Baden-Württemberg-class frigate

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BADEN-WURTTEMBERG 00257 (cropped).jpg
Baden-Württemberg in Wilhelmshaven in April 2017
Class overview
Builders: ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems/Lürssen
Operators:  German Navy
Preceded by: Sachsen-class frigate
Cost: ca. 650 million per ship (can increase 3% p. a.)
Built: 2011–present
In service: mid-2017
In commission: November 2016
Planned: 4
Building: 3
Completed: 1
General characteristics (Note that the final design may differ)
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 7,200 tonnes
Length: 149.52 m (490 ft 7 in)
Beam: 18.80 m (61 ft 8 in)
Draft: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h) on diesel only, 26 kn (48 km/h) max.
Range: 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
  • Submarine ROVs
  • 4 × 11 m (36 ft 1 in) RHIB, capable of more than 40 kn (74 km/h)
Capacity: Space for two 6.1 m (20 ft 0 in) containers
Complement: 190 (standard crew: 110)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × Cassidian TRS-4D AESA radar
  • 2(?) × navigation radars
  • IFF
  • diver and swimmer detection sonar (no anti-submarine sonar)
  • Laser warning
  • KORA-18 Combined RADAR and COMMS ESM from GEDIS
  • Link 11, Link 16, Link 22 communications systems
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 2 × NH-90 helicopters

The F125 Baden-Württemberg-class frigates are a series of frigates of the German Navy, which were designed and constructed by ARGE F125, a joint-venture of Thyssen-Krupp and Lürssen. The Baden-Württemberg class are officially classified as frigates but in size they are comparable to destroyers, since, with a displacement of more than 7,200 tons, they will be the largest class of frigate worldwide. They are to replace the Bremen class.[2][3]

Design[edit]

Background[edit]

In contrast to the Bremen class, which were built with Cold War-era scenarios in mind, the Baden-Württemberg-class frigates will have much enhanced land-attack capabilities. This will better suit the frigates in possible future peacekeeping and peacemaking missions, for such reasons, the frigates will also mount non-lethal weapons.

General characteristics[edit]

Major design goals are reduced radar, infrared and acoustic signatures (stealth technology), something that was introduced to the German Navy with the Brandenburg-class frigate and was further developed with the Sachsen-class frigate and Braunschweig-class corvette.

Other important requirements are long maintenance periods: It should be possible to deploy Baden-Württemberg-class frigates for up to two years away from homeports with an average sea operation time of more than 5,000 hours per year (that's nearly 60%) which includes operation under tropical conditions, for this reason, a combined diesel-electric and gas arrangement has been chosen for the machinery. This allows the substitution of large and powerful diesel engines for propulsion and sets of smaller diesel generators for electric power generation with a pool of med-sized diesel generators, reducing the number of different engines.

To enhance survivability of the frigates, important systems are laid out in the two island principle, i.e. present at least twice at different places within the ship. This is also visible in the superstructures, which are split in two larger pyramidal deckhouses, the aerials of the Cassidian TRS-4D Active electronically scanned array radar will be distributed over the two pyramids. This will ensure that the ship remains operational in case of severe damage, such as accidents or enemy action, it will also allow the frigates to keep station if needed when something breaks down and no replacement is available.

An initial batch of four frigates was ordered by the German Navy on 26 June 2007, the initial batch of four ships costs around 2.2 billion Euros. In April 2007, a contract with Finmeccanica was signed for delivery of Otobreda 127 mm Vulcano main guns as well as remote-controlled light gun turrets for the Baden-Württemberg-class.[4] The initially considered 155 mm MONARC gun, as well as the naval GMLRS rocket launcher, were dropped due to problems with the navalization of these land-based systems, the deal with Oto Melara had become opportune, because Germany still had counter trade obligations towards Italy, as Italy had purchased two German U212A class submarines.

The Baden-Württemberg-class frigates are equipped with ten guns for defence against air and surface targets, the vessels are also armed with non-lethal weapons, such as water cannons and searchlights for non-provocative deterrence and defence.

Problems[edit]

The F125 Baden-Württemberg-class frigates currently has several problems, these problems include a persistent 1.3° list to starboard[5] and the fact that the ship is dramatically overweight, which would limit its performance, increase its cost of operation, and most importantly, adversely affect the German Navy's ability to add future upgrades to the somewhat sparsely outfitted vessel.[6] Furthermore, there are also problems with the frigate's operations room from where the highly-automated ship will be controlled,[7] as a result the German defense procurement agency BAAINBw has refused to commission Baden-Württemberg. This is the first time in German naval history that the BAAINBw has refused to commission a ship and returned it to its builder.[8]

Ships in the class[edit]

Pennant number Name[9] Shipyard Laid down Launched[10] Delivered[10] Status
F222 Baden-Württemberg (de) ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems 2 November 2011[11] 12 December 2013[12] originally planned for 30 November 2016 [13] Returned to builder
F223 Nordrhein-Westfalen (de; ru) Lürssen 24 October 2012[14] 16 April 2015[15][16] planned for 15 October 2017 Fitting out
F224 Sachsen-Anhalt (de) ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems 4 June 2014[17] 4 March 2016[18] planned for Spring 2019 Fitting out
F225 Rheinland-Pfalz Lürssen 29 January 2015[19] 24 May 2017[20] planned for 18 August 2019 Fitting out

See also[edit]

Similar ships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.leonardocompany.com/en/-/vulcano-155mm?
  2. ^ "Making Do With Less". 
  3. ^ "First of TKMS built F-125 class Frigate "Baden-Württemberg" Christened for the German Navy". December 12, 2013. 
  4. ^ "FInmeccanica wins 80 mln eur German frigate orders". abcmoney.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. 
  5. ^ https://navaltoday.com/2017/05/14/german-navys-new-frigates-have-a-listing-problem-report/
  6. ^ "The German Navy Decided To Return Their Bloated New Frigate To The Ship Store This Christmas". The Drive. 23 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017. 
  7. ^ https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/german-engineering-yields-new-warship-that-isnt-fit-for-sea/ar-AAuAMwV?li=BBnb4R7
  8. ^ "Germany returns lead F125 frigate to builder, report". Naval Today. 22 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Neue Fregatte der Marine mit traditionsreichem Namen" (in German). Presse- und Informationszentrum Marine. 2011-12-20. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  10. ^ a b (in German)European Security and Defence (Mittler Report Verlag) (1/2011), http://static2.docstoccdn.com/docs/156486602/Class-F125-Frigate---European-Security-and-Defence 
  11. ^ "Fregatte Baden-Württemberg - Kiellegung für einen Meilenstein" (in German). Presse- und Informationszentrum Marine. 2011-11-03. Retrieved 2011-12-19. 
  12. ^ "German Navy frigate "Baden-Württemberg" christened" (Press release). ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  13. ^ newsletter-verteidigung.de: NV Ausgabe 01/2014 Archived 2015-01-30 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 25 July 2014.
  14. ^ "Kiellegung der zweiten Fregatte Klasse 125 in Lemwerder" (in German). MarineForum. 2012-12-20. Archived from the original on 2014-07-27. Retrieved 2013-02-17. 
  15. ^ "Second 125 class frigate christened in Hamburg" (Press release). ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  16. ^ "Zweites Schiff der neuen Fregattenklasse 125 getauft" (Press release) (in German). Germany Navy. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  17. ^ Marcel Schaffhausen (2014-06-05). "Neue Fregatte "Sachsen-Anhalt" auf Kiel gelegt". www.marine.de (in German). Bundeswehr. Retrieved 2015-01-30. 
  18. ^ "Third frigate of Class 125 for the German Navy christened in Hamburg" (Press release). ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  19. ^ Presse- und Informationszentrum Marine (2015-01-29). "Letzte Kiellegung der Fregattenklasse F 125" (in German). Bundeswehr. Retrieved 2015-01-29. 
  20. ^ "Germany Navy frigate "Rheinland-Pfalz" christened in Hamburg" (Press release). ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 

External links[edit]