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Badakhshan is a historic region comprising parts of what is now northeastern Afghanistan, eastern Tajikistan, the Tashkurgan county in China. The name is retained in Badakhshan Province, one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan and is located in Northeastern Afghanistan. Much of historic Badakhshan lies within Tajikistan's Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, located in the southeastern part of the country; the music of Badakhshan is an important part of the region's cultural heritage. The name "Badakhshan" is derived from the Sasanian official title bēdaxš or badaxš, which may be from an earlier *pati-axša. Badakhshan has religious community. Tajiks and Pamiris are the majority while a tiny minority of Kyrgyzs and Uzbeks are found in their own villages. There are groups of speakers of several Pamir languages of the Eastern Iranian language group. During the 20th century within Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in Tajikistan the speakers of Pamir languages formed their own separate ethnic identity as Pamiris.

The Pamiri people were not recognized as a separate ethnic group in Tajikistan, but in Tajikistan Pamiri movements and associations have been formed. The main religions of Badakhshan are Sunni Islam; the people of this province have a rich cultural heritage and they have preserved unique ancient forms of music and dance. Nasir Khusraw propagated Ismailism. Badakhshan was an important trading center during antiquity. Lapis lazuli was traded from there as early as the second half of the 4th millennium BC. Badakhshan was an important region, its significance is its geo-economic role in trades of silk and ancient commodities transactions between the East and West. According to Marco Polo, Badashan/ Badakshan was a province where Balas ruby could be found under the mountain "Syghinan"; the region was ruled over by the mirs of Badakhshan. Sultan Muhammad of Badakhshan was the last of a series of kings who traced their descent to Alexander the Great, he was killed by Abu Sa'id Mirza the ruler of Timurid Empire and took possession of Badakhshan, which after his death fell to his son, Sultan Mahmud Mirza, who had three sons, Baysinghar Mirza, Ali Mirza and Khan Mirza.

When Mahmud died, Amir Khusroe Khan, one of his nobles, blinded Baysinghar Mirza, killed the second prince, ruled as usurper. He submitted to Mughal Emperor Babur in 1504 CE; when Babur took Kandahar in 1506 CE, from Shah Beg Arghun, he sent Khan Mirza as governor to Badakhshan. A son was born to Khan Mirza by the name of Mirza Sulaiman in 1514 CE. After the death of Khan Mirza, Badakhshan was governed for Babur by Prince Humayun, Sultan Wais Khan, Prince Hindal, lastly, by Mirza Sulaiman, who held Badakhshan till October 8, 1541, when he had to surrender himself and his son, Mirza Ibrahim, to Prince Kamran Mirza, they were released by Emperor Humayun in 1545, took again possession of Badakhshan. When Humayun had taken Kabul, he made war upon and defeated Mirza Sulaiman who once in possession of his country, had refused to submit. Bent on making conquests, he had to return, his son, Mirza Ibrahim, was killed in battle. When Akbar became Mughal Emperor, his stepbrother Mirza Muhammad Hakim's mother had been killed by Shah Abul Ma'ali.

Mirza Sulaiman went to Kabul, had Abul Ma'ali hanged. But Mirza Muhammad Hakim did not go on well with Mirza Sulaiman, who returned next year to Kabul with hostile intentions, he returned to Kabul in 1566, when Akbar's troops had left that country, but retreated on being promised tribute. Mirza Sulaiman's wife was Khurram Begum, of the Kipchak tribe, she was clever, had her husband so much in her power that he did nothing without her advice. Her enemy was the widow of Prince Kamran Mirza. Mirza Sulaiman wanted to marry her; when Mirza Ibrahim fell in the war with Balkh, Khurram Begum wanted to send the Khanum to her father, Shah Muhammad of Kashgar. As soon as Shahrukh had grown up, his mother and some Badakhshi nobles excited him to rebel against his grandfather Mirza Sulaiman; this he did, again making peace. Khurram Begum died. Shahrukh took away those parts of Badakhshan which his father had held, found so many adherents, that Mirza Sulaiman, pretending to go on a pilgrimage to Makkah, left Badakhshan for Kabul, crossing the Indus went to India in 1575 CE.

Khan Jahan, governor of the Punjab, received orders from Emperor Akbar to invade Badakhshan, but was ordered to go to Bengal instead, as Mun'im Khan had died and Mirza Sulaiman did not care for the governorship of Bengal, which Akbar had offered him. Mirza Sulaiman went to Ismail II of Safavid Iran; when the death of that monarch deprived him of the assistance which he had just received, he went to Muzaffar Husain Mirza at

Who Do You Love Now?

"Who Do You Love Now?" is a song performed by Australian singer Dannii Minogue and Dutch dance DJs Zki & Dobre, performing under the group name Riva. The track began as an instrumental-only called "Stringer", which soon became an club hit; the record was released in November 2001 through Alien/United Recordings licensed to London Records It was adapted into a vocal version for Dannii Minogue, written by Grammy-winning songwriter Victoria Horn. For the Canadian market, Dannii recorded a French-language version of the song called "Est-ce Que tu M'aimes Encore"; the single was cancelled in Canada but was released in France as the B-side to "I Begin to Wonder". Released as a stand-alone single, the song was included on Minogue's 2003 album Neon Nights. "Who Do You Love Now?" was produced by Riva and released in November 2001, reaching number three in the United Kingdom and remaining on the charts for 15 weeks—Minogue's longest stay on the UK Singles Chart for any of her singles. It reached the top 20 in the top 30 in Sweden.

In the United States, "Who Do You Love Now?" was successful on the Billboard dance charts, where it reached the top position on the Dance Club Play chart. "Who Do You Love Now?" received a New Zealand release and had solid airplay on radio by the request of fans. The single was played in gay clubs around Australia, New Zealand and Europe; the song marked a turning point for Minogue, once again going through contractual changes, was a bridging point between her previous work and the upcoming Neon Nights album. The single would be the first of a string of consecutive Top 20 hits in her home country and the United Kingdom. UK CD single "Who Do You Love Now?" – 3:26 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 6:53 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 7:15 "Who Do You Love Now?" Music videoVinyl single "Who Do You Love Now?" – 5:12 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 6:27 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 7:19Dutch CD single "Who Do You Love Now?" – 3:53 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 5:12 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 6:27 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 8:12 "Who Do You Love Now?"

– 8:12 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 7:49 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 7:19 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 8:29 "Who Do You Love Now?" – 7:15This CD contains the video in a DVD-friendly.mpeg format. Official website Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics


Sackcloth is a coarsely woven fabric made of goat's hair. The term in English connotes the biblical usage, where the Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible remarks that haircloth would be more appropriate rendering of the Hebrew meaning. In some Christian traditions, the wearing of hairshirts continues as a self-imposed means of mortifying the flesh, worn during the Christian penitential season of Lent on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, other Fridays of the Lenten season. Hessian sackcloth or burlap is not the intended biblical meaning, according to a number of scholarly sources: but it is a common misconception based on phonetic association. "Sackcloth made of black goat hair, was used by the Israelites and their neighbors in times of mourning or social protest." Burlap as another term used in English translation is generally understood as goat haircloth. Stiff camel hair was used. Sackcloth came to mean a garment, made from such cloth, worn as a token of mourning by the Israelites, it was a sign of submission, or of grief and self-humiliation, was worn by the Prophets.

It is associated with ashes. The 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia says. According to Adolf Kamphausen, the sacḳ was like a corn-bag with an opening for the head, another for each arm, an opening being made in the garment from top to bottom. Karl Grüneisen thought. Friedrich Schwally concluded otherwise that it was the loin-cloth. Schwally based his opinion on the fact that the word "ḥagar" חָגַר is used in describing the putting on of the garment. One fastens it around the hips, while, in describing taking it offing of the sacḳ, the words "pitteaḥ me-'al motnayim" are used. According to 1 Kings 21:37 and 2 Kings 6:30, it was worn next to the skin. In historic times it came to be worn for religious purposes only, on extraordinary occasions, or at mourning ceremonies. Isaiah wore nothing else, was commanded by God to don it; the Jewish Encyclopedia suggests that "old traditions about to die out assume a holy character". Thus Schwally points to the circumstance that the Muslim pilgrim, as soon as he puts his foot on Ḥaram, the holy soil, takes off all the clothes he is wearing, dons the iḥram.

Repentance Much of this article is taken from the article Sackcloth by Joseph Jacobs and Wilhelm Nowack in the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, now in the public domain in the United States as a work published before 1923. Schwally, Das Leben nach dem Tode, pp. 11 et seq. Giessen, 1892

The Temple of the Golden Pavilion

The Temple of the Golden Pavilion is a novel by the Japanese author Yukio Mishima. It was published in 1956 and translated into English by Ivan Morris in 1959; the novel is loosely based on the burning of the Reliquary of Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto by a young Buddhist acolyte in 1950. The pavilion, dating from before 1400, was a national monument, spared destruction many times throughout history, the arson shocked Japan; the protagonist, Mizoguchi, is the son of a consumptive Buddhist priest who lives and works on the remote Cape Nariu on the north coast of Honshū. As a child, the narrator lives with his uncle at the village near Maizuru. Throughout his childhood he is assured by his father that the Golden Pavilion is the most beautiful building in the world, the idea of the temple becomes a fixture in his imagination. A stammering boy from a poor household, he is friendless at his school, takes refuge in vengeful fantasies; when a naval cadet, visiting the school makes fun of him, he vandalises the cadet's belongings behind his back.

A neighbour's girl, becomes the target of his hatred, when she is killed by her deserter boyfriend after she betrays him, Mizoguchi becomes convinced that his curse on her has been fulfilled. His ill father takes him to the Kinkaku-ji for the first time in the spring of 1944, introduces him to the Superior, Tayama Dosen. After his father's death, Mizoguchi becomes an acolyte at the temple, it is the height of the war, there are only three acolytes, but one is his first real friend, the candid and pleasant Tsurukawa. During the 1944–5 school year, he boards at the Rinzai Academy's middle school and works at a factory, fascinated by the idea that the Golden Pavilion will be burnt to ashes in the firebombing, but the American planes avoid Kyoto, his dream of a glorious tragedy is defeated. In May 1945, he and Tsurukawa visit Nanzen-ji. From the tower, they witness a strange scene in a room of the Tenju-an nearby: a woman in a formal kimono gives her lover a cup of tea to which she adds her own breast milk.

After his father dies of consumption, he is sent to Kinkaku-ji. On the first anniversary of his father's death, his mother visits him, bringing the mortuary tablet so that the Superior can say Mass over it, she tells him that she has moved from Nariu to Kasagun, reveals her wish that he should succeed Father Dosen as Superior at Rokuon-ji. The two ambitions—that the temple be destroyed, or that it should be his to control—leave him confused and ambivalent. On hearing the news of the end of the war and the Emperor's renunciation of divinity, Father Dosen calls his acolytes and tells them the fourteenth Zen story from The Gateless Gate, "Nansen kills a kitten", which leaves them bemused. Mizoguchi is bitterly disappointed by the end of hostilities, late at night he climbs the hill behind the temple, Okitayama-Fudosan, looks down on the lights of Kyoto, pronounces a curse: "Let the darkness of my heart equal the darkness of the night which encloses those countless lights!" During the winter of that year, the Temple is visited by a drunk American soldier and his pregnant Japanese girlfriend.

He pushes his girlfriend down into the snow, orders Mizoguchi to trample her stomach, giving him two cartons of cigarettes in exchange for doing so. Mizoguchi goes indoors and obsequiously presents the cartons to the Superior, having his head shaved by the deacon. Father Dosen thanks him, tells him he has been chosen for the scholarship to Otani University. A week the girl visits the temple, tells her story, demands compensation for the miscarriage she has suffered; the Superior gives her money and says nothing to the acolytes, but rumours of her claims spread, the people at the temple become uneasy about Mizoguchi. Throughout 1946 he is tormented by the urge to confess, but never does so, in the spring of 1947 he leaves with Tsurukawa for Otani University, he starts to drift away from Tsurukawa, befriending Kashiwagi, a cynical clubfooted boy from Sannomiya who indulges in long "philosophical" speeches. Kashiwagi boasts of his ability to seduce women by making them feel sorry for him—in his words, they "fall in love with my clubfeet."

He demonstrates his method to Mizoguchi by feigning a tumble in front of a girl. She helps him into her house. Mizoguchi is so disturbed that he runs away, takes a train to the Kinkaku-ji to recover his self-assurance. In May, Kashiwagi invites him to a "picnic" at Kameyama Park, taking the girl he tricked, another girl for Mizoguchi; when left alone with the girl, she tells him a story about a woman she knows who lost her lover during the war. He realises that the woman she is talking about must be the same one he saw two years before through a window of Tenju Hermitage. Mizoguchi's mind fills with visions of the Golden Pavilion, he finds himself impotent; that evening a telegram arrives at the university bearing news of kindly Tsurukawa's death in a road accident. For nearly a year, Mizoguchi avoids Kashiwagi's company. In the spring of 1948 Kashiwagi comes to visit him at the temple, gives him a shakuhachi as a present, he takes the opportunity to demonstrate his own skill as a player. In May he asks Mizoguchi to steal some cat-tails for him from the temple garden.

Mizoguchi takes them to Kashiwagi's boarding-house, while discussing the story of Nansen and the kitten, Kashiwagi starts to make an arrangement, mentioning that he is being taught ikebana by his girlfriend. Mizoguchi realises; when she arrives, Kashiwagi breaks up with her, they quarrel. She runs away and Mizoguchi follows, telling her that he witnessed her tragic scene two years ago, she is moved, tries to seduce

Wembley Park tube station

Wembley Park is a London Underground station in Wembley Park, north west London. The station is served by the Underground's Metropolitan and Jubilee Lines and is in Travelcard Zone 4, it is located on Bridge Road and is the nearest Underground station to the Wembley Stadium and Wembley Arena complex. This is where the Jubilee line from Stanmore diverges from the Metropolitan line, a branch of the Metropolitan Railway and was taken over by the Bakerloo line and today part of the Jubilee line; the station has six London Underground tracks, with the two Jubilee line tracks in the centre flanked in turn by the Slow and Fast Metropolitan line tracks. Fast trains call at the station only during off-peak periods. Both Metropolitan and Jubilee line trains may end their service at the station. Jubilee line trains that terminate at Wembley Park reverse via sidings between the running lines to the north of the station. Meanwhile, Metropolitan line trains that terminate at Wembley Park use the fly-under and Neasden depot to reverse.

The frontage of the station building is an Italianate design from the early 20th century. However, because of the extensive use of the station the layout has been altered many times since. Behind the frontage are passages above track level with staircases leading down to the platforms, constructed in the 1940s in the red-brick modernist style of the period. Parts of the platforms were rebuilt in the 1940s and the 2000s, which added the current entrance to the west of the station towards the stadium; until 1880 the Metropolitan Railway line out of London only ran as far as Willesden Green. In early 1879 work began to build an extension to Harrow-on-the-Hill, with one additional station at Kingsbury and Neasden. Services to Harrow started on 2 August 1880. At this time Wembley was a sparsely populated rural area which did not merit the construction of a railway station and MR trains passed through without stopping. In his 1973 BBC documentary Metro-land, Sir John Betjeman remarked, "Beyond Neasden there was an unimportant hamlet where for years the Metropolitan didn't bother to stop.

Wembley. Slushy fields and grass farms." However the chairman of the MR, Edward Watkin, was an ambitious businessman who sought new ways of attracting paying passengers out of London and onto his railway, he regarded the barren lands of Wembley as a business opportunity. In 1881 Watkin purchased large tracts of land close to the MR line and began a grand scheme to build an amusement park at Wembley, laid out with boating lakes, a waterfall, ornamental gardens and cricket and football pitches; the centrepiece of this park was to be a soaring metal tower, known as Watkin's Tower. Wembley Park station was specially constructed to serve these pleasure grounds as a destination for excursion trips on the company's trains; the station opened for the first time on 14 October 1893 and operated to serve only Saturday football matches in the park. It opened on 12 May 1894. Watkin confidently anticipated that large crowds would flock to the park and the railway station design incorporated additional platforms to handle large passenger numbers.

Watkin's Tower ran into financial difficulty. Despite this, Wembley Park itself flourished. In the 1890s, the Great Central Railway's London extension was constructed adjacent to the MR's tracks; the tracks pass under the entrance building but the station has never been served by main line operators. In 1905 the tracks were electrified and the first electric trains became operational. Between 1913 and 1915, the MR added additional tracks to double the line's capacity. On 10 December 1932, the MR opened a branch line north from Wembley Park to Stanmore. From 1915 the MR began a programme of selling off its surplus land holdings in Buckinghamshire and Middlesex for suburban housing development, its Metropolitan Railway Country Estates Limited marketed areas such as Wembley Park under the "Metro-land" brand, promoting modern homes in beautiful countryside with a fast railway service to central London. The MR sold the park land at Wembley when the site was selected to host the 1924 British Empire Exhibition and the grand British Empire Exhibition Stadium constructed for this event was to become Wembley Stadium, the home ground of the England national football team.

The MR served all stations south from Wembley Park to Baker Street station but the line suffered from congestion due to limited capacity on the tracks heading into Baker Street. Following the combination of the MR and London's other underground railways to form the London Passenger Transport Board in 1933, the LPTB took steps to alleviate the congestion by constructing new Bakerloo line tunnels from Baker Street to connect to the Metropolitan's tracks south of Finchley Road station. From 20 November 1939, the Bakerloo line took over the Metropolitan stopping services between Wembley Park and Finchley Road and the Stanmore branch. To handle the exceptional passenger numbers associated with the 1948 Olympics held at Wembley Stadium, the original station building was extended and given a new ticket hall and additional circulation routes and platform stairs. At the opening of the Jubilee line on 1 May 1979, the Bakerloo service from Baker Street to Stanmore was transferred to the new line; when the UEFA European Footba

Stiven Mendoza

John Stiven Mendoza Valencia is a Colombian professional footballer who plays as a striker for French club Amiens and the Colombia national team. Formed at Envigado and loaned to América Cali and Cúcuta Deportivo, he joined Deportivo Cali in 2013. In 2014, he was signed by Chennaiyin for the inaugural Indian Super League season, after which he joined Corinthians, being loaned back for the second installment of the ISL, he won the Golden Boot that season, helping Chennaiyin win the ISL. Following further loans at New York City FC and Bahia he signed for Amiens in January 2018. Born in Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Mendoza began his career at Envigado, making his debut in the Categoría Primera A on 8 August 2010, playing the full 90 minutes in a 0–1 home defeat to Atlético Huila, he made six appearances that season, three in the following campaign, in addition to a further three in the 2011 Copa Colombia. After loans at América Cali and Cúcuta Deportivo, Mendoza signed a two-year contract at Deportivo Cali, the club who he supports, on 18 July 2013.

On 1 October 2014, Mendoza signed for Chennaiyin of the newly founded Indian Super League. He made his debut for the team, captaincy by Marco Materazzi, two weeks in a 2–1 away win over FC Goa, replacing marquee player Elano for the final 23 minutes. On 28 October, he scored his first goals in the league, a first-half brace in a 5–1 rout of Mumbai City at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, he added a third on 11 November, equalising for a 1–1 draw at FC Pune City, a fourth eight days in a 3–1 win over the same opponents. He finished the season with four goals from nine games as Chennaiyin won the regular season, but was absent through injury as they were eliminated in the semi-finals of the 2014 Indian Super League playoffs by Kerala Blasters. On 19 December 2014, Mendoza returned to South America, joining Brazil's Sport Club Corinthians Paulista on a four-year deal, he made his debut on 8 February 2015 in the Paulista Derby against Palmeiras, starting in a 1–0 away win for the season's Campeonato Paulista.

Seventeen days he scored his first goal for the Timão, opening a 2–0 win at Clube Atlético Linense, his only goal in seven regular season appearances. On 19 April, in the knock-out stages, he scored in the 2–2 home semi-final draw against Palmeiras, which his team lost in a penalty shootout. Mendoza made his Campeonato Brasileiro Série A debut in the first game of the 2015 season, replacing Malcom at the end of a 1–0 win at Cruzeiro on 10 May, he scored once in ten appearances over the campaign, a consolation in a 3–1 loss at Grêmio on 4 June. Corinthians finished the season as national champions. On 31 August 2015, Mendoza was loaned back to Chennaiyin for the 2015 season. In their opening game, away to FC Goa, he scored a hat-trick in a 4–0 victory, five days he scored both goals in a win over Mumbai City, his sixth goal of the campaign came on 24 October, assisted by Elano in a 2–1 home triumph over Pune City. On 21 November, he recorded his second hat-trick of the campaign, in a 4–1 win over Kerala Blasters, three days he opened the scoring in a 4–0 home win over Delhi Dynamos with his tenth goal of the season.

Menodza scored his eleventh of the season on 1 December, beginning a 3–0 win over Mumbai which ended their chances of the play-offs. On 12 December, in the first leg of the semi-finals, Mendoza concluded a 3–0 home win over reigning champions Atlético de Kolkata. In the final at Goa eight days he won two penalty kicks. Losing 1–2 with three minutes remaining, Mendoza scored an added-time winner as his team won 3–2. Mendoza was named the Hero of the League and won the Golden Boot with 13 goals, two more than second-placed Iain Hume. On 8 March 2016, Mendoza moved to the third continent of his career, signing a season-long loan at New York City FC of Major League Soccer, he made his debut five days playing the final 23 minutes in place of Tony Taylor in a 2–2 draw against Toronto FC at the Yankee Stadium. On 30 April, his eighth game, he scored his first goal for the team to decide a 3–2 home victory within five minutes of replacing Khiry Shelton. On 7 June 2017, Esporte Clube Bahia confirmed the loan of Mendoza for the duration of the 2017 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A.

He scored 8 goals in 31 games as the Salvador-based club came 12th, including two in a 3–0 home win over Vasco da Gama on 20 August. On 17 January 2018, Mendoza moved to the fourth continent of his career, signing for Ligue 1 club Amiens until 2021, he made his debut that same day, starting in a 1–1 home draw with Montpellier HSC. Mendoza represented Colombia at the 2009 FIFA U-17 World Cup in Nigeria and the 2011 South American U-20 Championship in Peru; as of 1 July 2018 Corinthians Campeonato Brasileiro Série A: 2015Chennaiyin Indian Super League: 2015 Indian Super League Hero of the League: 2015 Indian Super League Golden Boot: 2015 Stiven Mendoza at Soccerway Stiven Mendoza at L'Équipe Football ISL profile Ogol profile