Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge
The Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge is a military badge of the United States Armed Forces which recognizes those service members, qualified as explosive ordnance disposal technicians, who are specially trained to deal with the construction, deployment and disposal of high explosive munitions and may include other types of ordnance such as nuclear and chemical weapons along with improvised explosive devices and improvised nuclear devices. Known as the “EOD Badge” or "Crab", the decoration is issued by the United States Army, Air Force and Marine Corps; the EOD Badge is the only occupational badge awarded to all four services under the United States Department of Defense. First created in the 1950s, the EOD Badge is issued in three levels and is identical for all branches of service. Although each service has its own requirements the basic EOD badge is issued upon completion of explosive handling training and between 18–24 months of on-the-job field training; the Senior EOD Badge is issued after 3–5 years as an explosive ordnance specialist and the Master Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge is issued after 7–15 years of service in a senior supervisory position.
The "crab", as it is known, is the only joint service badge and can only be earned upon successful completion of the 42-week course at the Naval School of Explosive Ordnance Disposal located at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida. Prior to attending NAVSCOLEOD, Navy service members attend Naval Diving and Salvage Training Center in Panama City, FL for a 9 week EOD Diver Course, Additionally the Naval students will attend the maritime ordnance section known as "Area 8" followed by Underwater division. After NAVSCOLEOD, Navy service members attend a 3-4 week course to earn "jump wings" at the Army's Ft. Benning, GA. Army service members will attend a course at Fort Lee, VA for 9-11 weeks before attending NAVSCOLEOD; the Wreath Symbolic of the achievements and laurels gained minimizing accident potentials through the ingenuity and devotion to duty of its members. It is in memory of those EOD personnel; the Bomb Copied from the design of the World War II Bomb Disposal Badge, the bomb represents the historic and major objective of the EOD attack, the unexploded bomb.
The three fins represent the major areas of nuclear and chemical/biological interest. Lightning Bolts Symbolize the potential destructive power of the bomb and the courage and professionalism of EOD personnel in their endeavors to reduce hazards as well as to render explosive ordnance harmless; the Shield Represents the EOD mission - to prevent a detonation and protect the surrounding area and property to the utmost. Prior to 1 June 2006, enlisted members of United States Navy that qualified as an Explosive Ordnance Disposal Warfare Specialist were authorized to wear the warfare qualification as well as have listed after their rating designator. For example, if Bob Jones was a Hull Technician First Class Petty Officer his title would be HT1 Bob Jones; as of 1 June 2006 for E6-E9 and 1 October 2006 for E1-E5, U. S. Navy EOD Technicians have become their own rating within the Navy. Only after being qualified as a Senior EOD Technician, is the technician designated as an EOD Warfare Specialist. An example would be: Petty Officer First Class Bob Jones, a Senior EOD Technician, would have his title read EOD1 Bob Jones.
In 2007, the Special Operations Officer Community was rechristened "Explosive Ordnance Disposal," a change which the Navy felt needed to be reflected in the EOD Officer warfare device as well. The new officer insignia is identical to the Master EOD warfare device, but is gold in color. Army School of Ammunition United States Navy EOD Marine Corps Explosive Ordnance Disposal Program Naval School Explosive Ordnance Disposal History of DOD Explosive Ordnance Disposal
United States Army
The United States Army is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution; as the oldest and most senior branch of the U. S. military in order of precedence, the modern U. S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, formed to fight the American Revolutionary War —before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army; the United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775. As a uniformed military service, the U. S. Army is part of the Department of the Army, one of the three military departments of the Department of Defense; the U. S. Army is headed by a civilian senior appointed civil servant, the Secretary of the Army and by a chief military officer, the Chief of Staff of the Army, a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
It is the largest military branch, in the fiscal year 2017, the projected end strength for the Regular Army was 476,000 soldiers. S. Army was 1,018,000 soldiers; as a branch of the armed forces, the mission of the U. S. Army is "to fight and win our Nation's wars, by providing prompt, land dominance, across the full range of military operations and the spectrum of conflict, in support of combatant commanders"; the branch participates in conflicts worldwide and is the major ground-based offensive and defensive force of the United States. The United States Army serves as the land-based branch of the U. S. Armed Forces. Section 3062 of Title 10, U. S. Code defines the purpose of the army as: Preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions and any areas occupied by the United States Supporting the national policies Implementing the national objectives Overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United StatesIn 2018, the Army Strategy 2018 articulated an eight-point addendum to the Army Vision for 2028.
While the Army Mission remains constant, the Army Strategy builds upon the Army's Brigade Modernization by adding focus to Corps and Division-level echelons. Modernization, reform for high-intensity conflict, Joint multi-domain operations are added to the strategy, to be completed by 2028; the Continental Army was created on 14 June 1775 by the Second Continental Congress as a unified army for the colonies to fight Great Britain, with George Washington appointed as its commander. The army was led by men who had served in the British Army or colonial militias and who brought much of British military heritage with them; as the Revolutionary War progressed, French aid and military thinking helped shape the new army. A number of European soldiers came on their own to help, such as Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, who taught Prussian Army tactics and organizational skills; the army fought numerous pitched battles and in the South in 1780–1781, at times using the Fabian strategy and hit-and-run tactics, under the leadership of Major General Nathanael Greene, hit where the British were weakest to wear down their forces.
Washington led victories against the British at Trenton and Princeton, but lost a series of battles in the New York and New Jersey campaign in 1776 and the Philadelphia campaign in 1777. With a decisive victory at Yorktown and the help of the French, the Continental Army prevailed against the British. After the war, the Continental Army was given land certificates and disbanded in a reflection of the republican distrust of standing armies. State militias became the new nation's sole ground army, with the exception of a regiment to guard the Western Frontier and one battery of artillery guarding West Point's arsenal. However, because of continuing conflict with Native Americans, it was soon realized that it was necessary to field a trained standing army; the Regular Army was at first small and after General St. Clair's defeat at the Battle of the Wabash, the Regular Army was reorganized as the Legion of the United States, established in 1791 and renamed the United States Army in 1796; the War of 1812, the second and last war between the United States and Great Britain, had mixed results.
The U. S. Army did not conquer Canada but it did destroy Native American resistance to expansion in the Old Northwest and it validated its independence by stopping two major British invasions in 1814 and 1815. After taking control of Lake Erie in 1813, the U. S. Army seized parts of western Upper Canada, burned York and defeated Tecumseh, which caused his Western Confederacy to collapse. Following U. S. victories in the Canadian province of Upper Canada, British troops who had dubbed the U. S. Army "Regulars, by God!", were able to capture and burn Washington, defended by militia, in 1814. The regular army, however proved they were professional and capable of defeating the British army during the invasions of Plattsburgh and Baltimore, prompting British agreement on the rejected terms of a status quo ante bellum. Two weeks after a treaty was signed, Andrew Jackson defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans and Siege of Fort St. Philip, became a national hero. U. S. troops and sailors captured HMS Cyane and Penguin in the final engagements of the war.
Per the treaty, both sides (the United S
Northern Warfare Training Center
The Northern Warfare Training Center is the name of a United States Army Alaska special skills training unit and facility located in Black Rapids, managed out of Fort Wainwright. It is the Active Army's only cold region training proponent. Arctic and mountain environments are brutally unforgiving to the unprepared. Units that have fought in these environments have been those with special individual skills, are physically and mentally tough, have extensive experience and expertise operating in harsh conditions. According to the NWTC, its mission is "to provide relevant training to the leaders of USARAK units so that they can fight and win in demanding cold weather and mountain environments. A Soldier trained in winter is a good summer fighter. Maintain instructor proficiency in cold weather and mountain operations. Conduct collaborative development of Joint Forces cold mountain doctrine. Conduct mountain and cold regions search and rescue/recovery operations. Operations in cold and mountainous regions are not new to the U.
S. Army. Since the Revolutionary War, when the ill-equipped and poorly trained Army of General Washington suffered in the cold at Valley Forge, some phase of every conflict in which the United States has been engaged in, has been fought in mountains or cold, or both. However, specialized training of units for cold weather and mountain warfare was not undertaken until the approach of World War II. Training for extended operations in cold and mountainous areas was initiated in November 1941 with the activation of the 87th Mountain Infantry and the Mountain and Winter Warfare Board at Fort Lewis, Washington. Training and testing were conducted by these organizations at Mount Rainier, Washington throughout the winter of 1941 - 1942; these units were to become the nucleus for the first cold weather and mountain training center to be established by the U. S. Army. While the 87th Mountain Infantry Regiment was undergoing training at Mount Rainier, plans were being made and a site was being selected for a division-sized center for cold weather and mountain warfare training.
In 1942, the Mountain Training Center, with members of the 87th Mountain Infantry as a cadre, opened at Camp Hale. This was the first U. S. Army training center designed for cold weather and mountain training. Training of the 10th Mountain Division for its future role of fighting in the mountains of Italy was the prime accomplishment of the Mountain Training Center during World War II. However, this was not the only training conducted by the Center. In addition to training many smaller units at Camp Hale, training detachments were sent to such locations as Camp McCoy, Wisconsin. At the end of World War II, the mission of the Mountain Training Center at Camp Hale was moved to Camp Carson, Colorado. Camp Carson was the only U. S. Army Center for this type of training until 1948, when the decision was made to organize a school for arctic operations at Big Delta, Alaska named Fort Greely. In November 1948, the Army Arctic School was established at Big Delta with the primary mission of providing instruction in summer and winter operations under arctic and sub-arctic conditions.
This training included arctic survival, mountaineering and solutions to tactical and logistical problems in cold regions. In July 1949, the Army Arctic School was redesignated the Army Arctic Indoctrination School, with no change in the mission. For eight years, training in mountain and cold weather operations were conducted at Camp Carson and Fort Greely, Alaska. However, in 1957, the total responsibility for cold weather and mountain training was transferred to Alaska; the Arctic Indoctrination School was redesignated the U. S. Army Cold Weather and Mountain School and was given the mission of developing cold weather and mountain warfare doctrine and techniques, training individuals in these subjects Throughout the years as the Arctic School, Arctic Indoctrination School, Cold Weather and Mountain School, training was conducted on an individual basis. Students from reserve component and active Army units throughout the continental United States were graduated as instructors in cold weather and mountain operations.
However, early in 1963, the Department of the Army concluded that the training in cold weather and mountain operations would be of more beneficial to units than individual training. Therefore, in April 1963, the U. S. Army Cold Weather and Mountain School was redesignated the U. S. Army Northern Warfare Training Center and given the mission of training individuals as well as units in the conduct of warfare in cold and mountainous regions. Today, The Northern Warfare Training Center is responsible for maintaining the U. S. Army's state of the art in cold mountain warfare; the Center provides training in these subjects to both active and reserve components and assists in the development of tactics and techniques for such operations. CWOC - Cold Weather Orientation Course: This course familiarizes commanders and staff officers with the knowledge/skills required in planning and conducting operations in a cold, snow-covered environment. Emphasis is placed on the effects of cold on personnel and material, effects of the winter environment on operations, planning considerations unique to the winter battlefield and cold regions.
Cold weather risk management procedures are st
Army Staff Identification Badge
The Army Staff Identification Badge is a badge of the United States Army worn by personnel who serve at the Office of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Staff at Headquarters, Department of the Army and its agencies. Neither an award nor a decoration, the badge is a distinguishing emblem of service. Issued as a temporary badge and enlisted personnel demonstrating outstanding performance of duty and meeting all eligibility requirements can be processed after one complete year of assignment and receive a certificate authorizing permanent wear of the badge. General Douglas MacArthur first proposed an Army General Staff Badge in 1931, but it was not until 1933 that the United States War Department authorized it; the badge has remained unchanged in appearance since it was first created, but the name was changed in 1982 from the Army General Staff Identification Badge to the Army Staff Identification Badge, the eligibility criteria have evolved. On a United States Army uniform, the Army Staff Identification Badge is worn centered on the right breast pocket.
Military badges of the United States
Space Operations Badge
The United States Air Force's Space Operations Badge and the United States Army's Space Badge is a jointly held skill badge —created by the U. S. Air Force— for those Airman and Soldiers that meet specific training and assignment requirements in space warning, satellite command and control, missile operations, space surveillance, and/or space lift; the Air Force Space and Missile Badge was a military badge of the United States Air Force, awarded to those personnel who completed training in space warning, satellite command and control, missile operations, space surveillance, and/or space lift. It replaced the Missile Badge when the space and missile operations fields were merged. However, the Missile Badge was reinstated in 2009; the first Air Force badge awarded to other military services was the Air Force Space and Missile Badge, awarded to U. S. Army officers; the Air Force Space and Missile Badge was presented in three grades being that of basic and command. The basic badge was awarded for completion of initial space training while the senior and master badges were awarded based on years of service in Air Force Space assignments.
For enlisted personnel the senior badge was awarded upon attaining a "7 skill level" and the master badge as a Master Sergeant or above with five years in the specialty from award of the senior badge. The grades of the Air Force Space and Missile badge were denoted by a star and wreath centered above the decoration. In 2004, the U. S. Air Force Space Command Commander, General Lance Lord, USAF, announced the introduction of the new Air Force Space Badge, which replaced the Air Force Space and Missile Badge; the new badge was awarded to U. S. Air Force scientists, communications and acquisition professionals who have performed space/missile operations and acquisition duties and have completed the Space 100 course. In 2006, the U. S. Army and U. S. Air Force authorized the awarding of the Air Force Space Badge to Army personnel who meet specific guidelines for training and time in a space billet. On 19 October 2006, SGT Daniel Holscher, a satellite control operations noncommissioned officer with U.
S. Army Central Space Support Element, was the first enlisted soldier to earn the Air Force Space Badge. In February 2011, the U. S. Air Force and U. S. Army approved the establishment of the Air Force Space Badge as a joint Air Force and Army badge. U. S. Army personnel can be awarded the Space Badge after attending Air Force or Army space or satellite systems courses and have 12 months or 24 months experience in a space billet; this new badge is awarded to graduates of the FA-40A, Army Space Operations Officer course, replacing the Air Force Space and Missile Badge. From 2006 through April 2011, 1,425 Space Badges have been awarded to Army personnel. On January 2014, General William L. Shelton, USAF ordered the renaming of the Space Badge to Space Operations Badge and changed the rules associated with how Airman are eligible to earn the badge; the Space Operations Badge is now restricted to Air Force Specialty Codes 13S and 1C6 but can be earned by non-operations personnel after meeting certain criteria.
For Airman to now earn the Space Operations Badge, members must have completed three years of operations-focused duties and receive Air Force Space Command vice commander approval. To receive the Senior Space Operations Badge, members must complete seven years of operations-focused duties and get AFSPC vice commander approval. After completion of 15 years of operations-focused duties and AFSPC vice commander approval, Airmen are eligible for the Command Space Operations Badge, it is unknown if these changes will affect Army personnel who earn this badge. The badge is informally referred to as "space wings" due to the resemblance to other aeronautical rating badges or "wings." Obsolete badges of the United States military Badges of the United States Air Force Badges of the United States Army
Combat Infantryman Badge
The Combat Infantryman Badge is a United States Army military award. The badge is awarded to infantrymen and Special Forces soldiers in the rank of colonel and below, who fought in active ground combat while assigned as members of either an Infantry, Ranger or Special Forces unit, of brigade size or smaller, any time after 6 December 1941; the CIB and its non-combat contemporary, the Expert Infantryman Badge were created in November 1943 during World War II to boost morale and increase the prestige of service in the Infantry. It recognizes the inherent sacrifices of all infantrymen, that they face a greater risk of being wounded or killed in action than any other military occupational specialties. After the United States' declaration of war in 1941, the War Department had difficulty recruiting infantry branch volunteers, namely due to the fact that "f all Soldiers, it was recognized that the infantryman continuously operated under the worst conditions and performed a mission, not assigned to any other Soldier or unit... he infantry, a small portion of the total Armed Forces, was suffering the most casualties while receiving the least public recognition."On 27 October 1943, the War Department formally established the Combat Infantryman Badge and the Expert Infantryman Badge awards in Section I, War Department Circular 269: The present war has demonstrated the importance of highly-proficient, tough and aggressive infantry, which can be obtained only by developing a high degree of individual all-around proficiency on the part of every infantryman.
As a means of attaining the high standards desired and to foster esprit de corps in infantry units. Moreover, War Department Circular 269 stipulated: "... only one of these badges will be worn at one time" and "the Combat Infantryman badge is the highest award". S. Congress approved an extra ten dollars in monthly pay to every infantryman awarded the CIB—excepting commissioned officers; the World War II regulations did not formally prescribe a specific combat service period establishing the infantryman's eligibility for being awarded a Combat Infantryman Badge, thus, in 1947, the U. S. Government implemented a policy authorizing the retroactive awarding of the Bronze Star Medal to World War II veteran soldiers, awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge, because the CIB was awarded only to soldiers who had borne combat duties befitting the recognition conferred by a Bronze Star Medal. Both awards required a citation in the pertinent orders. General Marshall initiated this after Medal of Honor-recipient Major Charles W. Davis noted to him that: "It would be wonderful, if someone could design a badge for every infantryman who faces the enemy, every day and every night, with so little recognition".
War Department Circular 105, dated 13 March 1944 amended WD Circular 269. Page 2, paragraph IV. BADGE – Section 1, Circular No. 269 War Department, 1943, is amended by adding paragraph 8 as follows: 8. Retroactive award of Expert and Combat Infantryman badges may be awarded to any infantryman who, on or after 6 December 1941, has established eligibility and been recommended for such award under the provisions of paragraph 2b or paragraph 3b; the Expert Infantryman badge may be awarded under paragraph 2a, only to those infantryman who have established eligibility and been recommended for such award on or after 27 October 1943. From the beginning, Army leaders have taken care to retain the badge for the unique purpose for which it was established and to prevent the adoption of any other badge which would lower its prestige. At the close of World War II, the largest war in which armor and artillery played key roles in the ground campaigns, a review was conducted of the CIB criteria with consideration being given to creating either additional badges or authorizing the badge to cavalry and armor units.
The review noted. A soldier must meet the following three requirements to be awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge: Be an infantryman satisfactorily performing infantry duties. Be assigned to an infantry unit during such time as the unit is engaged in active ground combat. Engage the enemy in ground combat. Campaign or battle credit alone is not sufficient for award of the CIB; the specific eligibility criteria for the CIB require that an officer in the grade of colonel or below, or an Army enlisted Soldier or warrant officer with an infantry or Special Forces MOS, who subsequent to 6 December 1941 has satisfactorily performed duty while assigned or attached as a member of an infantry, ranger or special forces unit of brigade, regimental, or smaller size during any period such unit was engaged in active ground combat. Eligibility includes soldiers or officers with an MOS other than infantry or Special Forces that hold a prior or secondary infantry or Special Forces MOS and that are assigned or temporarily attached to an infantry unit of any size smaller than a brigade.
Eligibility for Special Forces personnel in Military Occupational Specialties 18B, 18C, 18E, 18F, 18Z accrues from 20 December 1989. Retroactive awards of the CIB to Special Forces personnel are not authorized prior to 20 December 1989. A recipient must be present and under hostile fire while serving in an assigned infantry or Special Forces primary duty, in a unit engaged in ground combat with the enemy; the unit in question can be of any size smaller than brigade. On or after 18 Sep
Uniform Service Diver Insignia (United States)
The diver insignia are qualification badges of the uniformed services of the United States which are awarded to servicemen qualified as divers. The diver insignia was a cloth patch decoration worn by United States Navy divers in the upper-portion of the enlisted service uniform's left sleeve during the first part of World War II, when the rating insignia was worn on the right sleeve; when enlisted rating insignia were shifted to the left sleeve in late World War II, the patch shifted to the upper right sleeve. The diving patch was created during World War II, became a breast insignia in the late 1960s; the United States Navy and the United States Army issue diver insignia and badges denoting degrees of qualification. The United States Coast Guard and United States Marine Corps personnel are eligible to earn most of the naval diver insignia. United States naval diver insignia are awarded, per degree of qualification, to sailors and coast guardsmen; the elementary naval diver insignia is the Scuba Diver Insignia, awarded upon qualifying as a basic naval diver.
The Scuba Diver Insignia was awarded in two degrees, one for officers and one for enlisted. The Navy eliminated the Scuba Diver Officer insignia in the 1990s, but it remains in service within the Coast Guard; the silver-colored insignia features an old-fashioned diving mask and open-circuit breathing apparatus. In 2001, the Marine Corps authorized the creation of a new badge, the Combatant Diver Insignia, attesting to the wearer's closed-circuit rebreather and reconnaissance combat diver training; the naval deep sea diver qualification insignia are awarded in four degrees: second-class diver. However, the Marine Corps does not award the Diving Officer Insignia to its officers. In the Navy, the master diver is the most qualified diver; the Diving Medical Officer Insignia and the Diving Medical Technician Insignia are awarded to naval medical personnel qualified as divers or medical technicians, respectively. The Diving Medical Insignia is decorated with a caduceus; the Diving Medical Officer Insignia is gold in color while the enlisted version—the Diving Medical Technician Insignia—is silver in color.
Since the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard have no organic medical officers, they do not issue the Diving Medical Officer Insignia.. However, like all medicine, the Marine Corps is served by US Navy Diving Medical Officers and Diving Medical Technicians; the Diving Medical Officers attend their own training course that has Air Force and foreign doctors all whom, upon completion, wear the Navy Diving Medical Officer insignia. The enlisted Diving Medical Technicians attend the same course as Navy divers training to become second-class divers, but with slight changes to the curriculum for medicine, they enter that class having trained as Navy hospital corpsmen. Like the Navy's surface and aviation enlisted specialties, dive-qualified enlisted personnel place a term after the sailor’s rating; the only non-armed service of the United States that awards diver badges is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps. NOAA Corps officers qualified as NOAA divers may wear the NOAA Diver Insignia after authorization by the Director of the NOAA Corps.
The NOAA Diver Insignia is a gold-colored pin consisting of a NOAA Corps device surrounded by two dolphins. The United States Army issues two different types of diver badges, one for Army engineer diver and one for Army special operations divers. Army engineer diver badges are awarded in four degrees while Army special operations diver badges are awarded in two degrees; the second-class and first-class diver badges are identical to those issued by U. S. naval forces. The Army does not issue officer or medical diver badges. On 17 September 2004, the Scuba Diver Insignia/Badge was discontinued in lieu of a new Special Operations Diver Badge and an additional grade, the Special Operations Diving Supervisor Badge, was created. Prior to this change, the Scuba Diver Insignia/Badge was the same for all of the U. S. armed forces. The new design includes sharks, symbolizing speed and lethal efficiency, two Fairbairn-Sykes Fighting Knives in saltire, representing the heritage of OSS operational swimmers during World War II.
The Army Combat Diver Qualification Course and Army Combat Diving Supervisors Course are taught by Company C, 2nd Battalion, 1st Special Warfare Training Group at the Special Forces Underwater Operations School, Naval Air Station Key West. The United States Air Force issues the Scuba Badge to graduates of the Air Force Combat Dive Course at the Navy Diving Salvage and Training Center, Naval Support Activity Panama City.. The badge is identical in appearance to the current Navy scuba insignia but with a mirror finish and is the same diver insignia, once awarded to all special operations divers until the USMC and Army updated their badge in 2001 and 2004, respectively; until the U. S. Air Force formed its own Combat Dive Course in 2006, special operations Airmen a