Bacab is the generic Yucatec Maya name for the four prehispanic aged deities of the interior of the earth and its water deposits. The Bacabs have more recent counterparts in the lecherous, drunken old thunder deities of the Gulf Coast regions; the Bacabs are referred to as Pauahtuns. The Bacabs "were four brothers whom God placed, when he created the world, at the four points of it, holding up the sky so that it should not fall, they escaped when the world was destroyed by the deluge." Their names were Hobnil, Cantzicnal and Hosanek. The Bacabs played an important role in the cosmological upheaval associated with Katun 11 Ahau, when Oxlahuntiku'Thirteen-god' was humbled by Bolontiku'Nine-god'. According to the Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel, "then the sky would fall, it would fall down, it would fall down upon the earth, when the four gods, the four Bacabs, were set up, who brought about the destruction of the world."According to Francisco Hernández, the Bacab was the son of the creator god, of the goddess Ixchebelyax.
The veneration of the Bacabs was connected to that of the so-called Year Bearers and their prognostics. Each Bacab ruled one of the directions and the associated Year Bearer day, as follows: The Bacabs were invoked in connection with rain and agriculture, since they were intimately associated with the four Chaacs, or rain deities, the Pauahtuns, or wind deities, all located in the four directions; the Maya of Chan Kom referred to the four skybearers as the four Chacs. Since they were Year Bearer patrons, because of their meteorological qualities, the Bacabs were important in divination ceremonies. In addition, the "Four Gods, Four Bacabs" were invoked in curing rituals that had the four-cornered world and its beaches for a theatre. Of the'Grandfathers' of the Gulf Coast corresponding to the Bacabs, the most powerful one is responsible for opening the rainy season; the four earth-carrying old men are sometimes conceived as drowned ancestors who are serving for one year. Together with this comes the concept that the powerful'Grandfather' only grows old over the course of the year.
In earlier representations, the Bacabs who carry the sky are represented by old men carrying the sky-dragon. They can have the attributes of a conch, a turtle, a snail, a spider web, or a bee'armour'. In the rain almanacs of the Post-Classic Dresden Codex, the old man with the conch and the turtle is put on a par with Chaac; this old man corresponds to god N in the Schellhas-Zimmermann-Taube classification, a god of thunder and the interior of the earth. In Classic Maya iconography, the Bacab occurs in various stereotypical situations: Fourfold, the Bacabs are shown carrying the slab of a throne or the roof of a building. In this, princely impersonators can substitute for them, a fact reminiscent of the drowned ancestors serving as earth-carriers mentioned above. On a damaged relief panel from Pomona, four of these young Bacab impersonators appear to have held the four Classic Year Bearer days in their hands. A Bacab inhabiting a turtle is part of the scenes with the resurrection of the Maya maize god.
Still unexplained is a recurring scene depicted on Chama vases, in which a young man holds the Bacab, half-hidden in his conch, by the wrist to sacrifice him with a knife. The Bacab has a peculiar netted element as a distinguishing attribute serving as a headdress, which might conceivably belong to the sphere of the hunt or of beekeeping, it recurs as a superfix in his hieroglyphical names. Hieroglyphically, one finds conflations of Itzamna and Bacab, recalling the mythological filiation of the Bacab mentioned above. Four Heavenly Kings Lokapala Four sons of Horus Titan Guardians of the directions Anemoi Four Dwarves Four Stags Robert Redfield and Alfonso Villa Rojas,Chan Kom. Chicago University Press. Ralph L. Roys, The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. Ralph L. Roys, Ritual of the Bacabs. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. David Stuart, New Year Records in Classic Maya Inscriptions, The PARI Journal 5:1-6. Fall 2004. Karl Taube, The Major Gods of Ancient Yucatan.
J. E. S. Thompson, The Bacabs: Their Portraits and Their Glyphs. A. M. Tozzer, Landa's Relación de las Cosas de Yucatan. A Translation
Taoyuan HSR is a railway and metro station in Taoyuan, Taiwan served by Taiwan High Speed Rail and Taoyuan Airport MRT, is known as Qingpu Station. On 10 November 2006, the station opened for service. On 5 January 2007, the segment from the Banqiao Station to Xinzuoying Station opened for service and trains begin stopping at the station; the Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation signed contracts with China Airlines for preferential services at this station for the airline's outbound passengers. The station is connected to the Taoyuan Airport MRT which began service to the station on 2 March 2017, connecting the station to the now completed Taoyuan MRT network; the underground station has two side platforms. Twenty-two hectares around the station are reserved for commercial and industrial development, with the goal of developing the area into an international commercial city. National Central University Ching Yun University Vanung University Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport: frequent buses link the airport and the station.
The 1989–90 Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball team represented University of Kentucky in the 1989-90 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The head coach was Rick Pitino and the team finished the season with an overall record of 14-14; the team utilized a fast-paced offense predicated on taking many three-point shots. Coming off the controversy of the Eddie Sutton scandal, the NCAA banned the Kentucky Wildcats from television for one season. Pitino knew this and still took the challenge of making this team successful despite the many deficient parts of the program. Coming off an iffy season in the NBA with the Knicks, Pitino missed the college experience and felt that Kentucky would be the most interesting choice; the 14-14 record is a direct reflection of this but Pitino would bounce back from this come in the next few years. Coming into the new season, not all the players were committed to playing considering the circumstances of their program was in shambles; some players were reported to skip class or not put 100% effort into his practices.
The students that didn't compete were focusing more grades so they can graduate. Despite Rick Pitino's intense effort of coaching, the season included many iffy moments for the Wildcats including a 150-95 loss to Kansas. Combining all these blunders the Wildcats finished with an abysmal 14-14 record for the season. Pitino was named SEC Coach of the Year for guiding Kentucky to a 10-8 conference record