for projects of the Authority Construction Division - responsible for providing construction projects of the Authority Comptroller Division - responsible for auditing operations of Authority Maintenance Division - responsible for maintenance and repair on turnpike system PIKEPASS Division - responsible for operating the PIKEPASS automated toll collection system Finance and Revenue Division - responsible for overseeing all Authority finances and budget The Turnpike Authority, as of February 2019, has 632 full-time employees.

The budget of the Turnpike Authority is derived exclusively from the tolls collected from the users of the turnpike system. For Calendar Year 2019, revenues are anticipated to be $330.1 million. The Authority uses those funds as follows: Turnpikes of Oklahoma About the Oklahoma Turnpike Authority, Oklahoma State Transport Authority online. Retrieved January 14, 2005. Oklahoma Turnpike Authority


Examinership is a process in Irish law whereby the protection of the Court is obtained to assist the survival of a company. It allows a company to restructure with the approval of the High Court. To obtain the appointment of an examiner it is necessary to petition the High Court and persuade the court that there is a reasonable prospect of survival of the company and the whole or part of its undertaking if an examiner is appointed; the examiner has a fixed period of 70 days in which to prepare a scheme of arrangement, which must be approved by at least one class of creditors of the company. If it can be shown that the scheme provides for the survival of the company and the whole or part of its undertaking and that it is not unfairly prejudicial to any creditor of the company the court has discretion to approve the scheme. In most schemes of arrangement an investor will invest in the company and part of the money invested will be used to pay a dividend to each class of creditors; the principal rationale underlying the concept of examinership is to allow a company, experiencing financial difficulties a period of protection from creditor action during which a third party has an opportunity to examine the affairs of the company and, if there is a reasonable prospect of the survival of the company and all or part of its undertaking as a going concern, to formulate proposals for a scheme of arrangement to facilitate such a survival.

The law relating to examinerships has its origins in the Companies Act 1990, passed by the Oireachtas at a time when the Goodman Group of companies appeared to be in danger of going out of business. Subsequently, the Companies Act 1999 was passed to give legislative effect to the recommendations of the Company Law Review Group, set up in 1994 by the Minister for Enterprise and Employment to review the law relating to examinerships; the 1999 Act became effective on 1 February 2000 and made substantial and significant changes to the examinership regime. Court procedures in relation to examinerships are set out in Order 75A of the Rules of the Superior Courts. An examiner is appointed to a company on foot of a petition brought before the High Court; the petition must be supported by an affidavit sworn on behalf of the petitioner. It must be accompanied by a report prepared by an independent accountant; the petition can be brought by the company, its directors, its creditors, its shareholders or any combination of these.

Petitions for the appointment of an examiner are brought by the company itself, its directors or its shareholders. Where the petition is presented by the company itself, it would appear that an ordinary resolution of the members is sufficient. A copy of the resolution or an extract of the minutes of the meeting at which the decision to petition for the appointment of an examiner is made should be exhibited to the verifying affidavit. Where the petition is presented by the directors, it is necessary to exhibit to the verifying affidavit evidence of a properly passed board resolution; the petition must nominate an examiner and must be supported by evidence, sufficient to demonstrate to the court that an examiner should be appointed. The principal legal test for the appointment of an examiner is whether or not there is a reasonable prospect of the survival of the company and the whole or any part of its undertaking as a going concern. Accordingly, not only must there be a reasonable prospect of the survival of the company, there must be a reasonable prospect of the survival of the whole or any part of its undertaking as a going concern.

It is necessary to demonstrate that the company is or is to be unable to pay its debts. A company is deemed to be unable to pay its debts if: it is unable to pay its debts as they fall due. A company does not have to be insolvent at the time of the presentation of the petition. However, an examiner cannot be appointed to a company, in liquidation; the existence of a winding up petition does not, in itself, prevent the appointment of an examiner. Where a receiver stands appointed for a continuous period of three days or more, an examiner cannot be appointed; the period of three days runs from the appointment of the receiver and it is not open to a petitioner to argue that the period has not started to run based on an alleged infirmity in the appointment. Where an examiner is appointed to a company, the court may appoint him as examiner of related companies and in a group situation this arises though each group company should meet the test of having a reasonable prospect of survival of all or part of its enterprise.

The petitioner has a duty of utmost good faith, so all relevant information should be made available to the court. Failure to disclose any material issue relevant to the application may, depending on the circumstances, result in the application being dismissed; the petition should contain a full history and background to the company, together with an overview of its initial trading history. It should contain a comprehensive explanation of the reasons for the company's current financial difficulties and, where applicable, the measures the directors have taken to remedy the situation; the petition should conclude with an analysis of the reasons the petitioner believes the company and the whole or any part of its undertaking has a reasonable prospect of survival as a going concern a